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1756.

HALLER's insensible Parts of the Body.

5 fitting in a disconsolate manner over a 3. The perioftcum, when wounded, bowl of punch with the bailiff ; who at torn or burnt, caused no pain to the first endeavours to comfort them, but animals. Dick informing him, in tragedy phrase, 4. He allows feeling to the teeth, but that “he's now not worth a groat," the not to the other bones, because they are Surly officer changes his nore, and threat. not furnished with nerves, and because eos him that he shall go to quod (as he he has seen the skull trepanned, without calls it) that is, that he will soon lodge A giving pain, in persons who were poflelied him in Newgate. Dick soothes his dir of all their senses. tresses with deep tragedy, and comes for 5. He denies feeling to the marrow, ward with Charlotte to act the prison noi from any experiments of his own on scene in the Mourning - Bride. While living animals, but because it is a fatty they are beginning to practice their atti substance, and deftitute of nerves. tudes, Wingaie and Gargle enter behind, 6. When the dura mater was cut or and just as Dick is pathetically fpouring lacerated, or burnt with oil of vitriol, Romeo, knocks him down, Wingate spirit of nitre, and butyrum antimonii, grows itill more violent, but Garglere: B the animal seemed to have no feeling of presenting to him that it was always in the injury. ienced Dick should marry Charlotte, but 7. When the pia mater was burnt, by that if the young man was ruined, all his touching it with butyrum antimonii, the money must go into another channel ; animals neither cried, nor were they avarice gets the better of his rage, and convulsed; but, as soon as the brain ita he grows calm again. Thus the catastro felf was wounded, the body of the ani. phe is patched up abruptly, Dick reforms mal was twisted and distorted with vioand is married, and All's Well that End's C lent convulsions. Well on a sudden. (See p. 40.)

8. The peritonæum, pleura, and peri.

cardium, when laid bare and cut, or To tbe AUTHOR of the LONDON otherwise irritated, produced no change MAGAZINE.

in the animal. SIR,

9. He denies feeling to the mediantin R. Whyit, of whose worth the world num, not upon the authority of any ex

is thoroughly convinced, has in a periments, but because, like the pleura, late physiological efi'ay, retured certain it is a membrane, and destitute of nerves. concluñons of Dr. Haller, in his treatise D 10. He reckons the cornea insensible, De pariibus corporis bumani fenfibilibus et ir. because its nerves cannot be demonstrated, ritabilibus. Which conclusions are drawn and it is often pierced with a needle from many new and curious experi without giving pain. ments; and, as the doctor says, had they Besides the infenfible parts above menbeen just would have produced confidera. tioned, there are others, which, accordble changes both in the theory and prac ing to Dr. Haller, have either no sense of tice of the medical art. Dr. Haller, in feeling, or a very obscure one ; and there treating of the sensibility of the several E are the arteries, veins, glands, and visparts of the human borty, reckons, a. cera, viz. the lungs, liver, spleen, and mong the insensible parts, the tendons, kidneys, which, when pricked, cuit, or aponeuroses, ligaments, capsulæ of the otherwise irritated, Mewed nothing like articulations, periosteum, bones, mar feeling. row, dura and pia mater, pleura, peri The conclusions which our author draws tonæum, pericardium, mediastinum, and from the above experiments, may be re

duced to the three following. 1. He tells us, that living animals, First, That the tendons, ligaments, whore tendons were cut, burnt, pricked,

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capsula of the joints, dura mater, pleura, or torn, iewed no figns uneasiness

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anit other membranes, are quite insensible. and, when a little part of the tendo Secondly, From the infenfibility of achillis was left entire, they walked there paris, and the difficulty of tracing, without any seeming pain.

by direction, any nerves to them, he 2. When the ligaments and capsule of concludes that they have none, and that the articulations were pricked with a this is the reason why they are deftitute needle, scraped with a knife, or had oil of feeling of vieriol or butyrum antimonii applied G Thirdly, He thinks it follows, that to them, the animals shewed no sense of those parts which, from his experiments, pain. The wounds of these parts and of he concludes to be insenfible, have been the tendons were followed with no bad unjuilly accured by phyficians, as the symptoms, and were cured without any of many painful diseases; particularly, other remedy than the saliva of the ani. that the pain, liveliing, and infiammamal, and fumetimes with jut this.

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DIRBYSHIRE QUACK S. Jan, tion, which have often followed venz house, began to ask several ambiguous section in the flexure of the arm, have questions, such as, how far he was come not been owing to the tendons or apo. that morning ? Were not the roads very neuroses in that part, being pricked by dirty? And last of all, whore water had The lancet, but to the median nerve, or he brought, and what did they ail? Were fome branch of the musculo-cutaneous they poor? and so forth. The unwary nerves being wounded,- That we need messenger readily answered every queftion be no way afraid of wounds of the ten. A asked him, whilst the false prophet heard dons, whether they be cut, pricked, every word that was spoke, by the use of burnt, or otherwise hurt, “That the a hole in the wainícoat, out of which my cephalæa and phrenitis have not their feat friend espyed a cork to appear and disapin the dura maier.That the skin, or pear, as every fool entered or left the fubcutaneous nerves, are the seat of the room. When the doctor was well in. violent pain with which arthritick pati. formed of what he wanted to know, my ents are affected, and not the ligaments friend heard him privately withdraw down or capsule of the joints. And that the a pair of back Itairs into another aparte pain of the pleurify has been without B ment, and ringing a small bell the person season suppored to be owing to an infiam then waiting was informed by a servant mation of the pleura, which is void of that his water was caft, (or sufficiently jeeling

rubrided) upon which he waited on the (To be continued in our next.] doctor in his own room, where looking

more bewitched than inspired, he told A

Correspondent, at Bakewell in Der the poor gaping messenger every circum

byshire, has favoured us with a stance of the disorder without asking a narrative of the various quacks in that c question, and withal told him, that had county, where it seems they abound, par he neglected coming but two hours longer ticularly in that part wherein he dwells, the person would have been a dead man. called the High-Peak-Hundred, a country

The fellow amazed at the oracle's pro, perhaps as remarkable for the roburners found skill in urinal-lydrostaticks came and healthfulness of its inhabitants, as any immediately and declared this among it country in Europe ; and yet, as our cor them all to their no little surprise. When respondent lays, never was any country every one had had his turn, and was well so pestered with lad-midwives, piss-pro deceived, (having cach payed three or phets, and quack-curates, as this is. D four Thillings for phyfick no better than

“ The piss-prophets, says lie, undertake the sweepings of an apothecary's fhop) forad. without seeing the person, upon look my friend was beckoned, who upon ening at their urine, to tell what the disease tering the room was attacked by the feris, how long the patient has been ill, whe vant maid, saying to him, Well, and how ther they thall recover or not, what sex far are you coole this wet morning ? they are of, and what religion they pro What are you come for ? your wife or fels : Nay, I myself not long ago (out of some neighbour? The doctor will soon fet wantonnels) being in perfect health, sent e them ar rights if they be life-Thowo, as my urine in a phial to one of the most Me expreffed it. But he making no ancelebrated of them, and charged the mel fwer to any thing the said, Me called her senger, to whom I disclosed the secret, mistress, who getling no more answer that from the moment he left me, until than the maid had done, laid, Certainly he saw me again, he thould not open his the fellow must be either dumb, deaf, or mouth for any purpose in life, except to lilly, or else all three ; what do ruch creaeat, drink, or breath. Armed thus against tures as there do coming on such errands? any impofture he went, and I believe act: But hold, says she (stopping 'short) per

F ed the dumb man as well as if he had been haps these are the complaints for which seven years a prisoner in Turkey, and after he comes to be cured ; and if he tas mo. giving the doctor the urine, and the usual ney, why not ? For I have known the fee, he was desired to fit down until it was doctor cure a great many incurables. If his turn, for I think he told me that he my friend personaled the dumb man he counced 17 who were come on the same did not personale che blind man, for he errand before him. He observed they kept a steady eye upon the motion of the were called one by one in their turns in:0 cork. The doctor hearing all this, and another room, which seemed to be the G having observed a kind of dumb pantokitchen or house-place, and the first who mime amongst them, and finding there was called being asked to it down to the was no intelligence to be had, entered the fire, (for my friend could hear, being very room, and asking hun aloud in his car, attentive, every word that was spoke) a Where the perion was acá > He answered person who fat koitting in the caimrey. by dumb liges, lifting one and to his corner, and seemed to be mistress cf che

mouth,

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2756.

LIMITS of ACADIA.

7 mooth, as if he wanted to drink, and thecary, and very often mortal to those laying the other hand upon his empty who employ them. I am, Sir, belly, fignifying he was hungry. The

A conftant reader, H. C. fagacious doctor immediately concluded that the person he came about must be with

From a Pamphier entitled, A fair Represen. child, and wanted a potion to deftroy it,

tation of his Majesty's Right to Nova. and durft not employ any one who had the Scotia or Acadie. (See the Map of use of speech in the affair. Upon which

North-America, in Vol. xxiv.)

А the doctor fat down, and wrote to me the following epiftle." Miftris, 1 para

HE English commiffaries, by a mea TH

morial dated the 21st of September ceve yo are big of a chyld by chaunce and 1750, set forth what was claimed on the paft whicke I can see by your water, if part of Great Britain, as the real limits yo wil fend the dum man with too ginnes of that country, described to be bounded I wil do for you and nobody Mall ever be as follows :-" On the west, towards the wiser, but donny drive, I am your New-England, by the river Penobscot, humbel farvant, &c."-It is true I am a otherwise called Pentagoet ; that is to fat man and big-bellied, but not with fay, beginning at its mouth, and from child that I know of. I lauglied heartily B thence drawing a freight line towards the at the fancy, and am of opinion, was north to the river St. Laurence, or the every body who go to these impostors to great river of Canada.

On the north by use them as I did, their ignorance would that river all along as far as Cape Roziers, become popularly known, and the very Gtuated at its entrance.-On the east by race of these caterpillars in phyfick would the great gulph of St. Laurence, from quickly have an end. There's another Cape Roziers to the south-east by the Known by the name of white-witch, (a inands of Cape-Breton, leaving these Roman Catholick I presume) and therefore fuperftitiously prétends to cure all disteme

inands and the gulph on the right, and с

Newfoundland and the iQands belonging pers by faith, and marks all his papers of to it on the left, unto the cape or pro. medicines with crucifixes, an original of montory called Cape-Breton. - On the whose prescriptions (a weaver by trade) I south by the great Atlantick ocean, gop have herewith fent you, if you can read ing south-west from Cape Breton by Cape. and think proper to transcribe it for the Sable, taking in the inand of that name, good of the publick, which I believe is round to the bay of Fundi, as far as the the main end of your Magazine, but al mouth of the river Penobscot or Penca. though he is commonly called a witch, D goet:" one would not take him for one either by But they observed, “ That the idland his spelling or prescribing.--" + Take this of Cape-Breton, as also all others, botta uomeat in a tee cup of warm ayle at 3 in the mouth of the river St. Laurence, a clock in afte nawne, 3 points of poret and in the gulph of the same name, ale drink after the uomeat beegines to worke. tho' described as above to be within the bee fore yau take the uomeat eet a good ancient limits of Acadie, are, neverthedinar of Aauwer haisty pudding, and af less, by the Xillth article of the treaty ter the comeat hath done working geet e of Utrecht, excepted and declared to reCom chicken broth or muton bruth. Reb main under the French jurisdiction." ceived of thomas brushfield the sum 39. His majesty's commissaries having been 6d. by me George frith."

so particular in deferibing the boundaries I have a son whom I have some thoughts of this country, as elaimed by the crown of educating a physician, but he told me of Great Britain, it was expected, That the other day, that unless the government the French commissaries, on their part, will please to take these things into their would have been as explicit ; but, on confideration, (as the French king has F the contrary, by their memorial, dated lately done by publishing an arret, that on the fame day, they confined themselves no mountebank, barber surgeon, or any only to a negative affertion, " That Portkind of quack whatsoever, mall vend any Royal was not comprised within the lifort of medicines) instead of learning how mits of Acadie, and, consequently, that to kill his majesty's good fubje&ts, fecun- 'ancient Acadie rook in only a part of the dum artem in England, he will go and peninsula which goes by that name ; learn to kill his majesty's enemies, secun that the island of Cançeau, being in the dum fortunam in America : Since the G mouth of the gulph of St. Laurence, was country people make a practice of run. not comprised within Acadie ;-that the ning into the apothecary's debts very often limirs of Newfoundland and New-France for ever, and carry all their ready money

had received no alterations by the treaty to these jobbers in phyhck, who are hurt. of Utrecht, and therefore ought to remain ful to the physician, haieful to the apo. as they were beforcime And lastly, they

referred

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8 DESCRIPTION of FLINTSHIRE, Jan. referred themselves, as to all other parti fim and wild fowl, as does the sea, which culars, to such consequences as might be has. tafe harbours for thips to ride and deduced from the letter and spirit of the anchor in. This county is not so moun. treaty of Utrecht." This description not tainous as some other of the northern being satisfaciory, and being called upon counties of Wales are, and is interspersed to mark out in a more particular manner, with fertile vallies, which afford both what they deemed to be the ancient limits corn and pasture, feeding great numbers of Acadie, they contented themselves with A of small cattle, who supply them with delivering only this further declaration in plenty of butter and cheese. Honey writing ; namely, “ That ancient Acadie is a principal product of Flintshire, of begins at the extremity of the bay Fran. which the inhabitants make a drink çoise from the cape of St. Mary, or the called metheglin. They have little fruit, cape Fourchu, that it extends along the and are very scanty of wood. The air is coast, and terminates at cape Cançeau." healthy, tho' cold, as being exposed to

This, at first setting out, discovers that the northern winds; however, the norththe French had invented imaginary limits; ern part of the county abounds in pitand created, if I may be allowed the ex- B coal, and its adjacent mountains are preffion, a New-Acadie, under the name stored with lead ore.

A part of the of the ancient one, of which they would county is severed from the rent hy the inallow us only a part, and that an inde. terposition of Denbighshire. It is about terminate part, in lieu of all Acadie, 40 miles in circumference, and is comwhich had been yielded to us in those ex puted to contain about 160,000 acres, press terms by the treaty of Utrecht : And and 3200 houses, It is chiefly in the accordingly our right to the whole of that diocese of St. Asaph, tho' part of it is real country has been supported by folid in that of Chester, and has 28 parishes, proofs, whils they have endeavoured to one city, and one market town, within prop their chimerical system by wrong its confines, and sends two members to citations and misconstructions of the parliament, one for the county, who, in words and intent of that treaty, as is the present parliament, is Sir Thomas made appear in this treatise.

Mostyn, Bart, and one for Flint, who is flo be continued in our next.] now Sir John Glynn, Bart. A Lady, whose Correspondence dors us Honour,

The towns are, who fignis berself J. M. bas sent us

1. St. Asaph, an ancient city, distant Scbeme for a kind of Militia, 'or ready Ar

D from London 159 computed and 212 inament. Sbe proposes,

measured miles, but is neither large nog beautiful.

It is fituated on the river HAT the nobility and gentry Elwy, where it receives the Clwyd, and Mould furnith their servants with

has a bridge over each of them. It is an all proper accoutrements, which would * without any charge to the government

episcopal fee, founded anno 560, by Ken. arm thousands in its service; and the up

tigern, a Scot, bishop of Glascow, who

was succeeded hy Asaph, from whom the per servants, in general, would also with

city takes its name.

E pleasure accept of arms.

It has very little to

boast of but its cathedral, and has : servants and the livery appear to be reviewed and exercised every half year."

Sina!l market on Saturdays.' The present This publick spirited lady adds, “ were I

bithop is Dr. Robert Hay Drummond. a nobleman, how expeditious should I

2. Cherwis, a very inconsiderable market

town, between three or four miles S. E. be in beginning ; poor as I am, being from St. Asaph. . willing to furnish two, tho' many I may affirm can produce thirty or upwards;

3. Flint, the mire town, noted for what looks better than an amoury at !ie F very poorly and thinly inhabited, with

noiling but an old ruinous caftle, being entrance of a great man's palace; and with what pleasure would it be io lins

out a market, and is distant from London - majesty to bear of fo noble a spirit ?

147 computed and 198 measured miles.

4. Holywell, tho' not a market town, A Description of FLINTSHIRE,

is very populous, and much resorted to wirb a correc? MAP of that County.

on account of S. Winifred's well, of LINTSHIRE, a county of North

whicha inany fabulous stories are 10d by

the superftitious. Over the head of the cipality, is bounded on the north by the

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spring, or well, is a curious chapel of fea, on the east by Cheshire, and on the

1.ee-stone, with floried windore's richly west and south by Denbighshire

dighi, with the adventures of St. Winifred. Shropfhire. lc is well watered with ri

This county has many remains of Bri. vers, of which the Clwyd and the Dee

rish and Ronian antiquities, and it gives are the chief, which also:dism plenty of

the 'itle çf cardio the princes of Wales,

a

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Let the upper

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JOUR

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