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broad border of lace to her cap. This lace is made here by hand, and, from the circumstance that pins are used in its manufacture, it is called " 'pin-lace." The pins are arranged on a cushion according to the design of the lace, which is often very handsome and elaborate. A great deal of the work is done in the open air, the girls sitting at the doors of the houses with the cushions on their laps.
In the open place outside the Cathedral numerous things are sold, and there may often be seen picturesque groups of Antwerp citizens and Flemish peasantry. I here made the accompanying sketch of a seller of broom-tops. I suppose the buyer has to provide himself
with a handle for his broom elsewhere, for there do not seem to be any handles within sight. All the poorer people wear
sabots, or wooden shoes. These are large and clumsy, and apparently the smaller the child, the larger in proportion are the shoes. In my sketch are two children wearing these shoes. The little girls generally have their hair plaited into two long tails, which fly out behind as they run along. Here for the first time I noticed dogs used for drawing small carts. Cans of milk are brought to the door in this way.
After admiring the view of the exterior of the Cathedral, we enter the building. This fine church is the great glory of Antwerp. The spire is beautifully proportioned, and is said to be only equalled in height by the tower of the Cathedral at Strasbourg. From the top, with a telescope, you can see objects for forty miles round. In the transepts of this Cathedral are two masterpieces of the great painter, Rubens. One represents the Elevation of the Cross, and the other the Descent from the Cross. The pictures are both composed of three parts. In the centre is the principal one, and there are two movable wings, containing designs connected with the subject of the central portion.
There are several other pic
tures by this great painter to be seen in the city, but it is well worth a visit merely to look at these two.
Leaving the Cathedral, we go to see the celebrated well near at hand. The iron tracery which forms the cover of this well is beautifully light and graceful in design, and the story is that it was made without the use of hammer or file. It is the work of Quintin Matsys, who first made himself noted for his taste and skill in ironwork, but whose artistic talent was afterwards shown in a different field. He gave up his trade of blacksmith to study painting. The cause of this change has been variously explained, but the most popular version is that he did it from love for the daughter of an artist of Antwerp. The father would not let his daughter marry any one who did not pursue the same profession as himself. So Quintin became a painter, and then won the old artist's consent to his marriage with his daughter. There are several of Matsys' paintings in Antwerp. The most noted has the same subject as that of one of the pictures of Rubens just described-the Descent from the Cross. It was painted for the
Cathedral, but it is now hung in the Museum.
We visited several other churches, which are rich in beautiful pictures and other decorations. In the one dedicated to St. James, is the tomb of Rubens. His statue stands in the Place Verte, and the house he lived in is still pointed out. Rubens and Quintin Matsys are only two of many celebrated painters who lived here. The names of Vandyke, Jordaëns, and Teniers are among those of which the citizens of Antwerp are justly proud. There are numerous specimens of their works in the picturegallery of the Museum. Artstudents flock hither to copy them, and among them there is one who attracts much attention from the clever way in which he manages to paint pictures with his toes. Being without arms, he has been obliged to make use of his feet, and uses them with wonderful dexterity to hold his brushes and palette.
We obtain our first sight of the Rhine on arriving at Cologne, which city is situated on the left bank of the river. The beauties, however, which have rendered the Rhine so famous, are not met with until one gets some miles further up the
stream. The banks here are low, and the surrounding country flat and uninteresting.
There are several places of interest to be visited in Cologne. First of all there is the Cathedral, which, when completed, will be one of the most magnificent specimens of Gothic art in Europe. The building was begun nearly six hundred years ago, but the progress of the work has been so often interrupted, sometimes for many years together, that it still remains unfinished. Now, however, there are many workmen employed upon the completion of the structure. The towers are still far from their intended height, and this takes away considerably from the appearance of the exterior. Inside it is merely the decorations which remain unfinished, so that nothing interferes with the beauty of the architectural design. You are at once impressed on entering the building by its immense height, and the effect is increased by the lofty and beautifully - proportioned columns which support the roof. The choir and the surrounding chapels are finished, and the whole is highly adorned. Each chapel is lighted by three tall, superb painted windows of different elaborate designs. In
these chapels are the tombs of various noted personages.
We next visit the other sights of the town, and among them the church of St. Ursula. Here we see the bones which are said to be those of the eleven thousand maidens who were martyred at Cologne many hundred years ago. The walls of part of the church are filled with their relics. At length, about four o'clock in the afternoon, we go to the river-side, and take our places on one of the Rhine steamers for our trip up the river. The Rhine steamers are pretty little vessels. The after-part of the deck is furnished with a white awning, which adds to the comfort of the passengers. We settle ourselves under it, sitting on the little wooden stools which crowd the deck. Near us is a party of young German students, who are evidently equipped for a walking tour. Their knapsacks and large sticks lie about under the seats, and on the table closeby. Most of the passengers appear to be strangers, who have come, like ourselves, to see the beauties of the country; but in the bow of the vessel are a number of market-women returning from selling the produce of their gardens. The
bringing passengers off from a small village not far from Cologne.
As the steamer nears Bonn, we get our first sight of the famous Seven Mountains, standing out in the distance, clear and purple, against the soft evening sky. Bonn is a university town, and is celebrated as the birth-place of the great musician Beethoven. The land here on the left bank is still flat, but there is a fine view
on the other side of the river, where the country is much more lofty and undulating. The sun has set by the time we reach Königswinter, which is the small town on the right bank of the river at the foot of the Drachenfels, the most noted of the Seven Mountains. The high rocks rise quite steep on the side nearest the water, and present a very bold effect from the town. On the opposite side is the wooded hill on which is
the hill. The long, low building at the landing is one of the bathing-houses common here, and the curious boat approaching the shore, is one of the peculiar ferries which occur at several places on this river, and worked by means of the strong current. The ferry-boat is attached to a strong rope made fast some distance up in the middle of the river. The rope for a considerable part of its length is supported above water by means of two or three small boats. By fastening the rope to the ferry, so that its side shall be across the direction of the current, the pressure of the water carries it from one side of the Rhine to the other.
We shall next month pursue our journey a little further.
HOW TO BE A
bright and beautiful from their dead ones, which would first moulder in the grave. They therefore felt quite solemn, and Donald said,—
"It's very wonderful, Hattie; and, O! I do wish I were a Christian."
Hattie earnestly gazed into his eyes as she replied,
"Donald, it is very easy to become a Christian. A great many little children come to Christ. All you have to do is to knock, and the door opens."
Hattie was right. It is easy for a child who really wishes to be a Christian to be one. Jesus. says to all: "Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you."
Wasn't Hattie right, therefore, when she said, "All you have to do is to knock, and the door opens ?"
Try it, my dear child. Knock. Jesus listens, and waits to open the door-that is, to make you His disciple.
ATTIE and Donald were looking, one day, at some silk-worms which were feeding on some mulberry-leaves in a little box which they called "Silky's work-room." Their mother had told them that, as the pretty golden-winged butter- " flies came from the crawling caterpillars, so their new bodies
HATSOEVER thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might;"
would one day come forth that is, do it thoroughly. Nothing