Polynesians in America: Pre-Columbian Contacts with the New World

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Terry L. Jones, Alice A. Storey, Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith, José Miguel Ramírez-Aliaga
Rowman Altamira, Ene 16, 2011 - 380 mga pahina
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The possibility that Polynesian seafarers made landfall and interacted with the native people of the New World before Columbus has been the topic of academic discussion for well over a century, although American archaeologists have considered the idea verboten since the 1970s. Fresh discoveries made with the aid of new technologies along with re-evaluation of longstanding but often-ignored evidence provide a stronger case than ever before for multiple prehistoric Polynesian landfalls. This book reviews the debate, evaluates theoretical trends that have discouraged consideration of trans-oceanic contacts, summarizes the historic evidence and supplements it with recent archaeological, linguistic, botanical, and physical anthropological findings. Written by leading experts in their fields, this is a must-have volume for archaeologists, historians, anthropologists and anyone else interested in the remarkable long-distance voyages made by Polynesians. The combined evidence is used to argue that that Polynesians almost certainly made landfall in southern South America on the coast of Chile, in northern South America in the vicinity of the Gulf of Guayaquil, and on the coast of southern California in North America.

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Ch01 Reintroducing the Casefor Polynesian Contact
Ch02 Diffusionism in Archaeological Theory
Ch03 Myths and Oral Traditions
Ch04 A LongStanding Debate
Ch05 The Artifact Record from North America
Ch06 The Mapuche Connection
Ch07 Identifying Contact with the Americas
Ch08 A Reappraisal of the Evidence for PreColumbian Introduction of Chickens to the Americas
Ch10 Words from Furthest Polynesia
Ch11 Human Biological Evidence for Polynesian Contacts with the Americas
Ch12 Rethinking the Chronology of Colonization of Southeast Polynesia
Ch13 Sailing from Polynesia to the Americas
Ch14 Summary and Conclusions
About the Contributors

Ch09 Did Ancient Polynesians Reach the New World?

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Terry L. Jones is professor of anthropology and chair of the Social Sciences Department at California Polytechnic State University. Alice A. Storey is lecturer in the Department of Archaeology and Paleoanthropology at the University of New England in Australia. Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith is professor of biological anthropology at the University of Otago in New Zealand. JosZ Miguel Ram'rez-Aliaga is archaeology director of the Centro de Estudios Rapa Nui at the Universidad de Valpara'so in Chile.

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