The Criminal Prosecution and Capital Punishment of Animals
Can an Animal Commit a Crime? This pioneering work collects an amazing assemblage of court cases in which animals have been named as defendants--chickens, rats, field mice, bees, gnats, and (in 34 recorded instances) pigs, among others-- providing insight into such modern issues as animal rights, capital punishment, and social and criminal theory. Evans suggests an intriguing distinction between trials of specific animals or particular crimes, such as the "murder" of an infant by a pig, and trials for larger, catastrophic events, such as plagues and infestations. In the latter case, Evans suggests a parallel to witchcraft. Edward Payson Evans [1831-1917], a historian, linguist and associate of Ralph Waldo Emerson, taught at the University of Michigan before moving to Germany, where he became a specialist in Oriental languages and German literature. A prolific author, his other Animal-related books are Animal Symbolism in Art and Literature and Animal Symbolism in Ecclesiastical Architecture, both published in 1887. CONTENTS Introduction 1. Bugs and Beasts before the Law 2. Mediæval and Modern Penology Appendix Bibliography Index
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Agentium Amira anathema Animalia animaux Anno premisso Bailly beasts Bertrandi Bishop Bishop of Lausanne brute burned capital punishment cause century Chassenee Church committed condemned conjuration contre coram nobis Côte-d'Or court creatures crime criminal Criminal anthropologists culprit curse Dates Animals Places death declared demons deniers deodand devils diabolical dicta Animalia dicte dictorum Animalium Dieu Dormelles ecclesiastical egregius enim esté estre evil excommunication execution exorcism fait Fillioli Habitans hanged holy homicide human infanticide Information Dates Animals inger insane insects Jehan jour judicial judicialiter coram nobis Juge jurist justice killed kind ladite Lausanne ledit Lerouge locusts Mare mediaeval Mémoires mensis ment moral murder Paris Parliament of Paris penal penalty persons prefato premissis procurator procureur prosecution punishment qu'il qu'on quod raison rats Registre secret manuscrit Sancti Julliani Savigny scel sentence She-Ass sweet beasts Themis tion tribunal truye Urtel vermin Vicarius Vide Appendix viii Weevils