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hosts the Carmelites, as he had could never have supposed, it was done all that could reasonably be intended to continue the process

at expected. His friends had advis- Rome; and that he could not ed him to appeal to the Pope. He agree, either to send him to Rome, did not himself exactly see the ne- or eject him from his own state; cessity of this measure, after what for he had not been proved to be had passed, but he yielded to their in error, and his banishment would wish, more especially as he thought be a great loss to the infant univerhis sovereign would be better pleas-- sity of Wittenberg." In pursuance ed with an appeal than a recanta- of the honourable part which he tion.” Having prepared this do- thus acted, His Highness sent the cument, which he entitled, Ap- Cardinal's letter to Luther himself, peal from the Pope ill informed to who replied by detailing to his sothe Pope better informed,” in due vereign the transactions at Augsorder, and before competent wit- burg; regretting that there should nesses, and provided for its publi- be so great a stir among such percation, he thought it prudent to sonages on account of one in so quit the city, apprehending mischief humble a station as himself; and from the sullen silence of the Car- professing that he was ready to dinal. Mounting a horse which suffer exile, if it should be thought Staupicius had procured for him, expedient, for he did not consider while it was yet dawn on the himself safe in any place from the morning of the 19th of October, a malice of his persecutors, and was friendly senator having taken care at all events unwilling that anto have the gate opened, he set out other should be involved in his on his return home, in a state of quarrel. He concluded by thankgreat weakness.

ing His Highness, praying for his Cajetan, vexed at his escape, prosperity, and rejoicing that he wrote to the Elector, justifying his was counted worthy to suffer for own conduct, and complaining of the sake of his Saviour, the want of confidence in him, Meanwhile the university itself shown on this occasion. He men- took the alarm, and interceded tioned his hope that the affair with their sovereign for the Prowould have been amicably termi- fessor, who thereupon formally renated, through the intervention of quested him not to leave his capital. Staupicius; declaring that his de- The firmness of the Duke was very sire had been, at once to preserve encouraging to Luther, especially the dignity of the Apostolic see, as he could not but be apprehenand prevent any unpleasant conse- sive of the issue; for Frederick had quences to the accused monk; but not declared himself a partisan of as the latter had chosen to act in the Reformer, and had not even such an unbecoming manner, it read his works, or heard his serbecame the duty of Frederick to

He acted from a sense of consult his own honour and con- justice, from indignation at the dicscience, by sending him to Rome, tating tone assumed by the Legate, or banishing him from his country; and from regard to the character and that, in fine, nothing less

was to and reverence of the abilities of be expected, than that the Pontiff Luther. He was now confirmed would immediately pronounce a in this line of conduct, by a letter sentence against him. The Elec- received from the learned Érasmus, tor remonstrated in behalf of his in the spring of 1519; to which he subject. He stated that Luther returned an answer worthy of the “ had made his appearance, as de- nobleness of his character, and manded of him, but could not ob- assuring him that nothing should tain an impartial hearing : that he induce him to deliver up so excel



lent a person to the malice of his nication all who opposed indulenemies.

gences could be presented to him; Soon after his return Luther un- and during the interregnum the Vidertook to supply the place of cariate of the empire devolved on preacher at the church of Witten- Frederick of Saxony, and the berg for Simon Heinsius, the ordi- Elector Palatine; while this innary pastor, an erudite and reli- creased the security of the Regious man, who was then labouring former, by increasing the power of under bodily infirmities. In one his patron. Leo resorted to flatof his discourses, he requested the tery to gain the latter over to his people, in case he was violently side. He accordingly determined assaulted by the papal agents, not to send him the golden Rose, an to be offended with His Holiness honour to which Frederick had any other person, but to commit aspired for the last three years,

and the cause to God. His engage- in contemplation of which he had ments as a parochial minister at shown great devotion to the see of this season, though an addition to Rome, and had caused relics to be his academic employments, would brought from Heidelberg to his doubtless have a salutary effect on capital. But as the present was his mind, tending to solemnize and now accompanied by a letter exdivert it from brooding over his horting him to active measures personal difficulties; while the af- against Luther, he felt considerable fection of his congregation would reluctance in accepting it, though unite with the favour of their prince a similar donation had never been in tranquillizing and comforting his made to a Duke of Saxony, except spirit.

in the instance of his father Ernest, Leo X. much irritated at this who happened to be staying at presumptuous Saxon, published a Rome, in the pontificate of Sixtus brief about indulgences, in which IV. That he might not, however, he called on all the world to hold entirely refuse the gift, he appointand preach this doctrine. This ed a gentleman of his council to produced from Luther a new act of receive it in his name, at Altenappeal to a council, wherein he re- burg, on Sunday the 25th of Seplated what had passed at Witten- tember, from the hands of the berg and Augsburg; and declared emissary Miltitz, a Saxon knight, that a holy council represented the and chamberlain to the Pope. universal church, and was superior This, from ancient times, had to the Pope in all matters concern

been considered as a mark of dising the faith; on which account he tinguished favour from the Holy appealed to that supreme tribunal, See, and corresponded to the grant having first protested, that he had of the golden fleece, or the garter, no intention to speak any thing by a Spanish or English monarch. against the Apostolic see; but as On the fourth Sunday in Lent, a the Pope was merely a man, and golden rose was blessed by the fallible as others, as was evident in Pope with much ceremony and the instance of St. Peter himself, prayer. It was anointed with holy the only redress left to those who oil, and perfumed with musk. It conceived themselves oppressed by was a symbol of the Saviour, who him, was to appeal to a council *. is the Rose of Sharon, and whose

At this critical juncture the Em- name is as ointment poured forth. peror died, before the papal bull After the service, the Pope bore it which threatened with excommu- himself, at the head of his clergy,

to any high personage who was * P. Sarpi, Hist. Conc. Trid. l. i. c. 22. -Borner.' Diss. de Colloquio Luth. cum

sojourning at Rome, or sent it to Cajetan. Loescheri Act. Reform. tom. ii. some foreign prince with a solemn


[To be continued.]

c. 11.




"T is finished: he spake the words, and bowed
His head, and died.-Beholding him far off,
They who had ministered unto him, hope
'Tis his last agony: the Temple's vail
Is rent; revealing the most holy place,
Wherein the cherubim their wings extend,
O'ershadowing the mercy-seat of God.
Appalled, the leaning soldier feels the spear
Shake in his grasp; the planted standard falls
Upon the heaving ground; the sun is dimmed,
And darkness shrouds the body of the Lord.

The setting orb of night her level ray
Shed o'er the land, and on the dewy sward
The lengthened shadows of the triple cross
Were laid far stretched,—when in the east arose,
Last of the stars, day's harbinger: no sound
Was heard, save of the watching soldier's foot:
Within the rock-barred sepulchre, the gloom
Of deepest midnight brooded o'er the dead,
The Holy One: but, lo! a radiance faint
Began to dawn around his sacred brow:
The linen vesture seem'd a snowy wreath,
Drifted by storms into a mountain cave:
Bright and more bright, the circling halo beamed
Upon that face, clothed in a smile benign,
Though yet exanimate. Nor long the reign
Of death; the eyes that wept for human griefs,
Unclose, and look around with conscious joy.
Yes; with returning life, the first emotion
That glowed in Jesus' breast of love, was joy
At man's redemption, now complete ; at death
Disarmed; the grave transformed into the couch
Of faith ; the resurrection and the life
Majestical he rose: trembled the earth :
The ponderous gate of stone was rolled away;
The keepers fell; the angel, awe-struck, sunk
Into invisibility, while forth
The Saviour of the world walked, and stood
Before the sepulchre, and viewed the clouds
Empurpled glorious by the rising sun.

The evening of that day, which saw the Lord
Rise from the chambers of the dead, was come.
His faithful followers, assembled, sang
A hymn, low-breathed ; a hymn of sorrow, blent
With hope ;-when, in the midst, sudden he stood.
The awe-struck circle backward shrink; he looks
Around with a beniguant smile of love,
And says, Peace be unto you :—faith and joy
Spread o'er each face, amazed ;-as when the moon,
Pavilioned in dark clouds, mildly comes forth,
Silvering a circlet in the fieccy ranks.



THE VILLAGE PASTOR, No. VII. It is our privilege to look out parents and relatives. It is my for and to notice the gracious an- object in this communication to swers which our Father who is in detail a few instances in proof heaven gives to our prayers; and of the effects produced among to mark the smiles bestowed on the elder branches of families our Christian labours, by Him who through the instrumentality of their sent us here to work while it is children who attended, or are now called to-day. Those who are ear- attending, Sunday schools. I might nestly labouring in Sunday schools, particularize more than one and are anxiously looking forward two cases wherein the children to the result of such labours, should have taught their parents to read, not only commit themselves, their until they could examine the Holy efforts, and their little flock, into his Scriptures for themselves; but I hands, from time to time in prayer shall no further notice these advanfor his holy Spirit to direct, sanc- tages, great as they certainly are, tify, and bless the teacher and the than to say that such has been the pupils; but should also frequently case, and that such is now the review what the Lord appears ac

of mental improvement tually to be doing either among going on in some of our cottages the children whom they teach, or scattered over retired and beautiful the relatives of those children though unnoticed commons. Let through their instrumentality. This us, then, look at another class of will encourage the teacher to la- proofs than those of parents being bour and not faint; it will show, taught by their children to read the from time to time, that however Holy Scriptures. poor and despised the earthen

John P-was, some years vessel

may be in itself, yet that ago, one of my sickly and fretful the Lord can and often does put parishioners. His wife had behis inestimable treasure into it, come, I trust, seriously in earnest and cause that treasure to be pour- in the pursuit of eternal life, and ed out from such worthless vessels their two eldest girls were in our to the enriching of immortal souls. school. Phæbe was not more It is now many,


years than ten years old, when one day since the Lord declared that he her father was taken dangerously would perfect praise out of the ill with internal inflammation. In mouth of babes; nor through all the agonies of his sufferings and these long succeeding periods has the terrors of his mind he sent for he ever been unmindful of his me to administer some relief. I promise. On the contrary, as it remained with him until I saw a concerns our own land especially, portion of his bodily pains relieved he has gone on in the strength of by the application of suitable his power, and displays, increas- means; and then, considering it a ingly displays, the riches of his fit time once more to point out to grace in behalf of children: so bim what I had oft-times before that not only has more instruction, urged, namely, his discontented, been furnished them, but also fretful state of mind, his distracting more of the moral and religious and criminal anxiety about the effects of that instruction has events of the morrow,

which were been visible, both in the character ever filling him with fears, lest and conduct of many of the chil- food and raiment should fail; and dren themselves, and in the im- moreover, the folly and criminality proved morals of many of their of his neglecting that bread which

APRIL 1823.

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cometh down from heaven, and follow, if the prayer and dawning setting at nought those riches piety and Christian character of which are incorruptible and undefil- his child should hereafter rise up ed, and pass not away: to all this in judgment to his condemnation. he listened, and made but few re- He was living when I quitted the plies. In the course of our con- parish, but has since departed and versation the children were named, given in his account before a righand something was said relative to teous Judge. Of the state of his their being directed to seek first soul I never could feel satisfied ; the kingdom of God and his righ- but of this I am quite sure, that teousness. John paused awhile, and the deepest convictions of sin, then exclaimed, “Ah, Sir! what and the strongest remonstrances of a rare thing it is for them to have conscience, which he ever expesuch learning! There is that girl, rienced, were produced on his mind Phæbe, of mine-0, if I were but through the instrumentality of his like that girl-if I could but make little girl's prayer, thus overheard such a prayer as she can make!” by him in a day when he prayed

Why, John, what about neither for her nor for himself. Phoebe? what do you mean about In the history of “ Pious Harher making prayers?

riet,” my readers have seen one “O Sir,” he again repeated, instance of domestic worship be6 if I could but make such a ing introduced into a respectable prayer as she can

family through the persuasion and Well,” I said, “ but tell me instrumentality of a child. I shall something about it-what do you now record another of the same namean?

ture. Mary C was somewhat
“Why, Sir, it was but a few older than her school-companion
days ago, when on going up to my Phoebe P-, of whom mention
chamber, I heard somebody talk- has just been made. Mary's mo-
ing something, as I thought, in the ther is now with the spirits of the
other room; and so I stood still just made perfect. About a year
and listened, and who should it be before she exchanged prayer on
but my girl Phoebe making such a earth for eternal praise in heaven,
prayer! O if I could but make she related the following particulars
such a prayer as that was! There, to me: That it was on a Sunday
Sir, she went on, I'm sure 'twas evening when Mary returned from
without book; and she prayed for my room, and found her parents
her sister, and little brother, and sitting in the chimney-corner read-
mother, and for me her poor wic- ing; their books being laid by,
ked father, -when, Sir, I scarcely Mary began to tell her mother
ever tried to pray for myself. what she could recollect of the
Only think, Sir, for that girl to evening's instructions, and particu-
make such a prayer for her father, larly dwelt on my having told the
when he did n't

for himself !”

girls that they must not be asham-
In short, I found that his mind ed to pray at home, and how it
and conscience had been more was a lamentable thing that family
powerfully arrested by this circum- prayer was so much neglected in
stance of his child's prayer, than by poor people's houses: that many
any thing he had ever heard from parents and children seemed to be
me, or from any other person, ashamed of serving God.
either at church or elsewhere. Of “ But, mother," said Mary,
course I endeavoured to follow

6 Mr. M-

says we girls must these convictions, and to represent not be ashamed of these things." the awful consequence that must “ To be sure not,” replied the

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