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and wisdom. He rendered it impose was the first to organize the lower orsible for any but men of great powers ders into a gigantic faction-into a and acquirements, to obtain influence disaffected and turbulent faction, and within it, and he made it what it to place the Opposition at their head. ought ever to be, a proper political This multiplied demagogues in Parschool and guide for the country. By liainent as it multiplied them out of scrupulously avoiding to address the it; it rendered the House of Commultitude, and by steadily resisting mons, among other things, the teachevery effort to bring the multitude er and protector of the vilest offendinto the political arena, he kept from If the traitor needed words, he his party the temptation to become could find them in the debates ; if he demagogues, led a powerful Opposi- needed a model, he had only to look tion without generating disaffection, at the conduct of the Opposition memand left to Parliament no favour to bers; if he needed defenders, the whole court but that of the knowing and Opposition was at his nod. The Ope honest part of the community. position and the populace stimulated

Fox, assuming that he only became each other reciprocally, until they left the uncontrolled leader of the Whigs scarcely anything undone that could when he separated from Burke, did injure the empire. the reverse of this; what his prede- For many years, one of the great cessor had gained for the House of parties of the House of Commons Commons, he dissipated. He argued publicly protected the blasphemer and questions, not with reference to their the traitor-for many years it stremerits, but with reference to the nuously laboured to screen from the wretched tenets of revolutionism. laws those who were leading the mass With him, it was the alteration, not of the people to infidelity and rebelthe preservation, of the Constitution lion--for many years it laboriously de-the practice of the new doctrines of fended the revolutionary crimes of the liberty, and not the good of the na- rabble—for many years the members tion. To make way for these doc- of this party mixed with the ignorant trines, he drove public interests and and infuriated populace at public 'true principles of government out of meetings, to deal out to it the most Parliament. In Parliament, as well as inflammatory and revolting misrepreout of it, he was the demagogue ap- sentations and slanders-for many pealing to the ignorance and passions years this party indirectly carried on of the lower orders, against the know- a bitter war against religion, morals, ledge and reason of the upper ones. loyalty, and order. What this conHe thus lowered the tone of the de- duct in a mighty portion of the House bates, until the most ignorant, frothy, of Commons was calculated to proweak, and wicked speakers, were ena- duce, it did produce; we need not bled to shine in them; and he thus specify the products; they are too enabled such politicians as Burdett to deeply engraven on the remembrance form parties in the House, and to be of the country. Upon Fox all this come to a certain extent leaders in it. must be charged ; those who have so He rendered it one of the leading efficiently worked the system since his sources of error, delusion, turbulence, death, revere him as their parent. and disaffection to the country.

If Fox had never existed, and if The discussion of public affairs Burke had remained at the head of ought always, if possible, to be con- the Opposition, any change that the fined to the middle and upper classes French Revolution might have proof society; the lower orders can only duced in the political feeling of this take a part in it to produce very mighty country, would have endured only for evils. " If an Opposition address itself a moment. The union of the two to the multitude, it can scarcely fail great parties would have effectually of rendering the mass of the people prevented any revolutionary faction disaffected and turbulent. Previously from taking permanent root in the nato the days of Fox, the leading men of tion. The tremendous dangers through all sides generally scorned to speak to, which we have passed would not have or have any connexion with, the po- visited us. The Opposition would not pulace. If the lower orders came into have been now solemnly pledged to the political field, all parties common- make vital changes in the constitution ly united to drive them out of it. Fox and the feelings of society; the formidable literary faction which is now rity, their grand objects are legitimate so laboriously at work to destroy our fame, a glorious name in history-á whole system, religious and political, splendid reputation with posterity. would have been unknown, or it would Now, how is the case at present ? If only have existed to be scorned. Fox's name were not eternally repeat

We will now examine how the ed by a party from interested motives Whigs prospered as a party under the -if this party did not eternally chant different leaders.

his praise to preserve itself from inBurke found the Whigs feeble, dis- famy-he would be even now either united, devoid of talent, and with very forgotten, or only remembered to be little of reputation, and he made them compassionated by the few, and cona body of able, patriotic statesmen; demned by the many. While this is he rendered them powerful and ho- the case with Fox, Burke, although nourable. Fox took them in this state, no party has an interest in protecting and he converted them into a party of his fame, and almost all have an intefactious fanatics; he stripped them of rest in injuring it, is already, in the ability and character, covered them eyes of the independent part of the with the scorn of the intelligence and nation, taking his place among the honour of the country, cemented them most illustrious of our departed statesand the revolutionary rabble into one, men. When the interests, passions, and led them to disgrace and party and prejudices of the present generaruin. Burke overthrew the Toryism tion shall have passed away, the most of his day, and harmonised Whiggism dazzling blaze of glory that ambition with the reason, right feeling, and in- could sigh for, will encircle the grave terests of the nation. His creed, as we of Burke, while Fox will only be rehave already said, was in several points membered as a man who employed higher Toryism than that which now great powers in the most injurious, exists;


upper classes were rapidly and the least excusable, manner. conforming themselves to it, and if We have been led into these obserthe Whigs had adhered to him, he vations by a wish to see some change, would have given to them office which not in the construction, but in certain they would in all probability have very important parts of the conduct, held at this moment. Fox, instead of of the House of Commons. For many binding the Tories to their falling years the Opposition has discussed creed, by attaching himself to the one every great question, not with reference that Burke had perfected, surrendered to the constitution, to English liberty, to them the latter, which they imme- to the interests of the empire, to the diately embraced ; and he then adopte interests of Europe, to the balance of ed the most revolting one in the eyes power, to the good of mankind; but of the influential part of the nation, with reference to the wretched tenets that could have been devised; he thus of Liberalism-of Jacobinism. No positively incapacitated the Whigs for matter how a measure harmonized acquiring public confidence and hold with the constitution, or how impeing the reins of government. If the riously it was called for by public inWhigs are now helpless, disgraced, terests, if it militated against the creed suspected, and despised—if they do and conduct of foreign revolutionists, not possess sufficient ability, among and the preposterous doctrines of mo-' them to form a Ministryif they hold dern Whiggism, it was fiercely dea creed which those who virtually nounced. A set of principles have been choose and dissolve Ministries abhor fabricated which are demonstrably and if they have not the least hope of false, and which have ten thousand being ever able to reach office as a se- times been proved to be false by these parate independent party, they must everything is to be measured-and to ascribe it to the circumstance that they these, England and the whole world forsook Burke and followed Fox. are to be sacrificed. “Your measure is

The different consequences which hostile to changes which we intend to the different conduct of the two lead- make in the constitution and the feelers produced to themselves, must not ings of the country-it clashes with be overlooked. We willingly believe the views of the enlightened constituthat such men think but little of emo- tionalists of Europe it is discordant lument, and that whatever value they with the abstract rights of man-it may set on power, rank, and popula- comes in collision with the wrangling


tenets of political economists; therelike, or, at the best, with indifference. fore, a fig for patriotism, wisdom, ex- Everything that can implant good pediency, national interests, and the principles and check dicentiousness of good of the world—we will oppose it !" manners, is zealously attacked ; and --Such is, virtually, the language of the most odious vices, the most disOpposition.

gusting immoralities, are openly deFor many years a very large portion fended. We need not say what all this of the House of Commons has been will produce in the end, if it be contiproclaiming almost every component

nued. part of the constitution to be in the There is a remedy. Let those, who most imperfect and corrupt state- hold in their hands the destinies of the to be in a state which produced the nation, at the approaching Election exmost grievous public evils. For many clude from the House of Commons years a very large portion of the House all the fanatics and mountebanks. Let of Commons has been lavishing the the mob-sycophant-the political liar most fulsome panegyrics on both Eng- -the man who is eternally crying up lishmen and foreigners, who were no- other countries, and slandering his own toriously infidels and traitors-who -the profligate in private life-the were abandoned profligates in both confederate of foreign infidels and traipublic and private life-who openly tors—the visionary innovator-and the violated everything that religious men patron of " liberal opinions” be recall religion, that moral men call mo- jected ; and let the stanch patriot rality, that gentlemen call honour. the sterling Englishman-the sound

The natural consequence of this is, statesman—the high-minded gentlethat a vast portion of the Press is zea- -the man of chivalrous honourlously writing down almost every opi- be chosen. This will go far to nion and feeling that ought to actuate form” the House of Commons, the the nation. British interests—the fe- Press, and everything that gives feeling deral system of Europe-the balance and opinion to the nation. But the of power—the things which formerly thing that is indispensable is, that the

— formed the foundation of all political Opposition in the House should be put discussion-are never mentioned ; and under the efficient control and guidance everything is debated with reference of such a man as the Marquis of Lansto the mock rights of man, and mock down. There is another point which liberty. The prejudice “our country we must not overlook. Nearly all the is eradicated; the feeling of nationality leading speakers of the Opposition are has vanished; and the Englishman can lawyers. If we exclude Brougham, worship and fight for any country but Mackintosh, Scarlet, Denman, Lushhis own. Libels on our country and ington, and Williams, all lawyers, we our countrymen are now applauded in take from it almost every member who our Edinburgh Reviews and Morning can open his lips in the House. We Chronicles, which, in better times, should derive much pleasure from seewould have subjected the despicable ing the greater part of these replaced wretches who fabricated them to the by independent gentlemen. Burke disconsuming scorn of the whole nation. liked lawyer-statesmen ; we do the The pennyless, brainless, profligate,

He wished the country to be branded, revolutionary mountebank, governed by law, but not by lawyers ; is cried up until he alone is thought to and we feel the same wish ; for we are be a proper object of imitation-until pretty sure that if the country be gohe alone can obtain what is called po- verned by lawyers, it will not be go.. pularity. A vast portion of the popu- verned by law.*

A lation regards our institutions with dis

Y. Y. Y.



* We shall perhaps, on another occasion, take some notice of Burke's advocacy of the cause of the Irish Catholics. Suffice it here to say, that the emancipation which he contended for, was, in every point, different from that which now bears the name. The most important things that he recommended have been already conceded to the Catholics ; they have got more in the elective franchise than he would ever have granted them; and with regard to their admission to power, his plan would only have admitted them into the Irish Government and the Irish Parliament ; it would not have brought them into the English Government and the English Parliament. The Union changed the nature of the question altogether; it was a measure which he did not contemplate, and to which he was rather adverse than friendly.


MOMUS-OR AN HOUR AT BATH. Dear North, I enclose a record of Bath as it was in my puppy days, which I found in an old drawer, on changing my Oriel rooms for my present legal domicile. My cousin and namesake, quondam of Brasenose, who still sighs at his curacy over the blessed memory of your grouse-pies and Farintosh, tells me I ought to have tied a note explanatory to the “Crabstick.” The apocryphal anecdote of our common ancestor, the Judge, and of his legal decision respecting the standard gage of the matrimonial sceptre, was, I thought, generally known, at least the report annoyed the old boy extremely. The scrap of Brighton gossip I sent you may possibly be also apocryphal, but it certainly deserves to have happened to a "Whig Orator" of the Cockney School. By the by, it ought to have been printed the “ Tragic,not " Magic Lay,” except inasmuch as it was laid at the feet of your saucy daughter Maga, of whom, my dear Kit, I beg to subscribe myself always the true and faithful cavalier,

T. BULLER. Temple, Dec. 11th.

Deep imbibed at Daffyt club,
THRICE the Abbey clock doth chime, Roll some booted youtli, sore mist all
Momus cries, “ 'Tis time, 'tis time." By their careful sires at Bristol.
To Upham's or to Barret's go ;*

Little dream the honest fograms,
Mark the crowds that thither flow, Plodding in perplexity
Clod, that in this land of fun,

'Mid their sugar-casks and grograms, Days and nights hast twenty-one, How, meanwhile, their guineas fly. Fashion's dawning notions got,

Next, in various groups combined, Shine tlou first i'th' hopeful lot. Each according to his kind, Double, double, toil and trouble,

Like the stock of Noah's ark, Gossips meet, and numbers double. Gaping gudgeon, greedy shark,

Johnny Raw and shambling shandy, Polish'd women next, and men, Scheming belle and broken dandy, One, or two, perhaps, in ten,

Shrewdly shunning one another, Staring with astonish'd eye

As a kite avoids his brother; At some new absurdity;

Rusty bachelors and maids, Stationary families,

All religions and all trades, By whose philosophic eyes

Independents, jumpers, shakers, Mark'd no more than cabbage stalks, Anabaptists and wet quakers, Folly's concourse walks and talks ; Little, wealthy, bilious Aaron, Add to these an earl or two,

Like a yellow rose of Sharon,
Viscounts and their dames a few,

Aim'd at whom, like gilt bull's eye,
Stolen from London's scenes of riot Beauty's arrowy glances fly;
For a taste of health and quiet,

Beau mulatto, and beau black,
Finding matters nought amend,

Bagman Joe, and Bagman Jack. But, where'er their steps they bend, Reigning stars, we may presume, Elbow'd by a motley crowd,

Of Trowbridge, Varminster, or Frome, Like stars eclipsed by foggy cloud.- Resting here a leisure day, Now the thronging numbers thicken, Dizen'd in their best array; Now the deaf'ning noises quicken ; Nabobs flabby, fat, and pale, See, as at a cover-side,

Like a turbot waxing stale, The living links personified,

Objects of maternal scheme, Which connect each nice gradation Themes of many a golden dream. In the chain of rural fashion,

Chubby sons of country codgers, From bon-ton to slang and dirt;

Jobs and Jacobs, Ralphs and Rogers, Namely, squire, squirrett, and squirt; Pinch'd and padded into shape, From the high-bred county man

Bath's more taper sons to ape, To Jack Scamp, who, as he can,

Unlick'd cub, and solemn fool, Ekes small rents by profit made

Fresh from Oxford or from school, In his favourite jockey-trade,

Dull, but learning in a trice Or the bet, a welcome catch!

Airs, extravagance, and vice. Won at race or boxing match.

These, and strange sorts many more, Next, elate with brimful pockets,

Pace, in strings of three and four, Cutting invoices, and dockets,

Up and down the same dull round, Redolent of punch and shrub,

Like blind asses in a pound

* The principal libraries.

† The Bristol imitation of the P. C.

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Double, double, toil and trouble, Pleased with pump-room, music, shops, Bathers pant, and waters bubble. And with everything but fops.

Him accosts the Squire, his neighbour, So much for the crowd pedestrian; With a brow that seems to labour Room now for the pinks equestrian, As if something dire befell. Reining up their hacks and ponies, “How now, Squire? you seem unwell.”. At Fasana's or Salmoni's;

Thank ye, Doctor, 'tis in vain Or, if wind and legs stand sound, For old fellows to complainCantering in a wider round,

Old! I'm not turn'd sixty, though ; Which affords more choice of faces, Young enough, as things here go, To admire their blood and paces.

To make love to Betsy there ; With surprise, each new-bought horse, Laugh, you gipsy, if you dare. Tired of the eternal course,

Here's a splendid scenting-day! Pants to snuff the country air,

Snift it as in bed I lay; By green hill, or hedge-row fair,

Threw my window up at six,
Or share the chase, forbidden joy! Wish'd myself got free from Hicks,
Wiser schemes his lord employ;

And across grey Robin Hood,
“ Risk one's neck and stock in trade, At the edge of Foxcombe wood,
In rough sport for bumpkins made ? With the old red jacket on,
Blood-tits are a speculation

And these cursed chalkstones gone. Which may pay, by calculation,

Well, I hear you go to-morrow, Cent per cent in marrying well;

So don't I, the more's my sorrow; Let your outlays always tell.”

Still to join this revel rout, Double, double, toil and trouble, And be par-boil'd for the gout, Simple heiresses to bubble.

Till my bones are good for nought.

Like my landaulet ?—just bought Ireland, thy fair soul doth raise, Come, mount all, there's room to spare ; Be it spoken to thy praise,

And let's get a gulp of air Many a well-bred manly lad ;

Clear of this same frowzy place; But good things spoilt are worse than bad. Eight, nine miles an hour 's no pace Lo, by each Cork packet, come

To your old friends Tramp and Toby ; Fresh disgorgements of thy scum,

-Give those fat old cats the go-by, Redshanks,t stalkoes, and squireens, Who keep airing up and down Tory-rories, and buckeens;

'Twixt the turnpike and the town, Terry, Teddy, Darby, Barny,

To save pence, and bilk the toll; Tooligan, O'Flam, O'Blarney,

True, upon my life and soul ; Run away, some seven in ten,

Clever, well-bred horses too ; From the shop-board, or the den

Thrown away on such a crew. Of some pettifogger venal,

Could I strain the law for once, Or the lash of statutes penal,

I'd commit each dizen'd dunce Flush of little coin, alas!

Of their hopeful dandy brood Save the true Corinthian brass.

To our tread-mill, 2-ds! I would ; Still blockading fancy-shops,

And themselves, a murrain choke 'em, Ogling slipshod dolly-mops,

To a spell of picking oakum, Ascertaining tick's extent,

Save 'em right, old skin-fint fusties !". By some bold experiment;

“ Softly, softly, brother justice, Here they feast, like rooks in stubble, Petty power makes kind hearts testy; Snips and landlords while they bubble. View all matters with the best eye.

Next, the Vicar and his daughters Coxcombry wears out apace; Simply come to drink the waters, Meanness works its own disgrace. And perhaps to meet anew

• Never wonder,' was the rule Former friends just one or two.

Horace taught us both at school ; He, sedate in modest ease,

And when sharp rheumatic pain Envying no one whom he sees,

Drives me here against the grain, Looking round him like a friend,

From my jurisdiction ghostly, Seeing little to commend,

'Tis the plan I follow mostly.' Yet content with all that passes ;

“ Pshaw, absurd, a mere pretenceThey, fine laughing country lasses, Can one block up every sense ?". Full of questions to their brothers, “ Simple is the course I steer, Pleased, and therefore pleasing others; Shut both eyes, and my sound ear,

See the unwritten laws of the Y-k H-e Club, an institution rivalling the Stock Exchange in the accuracy of its calculations, and its knowledge of the money-market.

No doubt, Christopher, these pleasing Milesian varieties are familiar to your ears. If not, ODoherty will, I dare say, add a note explanatory.

# A celebrated Bath surgeon. VOL. XVII.


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