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broad border of lace to her cap. sabots, or wooden shoes. These This lace is made here by hand, are large and clumsy, and apand, from the circumstance that parently the smaller the child, pins are used in its manufacture, the larger in proportion are the it is called “pin-lace.” The shoes. In my sketch are two pins are arranged on a cushion children wearing these shoes. according to the design of the The little girls generally have lace, which is often very hand- their hair plaited into two long some and elaborate. A great tails, which fly out behind as deal of the work is done in the they run along. Here for the open air, the girls sitting at the first time I noticed dogs used doors of the houses with the for drawing small carts. Cans cushions on their laps.

of milk are brought to the door In the open place outside the in this way. Cathedral numerous things are After admiring the view of sold, and there may often be the exterior of the Cathedral, seen picturesque groups


we enter the building. This Antwerp citizens and Flemish fine church is the great glory of peasantry. I here made the Antwerp. The spire is beauaccompanying sketch of a seller tifully proportioned, and is said of broom-tops. I suppose the to be only equalled in height by buyer has to provide himself the tower of the Cathedral at

Strasbourg. From the top, with a telescope, you can see objects for forty miles round. In the transepts of this Cathedral are two masterpieces of the great painter, Rubens. One represents the Elevation of the Cross, and the other the Descent from the Cross. The pictures are both composed of three

parts. In the centre is the ..

principal one, and there are with a handle for his broom two movable wings, containing elsewhere, for there do not seem designs connected with the subto be any handles within sight. ject of the central portion. All the poorer people wear There are several other pictures by this great painter to be Cathedral, but it is now hung seen in the city, but it is well in the Museum. worth a visit merely to look at We visited several other these two.


churches, which are rich in Leaving the Cathedral, we go beautiful pictures and other to see the celebrated well near decorations. In the one dediat hand. The iron tracery cated to St. James, is the tomb which forms the cover of this of Rubens. His statue stands well is beautifully light and in the Place Verte, and the graceful in design, and the story house he lived in is still pointed is that it was made without the out. Rubens and Quintin use of hammer or file. It is Matsys are only two of many the work of Quintin Matsys, celebrated painters who lived who first made himself noted here. The names of Vandyke, for his taste and skill in iron- Jordaëns, and Teniers are among work, but whose artistic talent those of which the citizens of was afterwards shown in à Antwerp are justly proud. different field. He gave up his There are numerous specimens trade of blacksmith to study of their works in the picturepainting The cause of this

gallery of the Museum. Artchange has been variously ex- students flock hither to copy plained, but the most popular them, and among them there is version is that he did it from one who attracts much attention love for the daughter of an from the clever way in which artist of Antwerp. The father he manages to paint pictures would not let his daughter with his toes. Being without marry any one who did not

arms, he has been obliged to pursue the same profession as make use of his feet, and uses himself. So Quintin became a them with wonderful dexterity painter, and then won the old to hold his brushes and palette. artist's consent to his marriage We obtain our first sight of the with his daughter. There are Rhine on arriving at Cologne, several of Matsys' paintings in which city is situated on the Antwerp. The most noted has left bank of the river. The the same subject as that of one beauties, however, which have of the pictures of Rubens just rendered the Rhine so famous, described—the Descent from the are not met with until one gets Cross. It was painted for the some miles further up the stream. The banks here are these chapels are the tombs of low, and the surrounding coun

various noted personages. try flat and uninteresting. We next visit the other sights

There are several places of of the town, and among them interest to be visited in Cologne. the church of St. Ursula. Here First of all there is the Cathe- we see the bones which are said dral, which, when completed, to be those of the eleven thouwill be one of the most mag

sand maidens who were marnificent specimens of Gothio art tyred at Cologne many hundred in Europe. The building was years ago. The walls of part begun nearly six hundred years of the church are filled with ago, but the progress of the their relics. At length, about work has been so often inter- four o'clock in the afternoon, rupted, sometimes for many we go to the river-side, and years together, that it still re- take our places on one of the mains unfinished. Now, how- Rhine steamers for our trip up ever, there are many workmen the river. The Rhine steamers employed upon the completion are pretty little vessels. The of the structure. The towers after-part of the deck is furare still far from their intended nished with a white awning, height, and this takes away con- which adds to the comfort of siderably from the appearance of the passengers. We settle ourthe exterior. Inside it is merely selves under it, sitting on the the decorations which remain little wooden stools which crowd unfinished, so that nothing inter- the deck. Near us is a party feres with the beauty of thearchi- of young German students, who tectural design. You are atonce are evidently equipped for a impressed on entering the build- walking tour. Their knapsacks ing by its immense height, and and large sticks lie about under the effect is increased by thelofty the seats, and on the table close and beautifully - proportioned by. Most of the passengers columns which support the appear to be strangers, who roof. The choir and the sur- have come, like ourselves, to rounding chapels are finished, see the beauties of the country ; and the whole is highly adorned. but in the bow of the vessel are Each chapel is lighted by three a number of market-women tall, superb painted windows of returning from selling the prodifferent elaborate designs. In duce of their gardens. The

steamer stops at various places rudder, but are steered by an on her way, and boats come off oar which rests against a small from the shore to convey pas- upright piece of wood fixed at sengers to and from the vessel. the stern. The accompanying These boats have no regular sketch shows one of these boats


bringing passengers off from a on the other side of the river, small village not far from where the country is much more Cologne.

lofty and undulating. The sun As the steamer nears Bonn, has set by the time we reach we get our first sight of the nigswinter, which is the famous Seven Mountains, stand- small town on the right bank ing out in the distance, clear of the river at the foot of the and purple, against the soft Drachenfels, the most noted of evening sky. Bonn is a uni- the Seven Mountains. The high versity town, and is celebrated rocks rise quite steep on the as the birth-place of the great side nearest the water, and musician Beethoven. The land present a very bold effect from here on the left bank is still the town. On the opposite side flat, but there is a fine view is the wooded hill on which is


the of Roland the rave. from the shore at KönigsThe foregoing sketch is taken winter, and shows the tower on



the hill. The long, low building bright and beautiful from their at the landing is one of the dead ones, which would first bathing-houses common here, moulder in the grave. They and the curious boat approach- therefore felt quite solemn, and ing the shore, is one of the Donald said, peculiar ferries which occur at “It's very wonderful, Hattie; several places on this river, and and, O! I do wish I were a worked by means of the strong Christian.” current. The ferry-boat is Hattie earnestly gazed into attached to a strong rope made his eyes as she replied,fast some distance up in the Donald, it is very easy to middle of the river. The rope become a Christian. A great for a considerable part of its many little children come to length is supported above water Christ. All you have to do is to by means of two or three small knock, and the door opens." boats. By fastening the rope

Hattie was right. It is easy to the ferry, so that its side for a child who really wishes to shall be across the direction of be a Christian to be one. Jesus the current, the pressure of the says to all: “Ask, and it shall be water carries it from one side of given you; seek, and ye shall the Rhine to the other.

find; knock, and it shall be We shall next month pursue opened unto you." our journey a little further. Wasn't Hattie right, therefore,

when she said, “ All you have

to do is to knock, and the door HOW TO BE A CHRISTIAN.

Try it, my dear child. Knock. ATTIE and Donald were

Jesus listens, and waits to open looking, one day, at some

the door-that is, to make you silk-worms which were

His disciple. feeding on some mulberry-leaves in a little box which they called "Silky's work-room.” Their BE THOROUGH. mother had told them that, as the pretty golden-winged butter

HATSOEVER thy flies came from the crawling

hand findeth to do, do caterpillars, so their new bodies

it with thy might;” would one day come forth thatis, do it thoroughly. Nothing

opens ?”

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