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When an infinitive, &c. is in the place of the nomi
6. Substantive verbs, &c. have a nominative before and
7. Conjunctions Kα, &c. have the same case after them as before them
8. Av, eav, &c. joined with subjunctive mood.
Av, kav, &c. give subjunctive meaning to other moods
9. One substantive agrees with another
10. Infinitives, such as eval, have the same case after them as before them
11. One substantive governs another in the genitive.
Adjectives in the neuter, without a substantive, govern
12. Relative agrees with its antecedent, &c.
13. Prepositions, arti, año,
Some derivative adverbs govern the case of their pri-
17. Infinitive has an accusative before it, &c.
Infinitive governed by verbs, adjectives, &c.
18. Cause, &c. put in the dative.
Sometimes passive verbs have a dative of the agent.
19. Adjectives of plenty, &c. require the genitive.
Comparative degree governs the genitive when trans-
20. Adjectives placed partitively govern the genitive plural
EOTI, for exw, to have, governs the dative.
22. Eu, &e. signifying possession, &c. govern the genitive.
23. Two or more substantives singular have verb, &c. plural 24. Verbs of accusing, &c. with the genitive or dative, govern also the accusative
25. Verbs of asking, &c. govern two accusatives
29. Neuters plural have commonly verbs singular
30. Primitive pronouns in the genitive, instead of possessive
31. Impersonal verbs govern the dative.
Χρη, πρεπει, &c.
▲e and xn, signifying necessity, &c.
32. Substantives, with participles, &c. put in the genitive absolute, &c.
Participles of impersonal verbs used absolutely
33. The time when, &c.
34. The question, whither, &c.
Adverbs in 0 and σi, &c.
The distance of place, &c.
41. Infinitive mood, or a participle, used to supply the place
of gerunds and supines
42. Verbal adjectives, governing a dative of the agent, &c.
44. Verbs of sense, with the Attics, take an accusative
Attics often put the relative, by attraction, in the same
46. Adjective sometimes put in a different gender from the
47. Noun dual may have a verb plural, &c.
48. Two or more negatives, &c.
49. The article, &c.
OBSERVATIONS ON IDIOMS
Remarks necessary to be observed in writing Greek.
1. THE final letter is frequently cut off (except in verbs) from words ending in a, e, i, o, al, or o, when the following word begins with a vowel; as, Пlavt' eλɛyov.
2. All words ending in σ, and verbs in ɛ and take the following word begins with a vowel; as, Eixoσiv avôges.
3. N is changed into y, in compounds, before x, y, x, and into μ, before π, β, φ, Ψ; as, Εγχριω, συμφλέγω.
4. When the following word begins with an aspirated vowel, the tenuis, or intermediate consonant preceding, is changed into an aspirate; as, año ou Ap' où.
5. Ex and ov are used before consonants, s and oux, or oʊx, before vowels ; as, Εξ ύμων, ου τουτο, ουκ εστι, ουχ οὕτως.
6. The Attics use all contractions.
The manner of expression, in which each tense is translated in the second chapter, is retained, in general, throughout the work but as this could not be always done, and as there are many varieties of expression, which the most literal translation could not ascertain, small English letters and figures are affixed to such Greek words as might probably be rendered improperly.
* 1. THE article is used to mark a distinction or emphasis. With the infinitive, it supplies the place of nouns, gerunds, and supines. With a participle, it is translated by the relative and indicative. With μev and dɛ, it signifies partly; and it is often used for ornament: as, (see observation 33-42.)
Αισχυλος ὁ τραγῳδος.
Κακων των πριν μνειαν
Εν τω φρονειν.
Τ' ανθρώπειον γενος τῇ μεν
Η νίκη ή νικησασα τον
Aeschylus the tragedian.
The things without.
He that cometh.
Mankind are partly good, and partly bad.
Faith, the victory which overcomes the world.
ADJECTIVE AND SUBSTANTIVE.
2. An adjective agrees with its substantive, in gender,
number, and case; as,