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from the literary world, and particularly relative to the magistrates of Roman cofrom the National Inititute, from that lonies and municipal towns, has read, body as free by its efence as it is by its during the last quarter, a foorth on the com pohtion.
faine fubjeét; thus, the friends of asThe purchase and savery of negroes tiquity have no further intorination to kave been the subject of the meditations delire on that part of the government and of our brother GREGOIRE. After hav. Jaws of antient Rome. ing shewn that the buying and selling of Although the history of ancient Greece megroes, take their date from an epoch has been written by men celebrated for anterior to the discovery of the new their genius, or esteeined for their valt and world, and coincident with the moment in profound erudition, we have on the whole which lavery was abolifhed in Europe ; . but very inaccurate and incomplete notices after having explained the part which the relative to the geography of that country, different nations have taken in the traffick, so interesting by the remembrances which and fhewn what people have appeared the it excite's, and by the monuments which it beaft cruel masters, the author traces contains. Citizen MENTELLE has under. minutely the efforts of the friends of the taken to fill up this deficiency, with a view blacks; he analyses their writings : he to render the researches of travellers, who denounces the English government, whole should incline to make Greece the object acts in favor of the negroes appear to him of their studies, less painful, tedious and rather the effect of a profound machiave- unprofitable. He has alrea communicalifin, chan of the love of humanity; and ted to the class, two memoirs on this fublaftly, attempts to exculpate the friends of jeet. In the first, he describes the country the blacks, from the reproach of having of 'Træzene, and the territories of Epicarried their attachment to their unfortu- dauris ; in the second, he discusses some Date clients so far, as to become the points of geography peculiar to Argolis. enemies of the white proprietors in the Wbild citizen Mentelle was employed colonies.
in rendering eaher, the discoveries which In the second part of his work, Citizen yet remain for us to make in the ancient Gregoire proposes to treat of what yet times and world, our fellow member remains to be done by the friends of the BUACHE has been attempting to furnish blacks to complete their work.
us with the means of discovering in the A question of social science, no less im- jinmense ocean, men and countries new to portant than those I have just spoken of, us. May his work, which will be read has attracted the attention of Citizen in the course of this fitting, reanimate VILLETERQUE. In some general con- amongst us the talte for voyages destined fiderations on the natural affections and to enlarge the sphere of our knowledge, maternal power, the author examines of our commercial relations, and of our whether mothers should not posless greater glory! And above all, may the nations power, than what they have been allowed which this work thall have allifted us to to enjoy to this day. Our fellow member, discover, never be convinced by their own on the authorities of Locke, Hobbs, and experience, that the virtues have made Condorcet, advances that the higher we lels progress in Europe, than the sciences augment the power of fathers, which he and arts ! calls a power of institution, without hav Citizens LEGRAND-DaUssy and AN. ing respect to that of mothers, which is QUETIL have been both engaged in re. a power truly natural, the further we searches on the laws and manners of the Aray from that unity of direction necessary first ages of the French Monarchy. to analogous means which should lead to The object of Citizen LEGRAND being the same end; and that it is perhaps to compare together the Salic code, the
from this opposition not rightly adjusted code of the Burgundians, and that of the • that many disorders rise in civil associa- Visigoths, he traces the history of each of
tion: Citizen VILLETERQUE obferves the codes; he analyses them, examines further, that it is by uniting the powers their defeěts and their particular merit, of fathers and mothers by equal rights, their affli&tive penalties, and their compoor the only inodifications of which would fitions in money for crimes; their laws be relative to different duties, that we concerning the state of the Gauls, women, may best increase the happy influence Naves, and lastly the confirmative fanction which these two authorities ought to have which each of them ieceived, before capaupon manners.
ble of being put in execution ; a sanction Citizen BOUCHAUD, who had before which for the Visigoth code was that of communicated to the class three memoirs, the clergy; for the Burgundian code, that
299 of the grandees; for the Salic code, that beauty, and that beauty resides, not in exof the people, the king having no mare terior forms, not in academical proporeither in the making or acceptation of it. tions, but in the actions and the affections
It is with regret that we cannot follow of the soul, and in the sentiment which Citizen - Legrand, neither in the examen animates them ; in a word, that as it is the which he makes of the four versions of soul and the life which make the beautiful, che Salic code, nor in the proofs which le it is the expression of the moral, fentigives that we possess the primitive and mental, and virtual life which makes original law; nor in the profound difqui- beauty. sitions into which he enters to ascertain
The last work of which we have to it, and to prove that it is not unfavoura- give an account, is a report made in the ble to women, as it has been so often re- general fitting by Citizen BAUDIN, in the peated. Compelled by the abundance of name of a commission appointed to examemoirs of which we have to give an ac mine, how on the deceale of any of its count, we can only state here, that the members, the Intitute should render them primitive original law is, according to
the last devoil's. Citizen LEGRAND, that which, in the This report having been rendered pubfourth volume of the collection of the hif- lic by a circulation in print, and diftritorians of France, is printed the second, buted at the commencement of this fitting, and that this law is favourable to women;
we need not here offer the analyfis of it ; but for the celebrated article of terra jalica, why may we not lay, that the Institute by is not only quite different there, but the first proinulgating the re-establishment of word salica is not even to be found there. a usagedictated by nature, commanded by Without doubt, at this epoch, adds our morality, and adopted by all civilized peofellow member, there was no such thing ple; by firit giving public testimonies of as falic lands; they could not take place attachment and respect for the mortal till after the conquest. Then probably remains of one of its members; by impo. Clovis thought fit to reform the law; and fing on itself for the future the obligation this change was of those which he mult of allisting at the funeral rites of any dea have judged necessary.
funct; and by addressing to government Citizen ANQUETIL, in his work inti- its views on this important part of moratled, “ A Memoir on the Usages, Manners, lity and public police, has obeyed the and Laws of our Ancestors during the firf voice of duty as well as that of the heart. and the second race," after having traced Charged by the constitution and the the different revolutions which the French laws, with the improvement of all the government experienced under Clovis and means of human knowledge, and parhis immediate fucceffors, dwells with a ticularly such as may have a tendency just complacence on those moments equally to render men better and happier, it must brilliant and happy, wherein the nation ré- necessarily combat by its works, prejudiftored to its rights, was admitted to the ces, the effect of a popular delirium, and august functions of legislation.
vices, produced by a forgetfulness of Citizen ANQUETIL read also fome ob- morality; as it has so often attacked fervations on the political and commer- prejudices the offspring of despotism, fucial interests of France and Turkey. perstition and pride. It has even further In the course of this labour, he offered to duties to discharge ; it should join exam. the class, the analysis of a memoir pre- ple to precept, in order to testify to sented to the ancient government by a France, the importance and dignity of its French ambassador, who had resided fix- mission, and proclaim to all men who culteen years at Constantinople. This me tivate or wlio teach the sciences and the moir proves, that the design of establishing arts, that in a republic, the institutu, a French colony in Egypt has been long the man of erudition, the man of letters, concerting; but to execute this great ought not to limit their labours to differa project, it was requisite to find a man who tations on manners and virtues, but that should unite the genius of war with that to discharge in its whole extent their useof government and civil administration, ful and glorious magistracy, they should and men of this character are never to be constantly set their rellow citizens the ex. found, unless among free people and after ample of an inviolable attachment to the great political revolutions.
laws of their country, and of an ardent The proper beauty of animated beings, love for all the virtues which the most is the subject of a work of our fellow justly celebrated republicans have conmember Mercier. In his discourse he stantly professed, and 20 which they were endeavours to make it appear, that the indebted for their happiness and glory: purely phylcal fair or beautiful is not ( The other claffes in our nexr.)
WALPOLIANA; OR, BONS MOTS, APOPHTHEGMS, OBSERVATIONS ON LIFE AND LITERA.
TURE, WITH EXTRACTS FROM ORIGINAL LETTERS, OF THE LATE HORACE WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD.
NUMBER XII. This Article is communicated by a Literary Gentleman, for many years in babits of intimacy with Mr. WALPOLE. It is partly drawn up from a colleation of Bons-Mots, &c. in bis own band-writing ; partly from Anecdotes written down after long Conversations with bim, in which he would, from four o Clock in the Afternoon, till two in the Morning, display tboje treasures of Anecdote with which bis Rank, Wit, and Opportunities, had replenished his Memory; and partly from Original Letters to the Compiler, on fubjets of Taste and Literature. HEROISM OF A PEASANT.
What is called sentimental writing, THE HE following generous action has
always ftruck me extremely; there though it be understood to appeal folely is somewhat even of sublime in it. to the heart, may be the product of a bad
A great inundation having taken place one. One would imagine that Sterne had in the north of Italy, owing to an excessive been a man of a very tender heart-yet I fall of snow in the Alps, followed by a
know, from indubitable authority, that speedy thaw, the river Adige carried off his mother, who kept a school, having run a bridge near Verona, except the middle in debt, on account of an extravagant part, on which was the house of the toll- daughter, would have rotted in jail, if the gatherer, or porter, I forget which ; and parents of her scholars had not raised a who, with his whole family, thus remained subscription for her. Her fon had too imprisoned by the waves, and in mo
much sentiment to have any feeling. A mentary danger of destruction. They dead ass was more important to him than were discovered from the banks, stretch a living mother, ing forth their hands, screaming, and imploring succour, while fragments of this
In writing the history of the Knights of remaining arch were continually dropping Malta, Vertot had sent to Italy for origiinto the water.
nal materials, concerning the siege of In this extreme danger, a nobleman, Rhodes: but, impatient of the long delay, who was present, a count of Pulverini, I he completed his narrative from his own think, held out a purse of one hundred se- imagination. At length the packet arquins, as a reward to any adventurer who rived, when Vertot was fitting with a would take boat, and deliver this unhappy friend : he opened it, and threw it confamily. But the risk was so great of be- temptuously on the fopha behind him, ing borne down by the rapidity of the saying cooly, Mon fiege est fait *. stream, of being dashed against the fragment of the bridge, or of being crushed by the falling stones, that not one, in the
Akenlide's Pleasures of Imagination vast number of spectators, had.
attracted much notice on the frst appear
courage enough to attempt such an exploit.
ance, from the elegance of its language, A peasant, paffing along, was informed and the warm colouring of the descripof the proposed reward. Immediately tions. But the Platonic fanaticism of jumping into a boat, he, by strength of the foundation injured the general beauty oars, gained the middle of the river, of the edifice. Plato is indeed the philobrought his boat under the pile; and the fopher of imagination-but is not this whole family safely descended, by means saying he is no philosopher at all? I have
“ Courage! cried he. Now been told that Rolt, who afterwards wrote you are safe." By a still more strenuous many books, was in Dublin when that effort, and great strength of arm, he poem appeared, and actually passed a brought the boat, and family, to fhore.
whole year there, very comfortably, by “ Brave fellow, exclaimed the count, palling for the author. handing the purse to him, here is the
CLXII. MONTESQUIEU. promised recompence:"
" I shall never Madame de Deffant said of Montefexpose my life for money, answered the quieu's celebrated work, that it was d'efpeafant. My labour is a fufficient liveli- prit fur les loix t. hood for myself, my wife, and children. Give the purse to this poor family, which
* My fiege is made. has lost all."
+ Wit upon laws.
CLXI. AKENSIDE AND ROLT.
of a rope.
301 CLXIII. JENKINS.
yond, was observed, as figures in the landJenkins, who was used as a tool by the scape. Mr. Walpole answered, “ True. opposition to inflame the nation into the I have no objection to passengers, provided Spanish war, by telling that the Spaniards they pass.” had cut off his ears, was found possessed of both when he died.
Lord *** being out of town, his
house was left in charge of a female serThe Travels of Cyrus had their vogue, vant. The plate was lodged at his banker's. though a feeble imitation of Telemaque; A letter came to say that his lordship and nothing can be more insipid, or fo. would be in town on such a day, and dereign to such a book, than the distilled fring that the plate might be got ready nonsenle concerning the trinity. The the evening before. The tervant took author, Chevalier Ramsay, was the son of the letter to my lord's brother, who faid a man who had fought against the royal there was no doubt of the hand-writing. forces at the batile of Bothwell-bridge, as The banker expressed the same certainty, I think it is called, and who was a vio- and delivered the plate. lent enthusiast. When a tutor was wanted The servant being apprehensive of for the young pretender, Ramsay was re- thieves, spoke to their butcher, wiio lent commended by Fenelon. He had after- her a stout dog, which was shut up in the wards a place given him by the French room with the plate. Next morning a court worth 400l. a year ; and was made man was found dead in the room, his a knight of St. Louis.
tlıroat being torn out by the dog ; and Before the latter honour could be con- upon examination it proved to be my ferred, it was necessary that he should pro- lord's brother. The matter was duce proofs that his ancestors had been fully hushed, and a report spread that he gentlemen. The best way he thought was gone abroad. was, to claim a descent from fome noble family in Scotland ; and he applied to one Mr. Pennant is a moft ingenious and of his own name, but met with a stern re- pleasing writer. His Tours display a pulle. Lord Mar called on him, while he great variety of knowledge, expressed in was sitting much mortified, with the an an engaging way. In private life I am swer to his letter in his hand; and learning toid he has some peculiarities, and even the cause of his vexation, increased it by eccentricities. Among the latter may be reproaching him for his meanness, in ap- classed his fingular antipathy to a wigplying to a house of such opposite political which however he can luppress, till reasentiments. The earl then took a pen, son yield a little to wine. But when this and wrote, “ I do hereby acknowledge is the case, off goes the wig --ext to him, Mr. Ramsay to be descended of my fa- and into the fire ? mily. Mar." His vanity was the more Dining once at Chester with an officer gratified by this sudden transition from who wore a wig, Mr. Pennant became extreme mortification ; and he was imme- half feas over; and another friend that diately admitted upon this unexpected was in company, carefully placed himself certificate.
between Pennant and wig, to prevent misCLXV. MARRIAGE EXTRAORDINARY. chief. After much patience, and many a
It is singular that the descendants of wiltful look, Pennant farted up, seized Charles I, and Cromwell, intermarried, the wig, and threw it into the fire. It in the fourth degree.
was in flames in a moment, and so was the CLXVI. HURD.
officer, who ran to his sword. Down I look upon bishop Hurd as one of stairs runs Pennant, and the officer after those superficial authors, whose works are him, through all the streets of Chester, wonderfully adapted to the public taste. Bui Pennant escaped, from superior local CLXVII. PASSENGERS IN LANDSCAPE. knowledge. A wag called this “ Pen
Once walking in his grounds, the good nant's Tour in Cheiter." effect of the pallengers, on a foot path be
ERR A T U M. “The Political Quixote, or Sir G. Warrington,” said in a former Magazine to be written by the author of the “ Female Quixote,” is by the author of “ The Bcnevolent Quixote,” “ Honoria Somerville,” and “ Matilda and Elizabeth,” (the latter in conjunction with his lifter) Her name was never published-- he was a very amiable young woman-Miss Jare Purbéck, of Bath. MONTHLY MAG, No. XLIV.
LOUIS XVI. TO VARENNES.
ANECDOTES OF EMINENT PERSONS. Interesting and Original Anecdotes of the ven o'clock in the evening, they stopped
French Revolution ; to be continued in a at an inn beyond the bridge ; sat down to regular series from its cornmencement to table; and, after their repast was over, the presint period, and in:luding its secret instead of attending to the relay, were to history.
intent on adorning their perions, that NEW PARTICULARS OF THE FLIGHT OF they spent the whole evening in dressing,
imagining that they could never make THEN the king, at about nine themfelves fine enough to appear berore
in . through Sainte-Menehould, Drouet, the they were still before the looking-glais, polt-malter, tince repreientative of the peo- when Lewis XVI. was ltopped, and knew ple, conceived the first luipicion of his nothing of that event till one or flight, not only from the extraordinary o'clock in the morning, when far from enpiovement among the troops, but also deavouring to fuccour the king by joinfrom the mysterious and timid manner in ing the thirty husfars of the regiment of which he enquired after a hye road that Lausan, who did not declare for the peowould take hiin to the Abbey of Orval, ple till three o'clock, they made off from without passing through Verdun. This Varennes with all poflible speed, for fear he did in conformity with the instructions of being hanged. of Bouillé, who had represented that city The king's carriage having stopped as likely to be unfavourable to his emi- under a kind of arch, which, except a few gration. Drouet to clear up a doubt of remnants of a wall, was all that remained to much importance, took an affignat of of the ancient fortifications, Saufë came five livres, compared the face engraved to ask the names of the travellers, and reupon it with that of the traveller, and, quested to lie their passports, offering convinced of their identity, rode in all them his services at the same time. “I halte through the woods ; and arrived at am the Baroness de Koorpt," said the Varennes an hour and a half before the
queen ; “and am going to Russia with king. He immediately went to Sausé, my family and valets de-chambre.” The the procurator of the commune, a man of king travelled under the name of one of a firm mind, and consulted with him con- these valets, cerning the ineans of stopping the fugi Sause, who fought only to protract tive. Sauté sent off, without loss of their stay, in order to give the inhabitants time, a requisition for men to the neigh- of the neighbouring towns and hamlets bouring towns and cities; while Drouet time to take arms, was very pressing in his repaired to the fartier end of Varennes, invitations to the baroness to walk into where there is a bridge, only wide enough his houte, under the pretence of examin-, for one carriage and two or three persons ing her passport. He offered her besides, on foot to pals. By the post-master's di- refreshunents' for herself and children. rections a cart loaded with inanure was After many vieless entreaties, the supposed taken to the middle of it, and overturned. valet-de-chambre mixed in the conversa
This operation was scarcely complete, tion : “Let us alight, madam," said he; when the king's carriage made its appear " the children muit in truth want someance, and stopped in a Imall open place at thing to eat," the entrance of the town. It was now The
of the commune, highly a quarter before twelve o'clock. The pleased with this first success, offered the king was persuaded that he should find fugitive family the best of every thing there the relay provided for him by the that his house afforded. The queen and Marquis de Bouillé; enquired after it at the princess Elizabeth declined taking any leveral houses; and as yet saw no ftir or thing; the royal children ate a few bilbultle, that could inspire him with the cuits; and the king seemed to find some finallest alarm; the procurator of the excellent champaign- very much to his commune and Drouet, having been able taste. Sausé managed so well that he found to collect no more than seven men to op means to make the conversation last uppose his paflage.
wards of two hours, till it was intimated The Marquis de Bonillé's two aid-du
to him in a whisper that a sufficient force camps, his lon and d'Offize, were the per was asleinbled. tous who were charged to have the relay He then began to look attentively at a deadly at Varennes. Arriving there at fé- portrait of the king, which he had in his