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our lowness, made like to the body of His glory, according to the operation whereby also He is able to subdue all things unto Himself.” 1
Divines are generally united in applying this part of Daniel's prophecy to the triumph and perpetual duration of the Church of Christ; and in this we fully agree; but the Millenarians
that Christ's Church will not attain its full and complete triumph upon earth until she shall have actually and entirely subjected to herself the whole man, body and soul, as well as all societies of men ; until all the kingdoms of the earth shall bow down before her power; until all the nations of the earth shall be gathered together into one perfect society, governed by her Divine Spouse, the King of kings and Lord of lords." 2
Daniel says, that “in the days of those kingdoms the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that shall never be destroyed.” This kingdom was first set up whilst the Roman empire was in its full strength with legs of iron. The Roman empire was afterwards divided into ten lesser kingdoms, the remains of which are subsisting at present. The statue is still standing upon its feet and toes of iron and clay. Christ is yet a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence. But the stone will one day smite the statue upon the feet and
Philip. iii. 20, 21.
The Church will attain to her full triumph upon earth by those weapons which are according to the spirit of charity which animates her, and with which she has been endowed by her Divine Spouse. She will overcome and subdue her enemies, not by the weapons of earth, but by those of heaven, by the weapons of justice and truth. “For the Word of God is living and effectual, and more piercing than any two-edged sword : and reaching unto the division of the soul and the spirit, of the joints also and the marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.” (Heb. iv. 12.)
toes, and become itself a great mountain and fill the whole earth; or, in other words: “The kingdom of this world shall become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign for ever and ever.” 1
The kingdom of Christ is said to be eternal; and the Millenarians also agree to this. For they say, that after Christ shall have reigned upon earth with His saints for a thousand years, He will continue to reign in the heavenly Jerusalem for ever and ever." ?
ARTICLE VII. Predictions contained in the seventh chapter of Daniel, which
seem to foreshow the kingdom of Christ upon earth. The same events which were shown to the prophet Daniel, under the figure of the statue, were afterwards revealed to him under other images in a dream; the four kingdoms being represented to him by four beasts, and the destiny of the last by ten horns. After describing the four beasts which he beheld, the prophet continues: “I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven, and he came even to the Ancient of days: and they presented Him before Him. And He gave Him power, and glory, and a kingdom ; and all peoples, tribes, and tongues shall serve Him; His power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away; and His kingdom shall not be | Apoc. xi. 15.
Although the prophecy relates especially to the heavenly kingdom, which shall last for ever, yet it seems that it also contains the promise of a particular triumph of the kingdom of Christ upon earth. Christ's kingdom will first attain an especial triumph in its militant state, and then consummate its eternal triumph in heaven.
destroyed. My spirit trembled ; I, Daniel, was affrighted at these things, and the visions of my head troubled me. I went near to one of them that stood by, and asked the truth of him concerning all these things, and he told me the interpretation of the words and instructed me: These four great beasts are four kingdoms, which shall arise out of the earth. But the saints of the Most High God shall take the kingdom: and they shall possess the kingdom for ever and ever."
Upon this the prophet declares that he had a longing desire to "learn concerning the fourth beast, which was very different from all, and exceedingly terrible; his teeth and claws were of iron : he devoured and broke in pieces, and the rest he stamped upon with his feet: and concerning the ten horns that he had on his head; and concerning the other that came up, before which three horns fell : and of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth speaking great things, and was greater than the rest." 1 Then he continues: “I beheld, and lo, that horn made war against the saints, and prevailed over them, till the Ancient of days came and gave judgment to the saints of the Most High, and the time came, and the saints obtained the kingdom.” And the expositor of the vision to the prophet said, “The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be greater than all the kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down and shall break it in pieces. And the ten horns of the same kingdom shall be ten kings, and another shall rise up after them, and he shall be mightier than the former, and he shall bring down three kings. And he shall speak words against the High One, and shall crush the saints of the Most High: and he shall think himself able to change times and laws, and they shall be delivered into his hand until a time, and times, and half a time. And judgment shall sit, that his power may be taken away, and be broken in pieces and perish, even to the end. And that the kingdom, and power, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, may be given to the people of the saints of the Most High: whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all kings shall serve Him and shall obey Him.” 1
1 Dan. vii. 13-20.
Here we must observe, that the prophet speaks of a cruel persecution against the saints, who are apparently overcome, and of the total destruction of the Antichrist by the judgment and power of the High One, after which follows the kingdom of Christ and of His saints.
Moreover, we must diligently note the correspondence of the description here given of the fourth kingdom, as figured by the fourth beast, with that which the same prophet gives of the fourth kingdom, as figured by the legs and feet of the statue seen by King Nabucodonosor in a dream.
I. The fourth kingdom is there said to be as iron. So the fourth kingdom here is represented under the figure of a beast terrible and wonderful, and exceedingly strong, having great iron teeth.
II. The fourth kingdom is there exhibited as greatly surpassing in strength the former kingdoms, which it subdues, breaks, and destroys. And here it is said that the fourth kingdom shall be greater than all the kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.
i Dan. vii. 21–27.
III. There the fourth kingdom is represented as a whole, composed of many distinct parts, figured by the toes, which foreshadow as many particular kingdoms. And here the fourth kingdom is represented as a great beast with ten horns, and it is said that “the ten horns of the kingdom shall be ten kings."
IV. There the fourth kingdom is directly and immediately struck, broken down, and destroyed by the stone cut out of the mountain without hands; namely, by the power of Christ. Here the fourth kingdom is broken in pieces by the judgment and power of the Most High.
V. There it is said that the stone which struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth, and that the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed. Here the Son of Man is represented as coming with the clouds of heaven before the throne of God, who gives “Him power, and glory, and a kingdom: and all people, and tribes, and tongues shall serve Him." And a little after : “ The kingdom, and power, and greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven is given to the people of the saints of the Most High ; whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all kings serve Him, and obey
VI. There the prodigious increase of the stone, which becomes a great mountain, filling the whole earth, or the great triumph of the kingdom of Christ over the whole earth, happens, after the destruction of the four kingdoms, and it takes their place with much greater glory; and here
I Dan. vii. 27.