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s make them sit down to meat, and come forth « and serve them.” Excess and riot can last but a very short time; and when they are over, they terminate in weeping and gnashing of the teeth : but temperance and vigilance for the Lord's sake, shall end in a perpetual feast. To abstain from the false mirth of this present time, the noise of which, while it lasts, is no better than the crackling of thorns under a pot, which consume themselves with their own blaze; is to find the true joys of eternity : and if the servant of the Lord can but refrain from eating and drinking with the drunken, he shall be rewarded with better fare and better company, when he shall partake of the marriage supper of the lamb, and shall sit down with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, in the kingdom of God.
AND HE SAID UNTO HIM, IF THY PRESENCE
GO NOT WITH ME, CARRY US NOT UP HENCE. EXOD. xxxiii. 15.
THUS did Moses signify his distress for him. ) self, and his people, when God threatened to withdraw his presence from them in the wilder
The prophet knew it was impossible for them to go through the dangers and difficulties of their passage to Canaan, unless the God who had brought them out of Egypt should still be with them to guide and protect them. No less hazardous is the situation of every Christian in this world, than theirs was in their way to Canaan. We are all upon a journey, as they were, to the promised rest; and we are beset with such difficulties, dangers and temptations,
that there can be no hope of arriving at it in safety, unless God shall conduct and defend us in our progress. So that we may each of us take
the words of Moses, and say, if thy presence go not with me, carry me not up hence. Miserable is the condition of those, who either do not know how necessary the presence of God is to every man, or who have neither assurance nor sense of its effects towards their preservation.
I shall therefore shew you, in discoursing on the words I have chosen, that his presence always has been with his church, and that it extends to every individual.
That the presence of God was with the church of the Hebrews, must be plain to every one who reads their history: and while to us this presence is an object of faith, to them it was visible, in the cloud and the pillar of fire which attended their camp, and the glory which was seen on Mount Sinai. But the
presence of God was as manifest by its effects. He divided the sea for them ; he confounded the host of Egypt which pursued them, he furnished them with water from the rock, and bread from heaven ; he healed them when they were bitten with serpents; their clothes did not wear out, nor their shoes wax old upon their feet; M 4
their enemies were terrified and driven out before them ; vengeance was executed
those who tempted and seduced them; and when they were about to be settled in the promised land, all the wonders God had wrought were set before them, as inducements to gratitude, and obligations to obedience.
If we look to the history of the Christian church : that also was propagated in a wonderful manner, by the power of its preachers, and the fortitude of its martyrs; whom God invested with such wisdom as overpowered the disputers of this world, and prevailed against the kingdoms of the earth; which were at length converted from the power of salan unto God. The universal monarchy established in the Roman Empire, was really aiding and assisting toward the spreading of the Gospel, while it seemed to persecute and resist it ; and at last the Christian religion was received as the religion of the empire.
We are apt to admire the works of God when he interposes for the deliverance and preservation of his people ; but his providence is equally to be admired, in the corrections and punishments which he sends upon them for their disobedience. For why does God chuse any people, but to make them wise and holy, and lead them to eternal happiness by the ways of truth and righteousness? If they forget their profession, and disgrace it by their manners, they are corrected in mercy, for the preservation of God's truth, and the reformation of the. society, which he has separated from the world. In the 105th psalm the prophet celebrates the mercies of God, in redeeming the people from Egypt, and feeding them in the wilderness; but in the 106th psalm, the same mercy is farther celebrated for the mighty acts of his judgments in visiting them for their sins: how he sent leanness into their soul for their lusting after the food of Egypt; how he destroyed Dathan and Abiram, and sent a fire and a pestilence upon the murmuring congregation: how he overthrew them in the wilderness for their idolatry in worshipping the golden calf, and their unbelief in not receiving the good report which was brought of the land of Canaan ; how he sent a plague upon those who had joined themselves unto Baal Peor, and after their settlement in Canaan, when they defiled themselves with the works of idolatry, he gave them into the hands of the heathen, and they that hated them were Lords over them : then their enemies oppressed them, and they were brought into subjection under