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Fiat Justitia Ruat Cœlum.
His children round would share their sire's em-
And oh! he cried, what fears surround our race!
And drag my offspring from their natal home;
Prophetic spoke my sire,-the spoiler came,
She heaven implores with tears and ardent prayer,
To save her child from the man-stealer's grasp, And rushes on, my fettered arms to unclasp. But vain the attempt, the levelled tube re
forth to anti-slavery support. These opinions are, in our opinion, whully groundless; and we feel bound to affirm that our deliberate judgment and conviction are, that the professions made by the Colonization Society of promoting the abolition of slavery, are altogether delu
As far as the mere colony in Liberia is concerned, it has no doubt the advantages of other trading establishments. In this sense it is beneficial both to America and to Africa, and we cordially wish it well. We cannot, however, refrain from expressing our strong opinion that it is a settlement of which the United States ought to bear the whole cost. We never required of that country to assist us in Sierra Leone. We are enormously burdened by our own connexion with slavery; and we do maintain that we ought not to be called upon to contribute to the expense of a colony which, though no doubt comprising some advantages, was formed chiefly to indulge the prejudices of American slave-holders, and which is regarded with aversion by the colored population of the United States.
With regard to the extinction of the slave trade, we apprehend that Liberia, however good the intentions of the supporters, will be able to do little or nothing towards it, except on the liHorror of horrors! sorely pierced with wounds,mited extent of its own territories. The only Her blood fast streaming, homeward bends her way,
They in their ruthless grasp bear off their prey;
Sold in a land that equal freedom boasts!
It appears that the following protest was issu ed in London in July last:
We, the undersigned, having observed with regret that the "American Colonization Society" appears to be gaining some adherents in this country, are desirous to express our opinions respecting it.
Our motive and excuse for thus coming forward are the claims which the Society has put
effectual blow to that accursed traffic will be the destruction of slavery throughout the world. To the destruction of slavery throughout the world, we are compelled to say that we believe the Colonization Society to be an obstruction.
Our objections to it are, therefore, briefly these: While we believe its pretexts to be delusive, we are convinced that its real effects are of the most dangerous nature. It takes its root from a cruel prejudice and alienation in the whites of America, against the colored people, slave or free. This being its source, the effects are what might be expected, that it fosters and increases the spirit of caste, already so unhappily predominant; that it widens the breach between the two races; exposes the colored people to great practical persecution, in order to force them to emigrate; and finally, is calculated to swallow up and divert that feeling which America, as a Christian and a free country, cannot but entertain, that slavery is alike incompatible with the law of God, and with the well being of man, whether of the enslaver or the enslaved.
On these grounds, therefore, and while we ac knowledge the colony of Liberia, or any other colony on the coast of Africa, to be in itself a good thing, we must be understood utterly to repudiate the principles of the American Colonization Society. That Society is, in our estimation, not deserving of the countenance of the British public.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
MR. WILBERFORCE. The death of Mr. Wilberforce brings back the mind irresistibly to the memorable events of his history, and forces upon the recollection the extraordinary virtues which adorned and ennobled his character, and placed him at the head of the long catalogue of philanthropists of the last half century.
In the early part of his life, and soon after he took a seat in the house of commons, he commenced a parliamentary warfare against the slave trade. Aided by some of the ablest statesmen in the kingdom, assisted by a number of benevolent individuals, whose principles and feeling fully corresponded with his own, in spite of every obstacle, in the face of defeat after de feat, and in utter disregard of obloquy and reproach, he persevered for twenty years in his most honorable and praiseworthy career, until his efforts were crowned with success. In the year 1807, if we recollect right, parliament passed a law prohibiting that diabolical traffic, and ridding the nation so far of that most iniquitous and disgraceful system.
tinued until this great measure was so far consummated, when his earthly career was brought to a close, and he was called, as there are the strongest reasons for believing, to the happiness and the glory of a better world.
History scarcely furnishes any account of an uninspired man of greater moral worth, more active philanthropy, more extensive usefulness, than Mr. Wilberforce. His life was devoted to the service of God, and the good of his fellow men. His piety was as sincere and ardent as his benevolence, and both were uniformly conspicuous throughout a long and useful life. His life is now closed, but he has left behind him a charater of the highest elevation for purity of principle and moral rectitude, and at the same time equally distinguished for practical utility and benevolence to the human racc.—N. Y. Daily Advertiser.
THE AFRICAN EXPEDITION. dated Fernando Po, May 9. Our readers have Letters have been received from Mr. Lander, By one of those untoward circumstances that been already informed of the expedition having occur in the history of nations, when the consti- entered the river Niger. It appears that the crew tution of the United States was formed and adopt. had caught the fever or. the coast, and that they ed, a provision was suffered to be incorporated carried the infection with them. During the in it, denying to congress the power of prohibit- first month not less than twenty deaths occurred ing the slave trade before 1808. In 1807, and among the persons composing the expedition: in by an almost contemporaneous act, congress the second, five. Of the officers only three repassed a law, declaring that the slave trademained alive, namely, Messrs. Laird and Lander, should cease after the time prescribed in the <constitution.
Having witnessed the eventual success of his long continued and most meritorious efforts in the cause of justice and humanity, but considering his work as only half done, he commenced a series of measures intended to complete the great work, thus fortunately in part accomplished. This was the abolition of slavery throughout the British colonial dominions. To bring about this great result, unexampled efforts were made to enlist public opinion in its favor-associations were formed, unceasing exertions were employed to collect information, diffuse it throughout the kingdom, and the presses to a considerable extent engaged in the enterprise; and a single periodical publication, the Christian Observer pursued the object with the utmost assiduity, by the exercise of great talents, and the most unshaken independence. Every year, when the subject was brought before parliament, show ed a strong accession of strength in favor of the cause; when in 1821, if we have the date correctly, Mr. Canning's resolutions, in favor of effectual abolition, were carried through parliament. Having now a firm hold on which to rest, the great object was pursued with renewed zeal and vigor, all the weight and force of national opinion was brought to bear upon the question, which was altogether irresistible. When it became apparent that abolition could be no longer resisted, opposition was to a degree given up; and the only question of any moment that remained to be discussed was that of compensation. During the present session of parliament, a resolution in favor of emancipation has passed both houses; and nothing remains to carry the measure into effect, but to decide upon the details of the bill, and this black stain upon the character of the British nation and government will be effaced.
Mr. Wilberforce's life was providentially con
and Lieutenant Allen. Mr. Briggs, eldest son of Dr. Briggs, of this town, is among the dead. As the survivors had become seasoned to the climate, it was hoped, that few, if any, additional deaths would occur.
Mr. Lander left the steam boats on the 14th of April, about 400 miles up the Niger, opposite the mouth of the Lake Tschad. The object of his voyage to the coast was to procure necessa- .* ries, &c.
The country on the banks of the Niger was found to be highly fertile, and capable of being made to produce all kinds of tropical fruit, &c. The natives had received the expedition in the most friendly manner, and an amicable intercourse between them had taken place. One of the native kings or chiefs had visited the steamers, and was surprised and delighted at what he saw. He returned the compliment by inviting the officers to an entertaiument on shore. At this fete his Majesty produced two men, whom he was about to offer a sacrifice in honor of the visit of the white men. treated to spare the victims, and yielded to the He was, however, inentreaties of his new friends with a truly royal grace.
Had it not been for
The letters speak, we understand, very confidently of the ultimate success of the commercial objects of the expedition. the ravages caused by the fever, the most comhave attended the plete success would, ere now, enterprize.—London paper.
The school of affliction, even in its utmost severity, is found to inculcate the best principles of gentleness and virtue, and to inspire a feeling for the miseries of others.
If the world suspect your well intended designs, be not uneasy; it only shows that mankind are themselves false and artful, which is the cause of their suspicions.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cœlum.
SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF
The abolition of the slave trade and slavery in this district ought to be constantly kept in mind by all the friends of the colored race. In this object thousands will unite who are opposed to anti-slavery societies. Few men, we believe can be found at the north, who do not regard the toleration of slavery at the seat of our national government as disgraceful to the country; and, even at the south, many persons who are not prepared to exert themselves to put down this system in their own states, will readily admit that no just cause exists for perpetuating it in the District of Columbia. Nothing, we are con fident, is necessary, in order to abolish the national sin and shame, but resolution and activity in the friends of the measure. If all who really have this cause at heart would but put their names to petitions to congress in favor of the object, they would be astonished at their own numbers, and congress would not dare refuse to perform a great work of justice and humanity, which was demanded by the great mass of the people.
The following is a petition which is now circulating in this vicinity. It has alraedy received numerous and respectable signatures:— To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, the petition of the undersigned, citizens of the United States, respectfully represents
slaves, but also frequently leads to the enslaving
From the small number of slaves in the District of Columbia, and the moderate proportion which they bear to the free population there, the difficulties which in most of the slaveholding class of men to their natural rights, do not exist states oppose the restoration of this degraded in this place. Your petitioners, therefore, pray that congress will, without delay, enact laws for the abolition of slavery in the District of Colum bia, and for preventing the bringing of slaves into that district for the purpose of traffic, in whatever measures may be adopted, will also such mode as may be thought advisable, and make suitable provision for the education of all free black and colored children in the district, thus to preserve them from continuing even as
men, an unenlightened and degraded caste. We earnestly entreat all persons who wish slavery in the District to be abolished, to exert themselves in preparing petitions for this object to be presented at the next session of congress. Even if the measure should then fail, they will have the satisfaction of having done their duty, and having assisted, in some degree, to effect a great moral reform which must sooner or later be accomplished.—Abolitionist.
That your petitioners are deeply impressed A merchant from the state of Ohio, who was with the evils arising from the existence of slave-the bearer of $7000 from his brother-in-law, also ry in the District of Columbia. The constitution of the United States provides that congress shall have power "to exercise exclusive legisla- || tion, in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by the cession of particular states, and the acceptance of congress, become the seat of government of the United States." In pursuance of this provision, the stats of Maryland and Virginia respectively ceded portions of their territories, which being accepted by congress now compose the District of Columbia. By the plain words of the constitution, congress has the power to abolish slavery in this district, and no other power can legislate on the subject.
While our declaration of independence boldly proclaims as self-evident truths, "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness;" at the very scat of government, human beings are born almost daily, whom the laws pronounce to be from their birth not equal to other men, and who are for life, deprived of liberty, and the free pursuit of happiness.
In addition to other evils flowing from slavery, both moral and political, which it is needless to specify, circumstances have rendered this district a great market for traders in human flesh. The unhappy victims of this traffic are brought into this district in chains, and then lodged in private jails and other places of confinement, from whence they are carried to the markets of the south and west.
a merchant in that state, to sundry merchants of
Henry Hill, a colored man, and a revolutionary soldier, died in Chilicothe, on the 12th ult. aged 80 years. He was buried with the honors of war-a singular tribute of respect to the me mory of a colored man; but no doubt richly merited in this case. Henry, we should infer, from an obituary notice in the Chilicothe AdverThe toleration of slavery and the slave tradetiser, was at the battle of Lexington, Brandyat the seat of government, not only produces the wine, Monmouth, Princeton, and Yorktown. most cruel sufferings to those who are legally | Peace to his ashes!
Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.
Philanthropic and Literary.
PRINCIPALLY CONDUCTED BY A LADY.
There is much in the character of this noble hearted woman that deeply interests our feelings. The high philanthropy of her spirit, and the unwearied zeal with which she gave herself || to the pursuance of its dictates, are worthy of all honor. We behold her, day by day, with a patience and perseverance that difficulty could not exhaust, nor fatigue subdue, devoting herself to the study of the African languages, that she might carry light and knowledge to a land of darkness and ignorance, and to those for whom all the nations of christendom had united in mingling a cup of degradation and bitterness. We behold her resigning without a murmur the dearly cherished comforts of home and friends, and, undeterred by the hardships to be endured, unappalled by the pestilential nature of the climate, devoting herself, if need be, to die for the cause in which she had embarked. What a
beautiful picture do the extracts from some of her letters present! Surrounded by her young charge, many of them just rescued from the poisonous hold of a slave ship, we behold her endeavouring to instil into their minds lessons of moral and intellectual brightness-watching with affectionate earnestness over the unfolding of their mental natures, and seeking to turn their minds to the source from which she herself sought direction and assistance in her arduous task. With what affectionate interest does she speak of them!-the portals of her heart were not rudely barred against them because their brows were darker than her own! Then came the closing scene. It is ever an awful thing to die, yet there are times and circumstances by which even a death bed may be illumined with a solemn brightness and beauty. When the Christian lies down to the sleep of the grave, surrounded by those he loves, and trusts ere long to embrace again-when the hand of affection supports the failing frame-when the soft, fragant airs of evening come stealing in to dry the moisture from the cold brow when even the aspect of the beautiful earth seems to tell of a still brighter and better world, and the clear ambered sky of the sunset seems like an opening gate leading to paradise-there is, at least for the weakness of humanity, a soothing in their soft influences; and the heart even of the Christian may shrink less from the gloomy passage of the grave, when light is thus
gleaming in at both its portals. But to be smitten with sickness, destitute of almost all the comforts it requires, far from home and the tenderness of those to whom the heart is turning with irrepressible affection, to languish in a sultry atmosphere, and on the bosom of the great deep, with the flapping sail overboard, and the hoarse cries of the seaman breaking in upon the few intervals of repose-thus to be hurried off to the grave by the swift stroke of pestilence, lends even death a more fearful aspect. It was thus she died—died in the cause of a noble philanthropy. And her name should be as a rallying word to urge on her sex to pursue the task. of alleviating the condition and elevating the minds of the long oppressed race of Africa. A wide field for exertion is open here, without the encounter with the privations and dangers which she endured. And though in some parts of our own country shameless persecution may strew with them the path of benevolence, there is still a wide field of unmolested exertion open for those who would shrink from the encounter with opposition and difficulty.
The following short obituary notice of Hannah Kilham was intended to have been inserted some time since, but has from time to time been
DIED, on the 31st of third month, last, (1832,) on board the galliot Yung Drow, off the western coast of Africa, HANNAH KILHAM, of England, an esteemed minister in the religious Society of Friends.
She was the wife of Alexander Kilham, well known among the Wesleyan Methodists, and after the death of her husband, becoming convinced of the principles of Friends, she was received into membership in our society. For many years she continued to reside in Sheffield, in the county of York, where she kept a boarding and day school, chiefly for Friends' children. The affectionate kindness of her disposition rendered her generally beloved; and the humility of her deportment, and her devotedness to what she believed her duty, were truly instructive. Towards the latter part of her life she appeared in the ministry, to the satisfaction and comfort of her friends. Her exertions for the welfare of her fellow creatures were constant and and various, but the claims of benighted and oppressed Africa seemed predominant in her mind; and though of a very delicate constitution, she undertook extraordinary exertions to alleviate the condition of that degraded part of the human family. She acquired an extensive knowledge of the Mandingo and Waloof languages, which had not, till then, been reduced to writing; she translated into other tongues a considerable portion of the New Testament, and published an elementary grammar and spelling book in the Waloof, with the view of instructing the natives in their own language. Under an impression of duty she three times visited the western coast of Africa, assisting in the establishment of schools, and often engaging herself in the work of instruction, for which she was peculiarly qualified. Whilst thus occupied, in a
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
barbarous land, under a torrid sun, and at a distance from all her affectionate connexions, she uniformly expressed her belief that she was in her proper allotment, and her desire to feel content therein; and though the fruits of her labors might not at once appear, she was encouraged in the hope that the seed sown would, in due time, spring forth and increase with the increase of God. During the last year, this devoted woman made her third and last visit to Africa. After having been some months engaged in teaching in and about Sierra Leone, she went, in the second month of the present year, to Liberia; and having spent about a month in that colony, was returning to Sierra Leone, when it pleased her Divine Master to call her from works to everlasting rewards.
A GOOD EXAMPLE.
We copy from the Liberator the following extract from a letter from England, written by the editor of that paper. When shall petitions from even half so many females be presented to the legislators of our land, in behalf of wronged and helpless American slaves?
"Petitions are crowding into parliament by thousands from every part of the United Kingdom, praying for the abolition of slavery. Lord Suffield alone presented 201 on Tuesday in the House of Lords, one of which, was of amazing size, and, closely packed as it was, seemed to rival the woolsack itself in its dimensions. It was signed by EIGHT HUNDRED THOUSAND LADIES!!! Its presentation excited considerable sensation, and some merriment. In the House of Commons, on the same day, Mr. Buxton presented 300 petitions, among them one containing 187,000 female signatures, which required four members to lay it on the table. At the head of it stood the name of the celebrated Amelia Opie,
and next to her that of Priscella Buxton."
THE CANTERBURY PERSECUTION. We are glad to find that the public opinion is so warmly expressed in disapprobation of the conduct of the persecutors of Canterbury. It is well deserving of the unsparing indignation which has been, and will be, poured out against it. Such proceedings are an insult to the nation, and the authors of them deserve to be humbled by the community whose feelings they have outraged. We have no acquaintance with Prudence Crandall, but our sympathies are warmly interested for her. She appears to have borne up nobly against the storm which is raging against her, and we hope may still be supported in her endurance. The spirit which existed in Connecticut in the days of Cotton Mather and witchcraft, seems to have revived again in the town of Canterbury, directed indeed to a different object, but possessing all its former prejudice, absurdity and cruelty.
ed Andrew T. Judson, who has obtained a very unenviable degree of celebrity, as leader of the ruffian-like persecution at Canterbury, to act as one of its agents; thus placing its sanction, and the stamp of its approbation upon his proceedings. This circumstance, we think, goes far to prove the truth of some of the accusations brought against that society; as this branch, though perhaps but a small member of the body, is governed by the same constitution, and may be supposed to possess the same feelings. We doubt not that there are many individual members of that society who indignantly condemn the proceedings adverted to; but the principles of the society at large must be judged by its actions as an association, and if it considers the recent conduct of Judson so undeserving of censure as to detract nothing from his fitness for becoming one of its officers, we think its assumption of the title of a philanthropic body is grounded upon a very slight foundation.
We were not, until recently, aware of the existence of the society mentioned in the following paragraphs. We have felt much interested by them, and hope the association to which they" refer, may be successsful, and may be imitated in other places. All Connecticut, it appears, is not infected with the spirit of Canterbury. HARTFORD BENEVOLENT SOCIETY
FOR COLORED CHILDREN. Some ladies in the city of Hartford thought it would be a useful charity to take under their care such little colored children as had no parents, or whose parents were unable or unwilling to support them. They began with three girls, of four or five years of age. They placed them with a kind and respectable woman, where they are comfortably fed and clothed, and will be instructed in reading, knitting, sewing, and such other branches of industrious and moral education as are suited to their tender years When they are of sufficient age they will be placed in families, and the ladies who first took charge of them will continue to feel an interest in their good conduct and welfare.
These little children are very glad to be sheltered and provided for. They are willing to learn, and grateful to those who are kind to them. It is now one year since they have been taken to a comfortable home. Last Sunday evening the Rev. Mr. Davis preached at his own church a charity sermon for their benefit. The children were present, and the audience was so large that many were unable to obtain seats.
The text was in the 10th chapter of Acts, at the 32d and 35th verses: "Of a truth, I perceive that God is no respecter of persons; but in every nation he that feareth God and worketh righteousness is accepted of him."
In the application of the subject the preacher spoke eloquently and impressively of African slavery. He mentioned that more than 200 THE COLONIZATION SOCIETY. years had elapsed since that quarter of the globe was made the scene of that iniquitous trafOne of the Connecticut branches of the Ame-fic. He described the cruelty of tearing the poor rican Colonization Society has recently appoint
Africans from their native clime, from the en