Prehistoric Maritime Cultures and Seafaring in East Asia

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Chunming Wu, Barry Vladimir Rolett
Springer Nature, Dec 3, 2019 - Social Science - 332 pages
This book focuses on prehistoric East Asian maritime cultures that pre-dated the Maritime Silk Road, the "Four Seas" and "Four Oceans" navigation system recorded in historical documents of ancient China. Origins of the Maritime Silk Road can be traced to prosperous Neolithic and Metal Age maritime-oriented cultures dispersed along the coastlines of prehistoric China and Southeast Asia.
The topics explored here include Neolithisation and the development of prehistoric maritime cultures during the Neolithic and early Metal Age; the expansion and interaction of these cultures along coastlines and across straits; the "two-layer" hypothesis for explaining genetic and cultural diversity in south China and Southeast Asia; prehistoric seafaring and early sea routes; the paleogeography and vegetation history of coastal regions; Neolithic maritime livelihoods based on hunting/fishing/foraging adaptations; rice and millet cultivation and their dispersal along the coast and across the open sea; and interaction between farmers and maritime-oriented hunter/fisher/foragers. In addition, a series of case studies enhances understanding of the development of prehistoric navigation and the origin of the Maritime Silk Road in the Asia-Pacific region.
 

Contents

List of Tables
1
Neolithic and Metal Age Maritime Cultures of South China and Southeast Asia
2
1 A Synthetic Analysis of the Neolithic Origins of Eastern and Southeastern Asias Maritime Silk Road
3
2 A Maritime Route Brought First Farmers to Mainland Southeast Asia
41
3 The Origins Expansion and Decline of Early HunterGatherers Along the South China Coast
53
4 Pollen Evidence for HumanInduced Landscape Change Reveals the History of Agricultural Development in Southeastern China
81
5 Subsistence Patterns Associated with Shell Middens from the PreQin Period in the Coastal Region of China
89
6 A Preliminary Analysis of the Development of Neolithic Culture in Coastal Region of Guangdong
102
From Coastal Waters to the Open Sea
192
10 Social Reciprocity Facilitated Overseas Exchange in Early Austronesian Cultures
193
11 Perspectives on Early Holocene Maritime Ethnic Groups of the Taiwan Strait Based on the Liangdao Man Skeletons
207
The Spread of Cereal Cultivation in the Taiwan Strait Region Before 3500 BP
216
13 A Study of Geometric Stamped Pattern Pottery and Early Maritime Cultural Interactions Between Mainland China and Taiwan
235
14 Tapa Beaters from 5000 to 4200 BP in Taiwan
250
15 DoubleShouldered Barkcloth Beaters and Prehistoric Seafaring in South China and Southeast Asia
269
16 Prehistoric Migration and Cultural Change in the Philippine Archipelago
293

7 Early Maritime Subsistence and Adaptive Ocean Cultures Along the Beibu Gulf Coast
127
8 The Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age on the Northeastern Coast of Vietnam
141
Coastal Subsistence Traditions and Maritime Trends in Early China
159
A Cultural and Environmental Perspective
315
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About the author (2019)

Chunming Wu ( B.A. and M.A. in Archaeology and PH.D. in Chinese History from Xiamen University) is currently a researcher at Xiamen University’s Center for Maritime Archaeology. Dr. Wu’s interests are in the field of maritime archaeology, and the prehistoric culture and early aboriginal ethno- history of southeast China and Southeast Asia. He was awarded a visiting scholarship by the American Council of Learned Society & Luce Foundation at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Harvard Yenching Institute, Harvard University.
He has published 6 monographs: Archaeological Research of the History and Cultures of Prehistoric Aboriginals in Southeast China (1999), Archaeological Research of Capital of Min-Yue Kingdom of Han Dynasty(1998), The Shipwreck Archaeology in Seas Surrounding China (2003), Maritime Archaeology (2007), The Maritime Cultural Interaction between Indigenous Yue and Austronesian (2012), The Archaeological and Historical Research on the Maritime Cultural Heritage (2016), and more than 150 academic papers.
Barry Vladimir Rolett (Pomona College, B.A.; Yale University, M.Phil. and Ph.D.) is a professor of Anthropology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He has conducted archaeological research in Polynesia and on the coast of southeast China. Polynesian origins can be traced to southeast China, explaining why his research drew him there.Dr. Rolett's work in China is collaborative and interdisciplinary, investigating Neolithic cultures, maritime adaptation, the spread of rice agriculture and the ultimate origins of the Polynesians. As part of this work, he helped initiate the first Sino-American collaboration for archaeological research in Fujian.
In the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia, Dr. Rolett has led more than twenty expeditions and collaborated with the local community to establish the Te Ana Peua archaeology museum, which exhibits and curates the artifacts discovered during their projects.