Words, Meaning and Vocabulary: An Introduction to Modern English Lexicology
This work goes back to the sources of modern English words and studies the development of vocabulary over time. It examines what constitutes a word, with a discussion of words that look and sound the same, words that have several meanings, and "words" that are made up of more than one "word". As well as considering the borrowing of words from other languages throughout the history of English as a means of increasing the vocabulary, the book also outlines how English forms new words by exploiting the structure of existing words, through processes of derivation and compounding. The meaning of a word is composite of a number of relations: reference to external context, relations with other words of a similar or opposite meaning, collocational relations, and so on. The book grapples with the meaning problem, but then goes on to look at the contexts in which words are used and the purposes for which they are used, raising the question whether it is more sensible to talk about English "vocabularies" rather than English "vocabulary".
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adjective adverb alphabetical analysis antonyms borrowed British National Corpus century Chapter COBUILD COD9 Collins Electronic Dictionary collocation common compounds concordancer connotation Consequendy considered context corpora corpus Crystal defined definition denotation derivational affixes dialect direcdy discussion distinction Electronic Dictionary 1992 English Dictionary English vocabulary English words entries etymology example EXERCISE expression folk etymology formal French general-purpose dictionaries Germanic Greek headword headword status homonyms hypernym hyponymy idioms inflectional jargon label language Latin LDEL learner's dictionaries lexemes lexical field lexicography lexicology lexicon linguistic litde loanwords meaning relations meronymy Middle English morphemes morphology multiword lexemes noun number of words occur Old English origin Oxford Dictionary pairs particular phrasal verbs phrase plural polysemy preposition pronouns pronunciation refer restricted root semantic field sentence Similarly slang speakers specialist vocabulary specific spelling stem structure suffixes synonym synonymy syntactic syntax tion usually variety word class word-formation processes