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variation to be discussed, 348 ; discussion to be confined to plants, 349; are there any contrivances or variations of form in plants not required for the plant itself, 350 ; the question answered in reference to several plants, 350; the idea of beauty most prominent in certain plants, 352; that of utility of fruit in others, 352; plants divisible into two classes with reference to these ideas, 352; some plants show in themselves the change which cultivation will produce, 353 ; plants that have lost the power of producing seed can be propagated by slips, 353 ; variation most common in those plants which are most useful for cultivation, 353 ; variation in plants to be primarily referred to the good of the plant itself, 355; the theory that the machinery of fruiting is for the continuance of the species alone has much in its favor, 355; yet there is a higher and a nobler purpose, 356 ; no reference to the welfare of the plant in the provision made for the increase of the beauty of the flower by doubling, 358; the cause for plant-variation found mainly in the wants of man as a physical and an intellectual being, 358; it presents conditions to man for continual progress, 358; the development-theory, to what extent bas it an atheistic tendency, 359; the scientific discussion of the origin of plants and animals on our earth

one as to facts, 361. Fisher, Prof. G. P., article by, 225. Free Communion, article on, by Rev.

Sereno D. Clark, 449.

of its defenders to be presented, 227; sketch of the latter part of Jobn's life, 227; the external evidence of the genuineness of his Gospel, 228 ; appeal by Mayer to Jerome and Eusebius, 228; testimony of Tertullian, Clement, and Irenaeus, 229; that of Tatian, 232; that of Justin Martyr, 234; the question whether Justin quotes from other Gospel histories than those in our canon, 235 ; Justin's evidence unimpeachable, 236 ; testimony of Papias, 238 ; this genuineness tacitly or expressly acknowledged by heretics, 239; by the Artemonites, 239; by Marcion, 240; Valentinus, 242; the controversies connected with Montanism, 245; morally impossible to discredit the tradition of the early church, 247; the evidence of tradition as to matters of fact, when conclusive, 247; very long periods covered sometimes by traditional testimony, 248; traditional testimony specially strong in the early Christian church, 249 ; the number of the carly Christian churches, 249; the difficulty of discrediting this traditional testimony very obvious, 250 ; the early Christians not indifferent in regard to their scriptures, 252; the internal evidence of the genuineness of John's Gospel, 253; the manner of the claim of this Gospel to be the work of John a testimony to its truth, 253 ; this testimony confirmed by the graphic character of the narrative and other indications of the author's immediate knowledge of what he relates, 255 ; the account of the calling of the disciples, 256 ; of the last supper, 256 ; of the resurrection, 258 ; the general structure and contents of the Gospel as a biography of Christ a proof of its genuineness, 260; the differences between John's Gospel and the synoptical Gospels very palpable, 261 ; these differences rather a proof of the genuineness than otherwise, 262; particular discrepancies -journeys of Christ to Jerusalem, 263; the date of the crucifixion, 265; the paschal con

G. Gentile and Jew in the Courts of the

Temple of Christ, by Dollinger,

noticed, 881. Genuineness of the Fourth Gospel,

The, article on, by Prof. George P. Fisher, 225; importance of this Gospel and the question of its genuineness, 225 ; nature of the assault on the genuineness of this Gospel by the Tübingen school, 226 ; summary of the arguments

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troversies of the second century, tion between God's

purposes

and 267; the discourses of Christ in the his law, 841; his moral government fourth Gospel, 269; the contrast in relation to the atonement, between these and those found in 842; importance of the distinction the other Gospels not such that between the purposes and the law they could not have proceeded of God, 845; it helps to harmonize from the same person, 270; proof some apparently discrepant reprein the synoptical Gospels that the sentatious of scripture, in which fourth Gospel does not depart in it is declared, on the one hand that Christ's discourses from historical God's purposes are accomplished, truth, 270; no objection that the and on the other, are not, 845; discourses of Christ in the Gospel various methods of solving this are similar in style to John's Epis contradiction, 846 ; is best solved tles, 271 ; falsehood of the assertion by the distinction between the that these discourses were written purposes and laws of God, 847; by another and put into Christ's this distinction vindicates the sinmouth, 272; the Hellenic culture cerity of God, 847; all compariand the theological point of view sons drawn from merely earthly of the author of the fourth Gospel relations insufficient, 849 ; this not an objection, 273 ; the author distinction would heal many disof the Gospel a Jew, 273 ; a Gal putes among evangelical Chrislilean fisherman, like John, could tians, 850; it is important in order not have had much Hellenic cul that we may have the most exalted ture, 275 ; the type of doctrine in conceptions of God, 852. the fourth Gospel, and especially Gospel, The Fourth, ils genuineness, its Christology, do not prove that its article on, 225. author was not a Jew, 275; the free and liberal spirit of the Gos

A. pel no proof that its author was Hucthinson's Music of the Bible, no not a Jew, 276; the Apocalypse ticed 214. and the fourth Gospel may have Hymns, Methodist, article on, 127, come from the same author, 277 ; 284. the impossibility of this variety of | Ingelow's Poems, noticed 444. authorship not established, 278; if it could be it would not show

K. that Jobn did not write the fourth Kalisch's Hebrew Grammar, noticed, Gospel, 280

; proof of the genuine 879. ness of this Gospel in the last chap- Knapp's Travels and Researches in ter, 281; the Tübingen critics Eastern Africa, noticed, 428. obliged to give up their mythical theory when tbey treat of the

L. fourth Gospel, 282; quotations Lyell's Antiquity of Man, noticed 211.

from Neander on this point, 282. German Theological Literature, not

M. iced, 219, 444, 887.

Marsh's Man and Nature, noticed
Gillette's Life and Times of John 882.
Huss, noticed, 207.

Millington's Testimony of the Hea-
God the Supreme Disposer and Moral then to the Truths of Holy Writ,

Governor, article on, by Enoch noticed, 880.
Pond, D.D., 838; the glory of God, Missionary Atlas, 884.
the great end of all his works, Monasticism, article on, 384.
838; God the sovereign and su-
preme disposer, 839 ; the moral

N.
governor, 840 ; definition of Nast's Commentary on Matthew and
moral government, 840; distinc Mark, noticed, 875.
Vol. XXL No. 84.

113

Newhall, Prof. F. H., article by, when it is a mere object and when 634.

it is a truth, 694; division of reasonNew Analytic of Logical Forms, The, ings into mediate and immediate

article on, by Prof. Henry N. Day, very important, but often over673 ; importance of logic, 673 ; looked, 695; the principle of idenclaim of logic to be the science of tity varied in its application by the thought, 674; Hamilton's labors in

particular object to which it is logic, 675; brief statement of his applied, 696 ; enumeration of the improvements, 676; his improve forms of universal quality, 697; ments of great value, 676; his the Noetic whole, 697; the mathlectures strangely immature, 677; ematical, 698; the substantial, all claimed improvement in logical 698; the causal, 698; necessity of notion, to be disregarded, 677; the causal whole essential to a Hamilton, though a renovator, yet perfect logical system, 700; logic a true conservative, 678; value of of no utility except as applicable the truth, that we are to state ex to objective being, 701 ; in the plicitly what is thought implicitly, application of the logical principle 678 ; all the laws of syllogism, to actual induction in matters of reduced to a single canon, 679 ; experience the same difficulties Hamilton has not left in his works to be encountered as in deduction, an actual abrogation of all the 703 ; the form of development special laws of syllogism, 680 ; a which logic must assume, 704 ; proposition always an equation of logic a pure science developed its subject and its predicate, 681 ; from necessary principles by necthe doctrine of the two correlative essary methods 705 ; discursive and counter qualities in the syllo logic, the science of thought 705; gism, 682 ; Hamilton, not the orig the faculty of thought, an identiinator of this distinction 682 ; a fying faculty, 705; the identifying new form given by this doctrine faculty deals only with wholes, to the whole development of logic, 706; logic should develop itself 683 ; Hamilton's logical labors in the two directions of substance suggestive rather than exhaustive, and cause, 707 ; should recognize 684 ; what form the final results the distinction of reasoning into of his labors will give to logic, mediate and immediate, 707; the 684 ; logic will be limited to the distinction between mere objects formal laws of thought, 648; logic and mere truths, 707 ; logic should conversant with the arts of the settle the doctrine of modality, discursive faculty, 687; the na 707 ; should perfect its doctrine ture of this faculty, 687; this view of methodology, 708. of its nature confirmed by the Nile, Works on the Discovery of, noexpositions of psychologists, 689; ticed, 425. all judgment, but an identifying act, 690; the judgment the essen

O. tial element of logical science, 691 ; Owen, Prof. J.J., article by, 362. reasoning but a derived judgment, 692; the science of logic founded

P. on the one principle of identity, Palestine and the Desert, Past and 692; a system of logic, therefore, Present, article on, by Lyman should determine the compass and Coleman, D.D., 752 ; Palestine, control of this principle, 693; the represented in the Bible as a land application of this principle pre of exuberant fertility, 752; every sents a threefold aspect, 693; the element of fertility, ascribed to great mistake of logicians in over the land, 752 ; this seems to be in looking the distinction between striking contrast with the present the verbal statement of the subject aspect of the land, 753 ; forests

165 ;

have much to do with fertility,

S.
755; the desert and the peninsula Sandie's Horeb and Jerusalem, no-
once more densely inhabited, 757; ticed, 667.
various proofs of former fertility Schaeffer, Dr. C. F., article by, 1.
and populousness from the Bible Schaff, P., D.D., articles by, 384,
and from travellers, 759; the 855.
change in Palestine not greater Scudder's Life and Letters, noticed,
than in other lands under similar 883.
circumstances, 763 ; the African Sepp's Jerusalem and the Holy Land,
shores, 763; the islands of the sea, noticed, 667.
704 ; Spain and France, 704; the Serpent of Eden, from the Point of
effect of the influences which View of Advanced Science, The,
make a country barren of the article on, by John Duns, D.D., ob-
sources of supply of water, 767; ject of the article to show that the
quotation from Gibbon in regard scriptural view of the serpent is not
to change of temperature in Ger at variance with modern science,
many, 772; this process of deteri 163; students of the Bible too of-
oration, going on in all the East, ten influenced by the words of Jo-
777; agency of forests in collect sephus, 164; poetry has given
ing moisture, 778 ; furnish in their wrong impressions of the serpent,
leaves a boundless evaporating the narrative, attended by
surface, 779 ; destruction of for many difficulties, 167; the question
ests must therefore make a coun whether the serpent was a true
try barren, 781; the bumidity of serpent,167; the serpent speaking
the atmosphere depends on the with the woman, a great difficulty,
forests of a country, 784 ; changes 170 ; is the serpent more cunning
in the productions of Palestine, as than all other beasts, 173; ser-
showing a change of soil and cli pents existed before Adam, 175 ;
mate, 782.

two aspects of the curse pro-
Parsons's Satan's Devices, noticed, nounced on the serpent, 177.
442.

Shedd's, Prof. W. G. T., History of
Peabody, Rev. Andrew P., article by, Christian Doctrine, noticed, 437.
710.

Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, no-
Peabody's Christianity the Religion ticed, 435.

of Nature, noticed, 215.
Pentateuch, its Genuineness, articles

T.

Tercentenary Monument of the Hei-
Philip. iii. 11, and Rev. xx. 4, Exami delberg Catechism, noticed, 216.
nation of, article, 365.

Theology, is it an Improvable Sci-
Pond, Enoch, D.D., article by, 838. ence ? article

on, by Leonard
Presbyterians, Old School, their Doc Withington, D.D., 787.
rinal Atttitude, article, 65.

Theology of the Modern Greek
Providence, article on, 584.

Church, article on, by Prof. Al-
Publications, Recent, noticed, 207, bert N. Arnold, 816.
435, 669, 870.

Theories, Modern Scientific, The

bearing of, on the Trnths of Relig-
R.

ion. 710.
Rawlinson's Five Great Monarchies Thompson, J. P., D.D., articles by,

of the Ancient Eastern World, no 425, 666.
ticed, 435.

Tyler's Jehovah, the Redeemer God,
Rise and Progress of Monasticism, noticed, 876.

article on by Philip Schaff, D.D., Tyler's Christ the Lord, noticed, 879.

384.
Robbins, Prof. R. D. C., articles by,

V.
319, 551.

Varieties, Final Cause of, 348.

on, 551.

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W.

understood, 294 ; not much objec-
Warren's, Prof. W. F., Notices of Re tionable in Wesley's doctrine of

cent German Theological Litera perfection, 295; Wesley no latitu-
ture, 219, 444, 887.

dinarian, 296 ; hymns on select
Wesley, Charles, and Methodist

passages of scripture, 297 ; fune-
Ilymns, article on, by Rev. Fred ral bymns, 298 ; family hymns, 301;
eric M. Bird, 127, Wesley, the hymns for children, 303; hymns
most prolific of hymnists, compar for the youngest, 305; hymns and
atively unknown, 127; the Wes sacred poems published 1749, 306 ;
leyan hymns quite inaccessible to standard Methodist collections of
ordinary readers, 128; the sub hymns, 308; the present collection
ject one of dificulty, 128; the in of the American Methodist church
terest which attaches to the Wes-

defective, 308 ; the collection of
leyan poetry not due merely to the Methodists South, 309; C.
its intrinsic excellence, 130 ; the Wesley's hymns not all fitted for
Wesleyan hymns intensely alive congregational use, 309; no hymn
and thoroughly practical, 131 ; writer more intellectual, 311; the
incidents of Wesley's early life, merit of his productions has stood
132; his proceedings at Oxford in in the way of their usefulness, 312;
connection with his brothers, 133; his hymns too peculiar and distinct-
missionary enterprise in Georgia, ively methodistical, 313; they are
135; list of their poetical publica less popular on account of the sec-
tions, 137; C. Wesley's excellence tarianism and bigotry of other
as a poet relatively to that of sects, 315; the Methodists them.
Watts, 138; his poetical style very selves have failed in their duty to
various, 139 ; his poetry not secta Wesley, 316 ; the great power of
rian, 140; his expressions some Wesleyan poetry on those who use
times extravagant, 142; his views it, 317; the relative excellence of
of death, 143; bis zeal in itiner Watts and Wesley, 317.
ant labors, 144; his willingness to Whedon on the Will, article on, by
be contemned, 145 ; his character Prof. F. H. Newhall, 634; modern
as a reformer, 146; his success, opinion on the will to be briefly
147; employs universal means, reviewed, 635; necessitarianism,
148; the Wesleys zealous in the 635; freedomism, 637 ; what has
promotion of psalmody, 149; C. been accomplished by Dr. Whe-
Wesley's ideas and language some don's work, 639; the essential na-
times incorrect, 149; the subject ture of the will, 641; the plan of
iveness of his mind, 151 ; his mar the work, 644 ; his views of the
riage, 154; poems growing out of frecdom of the will, 644; Prof.
his courtship, 156; his life in the Haven's theory of freedom, 646;
main a sad one, 159; his convic Whedon's definition of freedom,
tion of the realities of eternity, 647; the infinite-series objection,
160; bis trials from false friends, 648; natural and moral ability,
161; his poem written a little be 649 ; powers of contrary choice,
fore his death, 162; hymns in ref 650 ; nature of motive influences,
erence to particular occasions, 285; 651 ; philosophical necessity, 655;
on the Lord's supper, 285; on the necessitarian evasions, 658; inva-
Trinity, 285; incorrect expressions riable sequences, secured certainty,
on doctrinal points, 286 ; C. Wes 659; foreknowledge, 662; neces-
ley as a polemic poet, 288; hymns sitated sin and virtue, 663; posi-
on God's everlasting love, his most tive argument and conclusion,
powerful controversial hymns, 289; 664; the work one of importance
his attempts to prove and ground and value, 664.
the doctrine of perfection, 293; Withing'on. Leonard, Dr., articles
this doctrine bas been greatly mis by, 180, 787.

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