The Psychology of Underachievement: Differential Diagnosis and Differential Treatment

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John Wiley & Sons, Jan 16, 1991 - Psychology - 416 pages
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An integrated approach to the psychology of underachievement, unifying theory and practice. Examines different types of underachievers, explores the relationship between personality and underachievement, and provides useful guidelines for clinical practice. Provides an outline and summary of the voluminous (and often contradictory) literature, then presents theoretical models of the underachiever that are grounded in mainstream diagnostic and therapeutic theory. Offers examples of each personality type, so practitioners can easily recognize and treat them.
 

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Contents

Definition of Underachievement
1
PART ONE RESEARCH ON UNDERACHIEVEMENT
9
Variables Which Influence the Achievement Process
11
Treatment Approaches to Underachievement
63
PART TWO THE MODEL OF DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
89
The Diagnostic Interview
91
Concepts of Differential Diagnosis
105
The Developmental Theory Model
118
Nondifferential Diagnostic Research
155
Differential Diagnostic Research
165
Differential Treatment Research
194
PART FOUR PERSONALITY TYPES OF UNDERACHIEVERS
213
The Overanxious Disorder Underachiever
215
The Conduct Disorder Underachiever
237
The Academic Problem Underachiever
255
PART FIVE CONCLUSIONS
317

PART THREE RESEARCH ON THE DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSTIC MODEL
153

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Popular passages

Page 325 - Bar Tal, D., & Frieze, IH (1977). Achievement motivation for males and females as a determinant of attributions for success and failure. Sex Roles, 3, 301-314.
Page 330 - Children's Personality Adjustment and the Socioeconomic Status of their Families," Journal of Genetic Psychology, Vol. 92 (June 1958), pp. 144-159; and Lee G. Burchinal, "Social Status, Measured Intelligence, Achievement, and Personality Adjustment of Rural Iowa Girls,
Page 334 - Cunningham, CE, & Barkley, RA (1978). The role of academic failure in hyperactive behavior.

About the author (1991)

HARVEY P. MANDEL, Ph.D., is a licensed clinical psychologist in Toronto, Canada. He is also an associate professor in the Department of Psychology and Director of the Institute on Achievement and Motivation at York University. As a widely recognized authority in the field of underachievement, Dr. Mandel has addressed more than 10,000 teachers, guidance counselors, psychologists, and social workers on the subject. He has received major awards in the field of underachievement from the Ontario Psychological Foundation, the Bea Wickett Foundation, and York University.

SANDER I. MARCUS, Ph.D., is a licensed clinical psychologist in Chicago, Illinois. He serves as a managing partner in the career and business consulting firm of Friedland & Marcus. He has counseled thousands of individuals about career paths, has consulted with major corporations, including AT&T and Ameritech Services, and has taught at three midwestern universities.

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