The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean: The Ancient World Economy and the Kingdoms of Africa, Arabia and India
The ancient evidence suggests that international commerce supplied Roman government with up to a third of the revenues that sustained their empire. In ancient times large fleets of Roman merchant ships set sail from Egypt on voyages across the Indian Ocean. They sailed from Roman ports on the Red Sea to distant kingdoms on the east coast of Africa and the seaboard off southern Arabia. Many continued their voyages across the ocean to trade with the rich kingdoms of ancient India. Freighters from the Roman Empire left with bullion and returned with cargo holds filled with valuable trade goods, including exotic African products, Arabian incense and eastern spices. This book examines Roman commerce with Indian kingdoms from the Indus region to the Tamil lands. It investigates contacts between the Roman Empire and powerful African kingdoms, including the Nilotic regime that ruled Meroe and the rising Axumite Realm. Further chapters explore Roman dealings with the Arab kingdoms of south Arabia, including the Saba-Himyarites and the Hadramaut Regime, which sent caravans along the incense trail to the ancient rock-carved city of Petra.The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean is the first book to bring these subjects together in a single comprehensive study that reveals Rome's impact on the ancient world and explains how international trade funded the Legions that maintained imperial rule. It offers a new international perspective on the Roman Empire and its legacy for modern society.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - d.r.halliwell - LibraryThing
I had been reading a number of conventional popular histories of Rome, and I had been struck by the repeated references to Roman traders on the fringes of empire whose main function seems to be to get ... Read full review
The Nile Route and the African Kingdom of Meroe
The Red Sea Route
The Scale and Significance of Indian Ocean Trade
East Africa and the Aksumite Kingdom
Southern Arabia and the SabaHimyarites
Arabia Felix and the Hadramawt Kingdom
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The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean: The Ancient World Economy and the ...
No preview available - 2018
Africa Alexandria amount ancient Arabia army Augustus authorities balsam became Berenice brought bullion called cargo carried century coast coins collected commerce confirms cost customs denarii describes early east eastern Egypt Egyptian Emperor expensive explains exports foreign frankincense frontier further gold grain Greek imperial important incense income India inscription involved island Italy ivory King Kingdom known land managed Martial Mediterranean mentions miles military million sesterces myrrh Nabataeans named Ocean offered ofthe operations pearls pepper perfumes period Periplus Persian Pliny political population port probably profits provinces Ptolemy quantities reached received records Red Sea regime region remains reports revenues River Roman Empire Roman merchants Roman ships Rome route royal sailing sent silver southern stones Strabo suggests supplies Tamil temple territory took trade vessels visiting voyages wealth wine writes