Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Volume 11
G. Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren, Heinz-Josef Fabry
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1977 - Religion - 615 pages
This multivolume work is still proving to be as fundamental to Old Testament studies as its companion set, the Kittel-Friedrich Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, has been to New Testament studies.
Beginning with 'ābh ('āb), "father,” and continuing through the alphabet, the TDOT volumes present in-depth discussions of the key Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament. Leading scholars of various religious traditions (including Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, Greek Orthodox, and Jewish) and from many parts of the world (Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States) have been carefully selected for each article by editors Botterweck, Ringgren, and Fabry and their consultants, George W. Anderson, Henri Cazelles, David Noel Freedman, Shemaryahu Talmon, and Gerhard Wallis.
The intention of the writers is to concentrate on meaning, starting from the more general, everyday senses and building to an understanding of theologically significant concepts. To avoid artificially restricting the focus of the articles, TDOT considers under each keyword the larger groups of words that are related linguistically or semantically. The lexical work includes detailed surveys of a word’s occurrences, not only in biblical material but also in other ancient Near Eastern writings. Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, Ethiopic, Ugaritic, and Northwest Semitic sources are surveyed, among others, as well as the Qumran texts and the Septuagint; and in cultures where no cognate word exists, the authors often consider cognate ideas.
TDOT’s emphasis, though, is on Hebrew terminology and on biblical usage. The contributors employ philology as well as form-critical and traditio-historical methods, with the aim of understanding the religious statements in the Old Testament. Extensive bibliographical information adds to the value of this reference work.
This English edition attempts to serve the needs of Old Testament students without the linguistic background of more advanced scholars; it does so, however, without sacrificing the needs of the latter. Ancient scripts (Hebrew, Greek, etc.) are regularly transliterated in a readable way, and meanings of foreign words are given in many cases where the meanings might be obvious to advanced scholars. Where the Hebrew text versification differs from that of English Bibles, the English verse appears in parentheses. Such features will help all earnest students of the Bible to avail themselves of the manifold theological insights contained in this monumental work.
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taalldeal with Roth Fabry
IslamHaSfP taalumd be hidden Locher
alma 0y elem young woman Dohmen Ringgren
TOS7 amad 7a3? omed rHa5? emda 7a3?D mamad 7D5?a momad
TTHy ammCid pillar Freedman Willoughby Fabry 1 87
CpDg mamaqqim valley Beyse
Tjy andn cloud Freedman Willoughby Fabry
ptyy VUag pBW dse pt eseo HpUj3? afyd pW3? dsdq WyfVSV
ninty im CaStoretu nnritp asteret nirw? aStarot 7ijnt?
liny attud goat Maiberger
iriy atar 1n atar entreat Gerstenberger
1SD pr r1KDri tiperet 1KS peer glory Hausmann
i?JD pdga VS9 pega VJDa mipga strike hit Maiberger
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mS pwi blow Reiterer
D?y asab 31?y eseb 3X5? oseb 3X5? asefc 113X3? issdbon r3X5?
2?y asam D1XS dsdm DX5? osem HDX3? osmd n1aX5?ri tasumot
DXX? esem DX5? osem bone Beyse
l?y aw IX5? efer 1X5? oser rms? Vrf rPX3? wd niX3?a
Tj?y aaar 1p3? aqar 1p5? eger 1j?5? iqqdr uproot Fabry
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my aram DllS arum HDI?? arma crafty Niehr
fiy aras flS Ms HX1ya marasd fnS arcis terrify terror
IIS pai trap snare D Kellermann
nrlS pahat pit Mulder
KVD pV KV5i pete be marvelous Conrad
ttpB paa D?D maa palit BC1?? paef nDCV? peletd DpD
?TD p nDn fepiVd DV?9 pfttton H17?9 pTdd ??9 pefi rp??9
H39 pdd turn Schreiner
H35 pmnd corner Oeming
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Akkadian altar Amorite animals appears Arab Aram Aramaic associated Astarte Baal basic meaning Biblical burnt offering context contrast cult cultic Dahood Dead Sea Scrolls deity denotes derives describes Deuteronomistic Eccl Egypt el elyon elyon emended ereb Etymology expression eyes Ezekiel formula God's Hebrew hiphil hithpael human idem interpretation Isaiah Israel Israelites Jeremiah Jerusalem Josh king lexeme lipne metaphor Moses mouth nations niphal noun NRSV occurrences Old South Arabic oracle pahad panim parallel passages person phrase piel postexilic prayer priests probably prophetic Prov psalmist Psalms Qumran refers root sacrifice semantic Semitic Semitic languages sense Sirach speaks temple term texts theological tion TLOT trans translation tree Ugar Ugaritic usage verb wisdom wisdom literature word Yahweh yhwh Zeph