Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism, 1834-1922
The indentured labour trade was begun to replace freed slaves on sugar plantations in British colonies in the 1830s, but expanded to many other locations around the world. This is the first survey of the global flow of indentured migrants from Africa that developed after the end of the slave trade and continued until shortly after the First World War. This volume describes the experiences of the two million Asians, Africans, and South Pacific Islanders who signed long-term labour contracts in return for free passage overseas, modest wages, and other benefits. The experience of these indentured migrants of different origins and destinations is compared in terms of their motives, conditions of travel, and subsequent creation of permanent overseas settlements.
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arrival Asia Asian Atlantic slave trade Australia average British Caribbean British colonies British Guiana British West Indies Calcutta Cambridge Ch'ing China Chinese Laborers Chinese migrants CLEC contract laborers Coolie Coolie Trade Cuba decades dentured destinations East economic Emigration Emmer employers Fiji French Hawaii Honolulu Immigration indentured Chinese indentured Indian indentured labor trade indentured migrants Indian Indenture Indian labor Indian migrants Indians in British Introduction of Chinese Jamaica Japanese Japanese in Hawaii Journal of Pacific labor migration Laborers to Latin land large numbers Latin America liberated Africans Madras Malaya Mauritius Meagher Natal nineteenth century overseas migration Oxford University Press Pacific History Pacific islanders passage passengers percent Peru Peter Richardson plantation planters population Queensland Ralph Shlomowitz regulations Report Reunion ships Sierra Leone slavery social South Studies Sugar without Slaves Surinam System of Slavery Table thousand Tinker tion tons Trinidad voyages wages West Indian women York