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ed them with the worst feelings that publicly displayed the most rancorous savage and uncivilized man can en« hostility to Britain, who have publicly tertain--and made them the abject proved that they are grossly ignorant slaves of men who have a vital inte- of the Constitution, liberty, and inte rest in keeping them in this condition: rests of Britain, and who have public after having taken the most effectual ly endeavoured to do all the injury in measures to prevent them from being their power to Britain you must taught the principles and practice of bring eighty or one hundred of these Christianity, or anything whatever men into the British legislature, and that might change their feelings and a large number into the executive, character : after having created the the embassies, &c. &c. to manage the most omnipotent means for keeping religious and other interests of Britheir worst passions continually in a tain. You must involve two churches consuming flame-for feeding their which divide the mass of the people worst ideas with the last morsel that of the two islands between them, in a these can gorge and for rendering rancorous and exterminating war, for them monsters in everything that can the ecclesiastical wealth and dignities sink and blacken the human species: of the empire, and not only for these, after having destroyed the operation but even for the civil trusts and digof the laws, and rendered it almost nities of the empire. The war will be impossible to govern them by anything carried on with all the fury that combut the sword : after having done all bined religious and political fanatithis, you may then pause for a mo- oism can inspire ; it will render the ment, and rejoice over your labours. regular clergy as violent politicians as

It will now be advisable for you to your priests-it will make every poliunite' your island with, to render it tical question appeal to religious anibeneficial to, Great Britain. As you mosity--it will fill Britain with your have made your Islanders, in habit, proselytizing priests-it will cause the feeling, opinion, character, conduct, lower orders to be the most unremitin everything that can be imagined ting and desperate in the contest-and the perfect reverse of the people of it cannot fail of yielding to Britain Great Britain : as you have rendered every benefit and blessing that a nathem ignorant, to the last degree, of tion could possess and desire. the Constitution, the laws, and the If the bigots oppose you, protest whole system, of Great Britain ; and that the British Constitucion knows as you have taken the most effectual nothing of qualification, and that all means for protecting this ignorance men have an abstract right to be plafrom being dissipated : as you have ced on an equality in a community : taught them to detest the religion of declare, that if it were positively Great Britain, the political principles known that your lawyers, &c. on beof Great Britain, the government of ing admitted into the executive, the Great Britain, the people of Great Bri- legislature, &c. &c., would immeditain, and Great Britain as a nation; ately destroy the Church, Constituand as you have made combined re- tion, and liberty of Britain, and inligious and political fanaticism the volve her in convulsion and ruin, still source of this detestation : as you they ought to be admitted on the have rendered it almost impossible for ground of ABSTRACT, RIGHT. The the people of the two islands, ever liberal and enlightened portion of the to be anything but the reverse of each British people will believe you. other in character and conduct, and Our limits will not permit us to ever to regard each other with any- give more of the unerring counsels of thing but quenchless animosity: as the statesmen of Cockaigne. We reyou have done all this, now pass a law gret from our souls, that the necessito unite them to make them ONE PEO- ty for our abridging and compressing PLE--for the benefit of Great Britain. as much as possible, has prevented us

You must now bring eighty or one from giving these counsels in the beauhundred of the lawyers, and other tiful and impressive language in which members of your faction-of the men they were originally delivered. If, who have publicly declared their ha- however, any man will take the troutred of the religion of Britain, who ble of wading through the stupendous have publicly libelled the British peo- mass which the unrivalled statesmen ple, in every possible way, who have of Cockaigne have written or spoken on this jmomentous question, he will for higher interests than those of a find that we have executed our task party; we place it before the intelliwith the most scrupulous fidelity. He gent, patriotic, and independent part will find that, although the sketches of our countrymen, as the counsel of the consequences that would flow which is daily given by a vast portion from practising their advice, are fre- of our public press, and our public quently our own, we have not ascri- men. We will not add to it any counbed to them a single syllable of advice sel of our own--we will not say what which has not, again and again, been reflections it is calculated to produce ; promulgated and enforced by these we will not point out the conduct learned and sagacious persons. We which it imperiously calls for. Those do not place this paper before the Mi- to whom we speak know their duty, nistry, or the Opposition, or party, and they will discharge it. men of any kind, for we hold the pen


Vox, et præterea nihil


The winds are pillowed on the waveless deep,

And from the curtain'd sky the midnight moon
Looks sombred o'er the forests great, that sleep

Unstirring, while a soft melodious tune,
Nature's still voice, the lapsing stream, is heard,
And ever and anon th' unseen night-wandering bird.
An Arab of the air, it floats along,

Enamour'd of the silence and the night,
The tall pine tops, the mountains dim among,

Aye wheeling on in solitary flight;
Like an ungentle spirit earth wards sent,
To haunt the pale-faced moon, a cheerless banishment.
A wild low sound--a melancholy cry,

Now near, remoter now, and more remote;
In the blue dusk, unseen, it journeys by,

Loving amid the starlight calm to float;
Now sharp and shrill, now faint, and by degrees
Fainter, like Summer winds that die ʼmid leafy trees.
I listen in the solitude I stand,

The breathless hush of midnight all is still ;
Unmoved the valleys spread, the woods expand ;

There is a slumbering mist upon the hill ;
Nature through all her regions seems asleep,
Save, ever and anon, that wailing sound and deep:
Doubtless, in elder times, unhallow'd sound!

When Fancy ruled the subject lands, and Fear,
Some demon elf, or goblin shrieking round,

Darkly thou smot'st on Superstition's ear;
The wild wood had its spirits, and the glen
Teem'd with dim shapes, and shades inimical to men,
Here, in this solitude all vast and void,

Life seems vision of the shadowy past,
By mighty Silence swallow'd and destroy'd,

And thou of living sounds the dirge, and last;
Serenely quiet sleeps the moveless scene,
As if, all discord o'er, mankind had never been.

Nocturnal haunter of the homeless sky!

Most immaterial of terrestrial things !
On the grey cloud in slumber canst thou lie;

Or 'mid the flooding moonlight fold thy wings?
'Mid shooting star-beams lovest thou to roam?
This gross earth, sure, for thee is scarce a fitting home.
Lovest thou, when storms are dark, and rains come down,

When wild winds round lone dwellings moan and sigh,
And night is hooded in its gloomiest frown,

To mingle with the tempest thy lone cry,
To pierce the rolling thunder-clouds, and brook
The scythe-wing'd lightning's glare with fierce unshrinking look?
On Summer's scented eve, when fulgent skies

The last bright traces of the day partook,
And Heaven look'd down on Earth with starry eyes,

Reflected softly in the wimpling brook,
Far, far above, wild solitary bird,
Thy melancholy scream ʼmid woodlands I have heard.
And I have ard theë when the wintry snow

Mantled with chilling white the moonless vales,
Through the drear darkness wandering to and fro,

And mingling with the sharp and sighing gales
Thy wizard note-when Nature's prostrate form,
In desolation sad, lay sunk beneath the storm.
It is a sound most solemn, strange, and lone,

That wildly talks of something far remote
Amid the past-of something scarcely known-

Of Time's most early voice a parted note
The echo of Antiquity, -the cry
Of Ruin brooding o’er some Greatness doom'd to die.

So parted from communion with mankind,

So severed from all life and living sound,
Calmly the solemnized and soften'd mind

Sinks down, and dwells in pensive thought profound,
On dreams of yore, on visions swept away,
The loves and friendships warm of being's early day.
Most lonely voice! most wild unbodied scream!

T'hat hauntest thus the silent wilderness,
Thou tellest man that life is but a dream,

Romantic as the tones of thy distress, Leaving on earth no lingering tract behind, And melting as thou meltest on the wind !. Faint come the notes--thou meltest distant far,

Scarce heard at intervals upon the night, Leaving to loneliness each listening star,

The trees--the river and the moonshine bright, And 'mid this stirless hush, this still of death, Heard is my bosom's throb, and audible my breath. Lo!'mid the Future dim, remote or near,

Lurks in the womb of Time a dreadful day,
When shuddering Earth an awful Voice shall hear,

And Ruin make the universe her prey,
And Silence, when the pulse of Nature stills,
In viewless robe shall sit enthroned on smoking hills !






Among the numerous calamities to The disease to which we have alwhich our nature is incident, there luded, is admitted on all hands to be are few so generally distressing as that beyond the power of medical skill, of defective utterance, whether it ap- and those who have devoted them, pears in the mild form of a hesitation selves to its cure have generally been in speech, in the more confirmed stage teachers of elocution, who have conof continual stammering, or in its sidered defects of voice as coming withcrisis of muscular contortions.

in the range of their profession. The experience of every person who Without depreciating, in the least, has mixed much with society, will the humane and skilful efforts of these furnish him with examples of all these respectable practitioners, we may be varieties of imperfect articulation ; but permitted to say, that no decided meunless they haye been observed with- thods of cure have been discovered, in the circle of his own friends, or and that the causes of defective utter, within the sphere which circumscribes ance have been as little understood as the exercise of his own feelings, he they have been studied. has, perhaps, never reflected on the In this state of our knowledge on a agonies to which its victim is exposed, subject of the highest importance to or on the heart-breaking anticipations society, we were surprised to hear that which it excites in all those who are Mr John Broster of Chester had disc interested in his welfare. To a young covered a method of removing impeman of great talents, of refined wit, diments of speech and defective articuand of extensive information, who lation. Such a discovery we were seems destined to enliven and adorn strongly disposed, along with 'many the circles in which he moves, the oc- others, to rank among those extravacurrence of such a calamity is perhaps gant pretensions, which are so often the greatest to which Providence can intruded upon the public; and Mr subject him.

Conscious of powers Broster seems to have been so sensible which he cannot exercise, without of the prevalence of such an opinion, being the object of ridicule, or with- that he appears to have declined maout giving pain to those who hear king himself known in Edinburgh in him, he resigns himself to the tran- any other way than by the cures quillity of silence; and in so far as re- which he performed. Several cases of gards the pleasures of socialintercourse, a very striking nature soon occurred he is on a level with those who are to shew the success of his method. utterly destitute of the organs of speech.

A personage of rank and fashion, To those who are destined for public whose defective utterance had been life, for the bar, the pulpit, or the sea generally known from constant internate, the evils of defective utterance course with society, was so completeare still more appalling. All the ear- ly cured, as to excite the astonishment ly hopes of professional success are at of every person. The celebrity which once extinguished, and the unfortu. Mr Broster acquired by this cure, nate patient either becomes a burden brought him a number of pupils, some to his friends and to himself, or must of whom came even from London, to embark in a new profession, for which, receive the benefit of his instructions, perhaps, neither his talents nor his and the success with which these cases education have prepared him. When were treated, far surpassed even the imperfect articulation deforms the fe most sanguine expectations of the inmale voice, its effects are yet more dividuals themselves. Persons who distressing. Under its mildest form, had almost lost the power of giving all the enchantments of youth and utterance to particular words, were beauty disappear ;-every accomplish- completely emancipated from all emment, however great, is thrown into barrassment of speech. Others, who the shade, and all the hopes of female could not articulate without contore ambition are for ever blighted. tions of countenance, and other ner


vous indications, were enabled to had occasion to peruse several of the speak with ease and fluency; and letters which have been addressed to one gentleman, who had scarcely ever him by the individuals whom he has cuventured to breathe a sound before red, and by the parents of those pupils company, was enabled to make a for- who were unable to express their own mal speech before a large party, who gratitude. The respect and affection had been assembled by his father to which these letters breathe, while they commemorate the almost miraculous shew, the value which has been set cure of his son.

upon the cure, evince also the kind. The removal of impediments of ness and gentleness of the treatment speech, has always been considered as by which it has been effected. Mr the work of time and laborious exer- Broster's humanity to the poor, and tion, and those who professed to have to those whose circumstances do not studied the subject most deeply, re- permit them to prove their gratitude quired the constant attendance of their by their liberality, deserves to be espepupils for months, and even for years. cially noticed. We know of cases Mr Broster's system, however, is of a where he has refused any compensavery different character. Some of his tion for his trouble; and we are sure, most striking cures have been per- that in every case where it is necesformed after a single lesson, and, in sary, his liberality will be conspicuou general, a few days is all the time that As we are not acquainted with the he requires for effecting it. This ra- nature of Mr Broster's system, we pidity of cure, indeed, is one of the cannot give any opinion of it as a most valuable features in his system. scientific method.' We understand, The hope of a speedy remedy encou- however, that it is as simple as it is rages the patient to apply his whole efficacious; and that though much demind to the system, and enables the pends on the skill and judgment of poor, and those who cannot quit their the person who applies it, yet it is caprofessions, to avail themselves of a pable of being successfully practised discovery, which otherwise could have by those who have been completely inbeen of no benefit to them.

structed in its principles and details. Hitherto we have considered this This important discovery has hi. new method as applicable only to the therto excited little general curiosity. ordinary impediments of speech, but The interest which it has called forth we have reason to know that Mr Bros. has been chiefly local, and confined to ter's method embraces a much wider the relatives and friends of the perrange. He has applied it to the cure sons whom it has benefited ; but, as of cases of weak articulation; he has, Mr Broster's pupils increase in numas it were, given the power of speech ber-as the remarkable cures which he to those who were supposed to be la- performs become better known, it canbouring under bodily disease, and he not fail to excite that notice which actually communicated the power of it so justly merits; and if its success reading aloud before company, to a

shall continue to be as great as it has venerable philosopher, whom a para- hitherto been, we have no doubt that lytic affection had almost deprived of the legislature itself will rank Mr the power of speech.

Broster among those public benefacDuring our inquiries into the suc- tors whose services entitle them to a cess of Mr Broster's system, we have public remuneration.

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