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voked some learned controversy as to the opinions of the ancients on the subject. I dare not venture a conjecture on the point, though a little inclined to the "errare mallem," if Mr. Fox was mistaken.

In him was some young Galiongće. [p. 14 "Galiongée" or Galiongi, a sailor, that is, a Turkish sailor; the Greeks navigate, the Turis work the guns. Their dress is picturesque; an! I have seen the Capitan Pacha more than este wearing it as a kind of incog. Their legs, how The busking de

Even Azrael, from his deadly quiver. [p. 71. ever, are generally naked.
Azrael-the angel of death.

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Holds not a Musselim's control. (p. 72. Musselim, a governor, the next in rank after' a Pacha; a Waywode is the third; and then come the Agas.

scribed in the text as sheated behind with silver are those of an Arnaut robber, who was my host he had quitted the profession), at his Pyrgo, a Gastouni in the Morea; they were plated in scal one over the other, like the back of an armaduk

So may the Koran verse display'd. (8 The characters on all Turkish scimitars Co sometimes the name of the place of their n facture but more generally a text fro Koran, in letters of gold. Amongst those in Was he not bred in Egripo? [p. 72. possession is one with a blade of singular struction; it is very broad, and the edge anth Egripo-the Negropont. According to the pro-ed into serpentine curves like the ripple d verb, the Turks of Egripo, the jews of Salonica, water, or the wavering of flame. I asked the and the Greeks of Athens, are the worst of their Armenian who sold it, what possible use suc respective races. figure could add: he said, in Italian, that he d not know; but the Mussulmans had an idea t Ah! yonder see the Tchocadar. those of this form gave a severer wound; and "Tchocadar"-one of the attendants who pre-liked it because it was "piu feroce." I did d cedes a man of authority. much admire the reason, but bought it for a peculiarity.

[p. 72.

Thine own "broad Hellespont" still dashes. [p. 73. The wrangling about this epithet "the broad Hellespont or the boundless Hellespont, whether it means one or the other, or what it means at all, has been beyond all possibility of detail. I have even heard it disputed on the spot; and not foreseeing a speedy conclusion to the controversy, amused myself with swimming across it in the mean time, and probably may again, before the point is settled. Indeed, the question as to the truth of "the tale of Troy divine" still continues, much of it resting upon the talismanic word "axeos:" probably Homer had the same notion of distance that a coquette has of time, and when he talks of boundless, means half a mile; as the latter, by a like figure, when she says eternal attachment, simply specifies three weeks.

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But like the nephew of a Cain. It is to be observed, that every allusion any thing or personage in the Old Testam such as the Ark, or Cain, is equally the privileg of Mussulman and Jew; indeed the former pr fess to be much better acquainted with the lives true and fabulous, of the patriarchs, than warranted by our own Sacred Writ, and est content with Adam, they have a biography Pre-Adamites. Solomon is the monarch of necromancy, and Moses a prophet inferior en to Christ and Mahomet. Zuleika is the Perna name of Potiphar's wife, and her amour vi Joseph constitutes one of the finest poems in their language. It is therefore no violation of costume to put the names of Cain, or Noah, inte the mouth of a Moslem.

And Paswan's rebel hordes attest.' L Paswan Oglou, the rebel of Widdin, who for the last years of his life set the whole powe of the Porte at defiance.

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They gave their horsetails to the wind. [p
Horsetail, the standard of a Pacha.

He drank one draught, nor needed more! 'st
Giaffir, Pacha of Argyro Castro, or Scutar
am not sure which, was actually taken of b
the Albanian Ali, in the manner described a
the text. Ali Pacha, while I was in the country
married the daughter of his victim, some Tra
after the event had taken place at a bath i
Sophia, or Adrianople. The poison was mis
in the cup of coffee, which is presented before
the sherbet by the bath-keeper, after dressing.

I sought by turns, and saw them all. [p.15. confined to the Archipelago, the sea alluded to The Turkish notions of almost all islands are

The last of Lambro's patriots there. [p. th Lambro Canzani, a Greek, famous for his ef forts in 1789-90 for the independence of hi country: abandoned by the Russians, he became a pirate, and the Archipelago was the scene d his enterprises. He is said to be still alive at Petersburgh. He and Riga are the two me celebrated of the Greek revolutionists.

To snatch the Rayahs from their fate. [76 "“Rayahs," all who pay the capitation tax, call ed the "Haratch."

y! let me like the ocean-Patriarch roam. [p. 76.
This first of voyages is one of the few with
hich the Mussulmans profess much acquaintance.

r only know on land the Tartar's home. [p. 76.
The wandering life of the Arabs, Tartars, and
urkomans, will be found well detailed in any
ok of Eastern travels. That it possesses a
arm peculiar to itself cannot be denied. A
ung French renegado confessed to Chateau-
riand, that he never found himself alone, gal-
ping in the desert, without a sensation ap-
Foaching to rapture, which was indescribable.
looming as Aden in its earliest hour.
[p. 76.
Jannat al Aden," the perpetual abode, the
lussulman Paradise.

And mourn'd above his turban-stone. [p. 78. A turban is carved in stone above the graves I men only.

he loud Wul-wulleh warn his distant ear. [p. 78. The death-song of the Turkish women. The ilent slaves" are the men whose notions of ecorum forbid complaint in public.

"Where to my child ?"—an Echo answers"Where? [p. 78. "I came to the place of my birth and cried,

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"And airy tongues that syllable men's names.“ MILTON.

For a belief that the souls of the dead inhabit the form of birds, we need not travel to the East. Lord Lyttleton's ghost-story, the belief of the Duchess of Kendal, that George I. flew into her window in the shape of a raven (see Orford's Reminiscences), and many other instances, bring this superstition nearer home. The most singular was the whim of a Worcester lady, who, believing her daughter to exist in the shape of a singing bird, literally furnished her pew in the Cathedral with cages-full of the kind; and as she was rich, and a benefactress in beautifying the church, no objection was made to her harmless folly.


The time in this poem may seem too short for of nature I shall attempt to prove by some hise occurrences, but the whole of the Egean torical coincidences which I have met with since les are within a few hours' sail of the conti-writing "The Corsair." ent, and the reader must be kind enough to ke the wind as I have often found it.

"Eccelin prisonnier," dit Rolandini, "s'enfermoit dans un silence menaçant, il fixoit sur la terre son visage féroce, et ne donnoit point Of fair Olympia loved and left of old. [p. 85. d'essor à sa profonde indignation.-De toutes Orlando, Canto 10.

fround the waves' phosphoric brightness broke.

[p. 87. By night, particularly in a warm latitude, ery stroke of the oar, every motion of the at or ship, is followed by a slight flash like eet lightning from the water.


-the sober berry's juice.

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parts cependant les soldats et les peuples accouroient; ils vouloient voir cet homme, jadis si puissant, et la joie universelle éclatoit de toutes parts."

"Eccelin étoit d'une petite taille; mais tout l'aspect de sa personne, tous ses mouvemens indiquoient un soldat. Son langage étoit amer, son déportement superbe, et par son seul regard, (p. 87. il faisoit trembler les plus hardis." SISMONDI, tome 111. p. 219.

"Gizericus (Genseric, king of the Vandals, hile dance the Almas to wild minstrelsy. [p.87. the conqueror of both Carthage and Rome), ṣtaDancing-girls.

A captive Dervise, from the pirate's nest
Escaped, is here-himself would tell the rest.
[p. 87.
It has been objected that Conrad's entering
guised as a spy is out of nature.-Perhaps
-I find something not unlike it in history.
Anxious to explore with his own eyes the
te of the Vandals, Majorian ventured, after
guising the colour of his hair, to visit Car-
ge in the character of his own ambassador;
Genseric was afterwards mortified by the
covery, that he had entertained and dismissed
Emperor of the Romans. Such an anecdote
y be rejected as an improbable fiction; but
is a fiction which would not have been ima-
ed unless in the life of a hero." GIBBON,
cl. and Fall, vol. vi. p. 180.

That Conrad is a character not altogether out

tura mediocris, et equi casu claudicans, animo profundus, sermone rarus, luxuria contemptor, ira turbidus, habendi cupidus, ad solicitandas gentes providentissimus." * JORNANDES de Rebus Geticis, c. 33.

I beg leave to quote these gloomy realities to keep in countenance my Giaour and Corsair.

And my stern vow and order's laws oppose.
[p. 88.
The Dervises are in colleges, and of different
orders, as the monks.

They seize that Dervise!-seize on Zatanai!
(p. 89.

He tore his beard, and foaming fled the fight. [p. 89.

A common and not very novel effect of Mus

sulman anger. See Prince Eugene's Memoirs, p. 24. "The Seraskier received a wound in the thigh; he plucked up his beard by the roots, because he was obliged to quit the field."

Brief time had Conrad now to greet Gulnare. (p. 89. Gulnare, a female name; it means, literally, the flower of the Pomegranate.

gulf of Mexico; it runs through a rich but very
flat country, until it reaches within a mile d
the Mississippi river, fifteen miles below the
city of New-Orleans. The bay has branches
almost innumerable, in which persons can i
concealed from the severest scrutiny. It com
municates with three lakes which lie on the

southwest side, and these with the lake of de
same name, and which lies contiguous to
sca, where there is an island formed by the
arms of this lake and the sea.
The east o
west points of this island were fortified
year 1811, by a band of pirates, under the
mand of one Mr. La Fitte. A large man
of these outlaws are of that class of t
pulation of the state_of_Louisiana wh
from the island of St. Domingo during b
troubles there, and took refuge in the is e
Cuba: and when the last war between Fr
and Spain commenced, they were compelled

Till even the scaffold echoes with their jest! [p. 92. In Sir Thomas More, for instance, on the scaffold, and Anne Boleyn in the Tower, when grasping her neck, she remarked, that it “was too slender to trouble the headsman much." During one part of the French Revolution, it became a fashion to leave some "mot" as a legacy; and the quantity of facetious last words spoken during that period would form a melan-leave that island with the short notice of a choly jest-book of considerable size.

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The queen of night asserts her silent reign. [p. 94. The twilight in Greece is much shorter than In our own country; the days in winter are longer, but in summer of shorter duration.

The gleaming turret of the gay Kiosk. [p. 94. The Kiosk is a Turkish summer-house; the palm is without the present walls of Athens, not far from the temple of Theseas, between which and the tree the wall intervenes.-Cephisus stream is indeed scanty, and Ilissus has no

stream at all.

His only bende in seeming o'er his beads. [p. 95. The Comboloio, or Mahometan rosary; the beads are in number ninety-nine.

days. Without ceremony, they entered the [% ed States, the most of them the State of Late iana, with all the negroes they had posred in Cuba. They were notified by the Gover of that State of the clause in the constitu which forbad the importation of slaves; but, a the same time, received the assurance of the Governor that he would obtain, if possible. de approbation of the general Government for th retaining this property.

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Blow sinks, more lovely ere his race be run. . . . That frown where gentler ocean seems to smile. The island of Barrataria is situated th [p. 93. lat. 29. deg. 15 min. long. 92. 30. and is m The opening lines of Canto III. have, per-markable for its health as for the superior sa haps, little business here, and were annexed and shellfish with which its waters abound. Th to an unpublished (though printed) poem; but chief of this horde, like Charles Moor, h they were written on the spot in the Spring of mixed with his many vices some virtues. In 1811, and I scarce know why-the reader must year 1813 this party had, from its turpitude and excuse their appearance here if he can. (See boldness, claimed the attention of the Governor "Curse of Minerva.") of Louisiana; and, to break up the establish he thought proper to strike at the head He therefore offered a reward of 500 dollars for the head of Mr. La Fitte, who was well k to the inhabitants of the city of Newr leans, from his immediate connexion, and once having been a fencing-master in that y of great reputation, which art he learn Buonaparte's army, where he was a Captais The reward which was offered by the Gove for the head of La Fitte was answered by the offer of a reward from the latter of 15, the head of the Governor. The Governar dered out a company to march from the city La Fitte's island, and to burn and destroy & the property, and to bring to the city of les Orleans all his banditti. This company, the command of a man who had been the mate associate of this bold Captain, approached very near to the fortified island, before he st a man, or heard a sound, until he heard a whistle, not unlike a boatswain's call. Th was he found himself surrounded by armed who had emerged from the secret avenues whi led into Bayou. Here it was that the moder Charles Moor developed his few noble trails for to this man, who had come to destroy ka life and all that was dear to him, he not spared his life, but offered him that which have made the honest soldier easy for the mainder of his days, which was indignantly fused. He then, with the approbation of hu captor, returned to the city. This circumstan and some concomitant events, proved that the band of pirates was not to be taken by a Our naval force having always been small that quarter, exertions for the destruction this illicit establishment could not be expect from them until augmented; for an office the navy, with most of the gun-boats on th station, had to retreat from an overwhe force of La Fitte's. So soon as the angesi tion of the navy authorised an attack, one made; the overthrow of this banditti has bera

And the cold flowers her colder hand contain`d. [p. 100. In the Levant it is the custom to strew flowers on the bodies of the dead, and in the hands of young persons to place a nosegay.

Link'd with one virtue, and a thousand crimes. [p. 101. That the point of honour which is represented in one instance of Conrad's character has not been carried beyond the bounds of probability may perhaps be in some degree confirmed by the following anecdote of a brother buccaneer in the present year, 1814.

Our readers have all seen the account of the enterprise against the pirates of Barrataria; but few, we believe, were informed of the situation, history, or nature of that establishment. For the information of such as were unacquaint ed with it we have procured from a friend the following interesting narrative of the main facts, of which he has personal knowledge, and which cannot fail to interest some of our readers.

Barrataria is a bay, or a narrow arm of the

he result; and now this almost invulnerable | the see. Rumour whispered he retained the vices oint and key to New-Orleans is clear of an of his youth, and that a passion for the fair sex nemy, it is to be hoped the government will formed an item in the list of his weaknesses; old it by a strong military force.-From an but so far from being convicted by seventy witImerican Newspaper. nesses, he does not appear to have been directly In Noble's continuation of Granger's Biograph-criminated by one. In short, I look upon these cal Dictionary, there is a singular passage aspersions as the effects of mere malice. How 1 his account of archbishop Blackbourne, and is it possible a buccaneer should have been so 8 in some measure connected with the profes- good a scholar as Blackbourne certainly was? on of the hero of the foregoing poem, I cannot he who had so perfect a knowledge of the classist the temptation of extracting it. sics (particularly of the Greek tragedians), as "There is something mysterious in the history to be able to read them with the same ease as id character of Dr. Blackbourne. The former he could Shakespeare, must have taken great but imperfectly known; and report has even pains to acquire the learned languages, and haye serted he was a buccaneer, and that one of his had both leisure and good masters. But he was rethren in that profession having asked, on his undoubtedly educated at Christ-church - College, rrival in England, what had become of his old Oxford. He is allowed to have been a pleasant um, Blackbourne, was answered, he is Arch-man: this, however, was turned against him, by shop of York. We are informed, that Black-its being said, "he gained more hearts than souls." ourne was installed sub-dean of Exeter in 1694, hich office he resigned in 1702: but after his Iccessor's, Lewis Barnct's, death, in 1704, he "The only voice that could soothe the passions gained it. In the following year he became of the savage (Alphonso 3d) was that of an ean; and, in 1714, held with it the archdeanery amiable and virtuous wife, the sole object of his f Cornwall. He was consecrated bishop of Ex-love: the voice of Donna Isabella, the daughter ter, February 24, 1716; and translated to York, ovember 28, 1724, as a reward, according to ourt scandal, for uniting George I. to the Duchss of Munster. This, however, appears to ave been an unfounded calumny. As archbishop e behaved with great prudence, and was equally espectable as the guardian of the revenues of

of the duke of Savoy, and the grand-daughter of Philip 2d, King of Spain.-Her dying words sunk deep into his memory; his fierce spirit melted into tears; and after the last embrace Alphonso retired into his chamber to bewail his irreparable loss, and to meditate on the vanity of human life," GIBBON.


The event in the latter part of Canto 2d was | alarmed; and one of them informed the Pontiff uggested by the description of the death, or ather burial, of the Duke of Gandia. The most interesting and particular account of this mysterious event is given by Burchard, nd is in substance as follows: "On the eighth day of June the "Cardinal of Valenza, and the Duke of Gandia, sons of the Pope, supped with their nother, Vanozza, near the church of S. Pietro d vincula; several other persons being present it the entertainment. A late hour approaching, and the Cardinal having reminded his brother, hat it was time to return to the apostolic palace, hey mounted their horses or mules, with only few attendants, and proceeded together as far is the palace of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, when he Duke informed the Cardinal, that before he eturned home, he had to pay a visit of pleasure. Dismissing therefore all his attendants, exceptng his staffiero, or footman, and a person in a ask, who had paid him a visit whilst at supper, nd who, during the space of a month, or therebouts, previous to this time, had called upon im almost daily, at the apostolic palace; he ook this person behind him on his mule, and roceeded to the street of the Jews, where he uitted his servant, directing him to remain here until a certain hour; when, if he did not eturn, he might repair to the palace. The Duke hen scated the person in the mask behind him, and rode, 1 know not whither; but in that night e was assassinated, and thrown into the river. The servant, after having been dismissed, was iso assaulted and mortally wounded; and alhough he was attended with great care, yet uch was his situation, that he could give no ntelligible account of what had befallen his In the morning, the Duke not having eturned to the palace, his servants began to be


of the evening - excursion of his sons, and that the Duke had not yet made his appearance. This gave the Pope no small anxiety; but he conjectured that the Duke had been attracted by some courtesan to pass the night with her, and not choosing to quit the house in open day, had waited till the following evening to return home. When, however, the evening arrived, and he found himself disappointed in his expectations, he became deeply afflicted, and began to make inquiries from different persons, whom he ordered to attend him for that purpose. Amongst these was a man named Giorgio Schiavoni, who, having discharged some timber from a bark in the river, had remained on board the vessel to watch it, and being interrogated whether he had seen any one thrown into the river, on the night preceding, he replied, that he saw two men on foot, who came down the street, and looked diligently about, to observe whether any person was passing. That seeing no one, they returned, and a short time afterwards two others came, and looked around in the same manner as the former; no person still appearing, they gave a sign to their companions, when a man came, mounted on a white horse, having behind him a dead body, the head and arms of which hung on one side, and the feet on the other side of the horse; the two persons on foot supporting the body, to prevent its falling. They thus proceeded towards that part, where the filth of the city is usually discharged into the river, and turning the horse, with his tail towards the water, the two persons took the dead body by the arms and feet, and with all their strength flung it into the river. The person on horseback then asked if they had thrown it in, to which they replied, Signor, si (yes, Sir). He then looked towards

the river, and seeing a mantle floating on the stream, he inquired what it was that appeared black; to which they answered, it was a mantle; and one of them threw stones upon it, in consequence of which it sunk. The attendants of the Pontiff then inquired from Giorgio, why he had not revealed this to the governor of the city; to which he replied, that he had seen in his time a hundred dead bodies thrown into the river at the same place, without any inquiry being made respecting them, and that he had not, therefore, considered it as a matter of any importance. The fishermen and seamen were then collected, and ordered to search the river; where, on the following evening, they found the body of the Duke, with his habit entire, and thirty ducats in his purse. He was pierced with nine wounds, one of which was in his throat,

the others in his head, body, and limbs
sooner was the Pontiff informed of the death of
his son, and that he had been thrown, like tih,
into the river, than giving way to his grief.
shut himself up in a chamber and wept bitterly.
The Cardinal of Segovia, and other attendan
on the Pope, went to the door, and after may
hours spent in persuasions and exhortation,
prevailed upon him to admit them. From th
evening of Wednesday, till the following Sun
day, the Pope took no food; nor did he
from Thursday morning till the same how a
the ensuing day. At length, however,
way to the entreaties of his attendants, he l
to restrain his sorrow, and to consider they
which his own health might sustain, by a
further indulgence of his grief."-Rosco's
Tenth, Vol. 1, p. 265.


The Turcoman hath left his herd. [p. 116. THE life of the Turcomans is wandering and patriarchal: they dwell in tents.

intentional, resemblance in these twelve lines t a passage in an unpublished poem of Mr. Ce ridge, called "Christabel." It was not t after these lines were written that I heard that wild and singularly original and beautiful porn recited; and the MS. of that production I neve saw till very recently, by the kindness of V Coleridge himself, who, I hope, is convinced that I have not been a wilful plagiarist. The original idea undoubtedly pertains to Mr. Cale

Coumourgi-he whose closing scene. [p. 117. Ali Coumourgi, the favourite of three sultans, and Grand Vizier to Achmet III., after recovering Peloponnesus from the Venetians in one compaign, was mortally wounded in the next, against the Germans, at the battle of Peterwaradin (in the plain of Carlowitz), in Hungary, endeavour-ridge, whose poem has been composed aber ing to rally his guards. He died of his wounds next day. His last order was the decapitation of General Breuner, and some other German prisoners; and his last words, "Oh that I could thus serve all the Christian dogs!" a speech and act not unlike one of Caligula. He was a young man of great ambition and unbounded presumption: on being told that Prince Eugene, then opposed to him, "was a great general," he said "I shall become a greater, and at his expense."

There shrinks no ebb in that tideless sea.


(p. 119. The reader need hardly be reminded that there are no perceptible tides in the Mediterranean. And their white tusks crunch'd o'er the whiter [p. 120. This spectacle I have seen, such as described, beneath the wall of the Seraglio at Constantinople, in the little cavities worn by the Bosphorus in the rock, a narrow terrace of which projects between the wall and the water. I think the fact is also mentioned in Hobhouse's Tra- | vels. The bodies were probably those of some refractory Janizaries.

And each scalp had a single long tuft of hair. [p. 120. This taft, or long lock, is left from a superstition that Mahomet will draw them into Paradise by it.

Was it the wind, through some hollow stone.

fourteen years. Let me conclude by a hope that he will not longer delay the publication of a production, of which I can only add my mite af approbation to the applause of far more compe tent judges. (“Christabel" was published in isk

There is a light cloud by the moon'Tis passing and will pass full soonIf, by the time its vapoury sail.... [p. 171 I have been told that the idea expressed it these lines has been admired by those whe approbation is valuable. I am glad of it: but found much better expressed in "Vathek a word it is not original-at least not mine; it may be to which I have before referred, and neset recur to, or read, without a renewal of gra tification.

The horsetails are pluck'd from the ground. and the sword. Ip. 122 The horsetail, fixed upon a lance, a Pachas standard.

And since the day, when in the strait. (p. 12 In the naval battle at the month of the Dar danelles, between the Venetians and the Turks.

(p. 125.

The jackal's troop, in gather'd cry. I believe I have taken a poetical license t transplant the jackal from Asia. In Greece never saw nor heard these animals; but among the ruins of Ephesus I have heard them by un-hundreds. They haunt ruins, and follow armies.

[p. 121.

I must here acknowledge a close, though

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