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at the bottom of the stairs which led to his abode. The window through which Emily had gazed as he passed in the morning was still open; the door at the landing-place, which conducted to the outer apartment, or living-room, was ajar. He pushed it wide to the wall, and entered; but the room was empty. He called "Emily!"-but no one answered. He called again, not more loudly, for a vague horror, a fear of he knew not what, choaked his utterance. Still no sound reached him, except the echo of his own voice. The ashes upon the hearth shewed that a fire had that day been lighted, but that it had long died out. The wooden table was covered with a clean cloth, the coffee-pot stood in the midst of it, and two cups and plates beside it. One chair was a little way pushed back towards the fire-place; and the tea-kettle hung suspended from its hook over the embers, though the water which it contained was perfectly cold. All things, in short, looked as if Emily had prepared breakfast that morning, but had left the house without tasting it.
"Breathless and trembling with terror, Edward now moved towards the door which led to the bed-chamber. It was closed; and his hand shook so, that for the space of several seconds he was unable to lift the latch. At length he raised it; he pushed the door open, and beheld Emily in bed. He sprang forward. She was cold and stiff, and in her dead arms she clasped a lifeless infant! From that instant, existence became to Edward, during many, many months, a perfect blank. Seasons went and fresh ones took their place, but he knew it not. Reason was driven from her seat, and Edward for the space of one entire year was a maniac.'
There is nothing in the manner in which this story is written to excuse it from the censure we have felt obliged to pass upon it; but, as the author is probably capable of better things, we hope the neglect which his present attempt must experience will teach him to bestow his future labours upon more agreeable and more harmless subjects.
Naval Records; or, the Chronicles of the Line of Battle Ships of the Royal Navy, from its first Establishment in the Reign of Henry VIII. with the Names of their distinguished Commanders, &c. THE English navy deserves such an universal regard, that we look upon every thing which tends to render the particulars connected with it familiar to the minds of persons in general as a real advantage to the nation. It is for this reason that we highly approve of the abovementioned work, and recommend it to our readers, as well because the affairs of the navy have of late been treated with some of that neglect which in times of peace too commonly attends every thing connected with war, as because it conveys useful and interesting information in an agreeable shape. We presume that the author is himself a sailor; we have no doubt that he is, from the warmth with which he expresses himself; and we are sure he ought to be, for in that circumstance alone can we find an excuse for the peculiar style in which he writes. A sailor upon paper is in general as awkward as a sailor in a ball-room; and when he once abandons that frank, unembarrassed manner, which is perhaps better than more refined graces, he inevitably becomes
ridiculous. So our friend, the author of the Naval Records, while he confines himself to the simple narration of simple facts, is a manly sensible writer; but when he grows enthusiastic, and his bosom labours, his style does so too. He likes long hard words, and pours upon his wondering readers a broadside of double-shotted expletives, for no pur. pose but to make a noise. We cannot but like his energy, and we wish, for his sake, that some lucky accident would new-furbish him up for the wars again, and afford him a more congenial employment than that of writing; we dare say he would add to the naval records, if an opportunity should serve, in much better style than he can chronicle them.
The arrangement of the work is entitled to great approbation; it is in alphabetical order, according to the names of the ships. Each article is preceded by a short explanation of the name, very necessary to prevent mistakes among the gallant tars; and a list of the battles, or other incidents, connected with the ship, and a few words containing a summary of the particulars. The following examples will serve: " Benbow, 74.-"Some men," says the great dramatic poet, born to greatness; others achieve it." Of the latter description was Vice Admiral Benbow. But if we may believe his biographer, Campbell, Benbow, though reared in the service of the merchants of those days, was really of an ancient and respectable family, the Benbows of Salop, fallen into decay, not in consequence of their vices, but of a loyal attachment to their sovereign, Charles I. Be this as it may, Benbow was a rough seaman of the old school, whose daring enterprises in the service of the merchants had recommended him to the notice of government, and afterwards secured him the favour of King William, than whom no man better knew the real merits of his officers. So that he was not only early promoted to a flag, but when some gentlemen, high in court favour, had declined the command of a squadron on the Jamaica station, "Well!" exclaimed the King, "I find we must spare our beaus, and send out honest Benbow." On this station, as usual, Admiral Benbow distinguished himself by a zealous and vigorous conduct, which, while it made him the dread of the enemy, being united with the despotic roughness of the seaman, excited so violent an hatred against him, among the principal officers of his squadron, that however incredible it may appear, they actually, from a feeling of revenge towards their Admiral, entered into a base conspiracy, the object of which was, to tarnish his fame, at the risk of condign punishment, and eternal infamy to their own. On the 19th of August, 1702, Vice-Admiral Benbow, cruising off Santa Martha, with a mixed squadron of frigates and ships of the line, commanded by these basely infatuated men, gave chase to a French squadron, under M. du Casse, and soon after brought them to action, during which the Vice-Admiral was evidently deserted by his most powerful ships. On the 20th he determined to lead into action himself, and found none but the Ruby to support him. Notwithstanding which, the brave Benbow persevered in his attacks, and on the 24th had his right leg shattered by a shot, which, however, could not prevent him from directing the battle; for, being brought up in a cradle on the quarter-deck, he continued to animate the seamen; indignantly sending orders to the commanders of the
other ships, who were steering at a distance, " to keep their line and behave like men:" and at last only withdrew his squadron when he found that the captains were determined not to fight. The following letter from M. du Casse goes farther than would a whole volume, to prove the base manner in which this brave man was betrayed :
"SIR, I had little hopes on Monday last, but to have supped in your cabin; but it pleased God to order it otherwise: I am thankful for it. As for those cowardly captains who deserted you, hang them up, for, by G-, they deserve it. "Your's,
'By the sentence of a Court Martial, held at Jamaica, two of the captains were suspended, one cashiered, and two shot. The ViceAdmiral died of his wound.
'In 1813, the 54th year of his late Majesty, the BENBOW, a ship of 74 guns, was launched and added to our navy.'
6 Blake, 74.-Blake was one of those great characters that scarcely appear once in an age, and then are only made known by the extraordinary pressure of extraordinary events. Admiral Robert Blake, born in 1589, at Bridgwater, in Somersetshire, was educated at Oxford, and took the degree of bachelor of arts in 1617. In 1640 he was returned to Parliament for Bridgwater, on account of his well-known republican principles, and served in the Parliament's army, with great reputation, during the civil wars. But he highly disapproved of bringing the King to trial; and was frequently heard, with his usual bluntness, to say, "he would as freely venture his life to save the King, as ever he did to serve the Parliament." Yet after the King's death he warmly adhered to the republican party, and, next to Cromwell, was the ablest officer they had. In 1648 he was appointed, with the Colonels Dean and Popham, to command the fleet, and on this new element soon evinced the greatness of his talents; for having pursued the squadron of Prince Rupert to Malaga, and destroyed all the ships except two, he was constituted sole Admiral; and in September, 1652,* defeated the Dutch fleet, commanded by Van Tromp, Ruyter, and De Witt, in a sanguinary engagement off the Downs, in which the Dutch lost four ships of war, and had 2,000 men wounded or slain. And again in February, he defeated them in the Channel, when they lost twelve ships of war and thirty merchantmen. And in July, in the following year, he arrived in time to give such effective aid to the fleet under Monk and Dean, off the North Foreland, that a complete victory was obtained, when the Dutch lost nineteen ships of war. In April, 1653, when Cromwell turned out the Parliament, and assumed the supreme power, Blake kept order in his fleet, and addressed this celebrated short and pithy speech to his officers, "It is not for us to mind state affairs, but to keep foreigners from fooling us." Proceeding to the Mediterranean, in 1654, with orders to procure satisfaction for the injuries done to our merchants, he was treated with the most marked
* 28th September, a decisive victory; see Appendix. 30th November, 1652, Blake's daring and obstinately maintained conflict with Van Tromp, off Hythe. 18th February, 1653, three days' hard fighting, and decisive victory off La Hogue and the Isle of Wight."
respect by the French and Dutch officers at Cadiz, as well as the Algerines, who, taking the English prisoners out of the Sallee rovers, presented them to Blake, in order to purchase his favour, and afterwards willingly concluded a peace with him. But at Tunis, the Dey having rashly defied him, saying, "Here are our castles of Goletto and Porto Ferino; do your worst," Blake in two hours' cannonade rendered the castle defenceless, and burnt with his boats nine Tunisian ships in the road. From Tunis he sailed to Tripoli, and obliged the Bashaw to restore the English prisoners. Then returning to Tunis, granted them, as a great favour, a peace; and having obliged the Knights of Malta to restore the effects taken by their privateers, spread every where such a terror of the British fleet, that most of the princes and the states of Italy sent solemn embassies to the Protector. On the 20th of April, 1657, he made his famous attack on the Spanish ships and galleons, lying strongly posted in the Bay of Santa Cruz, in the island of Teneriffe, and sunk or burnt the whole of them. This was thought to be one of the most remarkable actions that ever happened at sea. "It was so miraculous (says the Earl of Clarendon) that all men who knew the place, wondered that any sober man, with what courage soever endowed, would have undertaken it; and they could hardly persuade themselves to believe what they had done: whilst the Spaniards comforted themselves with the belief that they were devils and not men, who had destroyed them in such a manner. This was the last great exploit of the renowned Blake. He was consumed with a dropsy and scurvy; and having hastened home that he might yield up his last breath in his native country, as the ship came into Plymouth Sound he expired.
'It has been observed, that never man so zealous for a faction was so much respected and esteemed even by the opposite factions. Disinterested, generous, liberal, ambitious only of true glory, dreadful only to his avowed enemies, he forms one of the most perfect characters of that age, and the least stained with those errors and violences which were then so predominant. The Lord Clarendon observes, "that he was the first man who brought ships to contemn castles on shore, which had ever been thought very formidable, and were discovered by him to make a noise only, and to fright those who could rarely be hurt by them. He was the first that infused that degree of courage into seamen, by making them see by experience what mighty things they could do, if they were resolved; and the first that taught them to fight in fire as well as in water."
'During the life of Blake he had been honoured with a gold chain, put round his neck by the Protector, who, on being informed of his death, ordered him a pompous funeral at the public charge; but, it has been said, "the tears of his countrymen were the most honor. able panegyric on his memory." If any other were required, it may surely be found in the choice of his name for a royal ship of the line, in the fourteenth year of a war arising out of the mischiefs of republi
The tribute paid to the memory of so determined a republican as Blake, in conferring his name on a seventy-four gun ship in the royal navy, in the 49th year of the reign of his late Majesty, 1808, forms a VOL. 1. Dec. 1823. Br. Mag.
noble and dignified contrast with the puerile virulence and jacobinical frenzy, exercised by the revolutionists of France against every name which bore the remotest allusion to talents or virtue, distinguished under any form of government at variance with their own. And this name of Blake may be considered as an evidence, not only of the triumph of distinguished naval worth, but as the firmest triumph of the true principles of freedom over the wild fanatical frenzy of the French Revolution.
'In the fifty-first year of the reign of his late Majesty, 1809, the BLAKE, at one time, bore the flag of Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Strachan, at the evacuation of the island of Walcheren, and the destruction of the basin of Flushing.
'British fleet, 120 ships of war, with 30 auxiliary armed vessels: chief ship, the VENERABLE, 74.
'On the 29th of June, 1811, the BLAKE was commanded by Captain Edward Codrington, chief, with the Centaur and Invincible, em. ployed in co-operating with the Spanish patriots, on the shores of the Mediterranean, and in rescuing many hundreds of them from the butchery of the French at the fall of Tarragona.
'And in September of the same year, the BLAKE was acting in conjunction with the Baron d'Erolles, when the harbour of Tarragona was seized, and the vessels anchored therein fell into the hands of the allies. The British seamen, on this occasion, handsomely gave up their share of the captures to the Spaniards.
Summary.-Assistance rendered to the patriotic Spaniards.'
The account of the Howe' includes a memoir of the gallant earl of that name, every particular of which is interesting, and none more characteristic of the officer and his men than the provision for their breakfast before the battle. The earl knew them well, and perhaps recollected old Broughton the bruiser's reply to the duke of Cumberland, who asked him what he thought of the tall Austrian dragoons.— "I think, your Royal Highness," said he, "that I can lick the whole regiment, if you'll order me a breakfast between each man."
Howe, 120.-Admiral Lord Howe was the second son of Sir Emanuel Scrope, the second Lord Viscount Howe, and, at the age of fourteen years, embarked as a midshipman on board the squadron destined, under Commodore Anson, to harass the Spanish trade and settlements in the South Seas. At the age of twenty he was appointed captain of the Baltimore sloop of war, and having, in an action with two French frigates, received a severe wound in the head, was made a post captain, and appointed to the Triton of twenty-eight guns.
In June, 1755, Captain Howe, commanding the Dunkirk of sixty guns, captured a French ship of sixty-four guns off the coast of Newfoundland; and in June, 1758, the Essex bore the broad pendant of Commodore Howe, commanding a squadron of twenty-four ships of war, acting in conjunction with the Duke of Marlborough, when a successful descent was made on the coast of France, and many stores and store-houses, with small craft, were destroyed at St. Maloes. In the following August he was acting with General Bligh, when the piers, basins, magazines, and store-houses of Cherbourg were destroyed, and twenty-two brass cannons with mortars brought away; and on the