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ing things honest in the sight of all to the full extent of their power; men, compels some to employ too often neglecting fair opportunities large a portion of their time in the of worldly emolument and adbusinesses of tuition and in other vancement, content to be proavocations; a necessity often deeply scribed by one party, and opposed deplored by those who are placed by another, for their attachment to under it; but from which there is the cause of pure and undefiled no possibility of escaping, so long religion; and persevering, according as the provision for the clergy to the measure of their ability, in continues so utterly inadequate the great work of winning souls to their support; or so long as

to Christ. the niggardly and unfeeling dis- And as we doubt the truth of position of many wealthy profes- such insinuations, so we hesitate sors will allow them to enjoy the not to declare our conviction of labours of a faithful minister with- their impolicy. What, for instance, out considering how he is sup- is the natural result of Mr. I.'s deported *But notwithstanding all clarations on the mind of a worldly the deductions which may be made and irreligious person? He no on these grounds, notwithstanding sooner reads the Preface than he all the hindrances thrown in their comes to the conclusion, that if igway, by the incessant and urgent norant and unholy, it is not his claims of Bible, and Missionary, fault-it is the fault of those who and other Institutions; claims, be ought to have taught him. betit remembered, which are often ter. Instead of being stimulated imperiously urged upon a minister to ask, and seek, and inquire, he by the consideration, that if he re- now regards himself as excusable, fuse to co-operate, their funds though still ignorant; and persuades must experience a serious defal- himself, that the ministers of relication, and the progress of the gion are really to be blamed for his Gospel, both at home and abroad, present state, and that bimself is be, humanly speaking, materially no way, or at least very little, criretarded: notwithstanding all these minal. We have known serious exceptions, we doubt whether ill-consequences resulting from sithere ever existed a more dili- milar unguarded conduct in more gent, devoted, and laborious body private life; the severe strictures of ministers, than the serious clergy of a parent on particular minisof the Church of England at the ters, have brought a numerous parpresent moment. They may not ty into contempt among his chilbe imaginative, or philosophical, dren, even before they had acor political men; nor do we think, quired a capacity for coming to any that either their character, their particular decision upon the subpreaching, or their usefulness, would ject, so as effectually to prevent be increased by becoming such. their listening in future life to the They may not bring forward so only individuals in an extensive much argument, so much illustra- district who appeared to have any tation, so much literature as some real concern for the salvation of might desire; nor are we sure, that their souls; and have, in consetheir preaching would be more gene- quence, led them to look up for rally useful, if such were invariably advice and assistance to others, the case; but they are men labouring not merely defective in manner, or

in attainment, but decidedly erre* If our language appears too strong, on essential points. And we would just refer our readers to the

we cannot but feel, that the tensevere privations with which a Scott and dency of these reflections of Mr. I. to the last or the next Report of the poor and of some other remarks in the pious Clergy Society,

course of his volume, is, to divert



the attention of the literary, and heard Mr. Hall, we found his serimaginative, and philosophical, and mon as accurately divided and subpoetical characters, who occa- divided as those of Mr. Simeon, sionally honour him with a hear- and the subdivisions as regularly, ing, but who cannot, on various ac- distinguished. We are completely counts, become his stated people, mistaken if such will not be Mr. from listening to the only persons in I.'s own case in a few years. heir neighbourhood from whom, The first four of these Orations, even in his own. judgment, they Lectures, and Sermons, as Mr. I. might reasonably expect instruction. rather curiously styles thém in his

This lengthened review of the half-title, considering what he had Preface must necessarily very much just before said in bis Preface, are abridge our intended remarks on the on the oracles of God, and are four volume to which it is prefixed. Mr. discourses from John, v. 29. In I., indeed, states I have set these he entirely omits the inquiry, the example of two new methods of What are the oracles of God, and handling religious truth; the Ora- confines his observations to the tion and the Argument.” But we, due preparation for receiving rein common with many of our bro- vealed truth, the diligent attention ther critics; are too dense to disco- to it while it is disclosing, and the ver in what this novelty consists. strict observance of it when disEvery writer' on pulpit eloquence closed. has discussed, more or less, the

In the whole book of the Lord's revelaquestion of sermons with without

tions you shall search in vain for one which divisions; and every library can

is deroid of these necessary parts. Witness furnish numerous instances of ser- the awe-struck Isaiah, while the Lord dismon's arranged and composed on played before himn the sublime pomp of his either plan; of series of argumenta- presence, and, not content with overpower

ing the frail sense of the prophet, destive, demonstrative, and consecu

patched a seraph to do the ceremonial of tive discourses; and we, therefore, touching his lips with hallowed fire, all really and frankly confess our igno- before he uttered one word into bis astorance of the novelty here alluded nished ear. Witness tbe majestic apparito-for certainly many, not to say all the emblematical glory of the Son of

tion to St. John, in the Apocalypse, of most of the Discourses of Hooker,

man, allowed to take silent effect upon the Butler, and Horsley, in the Esta- Apostle's spirit, and prepare it for the reblishment, of Hall, Foster, and relation of things to come. These beard a multitude of others out of it, have with all their absorbed faculties, and with been composed on a similar plan. all their powers addressed them to the bid

ding of the Lord. But if this was in aught But attractive as this plan is in va

Ainched from, witness in the persecution of rious respects, and affording, as it the prophet Jonah the fearful issues which unquestionably does, ' much freer ensued. From the presence of the Lord scope for the higher exertions of he could not flee. "Fain would he have eloquence, it has very seldom been escaped to the uttermost parts of the earth;

but in the mighty waters the terrors of the adhered to by ministers of much

Lord fell on him; and when ingulpbed in experience. The very men who

the deep, and entombed in the monster of have, perhaps, first attracted no- the deep, still the Lord's word was upon toriety by the flowing stream of the obdurate propbet, who had no rest, not their eloquence, have, as they ad- the rest of the grave, till he had fulfilled it vanced in life, and discovered the

to the very uttermost. Pp. 7, 8. real wants of a Christian congre- Mr.: I. then animadverts upon gation, deviated from the practice the pre-occupations and preposof their earlier years, have relin- sessions with which many come to. quished the more popular ha- hear the word of God; and, with rangue, and adopted the old singular infelicity in our view, confashioned, but more useful form, of siders the early use of catechisms the sermon. The very last time we as mainly contributing to this pre

judgment. Now, we really have the man who tius misdeems of bámself, felt it as almost an universally ad- must, if his opinion were just, be like a judged point, that the neglect of sheet of fair paper, unblotted, unwritten

on; whereas all men are already occupied, early catechetical instruction has

to very fulness, with other opinions and been, .of late years, a grand impe- attachments, and desires, than the Word diment to the progress of true reli- rereals. We do not grow Christians by the gion; and we have certainly hailed

same culture by which we grow men, the national system as reviving,

otherwise what need of divine revelation,

and divine assistance ? But being unacwherever it is fairly introduced,

quainted from the womb with God, and atsomewhat of that same system of tached to what is seen and felt, through ear: religious instruction which the fas- ly and close acquaintance, we are ignorant tidiousness of modern times had and detached from what is unseen and unthrown into desuetude; nor are we

felt. The Word is a novelty to our nature, its

truths fresh truths, its affections fresh affecby any means clear, especially

tions, its obedience a new obedience, whick considering what Mr. I. has else have to master and put down the trutli, where stated, whether he did vot affections, and obedience gathered from the really mean to say the abuse, ra

aj preliension of Nature, and the commerce ther than the early use, of cate

of worldly life. Therefore, there peedeth,

in one that would be served from this storechisms.

house of truth opened by heaven, a disBut Mr. I. is very apt to advance relish of his old acquisitions, anil a prebold and unguarded positions; he ference of the new, a simple, child-like presses forwards with an ardour teachableness, an allowance of ignorance which continually leads him into pa

and error, with whatever else beseems an

anxious learner. Coming to the word of radox; so that we are no longer sur

God, we are like children brought into the prised, after reading his book, with conversations of experienced men; and we the various and opposite represent- should humbly listen and reverently in.ations which are made concern

quires or we are like raw rustics introing his views and sentiments. This

duced into high and polished life, and we

should unlearn our coarseness, and copy unguarded mode of expression is

the babits of the station:-nay, we are highly injurious to usefulness, and

like offenders caught, and for amendinent necessarily impedes edification. It committed to the bosom of honourable sohas a direct tendency to lead the ciety, with the power of regaining our lost hearers to controversy and criti

condition, and inheriting honour and trust

--therefore we should walk softly and tencism; and he must have


derly, corering our former reproach with acquaintance with the human heart, modesty and bumbleness, hasting to rewho is not aware of the use made deem our reputation by distinguished perby the great enemy of souls of


formances, against offence doubly guarded, debatable points to draw off the

doubly watchful for dangerous and extreme attention from every thing truly

positions, to demonstrate our recovered

goodness.- Pp. 20-22. profitable, and to induce a spirit of How different the ordinary proceeding of disquisition in the room of feelings Christians, who with timorous, mistrustof ardent devotion.

ful spirits; with an abeyance of intellect, Such a thing as a free and unlimited re

and a dwarfish reduction of their natural ception of all the parts of Scripture into

powers; enter to the conference of the the mind, is a thing most rare to be met

word of God! The natural powers of man with ; and, when met with, will be found are to be mistrusted, doubtless, as the willthe result of many a sore submission of ing instruments of the evil one; but they Nature's opinions, as well as of Nature's

must be honoured also, as the necessary likings.

instruments of the Spirit of God, whose But the Word, as hath been said, is not operation is a dream, if it be not through for the intellect alone, but for the beart, knowledge, intellect, conscienoe, and acand for the will. Now, if any one be so

tion. Now Christians, heedless of this wedded to his own candour as to think he grand resurrection of the mighty instru. doth accept the divine truth unabated

ments of thought and action, at the same surely no one will flatter himself into the time coveting hard after holy attainments, - belief that his heart is already attuned and

do often resign the mastery of themselves, enlarged for all divine affections, or his will

and are taken into the counsel of the reliin readiness for all divine commandments. gious world—whirling around the cddy of DEC. 1823,

3 s

some popular leader and so drifted, I will us, we are compelled so much to not say from godliness, but drifted ccro adopt the language of çensure ; and tainly from that noble, manly, and inde- the more so, because our limits pendent course, which, under the steerage of the word of God, they might have safely prevent our affording equal space pursued for the precious interests of their to those parts which we cordially immortal souls. Meanwhile these popular approve; but when we contemleaders, finding no necessity for strenuous plate the popularity which Mr. endeavours and high science in the ways of 1. has attained; when we recolGod, but having a gathering host to follow them, deviate from the ways of deep and

lect how invariably every indivipenetrating thought-refuse the contest dual of eminence is followed by with the literary and accomplished enemies a host of imitators; and how often of the faith-bring a contempt upon the good and conscientious men, groancause in which mighty men did formerly ing under the small measure of sucthe stumbling-block of a nuistaken paltri- cess with which the patient labours ness between enlightened men and the cross of many years are attended, are of Christ! So far from this simple-mind- apt to adopt new plans and sysedness (but its proper name is feeble-mind- tems which promise more abundant edness), Christians should be—as aforetime in this island they were wont to be fruit; we feel, that with the most the princes of human intellect, the lights kindly, inclination and disposition of the world, the salt of the political and towards our author, we owe to social state. Till they come forth from the many of our readers the duty of swaddling-bands in which foreign schools pointing out some other of his dehave girt them, and walk boldly upon the fects, lest they should fall into erhigh places of human understanding, they shall never obtain that influence in the up

rors from which he, by the very per regions of knowledge and power of peculiarity of his situation, may be which unfortunately they have not the apo- exempted. stolic unction to be in quest. They will The second part of the volume, never be the master and commanding spi- entitled, “ Of Judgment to come, rits of the time, until they cast off the wrinkled and withered skin of an obsolete

an Argument in nine Parts," conage, and clothe themselves with intelli- sists of nine discourses on Acts, gence as with a garment, and bring forth xvii. 30; and contains, the fruits of power, and of love, and of a 1. The Plan of the Argument; with an sound mind.

Inquiry into Responsibility in general, and Mistake us not, for we steer in a narrow, God's Right to place the World under Revery narrow channel, with rocks of popu- sponsibility.-II. The Constitution under lar prejudice on every side. While we thus which it hath pleased God to place the invocate to the reading of the Word, the World.--III. The same Subject continued. highest strains of the human soal, mistake -IV. The good Effects of the above Conus not as derogating from the office of the stitution, both upon the Individual and Spirit of God. Far be it from any Chris- upon political Society.–V. Preliminaries of tian, much farther from any Christian pas- the solenn Judgment.–VI. The last Judge tor, to withdraw from God the honour ment.–VII. The Issues of tbe Judgment. which is every where his due, but there -VIII. The only Way to escape Condenmost of all his due, where the human nation and Wrath to come.-IX: The Remind laboured alone for thousands of years, view of the whole Argument, and Endeaand laboured with no success—viz, the re- vour to bring it home to the Sons of Men. generation of itself and its restoration to

Of the Argument, the author has the lost semblance of the divinity.-Oh! let him be reverently inquired after, de- said, that, though most impervoutly waited on, and most thankfully ac- fect, it is intended to be complete; knowledged, in every step of progress, from by which we understand, that notthe soul's fresh awakening out of her dark withstanding unavoidable defects, oblivious sleep, even to her ultimate at

of which the author is unconscious, tainment upon earth, and full accomplish

it contains a full developement of ment for heaven; and that there may be a fuller choir of awakened men to advance bis the sentiments he deems important. honour and glory here on earth, and here- The perusal of this part of the after in heaven above.--Pp. 23-25.

volume has been far less satisfacWe deeply regret, that in thus

tory to our own minds than that commenting upon the work before of the orations. We have no obthan Scriptural. We turn almost the design of God, as to our recovery from

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jection to arguments from analogy, from their upconscious state of dispersion when they are fairly introduced; and dissolation, as the materials of Adam's but we think our Author has here, rious places, or as the earth teemed out ber

body came at first from their seeret and vain many instances, overstepped the

various tribes; and that the soul will come line that he has not sufficiently from its intermediate sojourn, as Adam's kept in view how profoundly igno- soul came, no one knoweth whence, and be

united to her ancient conrade. So that the rant we are of every thing concerning a future judgment, except as the trump of God, we shall find ourselves,

moment the sleep of death is broken by the result of revelation; and that the cach one ere we wis, with the paradise of way in which he has disposed of heaven overshadowing our heads, or the many Scriptural declarations upon pavement of bell glowing beneath our feet. the subject, gives a very impro- -Pp.279, 280. per degree of countenance to those

Now, without speculating too who are inclined to explain away deeply concerning things we undereverything which they do not stand not, we may perhaps be alclearly understand, or cordially lowed to protest against this mode approve. Thus, when speaking of the Pre- tifiable. It has been well remarked,

of explanation, as extremely unjusliminaries of Judgment, he says,

that the terrors of Mount Sinai As to the forms with which it is pre- were manifest and audible; and sented in Scripture, viz. the ushering in of the solemn day by the archangel and the why may not there be a similar matrump of God--the white throne of judg-nifestation at that solemn day to ment, with the Judge that sitteth thereon which we are hastening-a voice -the glorious company of angels--the which may thrill through every opening of the books, in wbich stand on soul, and be accompanied with incorded every man's account of good and ill

conceivable horror or supreme de-the solemn separation, to the right and the left, of the two great divisions of men

light? But we ask no questions and their separate verdicts of blessing and upon the subject. The Bible

says, of cursing—these are no more to be under- Thus it shall be. We are sure; stood by the letter than any other of the that the Bible is the word of God; works of God, but to be taken as an image and, therefore, we pray, “ in the or device of the transaction, dono with the best similitudes that the earth contains; hour of death and at the day of and seeing there never was and never will judgment, Good Lord, deliver us.” bé a state of society to which a day of judge We must equally protest against ment is strange, God bath chosen this em


of the author's disquisitions blem as being the most likely interpretation of it to the understanding and feeling of all concerning the Issues of Judgment. men in all ages to whom the tidings of it. The employments of heaven, and might come.-Pp. 276, 277.

the miseries of hell, as pourtrayed i regard all descriptions of judgment, by his pen are far more poetical Aherefore, to be only a way of stating to us

at random to one of the passages this fallen state and readmission into paradise, or our expulsion from this purgatorial

we had marked, and leave it for state of existence and detrasion to the the judgment of our readers. changeless settlements of the reprobate. These descriptions are no more than, “ Do

So that I think we very much take the this and live;" “ in the day thou eatest

thing for granted, when we fancy the wiothereof thou shalt surely die;" uttered in a

ked creatures pinched and scorched alive by more expanded form to mcet the various fa- active ministers of God. Their torture is culties of human nature, fancy, judgment,

the absence of the ministry of God. God · fear, hope, pain, or pleasure; but they do

comes not to their quarters, and therefore · no more imply, that by the forms of an their quarters are so hot; for, where God earthly tribunal we shall be judged,

is there is peace and love, and where he is the creation of animals at first implies the not, there is confusion and every evil modes of their present creation. When the

work, Alas! there come no warning proend of all things hath come, and the reno

phet nor ministering priest; .no reformer, vation of all things hath taken place, I

nor Saviour, to their world. It floats far rockon that the bodies of men will start

remote from the habitations of holiness; and


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