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PEDIGREE OF THE FAMILY OF MONTFORT L'AMAURI.
Wiliam (Count of Hainault)=(7) heiress of Montfort and Epernon
Richard I (Count of Normandy)
Robert de Beaumont Petronilla (Earl of Leicester) |
Charles the Bald
Hugh (of Broyes and Nogent)
Amauri II = Bertrade
(1) Isabella Simon I = (3) Agnes
William (Earl of Gloucester)
Simon III = Amicia Robert Fitz-Parnell = Lauretta Margaret=S. de Quenci
| (E. of Winchester)
R. de Quenci(E. of Wi chester)
Bertrade- Hugh Bonchard V Laurentia
| (E.of Chester) (of Montmorenci) | (of Hainault) Ranulf (Earl of Chester) Hurts
Amauri VI ob. ante 1204
John (K. of Eng.)=Isabella (of Angoulême)
Beatrice (of Vienne)=Amauri VII Guy Robert Simon V=Eleanor
(Ct. of Bigorre) ob. 1226 ob. 1265
Henry Simon Guy
I of Dreux)
Jean de Montfort (Count of Brittany)
Eleanor =Llewelyn (of Wales) -.*, ob. 1282 ob. 1282
Guenciliana (died a nun 1337)
osp.=obiit sine prole, i.e., died childless.
1.- MIRACLES OF SIMON DE MONTFORT.
The following are a few of the miracles, over two hundred in number, which are related to have been performed by Simon de Montfort after death. They are printed by Mr. Halliwell at the end of his edition of the Narratio de duobus bellis apud Lewes et Evesham, &c.,' published for the Camden Society. These miracles are spoken of in the Dictum of Kenilworth, when the Earl had been dead just a year, and are alluded to in several contemporary MSS., e.g. the Chronicle of Evesham and the Brute Chronicle, quoted by Mr. Halliwell on p. xxviii of his preface. The list of miracles was preceded in the MS. by an account of the battle of Evesham, now obliterated, and was compiled by a monk of Evesham. I have thought that they might be found interesting as specimens of the superstition of the time, and have accordingly translated a few of them, as follows:
1. The Countess of Gloucester had a palfrey that had been broken-winded for two years. In returning from Evesham to Tewkesbury, the horse having drunk of the Earls Well? and having had its head and face washed in the water,
1 The Earls Well, otherwise called Battle Well, or de Montforts Well, is a small spring in the hollow of the hill where the battle was fought. It is said, in local tradition, to have run with blood after the fight.
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recovered. . Of this the Countess and all her company are witnesses.
2. A sick woman of Elmley sent her daughter to the Earls Well to fetch water. In returning she met the servants of the castle, who asked her what she had in the pitcher. She answered that it was new beer from Evesham, and they said, “Nay, but it is water from the Earls Well.' But when they had drawn some forth, they found it as the girl had said, and so they let her go.' And when she came to the sick woman, it was again changed into water, and the sick woman having drunk thereof, was healed.
3. It is to be remembered of the hand of Simon, that the bearer of it was journeying by a certain church, and, hearing the bell toll for mass, entered in and prayed ; and when the priest stood up to elevate the body of Christ, the hand moved and stood upright, and adored Jesus, as it was wont while yet alive.
4. William, surnamed Child, had a son who was sick to death, at which William was sore grieved. By chance a certain Friar Preacher, an old companion of his, came to him, and seeing his grief, asked him if he had ever been at enmity with Earl Simon. And he said, 'Yes, for he deprived me of my goods.' And the other answered, “Ask pardon of the martyr, and thou shalt recover thy child. Meanwhile the child died, and the father in great grief threw himself upon his bed and slept. And he saw in a dream Christ descend from heaven and touch him, saying, Whatever thou askest in the name of my Earl, shall be given thee.' And he rose in haste and measured the boy, and he opened his eyes.
1 It was forbidden by the Dictum of Kenilworth to call Earl Simon a saint, or to spread reports of miracles done by him. The girl would therefore have been liahle to certain penalties for drawing water for the purpose of healing from the Earls Well.
? This was the hand of Earl Simon that was cut off and sent to the wife of one of the royalists as a trophy.
3 The word is mensuravit.' The custom was to bind round the head or other sick part of the body a piece of riband or cloth which had been steeped in the water of the Earls Well, or applied to his relics.
Of this Clement of London and the father of the dead boy are witnesses.
5. Stephen Hulle and others, citizens of Hereford, relate a wonderful thing about Philip, chaplain of Brentley, who reviled the Earl, and said, “If the Earl be a saint, as they say, may the devil break my neck, or some miracle happen before I come home.' And as he asked, so it came to pass. For in returning home he saw a hare, and pursuing it fell from his horse.
Of this the whole city of Hereford bear witness.
2.-SONGS IN HONOUR OF SIMON DE MONTFORT.
I have thought it best to collect in the shape of an appendix the more important notices of Earl Simon and other interesting pieces in the popular songs of the time, instead of introducing them piecemeal in the notes. The extracts are mostly taken from the book of Political Songs, edited by Mr. Wright for the Camden Society.
1. This extract (Polit. Songs, p. 60), is part of a song made during or shortly after the outbreak in the spring of 1263 :
Mout furent bons les barons ;
Tant est grant la some :
Coment hom le nome.
Si ad giant chevalerie ;
Si avera la mestrie.
El mond est vereement;
De la terre loee
C'est ly quens de Leycestre,
De cele renomee.
2. The following song is on the Battle of Lewes, aimed especially at King Richard (Polit. Songs, p. 69).
Sitteth alle stille and herkneth to me :
Ant so he dude more.
Trichen shalt thou never more.
Richard of Alemaigne, whil that he was kyng,
The Kyng of Alemaigne wende do ful wel,
To helpe Wyndesore.
The Kyng of Alemaigne gederede ys host,
To store Wyndesore.
By God, that is abouven ous, he dude muche synne,
For love of Wyndesore.