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lume of no remarkable merit, written Prussian service: a lieutenant-genewhile he was young:

ral, we believe. He made prodigious The famous DECLARATION OF IN- efforts in the cause of America-put DEPENDENCE-the American Magna his head in peril, as a traitor : was, we CHARTA, very nearly as it now stands, conscientiously believe, sacrificed—(we was the production of Mr J. He was will not qualify the phrase at all)--to one of the committee appointed by Washington :-treated shamefully :congress, for drafting it. After a con- In short, he died of a broken heart.sultation, they separated — agreeing It was well for America-very well, that each one should bring his own

that he did not become the commandideas complete, in regular form, on a er-in-chief — the leader, even for a certain day. They met-each with month, of her armies. He would have his own • Declaration' ready to pro- been a dictator~a despot-or nothing duce. Mr J. was called upon (as the -if he had : But we see no reason youngest man, we believe) to read there was none-why he should have first. He submitted-his paper was been so cruelly sacrificed; or so bitimmediately accepted by his associates: terly slandered.-We mention this they would not even read those which now, with more emphasis, because they had brought, after hearing his THE REPUBLIC is all in commotion read. It was adopted by congress, about. La Fayette-pretendingwith a few alterations ; part of which, shame on such impudence !--that all like the improvements of Pope, in his this uproar comes of their gratitude. own poetry—were of a very question. -Gratitude !-we know them better. able character.

But, even while we speak, the fashion While Mr Jefferson was the Secre- is over-we have no doubt of it-we tary of State, and subsequently, he put our opinion, therefore, upon reproduced a number of Reports, and cord, with a date (Jan. 1, 1825)—we Papers, which are distinguished by say, that already the fashion is over, extraordinary temper, foresight, wis- in America ; that, already, they have dom, and power. Among these, are done pursuing the “ Father of their his REPORT ON THE FISHERIES: a country,” as they profanely call him, system, for the regulation of Weights after Washington, with outeries and and MEASURES : a paper, upon the parade.-Gratitude !-We know them ACCOUNTABILITY of Public OFFI. better. They talk of gratitude, while CERS: a correspondence with our ca- the surviving men of the revoļution binet, concerning the IMPRESSMENT are dying of want :-while General St of AMERICAN SAILORS, which, by the Clair--who literally starved, in his old way, was the real cause of our late war age, upon the precarious bounty of a with America. Mr Jefferson is a fine “ single state,” is hardly cold in his scholar : a liberal thinker: and a grave :-while the very man, with truly great man. See our vols. for whom Burgoyne treated, before the *1824, p. 509 : 622.

surrender (Wilkinson), is living upon Johnson, JUDGE-an able man : the charity of Maryland :-while Bahas written lately the Life of GENE- ron de Kalb, Lord Stirling, (also a RAJ. GREENE, one of the revolution- traitor in the cause of America) ary officers. Greene was another Wa- Pulaski, (a Polish nobleman)—with a shington; the only nian able to take score of others, each one of whom did as his place, if he had fallen; or if he much for the republican side, as LA had been overthrown by the cabal, in FAYETTE~and risked much more. Congress. General Charles Lee was a We know the character of this people; better captain-the best, we believe, we know that of the Marquis--But he in the armies of the revolution : but was a boy, a mere boy, when he vohe was too adventurous too bold and lunteered in the armies of America: peremptory—too dangerous for the and we say, positively, that all this upplace of commander-in-chief. One roar is not because of their gratitude, word of him, by the way—now that in America, for what he did, in the he is likely to have no sort of justice day of revolution (for he did but litdone to him among the people, for tle-and, of that little, they knew nowhom he sacrificed himself. He was thing)—but chiefly, because he, LA one of those, to whom the letters of FAYETTE, is a nobleman, of whom they Junius have been ascribed: he was a have heard much talk lately, and all at British general: an officer, in the It is curiosity-not gratitude.



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Gratitude is consistent. Curiosity is States of America. These republicans not. Gratitude is the growth of know- are curious : they secretly revere rank, ledge, in a case like this: Curiosity is more than we do : they had never bethe growth of ignorance.-A few years fore seen a PRESIDENT. ago, (we have not forgotten it,) James LOGAN-JAMES : a quaker : a chief Munroe, the President of the United justice in Pennsylvania: died about States, made a tour through New 1750:-author of several works in LaEngland. Before he went arnong the tin, which have been republished in Federal party, there was no language various parts of Europe: a great schotoo offensive-no usage bad enough, lar, for the age familiar with many one would have thought from their languages--a good mathematician: a papers, for James Munroe. When he translator of Cicero’s De Senectute, went away,

they pursued him as published with his notes, by Dr Frankthey did La Fayette.”-Every house lin. His “Experimenta Melatemata de -every heart had been open to him Plantarum Generatione,was publish-every voice followed him with flat- ed in Latin, about 1740-in Leyden, tery.- Why was this ? —Was it be- translated afterwards, and republisha cause they had been wrong?_No. ed, by Dr Fothergill, at London. SeWas it because they were ashamed of veral of his papers may be found in their behaviour; or had come to un- the Transactions of the Royal Society. derstand his plain, homely virtues ?- We look upon him as altogether an No. It was only because he, James extraordinary man. Munroe, was President of the United


BYRON, my dear fellow, said we to as we shall evince by the time we get him one day, you are inclined to cor- to the end of this our article. We, pulency.

(i. e. not merely ourselves, but the Not at all, was the reply; it is 'en- world,) have now come to that state tirely against my inclination, but I of refinement, or rather, we should cannot help it.

say, of good sense, that what Dr This was very well for a joke ; but Johnson truly called the most imhe could help it, and did so--for by portant operation of the day, is no taking, as we advised, a raisin and a longer undervalued. Dinner, with its glass of brandy a-day, and abstaining avant-couriers, breakfast and lunch, from all other fool, solid or fluid, and its running footmen, chasse café, for the course of a month, he lost and supper, is properly appreciated. flesh vastly, and was nearly as thin as We no longer pretend to the silly ourself when he died. At the time puppyism of despising what, from the we spoke to him, he must have been earliest age to the present, and from rising eighteen or nineteen stones. the present until the day of the dis

We were thinking of this the other solution of this great Globe itself, evening, when Wadd's books, of which must continue to be the most interestwe had never before heard, came by ing topic of life. Our living literature chance into our hands—and yet the bears the impress of this new feeling. Essay on Corpulency had reached a Witness Dr Morris, Dr Kitchener, third edition. So true it is, that one the Author of Waverley, Sir Morgan half of mankind does not know how ODoherty, &c. &c. &c. Everybody, the other half lives; and, moreover, in short, of any mark or likelihood in they are pleasant and readable books, this scribbling generation. All these

Cursory remarks on Corpulence or obesity, considered as a disease, with a critical examination of ancient and modern opinions relative to its cause and cure. Third edition. By William Wadd, sq. F. L. S. Surgeon extraordinary to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, &c. &c. &c. London, Callon, 1819. Pp. 129. 8vo.

Nugæ Chirurgicæ ; or a Biographical Miscellany, Illustrative of a Collection of Professional Portraits. By W. Wadd, &c. London. Longman and Co. 1824 Pp. 276. 8vo

great men display, either by direct native of these countries ever uses, or allusion, by receipt, maxim, advice has even heard of, other food than or by indirect notice, that they are what they think fit to assign to them perfectly au fait at all sort of culinary which bestows the Knightly title on arrangements. In truth, great writers one joint of beef, and the Baronial on of almost all ages have been character another ; and, not to be bothering the ized by this attribute. Homer, to public with a long induction of parwhom,

ticulars, has preserved these attributes “as from their fountain, other stars from the days in which Cæsar found Repairing in their golden urns, draw them (barbarous, to be sure, but in light,"

the middle of their wigwams carne rejoices in a banquet as in a battle, lacteq; viventes,) to the present hour. and describes the cutting up of a Without going farther, what a philoporker flourishing in fat, with as much sophical work, a History of the Lord gusto as he does the dissection of a

Mayors of London, keeping an eye to Jove-nurtured hero. collection of this one peculiar and national point, the moral and political sentiments, could be made, if it were done by a great the yváreses, as they are technically oesthetic genius of a comprehensive called, of Homer--has been made long mind, capable of grasping many par, ago ;--a collection equally savoury ticulars in one grand philosophical could be made of his cookery prescrip- sweep, such as Mr Coleridge ! tions, his ideas of managing tipple, his magniloquent and unrivalled epic that for one fat person in France or Spain,

“ It has been conjectured by some, thets of everything connected with the social board ; and we strenuously leave others to determine the fairness of

there are an hundred in England. I shall recommend some adequate hand to

such a calculation. perform this acceptable service to

“ That we may, however, approach, or Grecian literature, and to the great even exceed it, no one will doubt, who cause of gourmanderie at large. Han reflects on the ving thus cited Homer, we excuse our

expensive plans selves from saying anything of the For deluging of dripping pans, minor authors,-Plato, Horace, &c. introduced by the modern improvements whom we had marked on the margin in the art of grazing, and the condescenof our paper, to be quoted on the oc- sion of some of our physicians, who have casion.

added the culinary department to the As then the value of feeding has practice of physic. One learned Doctor been duly acknowledged, the conse- (vid. Institutes of Health) is of opinion, quences thereof must be worthy of at- that the vulgarism of Kitchen Physic is tention-among the most prominent of one of those oracles of Nature, that dewhich is corpulence. If we believe serves much more attention than ridiWadd, this is a disease, (for such he cule;' another asserts, that'no man can considers it,) in a great measure pecu.

be a good physician, who bas not a comliar to England. And why should petent knowledge of cookery,' and ornait not? Is there any other country in

ments · Culina' with a Roman stew-pan; the world which assumes for its na

while a third apologizes for descending tional tune, Oh ! the RoÁST BEEF from professional dignity to culinary prewhich delights in surrounding its mo

parations, teaching us how to make sanarch with officers, designated, con

voury jelly,' which may rally the powers trary to all rules of orthography and

of digestion in that fastidious state of

stomach frequent after long fits of the etymology, by the jaw-stirring name of Beef-eaters—which finds matter of

gout. And it ought not to be omitted,

amongst the great events of the present scorn for all its neighbours chiefly in

era, that the combined efforts of art and the inferiority of their provender, nature, produced in the jubilee year 1809, looking, as behoves them, with con

the fattest ox, and the most corpulent tempt on the frog-fed Frenchman, the

man ever heard of in the history of the leek-eating Taffy, the oatmeal-swal

world. lowing Scot, the potatoe-devouring

“ It is not a little singular, that a disease Irishman, the sourcrout German, the which has been thought characteristic of turnip-nibbling Swede, the garlick- the inhabitants of this island, should have chewing Spaniard-and so on to the been so little attended to. Dr Thomas end of all the nations of Europe Short's Discourse on Corpulency, pubfirmly believing all the while, that no lished in 1727, with a small pamphlet hy



Dr Fleming, and some occasional re- and Raphael's age,) weighing 40 marks in a few systematic works, will, I stones. What a good, thoughtless, believe, be found to comprize all that has beneficent hilarity is in his countebeen said in this country, on what Dr nance! With what an air of complaFothergill termed, a most singular dis- cent self-satisfaction he is wiping his ease.'

unwigged head-how agreeably de“ In answer to this, we may be told, gagée his loose vestments hang around that sufficient has been written, for any him! You feel it would be impossiman to be his own physician in this com- ble to fret that man. Not a black plaint, and that “le regime maigre," and berry did he care about the Pope, the Dr Radcliffe's advice, of keeping the eyes Devil, or the Pretender, or about the open, and the mouth shut, contains the Family Compact, or_Mr Pitt, or the whole secret of the cure.”—Corpulency, balance of power in Europe. We ven-> p. 5–7.

ture to say, he had a vast ignorance Which, however, is no answer at

of the works of Jemmy Thomson, or all.

Sammy Johnson, or Davie Hume, or “ It is supposed, that a person weigh the Warburtonian Controversy, or any ing one hundred and twenty pounds, ge

other of the flocci-nauci-nihili-pilinerally contains twenty pounds of fat. fications, which, in his day, were enThe accumulation of fat, or what is com- gaging literary men. But if he knew monly called corpulency, and by nosolo- not these trifles, we lay a rump and gists denominated polysarcia, is a state of dozen that he had a perfect knowbody so generally met with in the inha- ledge of a beef-steak--that it would bitants of this country, that it may exist be hard to puzzle him in a muttonto a certain degree without being deem- chop—that Tom Rees's own Tripoed worthy of attention ; but, when exces- nions are not deeper versed in the sive, is not only burdensome, but becomes mysteries of a belly of tripe, than he a disease, disposes to other diseases

was; and that, no matter who was and to sudden death.

the best singer of bob majors within The predisposition to corpulency the parish of Stebbing, few would yaries in different persons. In some, it beat him in disposing of their juicy exists to such an extent, that a consider- attendant, the leg of mutton and trimable secretion of fat will take place, not

mings. withstanding strict attention to the habits of life , and undeviating moderation in the shall skip some dozen or so of his

To waddle back to Wadd. We gratification of the appetite. Such a predisposition is often hereditary, and when pages at a slap, premising, that they accompanied, as it frequently is, with that contain cures, &c. for corpulency, one easy state of mind, denominated good of which strikes us to be unutterably humour,' which, in the fair sex,

horrid. It is recommended as a re

medy to devour Castile soap. What * Teaches charms to last, Stil makes new conquests, and maintains the a tremendous abuse of the stomachic past.'

region! Sooner would we amplify Or when, in men, the temper is cast in ourselves to the dimensions of Dathat happy mould, which Mr Hume so niel Lambert himself, than make a cheerfully congratulates himself on pos- washing-tub of our paunch, and consessing, and considers as more than equi- vert our gastric juice into suds. Vevalent to a thousand a-year; · The habit getable diet is more palatable, though of looking at everything on its favoura- still highly objectionable ; but as we ble side; -on such dispositions of body intend to go at full length into that and mind, corpulency must, in a certain question very shortly, in a philosodegree, attend.”—P. 15, 16.

phical consideration of John Frank Part of this we are perfectly certain Newton's return to nature, we excuse of. A good fat face is generally a plea- ourselves from saying anything farther sant object. It is most truly said, in on the subject here. Peveril of the Peak, that an ill-hu- There is a vast, miscellaneous colmoured-looking fat man is so rare an lection of anecdotes of corpulency at object, as to create in us the disgust the end of Wadd's book ; pleasant to which attends the sight of a monster. read, but arranged with a complete Look at the picture of Jack Powell, the contempt of all regularity-very much butcher of Stebbing in Essex, who in the manner of Miss Letitia Matildied in 1754, aged 37, (Lord Byron da Hawkins' new attempt at a Joe

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Miller. What, however, can be more excellent friend had fallen a victim to agreeable than to hear of ladies of four the laws of his country. Sic transit, orfive-and-twenty stones ; of Tunisian fc. misses fattened for marriage ; of but- The notes are in general brief, but chers pinguifying on their own steaks; abounding, as we think medical books of Spanish generals feeding themselves generally do, with curious and pecuon vinegar, until the skin hung round liar anecdotes. The epigram on Dr the body like a pelisse, thereby afford- Glynn, with whom we were acquainting justification of what might other- ed, (he died in 1800, aged 82, and wise seem a bouncer of George Col. was a Seatonian prize-poet in 1757,) man's, in his description of Will Wad- is new to us. Glynn was an ugly dle,

fellow: " Whose skin, like a lady's loose gown, “ This morning, quite dead, Tom was hung about him"

found in his bed, Of windows knocked out, and walls

Although he was hearty last night; knocked in, to let out prodigious But 'tis thought, having seen Dr Glynn coffins ; of Englishmen travelling in a dream, through Saxony in quest of the pic- That the poor fellow died of the fright.” turesque, weighing 550 lb., or 39 st.

As also is the conundrum on the 4 lb.-wafted through Italian valesand

Three Doctors, which we shall leave Valdarmian regions on the groaning unanswered, to exercise the ingenuity necks of twelve chairmen ; of Captain of our readers. K., of the Jamaica trade, of whom the

What’s DOCTOR, and Dr, and writ astonished negro exclaimed, “ Great big man-man big as tub, massa of the son of the Bishop of

But, on second considerations, to diocese which, we should imagine, put them out of pain, we shall explain

to them that it is, must be always vacant,) who, at nineteen, weighed twenty stones, and was Dr LONG, Dr Short, and Dr Askew. remarkable for his wit, of which we Of Jacob de Castro, we are told, have the following specimen

" De Castro was one of the first mem. A fellow collegian, son of a dean, bers of the Corporation of Surgeons, afof a very lean and spare habit, ex- ter their separation from the barbers, in pressing his astonishment at their dif- the year 1745; on which occasion Bonference of size, he explained the rea- nel Thornton suggested « Tollite. Barber son by the following extempore pa

rum' for their motto. rody of the old song,

The barber-surgeons had a by. law,

by which they levied ten pounds on any There's a difference between

person who should dissect a body out of

their hall without leave. A bishop and a dean, And I'll tell you the reason why ;

“ The separation did away this, and A dean cannot dish up

other impediments to the improvement A dinner like a bishop,

of surgery in England, which previously To feed such a fat son as I.”

had been chiefly cultivated in France.

The barber-surgeon in those days was -All of which, with many other known by his pole, the reason of which equally piquant matters, may be found is sought for by a querist in • The Briin Mr Wadd's Essay on Corpulency.

tish Apollo,' fol. Lond. 1708, No. 3. His Nugæ Chirurgicæ is a series of I'de know why he that selleth ale,

Hangs out a chequer'd part per pale; biographical notes on a collection of

And why a barber at port-hole, Professional Portraits. Where he got

Puts forth a party-colour'd pole.' the foundation of his collection, we shall let himself tell.

• In antient Rome, when men loved fighting, And wounds and scars took much delight in;

Man-menders then had noble pay, “ The following pages owe their ori

Which we call surgeons to this day, gin to a collection of Professional Por- 'Twas ordered, that a huge long pole, traits, the nucleus of which was a set of

With basin deck'd, should grace the hole,

To guide the wounded, who unlopt prints, given to the author ten years ago, Could walk, on stumps the other hopt : by his excellent friend, Mr Fuuntleroy of But when they ended all their wars,

And even grew out of love with scars, Berners' Street ! ! !"

Their trade decaying; to keep swimming, And this volume bears the date of They join'd the other trade of trimming,

And to their poles, to publish either, 1824, by the end of which year that Thus twisted both their trades together.'


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