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OF THE

PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

LEGISLATURE OF LOWER CANADA

IN THE SESSION OF 1831;

by Andrea Stinart

WITH AN

APPENDIX

CONTAINING SOME IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS

NOW FIRST GIVEN TO THE PUBLIC.

Ημεις δε ουδ' αυτοι φαμεν επι το υπο τουτων υβριζεσθαι κατοικισαι,

αλλ' επι τω ηγεμονες τε ειναι και τα εικοτα θαυμαζεσθαι. αι γουν
αλλαι αποικιαι τιμωσιν ημας, και μαλιστα υπ’ αποικων στεργομεθα,
και δηλον ότι εε τοις πλεοσιν αρέσκοντες εσμεν,

τοισι

αν μονοις ουκ
ορθως απαρεσκοιμεν.-THUCYDIDES.

Nec me fallit, ut in corporibus hominum, sic in animis multiplici passione affectis,
medicamenta verborum multis inefficacia visum iri. Sed nec illud quoque me præterit,
ut invisibiles animorum morbos, sic invisibilia esse remedia. Falsis opinionibus cir-
cumventi, veris sententiis liberandi sunt, ut qui audendio ceciderant audendio consur-
gant.-PETRARCA,

Montreal :

PUBLISHED BY THOMAS A. STARKE.

1832.

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Printed by ARCHIBALD FERGUSON, No. 15, Notre Dame Street, Montreal.

No.

1- INTRODUCTION,....

1

2-Opening of the Legislature. .......

5

3-Encroachments on the Constitutional Powers of the Legislative

Council by the Assembly and the Governor,.......

10

4- Internal Organization and Economy of the Assembly. The case

of Mr. Christie considered,..

5-Same subject continued. Examination of the question of the va.

cating of Seats by acceptance of Office, ........

49

6-On the First Report of the Committee of Grievances. The sub.

ject of the necessity of the renewal of Commissions on the de.

inise of the Crown, considered,..

57

7- The same subject further considered, ............

68

S—The same subject further considered upon the Report of the Com-

mittee as to the necessity of renewing Commissions,..

75

9-On the Currency of the Province, ........

94

10_The subject of the Currency continued, ..............

11- The same subject continued and examined upon general principles, 123

12-On the Functions and Duties of the Governor of a British Pro.

vince,..

133

13—On the third Report of the Committee of Grievances. Case of

the Lessees of the King's Posts, .......

141

14–The same subject continued,.

153

15—On the second Report of the Committee of Grievances. The Sus.

pension of the Attorney General from Office by His Excellency

Lord Aylmer, .........

163

16-On the Constitution of the Legislative Council, &c.,............ 168

17—On the subject of Court Houses and Gaols,.......

175

18.- On the Finances of the Province, .........

180

19 – The same subject further considered with reference to the Sta.

tutes 14 and 18 Geo. III., ........

186

20_Consideration of the same subject continued,...

199

21—The subject resumed,...

206

22- The question of Provincial Einance reviewed historically, from its

first agitation in the Province until the Session of 1931, ......... 215

23– The Conclusion. On the Messages sent by bis Excellency Lord

Aylmer to the House, during the Session of 1831,............... 2:28

THE LATE SESSION

OF THE

PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENT.

NO. I.

INTRODUCTION.

Nil admirari prope res est una Numici
Solaque quæ possit facere et servare beatum.- Horace.

The opening of the Session of the Provincial Parliament which has just closed its labours, was looked forward to by all those who had given any attention to the public affairs of the Province, with more than ordinary interest.

The reins of government had just been assumed by the nobleman now at its head, and possessing, as he was understood to do, explicit instructions upon the principal subject of controversy in the Colonial Legislature, it was anticipated that the communication through him, of the views of his Majesty's Government, would relieve the several branches of the Legislature from the uncertainty which had hitherto most unaccountably been allowed to exist upon this head, and which there was reason to believe had widened a breach that might otherwise have been prevented, and might now, it was hoped, be at last repaired. Nor were there wanting other subjects to which the public attention had been for several years past called, and in relation to which diversities of opinion had existed, that in like manner could not fail to occupy

B

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