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Who knows, my friends, but that our present impatience at delay will soon be rebuked and swallowed up by astonisbment at success ? For great is the Truth, and it must prevail.

J. WAYLEN.

CORRESPONDENCE.

X.

6. The cup

THE ATONEMENT.

20, 25). And yet, according to DEAR SIR, -May I be allowed Mr. Kirkman's theory, God is asked to criticise briefly " The True to accept sin, with all its defilement Theory of the Atonement,” by and hideousness, as a sacrifice from Mr. J. Kirkman ?—some of which the hands of men and as an offer. statements are, in my judgment, ing of a sweet-smelling savour. very unscriptural, and the theory Again, another characteristic of the itself exceedingly repugnant to my

law of sacrifice is that the altar feelings at least, and should not I constitutes the Lord's table, and the think, go forth to the world sacrifice a basis of reconciliation without some comment. No one and mutnal fellowship; the Lord's can study the Scriptures without portion was consumed by fire on the perceiving that God has been altar-the priest's portion was eaten pleased to develop a theory of the (see Leviticus vii. 1-6). Paul, atonement; the most systematic pre- commenting upon this fact (1 Cor. sentation of it is contained in the 15-22), says, “Ye cannot writing of the Apostle Paul, and the be partakers of the Lord's table and difficulty, it seems to me, is not so the table of dæmons. much to comprehend (od's system of of blessing which we bless, is it not redemption, as to make our own the communion of the blood of notions of what is right and desir- Christ?" If then a victim, blind, able to square with the Bible broken, or maimed was an abomirepresentation of it. The sacrificial nation unto the Lord, how could cbaracter of the death of Christ is the victim sin, which Mr. Kirkman a doctrine repugnant to the pbilo- regards as concrete reality (see sophical mind, and very determined page 7 line 20), constitute a sacrifice efforts are being made in various in which God could delight and quarters to get rid of it; the more upon which both Go

and man reason therefore that we should could feed and have fellowship ? the jealously guard so fundamental a idea is most horrible! Beside this, truth. Mr. Kirkman in his Pam- the theory that sin is the victim is phlet (page 6 line 8) states, “ The in direct contradiction to the words whole secret and principle of the of Holy Scripture. “Christ hath atonement consists in the fact pot away sin by the sacrifice of that our sins are the victim" (the Himself" (Heb. ix. 26)," for this He italics are Mr. Kirkman's). “ Our did once when He offered up Himsins the victim." What a shocking self" (Heb. vii. 27),

** By the statement ! There is no require which will we are sanctified through ment of the Levitical law so strin- the offering of the body of Jesus gent as that the victim offered in Christ once for all (Heb. x. 10). sacrifice must be clean, spotless, The victim, therefore, was Christ without blemish (see Leviticus xxii. Himself, and not sin. Mr. Kirk

i. 10) say,

man further quotes Canon Farrar his own disobedience. Hence the as saying. “Now is it anywhere extraordinary spectacle of God the said that Christ saved us from the Father sacrificing His only beloved penalty of our sins.” There must Son for human redemption. surely be some misapprehension The Conditionalists have done here. What is the penalty of sin? good service to the Church and the Death! “ The wages of sin is world in exhibiting the great truth death.” Does not Paul (2 Timothy of Life only in Christ: I should be • Christ hath abolished

sorry to see this testimony marred death and hath brought life and by a departure from the Scriptural immortality to light through the doctrine of Christ's vicarious sacri. Gospel”? To deliver a believer fice or the imputation of the from death (not from dying, but the Seviour's righteousness to the bestate or condition of death), is not liever; which is denied in some this to save him from the penalty quarters. of sin ? Again we are told that I am, Dear Mr. Editor, Canon Farrar declares, 6. There is

Yours very sincerely, no warrant for the notion that He

Chas. UNDERHILL. (Christ) was punished in our stead.” What then means Paul's statement (Galatians iii, 13), " Christ hath

RESPECTING RESURRECTION. redeemed us from the curse of Dear Sir, I felt quite pleased the Law, being made a curse for us, on opening this month's RAINBOW for it is written, cursed is every one

to see

a letter by Mr. Maude that hangeth on a tree” (Deut. xxi. "Respecting Resurrection," and in 23)? or, again, the statement of perusing it was the less Peter (1 Epistle ii. 24), “Who gratified at its friendly tone, bat, His own selt bare our sins in His own having often admired both the body on the tree"? How in the face ingeniousness and ingenuousness of of these Scriptures anyone his literary productions, I felt doubt that Christ "saves from the rather disappointed on finishing the penalty of sin ” or “that He was reading of his present epistle, at its punished in our stead," passeth reduced argumentative power as my comprehension ! The funda- compared with the author's previous mental basis of the atonement con- polemical products ; and in trying sists in the necessity, firstly and to account for the reduced results, pre-eminently, of satisfying the one has not far to seek for the claims of Divine justice. The rea- cause, as Mr. Maude closes by soning of the Apostle Paul (Rom. informing us that he was arguing iii. 19-31) is conclusive on this “ from the standpoint of Conpoint, and leaves nothing to be ditional Immortality, which he did desired. “Just, and yet the justi. not now believe in.” This certainly fer of the ungodly.” If these two looks like choosing an erratic course apparently conflicting elements could in pursuit of truth, when by follownot have been harmonized, there ing on a straighter line, he might would have been no salvation for sooner have reached a more satis

It is vastly more important factory goal. I hope that he will that God's holiness and right- now give us Scriptural authority eousness should be maintained respecting resurrection, from bis unsullied than that man should be own standpoint. It will be indelivered from the consequences of teresting and may be highly instrac

none

can

men.

tive; at any rate, it will be more Bible broadly teaches respecting ventilation of a deeply important the extent of resurrection. question, viz., do the Scriptures Yours respectfully, instruct us that all the dead will be

W. BALLANTINE. raised ? On that question I selected four clear proofs from the New Testament in the affirmative,

“ THE LORD'S DAY." but Mr. Maude has just touched upon one of them. Can the other Dear Sir,— With regard to the three be set aside by doubts about above questioned designation of the their genuineness, or

by the

First Day of the Week, I beg leave supposed certainty of Greek idioms? to draw the attention of your if so, then the arguments would correspondent to the following facts. need to be less indefinite than While in Old Testament Scrip. those brought forward to .prove ture there is, from the syntactical that Jesus of Nazareth had not any nature of the Hebrew, no difference brother, as the construction of between the rendered phrases -Greek left it arguable that the The Lord's Day,and The Day term brother might only mean of the Lord,” there is a marked cousin or other near relative. Now, difference between the said phrase if such is the case, it appears to me as they appear respectively in the to prove one of two things, either New Testament. And the Trans. that the Greek language is so lators have rightly indicated the barren in words that it fails to distinction by rendering evī discriminate between the meaning Kupuarñ uwepa--the Lord's Day, and of the term brother, and ihat of εν τη ηωερα του Κυρίου-tle Day of cousin, or that the knowledge of the Lord. The former, which occurs its professors is extremely limited ; but once, is of itself a sufficient and as we cannot believe in the indication that the Lord's Reignorance of the latter, we need no surrection Day is meant thereby longer regret our entire want of (John xx. 19-23, Acts xx. 7-12). education in the former, unless we The latter expression, which is of wish to act upon the hint that an frequent occurrence, has properly old Scotchwoman gave to her very reference to the Day (i.e., period) argumentative son“: Jock, my of the Lord Jesus in connection man, ye ken it will be a grand with His Second Advent. thing for you to be a minister and The Jews never raise any objeca Greek scholar, for you will then tion as to the designation of the be able to prove everything that ye First Day of the Week, any more like best, and maist suited to your than they do about their own circumstances.”

Sabbath being called Saturday ( Meanwhile, we can only recognise heathenish name); but about the apparent deficiencies in Greek appropriation of the Lord's Reconstruction, or differences of surrection Day by Christians as a opinion regarding its proper in- Day of Rest. This objection, terpretation, and the broad hints however, has been answered in a of an old Scotchwoman, as

former number of the RAINBOW. side issues apart from the main

Faithfully yours, question, brought forward for

PAUL WARSCHAWSKI. 1riendly discussion by those who are anxious to find out what the

mere

NOTICES.

REMARKABLE CONFESSION.—From Dr. Andrew Clarke, who had been unable to come to the Church Congress and speak on this subject “ The Harmony of Science and Faith," as he had intended, there came in his letter of apology the following contribution to the discussion:

“ I take advantage of this note to express the bope that in dealing with the relation of science to religion some one will point out what I bave not myself seen pointed out- First, that there is nothing absolute in the whole objective world, no absolute standard of mass, quality, or duration; that the knowledge of an absolute primitive weight of atoms is impossible; and that what we call the ordinary weight of a body is not a thing of itself alone, but a product of the body by which it is attracted, the distance between them and the disturbance occasioned by other invisible bat active forces ; secondly, that the assumption constituting the fundamental axiom of modern physics, that all true explanations of natural phenomena are mechanical, is incompatible with demonstrable facts; thirdly, the progress of chemistry is becoming more and more irreconcileable with the theory of the atomic constitution of matter; fourthly, that there is no law of physics, not even the law of gravitation, without great and growing exceptions, and no theory of physical phenomena, not even the undulatory theory of light, which is not becoming more and more inadequate to explain the facts discovered within its area of comprehension ; fifthly, that therefore the boasted accuracy and permanency of so-called physical laws and theories is unfounded, that very probably the greater part of the so-called axioms of modern physics will be swept away as untenable, that the theories of natural phenomena apparently the most comprehensive and conclu:ive are merely provisional, that at present finality in this region is neither visibly attainable nor clearly conceivable, and that after all there may be methods of spiritual verification which within their condition, scope, and use may compare not unfavourably with the method so confidently depended upon in physical research."

“I. C.” writes : " I send the enclosed (5s.) to assist you in the blessed work of showing Christians that their Father in heaven is not the dreedful Being He is so commonly declared to be by those who ought to know better."

“ J. B.” says: “Our heart-breathed prayer is that the Lord of life and glory will abundantly reward and bless you, and sustain you under your laborious work in bearing witness for Him, by the RAINBOW, and in many other ways."

“ J. D."' remarks: “To be emancipated from the baptized paganism of modern Chris'i nity is a mighty deliverance! How sweet and precious is the glorious Gospel of the blessed God as revealed in His Word, and what a gracious privilege to trust one's self entirely to the guidance of His Holy Spirit !”

“The Design of the Incarnation." We are very thankful for the words of welcome given to our Salisbury sermon by many readers. We have now the pleasure to intimate that friends who wish to circulate it, may have it at the very small price of one shilling per doz, or five shillings per 100, direct from the publisher, Mr. Cyrus E. Brooks, Malvern Link, Worcestershire.

THE RAINBOW:

I Magazine of Christian Literature, wity Special Beference to tþe

Rebealed Future of tge Church and tõe World.

DECEMBER, 1882.

MARCHING SUNWARD. THE

last month of another year! So flies Time! We do well to take note of it, and to lay upon its swift wing some proof that we are not afraid to see the arrival of its successor-Eternity. Fidelity in stewardship, whatever be the nature of the trust, is clearly the condition of the MASTER'S “Well done!” when He comes to commence the golden age of inspired poetry and Christian hope. Let us judge ourselves, each for himself, in this matter, and the verdict, if humbling, will be healthful, by the grace of God.

With deep gratitude to all our subscribers and friends who have, in any way, helped to keep this Magazine alive, we are glad to say that, under the Divine blessing, the year's labours have not been in vain. Notwithstanding difficulties, with which we shall not trouble our friends, the testimony has gained ground; and notwithstanding the hostility of bitter uncharitableness, ever prodigal in invective and misrepresentation, the truth continues to make progress.

The cry of the ancient sage, wearied by the wretched paganism that surrounded him, was—"Light! light, more light !” Our object during nineteen years' work in the pages of this publication -not to mention many volumes and pamphlets in previous years— has been to show that we have light, divinely precious, from Him who is “Light,” but that it has been put under the bushels or beds of tradition, paganism, and corrupt theology, so as, to a great extent, to deprive men of its lustre and guidance. “All things that pertain to life and godliness” have been freely given to us; but the source and nature of that life-, the perfect antithesis

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