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urely it would be better when the verse Viro doctisimo GILBERTO WAKEFIELD ftinds at the head of the page to let it ex

S. p.ess the first line of that page over which

c. G. HEYNE, it stands. In the beautiful Edinburgh

CUMA Virgil of 1755, (2 vol. 8vo.) it does so :

NUM antea affecin animi nescio quo, and in the el gint and valuable edition of

erga Te, Vir præftantiffime, ferrer;

nunc multo majore animi studio incenfum Mr. WAKEFIELD O' 1796. I remain. Irojtın, near bury, Yours sincerely.

me ientio, ex quo Lucretium tuum perlegi,

Etfi enim haud diffiteoi, hanc ipsam tuam M.y 25, 1799. CAPEL LOFFt. benevolentiam, quam litteris tuis huma

I have to add on II Æn. that Urbe nilinis muli ex iiitains, cait vim ad aniV, 43), thould have a, init at of the: and

mun mem habuitie, ut etiam ali nam a the a in liitin, (v. 620.) in my copy, te voluntatem expunalt ta potuifit; nunc is imperfectly Itruck. I wish that in the

autem proclive meum in te studium multa orthography adopted, Antiquity and Cl- magis inclinare et impellereea de buit: adphony had been both more confulted : miratione tamen ingenii tui doctrinæque particularly by retaining, as the best exquilitæ et omni litterarum copia in, éditions d , and as the authority of MSS (trúét æ ita percussus ex ea lectione receffi, ard of QUINTILIAN requires, the Greek ut etiam dubitarem, fitne voluptas et terminations in n of proper names, rather fructus, quem inde percepi, cum ea com, then returning to the Latin in m. parandus : certe utroque animi feriu ita

The clasic accuracy of MILTON, contactum me ientii, ut inter jucundiflima beautifully characterizes the Empress of fortuna manera numerem, quod consulit the Ocean and the Sea-Nymph in his illa mihi opportunitatem cimpellandi te COMUS.

et contrahendi hanc litterarum ftudio. " In name of great Oceanus

rumque neceflitudinem. Utinam ex in" And Tetły.' grave majetic pace, credibili tuo de antiquis litteris merendi " By Tictis tinsel nipper'd feet,

ftudio fru&tus conleonaris uberrimos! " And the songs of Syrens sweet." Virgil might have niade his secondary futurum effe poffit, quam te fperatum

Nihil video quod mihi auditu jucundius herom ventis et Diis Agrippa secundis,

meritis tuis favorem et operæ in Lucretium -cui belli infigne superbum, Tempora navali fulgent roftrata coronâ, expenfae præmia tulifle largiflima ! Quain

Æn. viii. 682.

veilem confilium tuum ejusque fortunam the son-in-law of Thetis, but in deify

non premi temporum iniquitate! Com-, ing Augustus, (fince he chose to deityparatione enim aliarum terrarum facili him), he was obliged to go higher.

licet conjc&tare, quæ litterarum bonarum elle poflit auctoritas apud Britannos.

Providebit tamen bonis confiliis bonum For the Monthly Magazine.

providumque numen. Vale, et quod in

gressus es favoris benevolentiæque tuæ TED PROFESSOR HEYNE,

ftadium ita emetiendum tibi effe puta, ut TINGEN, TO MR. GILBERT WAKE tibi conftantiæ laudem crieris laudibus FIELD *,

adjiciendum elle memineris in diligendo o TRANSFERENDUM curavi ad te, cui leirel benevolentiam tuam egregio

vir doctissime, cujus ingenium et voluniatis pignore es teftatur. Cum prieruditionem a multo inde tempore admira mum belli furor relederit, mittam tibi tus sum, libellum viri docti, JACOBS, ex meæ voluntatis tiltem iteratan Pindari et mea disciplina progressi, quandoquidem tertiam Tibulli editionein a me curatam. me et colit et amat te, et vestigia tua in Nunc in Iliade exprimenda operæ librari. nonnullis premit. Nihil eorum, quae a te orum occupantur. Vale. aguntur, et que ad tua consilia Ipectant, a me noni fedulo anquiritur, quantum For the Monthly Magazine. quidem ex fcriptis tuis aut ex indiciis ali

Mr. EDITOR, orum confequi possum. Non itaque levis

"HE et temere concepta esie poteft ea qua te

the real produce of which must be prosequor voluntas amor et studium. Tu et valeas et res tuas ex animo agas, precor.

till less, by no means proves that the

whole income of the nation does not Scr, Gottingæ d. xii Dec. ciɔIOXCVII. CHR. G. HEYNE,

amount to the full fum ftated by Mr. Prof. Acad. Ge. Aug. though he may have been mistaken with

Pitt when he proposed this measure, * A translation will be inserted in a future respect to the distribution of it, or not al. Number,

lowed sufficiently for the very confiderable




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1799.] Income Tax.... Translations of German Plays. 427 part which is, and certainly ought to be, translations from the German, and from exempted from the operation of the tax. KOTZEBUE, in particular, should be There are some grounds for thinking that faithfully made from the refpective origithe grofs income of the nation, or the nals. Your correspondent very justly reaggregate revenue of individuals of all probates the fanciful alterations in ide by classes, rather exceeds than falls short of Mrs. INCHBALD in her " Lovr's Pows,' 125,000,000l. at which he estimated it, and by Mr. SHERIDAN in the “s Sirana and the reafon of his over-rating the tax, ger," and judicioully points out the lupeseems to be, that the deduction of twenty- rior confitency of Miss Plume rre's three millions for incomes under hól." Natural sin," and of Mr. Scilink's which pay nothing, and the part under Stranger," both of which are faithful 2001.which plyson an averag: one-fiitieth, translations froin Kotzebue. was much less than it ought to have been. How indignant would be the feelings of

By the accounts laid before parliainent, an intelligent Englishman, who, witneiling it

appears that the total number of persons the representation on a German Itage, paying afleifed taxes in 1797 W.13 791,802, of one of the best plays of his darling of whom 319,685 paid less than five Shakspeare, found that a conceited and shillings per annum ; such persons cannot half intormed translator or editor, had be fupposed in general to have incomes ' fupprelied whole scenes, changed the leaexce.ding bol. a year, and if there are tures of the characters, and introduced fome few exceptions, there is probably a other scenes fo incongruously as to render greater number paying upwards of ten the whole inconsistent and unlike the ori. hillings, whose incomes do not exceed ginal! Precisely, however, in this fitua. this amount; there appears therefore to tion stands the Gernan dramatiit in rebe at the Hitmoft not more than 472,117 spect to his plays of the Stranger, Lover's persons with fome of the members of their Vows, the Birth Day, and Pizarro. families, liable to the Income Tax. The alterations which, while they are Considering all such persons as heads of the least in extent, are also the worst in families, and their families as consisting effect, are those by Mr. SHERIDAN in on an average of 5 persons each, which the Spaniards in Peru, to which, without exceeds the proportion to a family ufu- any obvious reason, he has given the ally found where such accounts have been name of the Spanish tyrant, Pizarro. His taken, the whole number of individuals alterations, in the four first acts, consist of depending on income liable to the tax little more than the omission of some parts will be 2,360,585; this however is but a of the dialogue, and the introduction of fmall


of the whole population of the some political sentiments, in page 24, * country, which has lately been stated as calculated to catch the popular feelings high as 9,000,000 : but taking it only at of the moment, and therefore a trick be. 7,500,000, which is probably much nearer neath the dignity of a man of Mr. Sherithe truth, there appears to be 5,139,415 dan's fuppoled genius. perfons fubfifting by income exempt from In the fith act, however, he has taken the tax: the whole annual expence of such very reprehensible liberties. Of the pro. persons cannot, according to the present priety or necessity of these the public will prices of the necessaries of life, be less than judge, who read Kotzebue, and fee She. 8l. each, or 41,115,3201. which sum be. ridan. Cora, in her first moments of difing deducted from the general income of traction, for the fupposed loss of her role 125,000,00ol. leaves 83,884,680l. the band, is made to sing a bravura song : no utmost sum liable to the tax; and if a person who reads her affecting loliloquy further deduction is made on account of at page 80, would fulpect that the English incomes from 6ol. to 2ocl. paying less editor had so far violated probability as than a tenth, the tax will be reduced to to exchange Kotzebue's natural expreslions nearly the fum of 7,000,000l. at which it is of grief into a fong! The other alterations, now estimated, without supposing that the and those which involve the groflest abiure returns. made are below the truth, which dities, are the introduction of two new however may be the case in a small degree.

es, after the death of Rolla, and the June 14, 1799.

G. complete close of the German plav-

perhaps one of the most fimple, tragical, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and affecting clolis to be met in the SIR,

whole range of dramatic coinpfition. I

WAS much gratified by the obfer The intelligent renvers of the Monthly

vations made at page io6, of your Magazine cannot fail to be acquainted magazine, No. 42, on the necessity that * I refer to Mils Plumptre's translation.


with the history of the Conquest of Peru, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and of the life of Pizarro. They well know SIR, that the treacherous Spaniard obtained UNLESS you have already had too monarch, Ataliba, and after extorting called quakers, I Mall request your inferfrom him millions of gold and silver as tion of a few remarks on the subject, from ransom money, cruelly put him to death ; a person who belongs to no feet, but is that Pizarro obtained complete possession content with following religion as a matof the kingdoms of Quito, Peru, and ter of cor sequence to himself alone, and Chili, and, many years afterwards, was unconnected with any other interests. murdered by the hands of Spanish confpi It appears to me, then, that the prorators, in his palace, in his own city of grets made by the quakers, above all Lima. Apparently, however, for the other tects, in simplifying Christianity, fake of introducing a mock-fight upon and freeing it from ihose mixtures which the stage, Mr. Sheridan has actually re have so much disguised and debased it, presented Ataliba as routing the Spa- has been so extraordinary, that it may niards, killing Pizarro their general, juftly set them at the head of all reformers, and, by the muminery of the scene, has and stamp them with a decisive character, produced fentiments of ridicule and con- in which their little peculiarities of man. tempt in the minds of the audience, dia- ner are rendered scarcely worth notice. metrically opposite to what will be felt, In the first place, they are the only either by the readers of Kotzebue, or by feet (some of the baptiks, perhaps, exthe spectators of legitimate tragedy. cepted), who admit no priests or ministers

Two or three of your valuable pages as a separate order of men into their conmight be occupied with observations of ftitution--an advantage of fo capital a this kind. It is not, however, my design nature, that it is well worth purchaling by

to trespass on the patience of your rea- the institution of a distinèt fociety for ders, and I have troubled you with these that purpose only. For what a legion of remarks in consequence of the deserved evils does this at once cut off ! Not to popularity of the Spaniards in Peru upon mention the greater mischiefs which the the British Itage. In many respects it is struggles for wealth and power by an efone of the best of Kotzebue's plays that tablished clergy, have in all countries occould have been selected for representa. casioned ;-are not their rivalries, their tion; on that account it was, however, parties, their controversies, their interests, the more necessary, that the sublime ge- the bane of concord and brotherly affecnius and correct taste of the original au- tion, in all the communities of separatists ? thor should have been presented to us in Does not their inordinate authority fretheir native force and beauty.

quently as much infringe the rights and I have been fully confirmed in my opi- liberties of private congregations, as it nion, that to alter the plays of Kotzebue always does of national churches ? Do is to spoil them, by the astonishing effect they not afford a ready means of laying at that is produced at another of our theatres, the feet of power the political influence of by the representation of Mr. NEUMAN'S diflenting bodies ? That it never was in faithful translation of “ Family Distress,” the contemplation of the founder of the or “ Self-Immolation." Mr. Neuman's Christian religion to institute such a body language is literally retained, and no other of men ; and that the supposed neceffity alteration has been made than to curtail a of them is contradictory to the notion of few unimportant parts of the dialogue. a divine revelation freely and clearly comAs the omissions altogether do not extend municated in writing, I am, myself, conto more than two pages of the printed vinced ; as well as that all the corrupcopy, I cannot but wish that Mr. Colman tions, forgeries, and interpolations that had made the experiment of performing deform the pages of scripture, date from the whole without any omiffion. It is their establishinent. honourable to the genius of Kotzebue Secondly, the quakers are the only that this drama, purely his own, un- people who have completely detached reaided by stage trick and unadorned by ligion from state-policy, and thereby imposing and expensive scenery, produces avoided that detestable combination of an irresistible and unequalled effect upon two dissimilar interests, which has never the sensibility of a British audience. failed to spoil and contaminate both. Inner-Temple,

A. D. They have confined religion to its proper June 18th, 1799.

province of amending the hearts and lives



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1799.] Mr. Dunn's Pamphlet....Charitable Institution. 429 of men ; and have abhorred the plan of that I should not doubt of the ability of making it fubfervient to the narrow and such a sect to maintain its ground, even temporary purposes of a party or a govern- though it were to resign its little peculiment. They have not dared to enlift the arities of speech and drets. I am, Sir, Almighty in the service of a particular

Your's, &c. nation, or to point his thunders against

SIMPLICIUS. their fellow - creatures, merely because their worldly interests interfered. They To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, have not let apart days for the religious SIR, commemoration of public events, the fi your correfpondent, S. L. is a manal consequences of which no man can fee, and which are regarded with totally time to contalt Simpson, Maclaurin, and different feelings by different parties. Clairaut, he would not have lent you

the Keeping their own hands unttained with extracts from Mr. Dunn's pamphlet (page blood, they have viewed the shedding of 272, May Mag.) Those authors have blood by others as a subject of humilia, demonstrated, that the direction of gravitation rather than thanksgiving; and if tion is perpendicular to the earth's surface. ever they offer prayers for national bless- What is to be understood by the direction ings, it is for those of peace, brotherly of gravitation, is the direction of preflove and righteousness, in which they de- sure of the particles at the earth's surface ? fire that all mankind should equally parti- This arises from the centrifugal force, cipate.

and the force of gravity combined ; which Thirdly, though I do not know that forces necessarily keep the particles at the they differ from other Christians in their surface in equilibrio. fpeculative notions of the efficacy of There seems to be nothing new in Mr. prayer, and the interposition of Providence Dunn's pamphlet except his notions rein human concerns, yet I can see that they specting the plunib-line : it is not easy to are much more wary and reserved than guess how he could imagine that its diothers in making petitions for particular rection (independent of the effects of unfavours; and hence, according to my equal density) will not be perpendicular judgment, preserve a greater consistency to the earth's surface, without making in the theory of the divine períections, this strange fuppofition, that it must be sufand inculcate a more tranquil and reve- pended from the sky. rential submission to the will of the Deity. May 25th.

2. In this respect they are a strong contrast to the puritans of the last century, and the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.' first methodists of this, whose copious and

SIR, minute addresses to heaven often degenerated into indecent familiarity, and que- YO

OUR benevolent correspondent E. P. rulous importunity.

and many other of your readers, Fourthly, by boldly discarding, instead will, no doubt, be happy to hear that a of endeavouring to simplify and ration- fociety is proposed to be established for alize, those rites of religion, which, from the purpote of providing relief in certain a kind of emblematic veil thrown about cases of extremne misery incident to comthem, will always be abused and misun mon prostitution * derstood by the vulgar and the fanciful,

It is recommended to gentlemen, who they have eradicated among themselves a

coincide with the author of this Essay in vast mass of superstition and error, from opinion that the frequent occurrence of which no fect that retains them is entirely such cases becomes highly worthy of le. free ; and which, in some, has almost rious attention, that they should'inscribe overwhelmed all that is valuable in reve. their names in a list, prefaced with the lation. How far they have been justified following resolution, kept by the bookin doing this, from the authority of scrip

seller's who tell the Elliy. ture, I do not enquire ; but the advantage Resolution :--It appears to us that comof having got rid of such inlets to falle mon prostitutes are exposed to various opinion, must be manifest to all who are

mileries which claim relief from the capable of making comparisons.

good policy as well as from the humaOn the whole, it appears to me, that

nity of the public : we are therefore no society of Christians ever acquired the

* See “ Thoughts on means of alleviatin; essentials of their religion at fo cheap a the Miseries attendant upon Common Prolisrate, or in fo pure a form; and these tution,” printed for T. Cawell and W. Davaus privileges are lo intrinsically valuable, in the Strand.


willing, as soon as the names in the wise interpose a guardian arm between lists of the feveral bookfellers shall the falling and the bottom of the preci. amount in number to fifty, to meet at pice; and not unfrequently, by weli. the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the timed exertion, stay and draw back fome, Strand, on a day to be fixed by adver ere they have yet been driven by misery tisement in the public papers, for the and mainess to the brink. I am, Sir, purpose of consulting on the best means

Your humble Servant, of carrying into execution a plan for

W.R. the relief of distressed prostitutes.

N. B. The author of the Elliy is de To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Grous not to appear as a principal mover

SIR, of this charity, though determined that no private exertion on his part fall be I do not know whether it be beside the tures, therefore, to submit the following in the regulation of household oeconomy.

There are few articles in more general regulations and resolutions to the confideration of those who may be willing to

use, or dearer than sugar; and sugar, in attend at such meeting.

its refined ftaté, being now beyond the First, A chairman of the meeting must purchase of poor fainilies, they resort to a

species of ground sugar, for which they immediately be chosen.

Secondly, Resolutions to the following give a middle price, betwixt that of re. effeét hould be proposed by the chairman to

fined, and of raw tingar in its soft ftate, the gentlemen present :

as it comes from the West Indies. This 1. Various cases of misery incident to species of sugar is pleasing to the eye, but common prostitutes appear to be without the not more valuable, being neither a more scope, or beyond the reach of any existing delicate nor a more powerful sweet, than charitable institution.

soft sugar in its raw ftate ; yet it is free II. To provide relief in cases hereafter quently fold higher, after undergoing the specified, let books be opened, and the fol- process through what it passes, by two or lowing bankers requested to receive subscrip• three pence in the pound, than the sugar tions of any amount. (Bankers names.)

in the raw state of which it is made. III. Let committees of account and ma

The process by which the appearance of nagement and of inquiry be appointed; as suggested in pages 46 and 47 of the Effay.

this lugar is improved is merely this: IV. Other regulations; as in page 47.

When brought from the ship, it is put V. When the subscription shall amount to

into a warm stove, and dried, by which the sum of one hundred pounds, hand-bills the water it contains is evaporated, and shall be printed, and circulated among those

it is made to assume a brighter appearwho are likely to require the affistance of the

The water evaporated is very charity.

small in quantity, so as little to affect the A very moderate contribution may weight, and yet this is the only impufoon enable the society to hold out dona- rity of which it is stripped. When dry, tions of present relief to those whom, upon it is put into a mill and ground by a very inquiry, they hall find to have the best heavy stone, which completely pulverises founded claims to charitable assistance; it, and still improves the colour Thus, such as, proper medical aid upon various with all its dirt, and all its molasses, it is occasions; the assistance of nurses ; con fold to the consumer. veniencies of habitation, food, and cloth Sugar, as it is brought in its soft state ing; pecuniary help, towards the ena from the West Indies, consists of four sub. bling tome to return to their friends ; stances, water, with which it is charged in with premiums, by way of general in no great degree; dirt, which is either soil ducement, to indigent relations who Ahall or pulverised cane, which it contains in most readily receive them, and encourage very large quantities, and an oil, which, their reclamation.

when separated, is called molaffes or trea. Let not modesty and chastity fear to cle. This oil is a very powerful, but not a step forward in the cause of humanity

to delicate, Iweet; but it does not, in respect of the relief of those who have transgressed price, sustain its due rank among sweets : their laws. Did they but know the tale it is the cheapest (weet we have applicaof milery which these unfortunate out. ble to general purposes of fweets, and casts have to unfold, even modesty and though greatly slighted by the poor in chastity would tigh, and would acquit this part of England, it is m'ch used in them. Besides, this fociety may not only Scotland in various ways as a substitute hold out aid to the fallen, but may liks. for fugar. The ground sugars of which



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