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maintain it when found to his latest case of poor Spain, indeed, I breath, serve God in his calling would rather lament than censure. according to his word, and not be I think serious blame attaches to deterred by any perils or menaces you, and all your associates in from supporting the truth, and hold- such unholy work; through whom ing on his course. As, then, this we see it come to pass, that at a is my fixed determination, it is in time in which the clear light of the vain that you endeavour to draw Gospel is shining upon the world, away me and others from the ge- not the weakest rays of this celesnuine doctrine of God's church, tial splendor are suffered to penewhich you yourself ought likewise trate into Spain, which is entitled to profess.

to share with other lands the reWith respect to the papal ex- demption of the Saviour. Do not, communication that you so serious- I pray you, boast of the tranquilly urge against me, I am truly lity and security which, in your astonished that you can thus deli- opinion, it now enjoys; nor find berately trifle in such glaring ab- fault with the controversies of other surdities. What child knows not, regions, which cannot but arise in our day, that it is a mere bug- from that variety of sentiment bear, used for the support of the pon- which is observable among men on tifical tyranny! - I will not dispute all great questions; but which afwith you concerning the power of ford occasion for the investigation the Roman Pontiff, whose dignity, of truth, the illustration of doctrine, such as it is, I am not now con- and the advancement of the divine cerned to oppose or circumscribe. glory: for what you

call is Let him take the wealth and power no peace, connected as it is with a of the whole world if he will, so neglect of God; or if you

needs he but leave us in possession of must call it so, assuredly. it is heavenly doctrine pure and uncon- more calamitous than a bloody taminated. This, it is clear, has by civil war. I do, indeed, love my him, the enemy of Christ, been country with all my heart, as beshamefully mangled, adulterated, comesome; and I do so desire her and suppressed, to the destruction welfare, that I would most readily of many souls. Here, indeed, both offer up this body to deliver her he, and you, and every advocate from her present unholy situation. of his impiety, must be steadily But the more ardently I am bound and decidedly opposed, lest the to her, the more earnestly do I laglory of God should seem to be ment the thraldom under which she neglected or obscured by us, who labours. An evil genius stalks ought, each in his own sphere, to through her territory, holding labour for its promotion. Under- completely in his power, fascistand, therefore, that this is my nating her with idolatrous supersticonfirmed answer; that I choose tion, so that his influence is undisto obey the express words of God, turbed. But you mistake, Malrather than the tyranny of Popes venda, you mistake, if you do not or the wicked decrees of men. consider this butchery of con

“ But, to fill up the measure of sciences, this slaughter of minds, your insidious address, Malvenda, to be a far more dreadful visitation, you bring forward what you think than if the kingdom were rent with the plausible argument of patri- long intestine commotion, and raotism. If, however, you felt a vaged with the sword and with fire. strong regard for your country, as For,what form of religion can there in fact I do, you would not live in be, when a whole people look up so much ease and unconcern, given to the fancies of this or that raving up to personal indulgence. The monk? where heavenly instruction is unknown? where the voice of science testifying to the truth of God is not heard ? where the holy what I have been saying. You must scripture is not permitted to be allow that these enormities, risen to read ?

so high a pitch, and which are no “ You say, there are no sects in longer to be borne, ought to be laid Spain. Look at every corner of open by yourself, if you did your the kingdom, and tell me, if any duty; and that you ought to spread other country in Europe is so rent abroad the sound doctrine, which with numerous and discordant par- God in mercy has restored to the ties. Such is the variety of monks, church as her lawful inheritance. following different masters, and “ But, intoxicated with the vain maintaining different opinions, that hope of some miserable profit, you it is wholly unparalleled. Such sport in your own deception, and again is their authority, that they do not wish to perceive the necesare formidable even to kings and sity of Reformation. If this be princes. And for what purpose are not to prefer the creature to the crethey fattened like hogs in a stye? ator, what is? Our princes should What are they good for? Truly send

all these crafty monks to fight nothing but this ! To establish their the Turks, root idolatry out of the own tyranny by fair or foul means, churches, and restore the true docto rob the people under pretext of trine of the gospel. For myself, I religion, to lay snares for the chas- am not ashamed of that gospel, for tity of matrons, to promise them- I know it to be the power of God selves impunity for all manner of to my salvation; and as long as I crime, to oppose the glory of God, live, I will openly declare it, to the corrupt the purity of doctrine, and best of my ability, to the glory of propose their own impostures, and God, and the good of his church. dreams, to be received and adored Not that I am so arrogant, as to by miserable men, instead of the suppose that I can see further than oracles of God ! And, though others, but because it is extreme stained with these abominations, wickedness, not to agree to what they expect to be regarded as the the Lord hath spoken. For I do most holy and perfect of mortals, not follow my own imaginations, or and affect to despise all others, monkish conceit; but profess the as scarcely worthy the name of doctrine which is from above, writChristian. You will not deny, I ten by the finger of the everlasting suppose, that these are the most God, through inspired prophets and pernicious sectaries, and that Satan apostles, and sealed by the blood introduced their divisions into the of his Son and many martyrs, withchurch to effect its overthrow. Then out the knowledge of which no man again, how many fanatics are con- can be saved. tinually raising new parties, and at- “I cannot but think, Malvenda, tracting the attention of their fellow- there is malice at the bottom of creatures, because they cannot have your advice. How am I to expect access to the word of God. Shall mercy at the hands of a man whose the man who deplores these griev- sanguinary and treacherous conous wounds of the church, who duct is but too well known? Spare seeks after truth, who desires the therefore your advice, which candeliverance of his country, who not lead to good, as it has an ill bewillingly exposes his very life to ginning. Seek yourself the counrestore the integrity of doctrine, be tenance of this confessor, whom reckoned by you as wanting in pa- for your own private ends you so triotism? I appeal to your con- highly prize. But if you will acscience. Reflect a little. Look cept of counsel somewhat sounder inward. You will find your con- than your own, I exhort you to fear the ready judgment of God, and patch him. On his arrival, he found preach the faith you seek to de- that Diazio was gone to Newburg, stroy.”

to superintend a publication by 6°I cannot feel so satisfied on Martin Bucer. He accordingly folthese points,” replied the Jesuit. lowed him thither, bearing a letter “ We are not allowed to doubt the from Malvenda, exhorting him to authority of the Pope, or the faith obey his brother Alphonso, who of the Romish church.”—“ What would give him good counsel. effrontery; or, rather, what mad- The Reformer expressed his surness!” rejoined the Reformer.“ A prise at this interview. His bromortal, stained with public and pri- ther told him, that he had taken vate crime, pretends to absolve, that long and dangerous journey, when the Scriptures include all un- with a view to expostulate with him der sin!”

“ Why came you to on his heretical notions, and to enRatisbon ?” asked Malvenda. “I treat him to return to the bosom of was deputed from Strasburg," an- the church. He then repeated the swered Diazio, “ to join my pray- common-place arguments, and asers with those of the church in this sured him that if he would


with public conference, and obtain, if him to Rome, and be a good cathopossible, an agreement on those re- lic, he would allow him a yearly ligious questions which are now so pension of 500 ducats, out of some much disputed.”—“ Your proper church revenues. Finding that he way then,” said Malvenda, “would could not prevail by reasoning or have been to visit Trent, where the bribery, he left him at that time, but catholic prelates are assembled, and returned a few days after, declaring labouring in such a praise-worthy that he had been so much struck

with his constancy, that he was alSuch was the substance of the most inclined to think him right in dialogue, as detailed by Diazio his new sentiments. He entreated himself to Senarcli, a Savoyard in- him, however, to leave Germany, timate. Perceiving the temper of his where he was less needed, as so countryman, Diazio thought fit to many able men had embraced the avoid further interview; but this Protestant doctrine, and go with could not shelter him from the re- him to Trent, where his conversation venge of Malvenda, whom his bold- might be useful to persons of eruness had greatly offended, and who dition and judgment, and then prodeemed it expedient to remove out ceed to Rome and Naples, where of the way so powerful and acute he would find many opportunities an opponent. He wrote to the Con- of secretly diffusing his opinions, fessor, giving him an account of and not only be the means of gcod the whole matter, and recommend- to his acquaintances, but perhaps ing a contravention of the Protes- ultimately profit his native country; tant designs. Marquina, another promising, that, if he acceded to Spaniard, was present when the this proposal, he would himself be letter was delivered, and as an ac- responsible for the expense of the quaintance of Diazio offered some journey. excuses in his favor. This gentle- The unsuspecting Diazio rejoiced man, returning to Rome which he to see such favourable symptoms in had recently quitted, recounted the so near a relation.

He wrote to 'affair to Alphonso, a brother of Bucer and other friends for their Diazio, who was an advocate in advice on the occasion, who lost no the papal court. Alphonso set off time in dissuading him from acimmediately to Ratisbon, accom- companying Alphonso. The latter, panied by an assassin, with intent much disappointed, begged him at either to convert his brother or dis- least to attend him on his return as


far as Augsburg. Bucer, however, ning, the assassin struck the axe, could not be easy without going to which he had concealed under his Newburg, and earnestly beseech- coat, with such force into the right ing his amiable friend on no account side of his head, that it was fixed to leave the town till Alphonso was in the wound, and catching his departed. Three days after, Al- body as he fell without a groan, he phonso entertained his brother, pre- laid it down, and softly stealing to viously to his departure, exhorted his employer they both instantly him to constancy, and with a show quitted the town. Mounting their of much feeling declared his happi- horses without the gate, they rode ness, that in so short a time he had full speed to Pottmes, half way profited much by his conversation; betwixt Augsburg and Newburg, thrusting fourteen crowns into his where they found a relay, which hand for present exigencies, and soon enabled them to rejoin their bidding him an affectionate fare- travelling car. The murder was so well, with many tears shed on both silently committed, that Senarcli, sides.

who had slept in the same apartThe insidious lawyer, with his ment with Díazio, heard nothing of assassin, proceeded to Augsburg; it, till he was disturbed with the but the next day, having prevailed jingle of the murderer's spurs, as on the driver of the car in which he descended the stairs; when, they travelled to linger a while on feeling alarmed, he sprang out of the road, they returned privately, bed, and, rushing into the adjoining purchased an axe of a carpenter, room, beheld the mangled corpse of and, disguising themselves, passed his friend! the night in a neighbouring village. Diazio, foreboding perhaps some Early on the following morning, peril in leaving Newburg with BuMarch 27th, 1546, they entered cer on his intended return to StrasNewburg, as soon as the gates burg, had just before written his were opened, like common pedes- will, and a confession of his faith. trians, having left their horses at a Senarcli relates, moreover, that he little distance. The ruffian, babited had spent great part of that very as a postman, knocked at the door night in prayer on his bended knees, of Díazio's lodgings, and was told and that he had been earnestly and by a lad who opened it, that his affectionately exhorting him, as master was in bed. “Tell him then they lay in bed, to a consideration immediately to rise,” said he," for of the works of God, and the culI have intelligence for him from his tivation of real piety. brother.” Diazio, being awakened, As soon as the report of the threw a cloak about him, and, leav- murder was spread, some friends of ing his bed-chamber, went into the the deceased pursued the murdernext room to receive the messenger, ers to Augsburg; and, hearing no tiwho ascended the stairs, leaving dings of them, were on the point Alphonso below. The letter was of return, as despairing of success; presented to him, purporting to be but one of the party, named Mia warning from his brother, who chael Herffer, a stout horseman, had discovered some machinations who was less fatigued than the against him at Augsburg, and ad- others with pursuit, continued his vised him to beware of Malvenda rout to Inspruck, where he gave and others, who were enemies to information to a magistrate. Al-. Christ, and thirsted for the blood of phonso, and the ruffian, having his saints. While the amiable vic- taken some rest at a village, did tim was poring over the paper, and not arrive at that city till several endeavouring to decypher its con- hours afterwards; when they were tents by the glimmer of the mor- apprehended by Herffer, who sent


immediate intelligence to Otho Hen- other protestant chiefs joined them ry, Prince palatine, in whose terri- in complaining to the Emperor of tory the crime had been perpetra- the murder, and in demanding justed. Two councellors, having been tice on the perpetrators. He redispatched to manage the process, ferred them to Ferdinand, who sent reached Inspruck on the first of them back to his imperial brother ; April, bringing with them Diazio's and the affair was suffered to escap, the bloody hatchet, and the cape with impunity; while the bigotletter. Alphonso, however, had been ed Spaniards extolled their counpermitted to write to his friends; tryman, who for the sake of the and such interest was made for his true faith, as they said, had immorrelease, that the deputies from talized his name by an heroic and Newburg, demanding trial of the truly Roman deed !-But divine prisoners, were referred by the ma- vengeance did not slumber. The gistrates to other judges' ; before fratricide, after enduring the stings whom, when they appeared, the of conscience for five years, hung accused had counsel assigned them; himself, while attending a session and these advocates, at the instance of the Council of Trent. of the papists, artfully lengthened “O Malvenda! O Alphonso !” the judicial proceedings; first, in- exclaims the good Verheiden,“ By sisting that the indictment should


wicked arts and impious arms be laid both in Latin and Spanish; ye have not so much killed the and next, declaring that the Empe- Christian Diazio, as given him a ror had ordered the process to be longer life; since he survives here discontinued, as he was determined by a glorious fame, and is accountthe affair should be brought to trial ed to be for ever with his God! As before himself and his brother Fer- often as the history of this martyr dinand, at the approaching diet of is read, so often do the memorials Ratisbon. The Prince palatine, of Spanish cruelty, and of a broand his relation the Elector, could ther who was of the seed of Cain, not even prevail on the senate of occur to the recollection of all, who Inspruck to forward the culprits are friends to toleration, and lovers with proper securities to Newburg. of their country!”

On the second of June, some


With streaming eyes and flowing hair,

In grief the blessed Mary lay;
Bedew'd her Saviour's hallow'd feet,

And kiss'd, and wip'd her tears away;
Resolv'd henceforth the paths to tread
To which those holy feet had led.
Why did she strive, herself defild,

That God to cleanse, who knew no stain ?
Why for herself did she not weep?

Alas, she knew such grief were vain.
Tho' we might dive in tears as seas,
Our sins are deeper pil'd than these.
Dear soul, she knew her guilt had stain'd

That God who bore the sinner's load;
As she had brought pollution there,

'Twas meet her tears were there bestow'd. Nor was her work of faith denied, In washing him, herself was purified.

J. S.

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