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Releases and Escapes
The Transition to Prisons
Conclusions and Reflections
Condemnations to the Oar
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12 Marine 85 Marine able-bodied aboard the galleys administration Archives argousins Arnoul arsenal authority bagne Bégon Bishop of Marseilles Brodart campaign captains Catholic Chabert chains chaplains Christian Church coast Colbert comites command condemned convicts eighteenth century entrepreneurs escape ﬁfteen ﬁghting ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂeet forcats French consul French galleys Galeres Galères de France galley base Galley Corps galley officers Gallican Genoa guards hospital Huguenot Ibid inﬁdel inﬂuence intendant invalids King King of France King’s Knights of Malta labor Leghorn Lettres livres Louis XIV Majesty maritime Marseilles Mediterranean merchants minister of marine ministry Moslem naval navy needed North African oar-driven craft oarsmen ofﬁcers oﬂicers Order of Saint Paris port powers princes prison problem proﬁt Protestants ration réale release religious rowing force royal sailing Seignelay sent serve ships signiﬁcant slaves soldiers Spain Spanish galleys squadron timber tion Toulon treaties turcs vessels
Page 356 - Relation des tourments qu'on fait souffrir aux Protestants qui sont sur les galères de France; faite par Jean Bion, oy devant Prêtre et curé d'TTrsy, ancien Aumônier de la galère nommée la Superbe.
Page 294 - All have a coat, waistcoat, trousers, two shirts, and a pair of shoes, given them every year; and a great-coat every two years. They had good brown bread, well baked, in loaves weighing a pound and threequarters. All had some little allowance in money, and to those who worked was granted an additional allowance of three sous every day for wine.
Page 360 - Note sur le recrutement et la libération des galériens sous Louis XIV au début du ministère de Colbert," Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, XI (1908-1909), 35-53.
Page 92 - ... opinion appears prevalent that an education should be obtained in such a school in a year's time, and that men who enter it ignorant, debased, with no sense of the value of knowledge, and with no mental habits adapted to its pursuit, are to be sent forth competent readers, penmen and arithmeticians in the space of a few months, or a year or two at farthest. In institutions like the Detroit house of correction, the short sentences of the men are, in most cases, a sufficient bar to any extensive...
Page 294 - ... thieves; these last are always branded before they leave the prison of the place where they were condemned; some with the letter V (for voleur) others with GAL on the left shoulder. "These galleys had only one deck. Many of their windows in the roofs were open; and, being swept twice every day, they were clean, and not offensive.