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Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.

dearments of their simple homes. He spoke of
the horrors of the sombre slave-ship, and of the
miseries endured after the yoke of bondage was
fastened upon their necks. This sin, he said,||
was peculiarly aggravated in a government like
our own, which declares that all men are born
free and equal, possessing as unalienable rights
liberty and the pursuit of happiness. In order
to reconcile this great inconsistence, it has been
asserted that the Africans were an inferior race.
A fine writer has shrewdly remarked "that there
seems a necessity of maintaining that they are
less than men, as a suspicion would arise that
we are not Christians." But 3000 years ago it
was not thought so, when science beamed on the
darkened world from Egypt and Ethiopia, and
when the wise men of Greece and Rome went
to kindle their torches at the light of Africa.
Some have said that the ancient Egyptians were
not black. Herodotus, the father of history, says
"they were black, with curled hair." It is ex-
ceedingly unjust to decide that they are an infe-
rior race, from any thing they exhibit among us,
while oppressed with slavery, and shut out from
all those motives of ambition which arouse the
mind to effort and energy.

quainted with SYBIL OLIVER during the winter of 1832. She was then afflicted with the painful disease which at length proved fatal on the 24th day of August, 1833. In my frequent visits, as a member of the Union Benevolent Society, to this poor African, I never found her impatient, but on the contrary she seemed to be in a thankful, resigned state of mind. The last time I conversed with her she was very weak in body, but said she was striving to press into the kingdom of rest and peace. The day after her departure, her friends kindly invited me to come and see her remains. In entering the apartment I found every thing neatly prepared for the solemn occasion, and a few respectable looking colored women sitting in silence round the room. I looked upon the sable face, and reflected that those eyes that have so often opened with pain and sorrow are now sealed up in the sleep of death, and she who on earth suffered so many conflicts is now singing the praises of redeeming love in that happy land, none of whose inhabitants can say I am sick. As I turned from the corpse, I observed the countenances of those around bespoke solemnity and peace, and my own spirit was clothed in sympathetic feelings. Mr. Davis expressed strongly his disbelief of I interrupted the sileuce, by making some rethe inferiority of the Africans. "But," he add-marks respecting the deceased, and was informed, "there are probably among this audience ed by one of her attendants that she had been some of a different idea. I expect a liberal con- for some time expecting her final change, and in tribution from both classes. One having no pre- her last hour she exclaimed, "is there no prayjudices to overcome, will of course be bountiful. ing people here?" Those who were with her The other is bound to be so by the injunction of immediately kneeled round the bed, and one of scripture Ye who are strong ought to bear the them offered up a fervent prayer; when Sybil infirmities of the weak.' This society have Oliver repeated with a distinct voice several need of aid. They can do only part of what lines of a hymn, and then closing her eyes said,. their wishes prompt. Seated with the little group now children be still, for I am just going." of their adoption, you see one in a different garb. One replied, “Lay hold on Christ," if it is but They wish to receive her also, but are not able the hem of his garment-she answered "I have to defray the expense of her maintainance. Shall hold," and her redeemed spirit took its flight, we she remain and share with her companions the doubt not, to one of those mansions which the benefits of their care? or shall she return to- Saviour said was in his Father's house, prepared morrow to poverty, to neglect, perhaps to vice for all those who fear and love God, and keep and misery? Let the contribution boxes an- his commandments. "Blessed are the dead who swer." die in the Lord.".

And they did faithfully answer to the exhortation of the man of God. And the poor little child was adopted by those who will endeavour to do her good, both body and soul. During the exercises of the evening the following hymn was sung:

Oh! if to Afric's sable race

A fearful debt we justly owe,

If heaven's dread book record the trace
Of every deed and thought below-
And if for them the Christian prayer
Implores of God to guide and save,
Then let these helpless suppliants share
From mercy's store the mite they crave.
Touch deep for them the pitying breast,
Bid bounty's stream flow warm and free,
For who can tell, among the blest,

How sweet their harps of praise may be?
L. H. S.
Hartford May 27, 1833.

For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.


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"Of a truth, I perceive God is no respecter of persons; but in every nation he that feareth him and worketh righteousness is accepted with him." Acts x. 34, 35.

The writer of this brief memoir became ac



Q. Did the Jewish law forbid the runaway bond-servant to be delivered again to his master?

A. "Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee." Deut. xxiii. 15. "He shall dwell with thee, even among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates, where it liketh him best thou sholt not oppress him." Deut. xxiii. 15, 16.

Q. For what great crime, besides adolatry, were the Jews carried into captivity?

A. “The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully. THEREFORE have I poured out mine indignation upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath; their own way have I recompensed upon their heads, saith the Lord." Ezek. xxii. 29, 31.

"Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city." Zeph. iii. 1.

"Thus speaketh the Lord of Hosts, saying, execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassion every man to his brother: And op

Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.

press not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart. But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear. Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the Lord of Hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the Lord of Hosts. Therefore it is come to pars, that as he cried, and they would not hear, so they cried, and I would not hear, saith the Lord of Hosts: But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned; for they laid the pleasant land desolate." Zech. vii. 9-14.

Q. What is the heritage of oppressors?

A. "This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty. If his children be multiplied, it is for the sword; and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread. Those that remain of him shall be buried in death: and his widow shall not weep. Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay; he may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, and the innocent shall divide the silver. He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh. The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he openeth his eyes, and he is not. Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night. The east wind carrieth him and he departeth: and as a storm hurleth him out of his place. For God shall cast upon him, and not spare: he would fain flee out of his hand. Men shall clap their hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place." Job xxvii. 13, 23. "He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor." Psalm lxxii. 4. "The Lord executeth righteousness and judg. ment for all that are oppressed." Psalm ciii. 6. Q. Ought not the descendants of Ahab to have restored to the descendants of Naboth their vineyard?


Ye lifted up your gouden head
Too soon, from off its wintry bed,
When late the faithless sunshine shed
A saft, warm gleam;

Then left yc, ere your leaves could spread
Beneath its beam.

Sic is the hapless doom of those,
Round whom her chains stern slavery throws,
Wha, born to nought but wrongs and woes,
An' mony a tear,

Find storms and gloom around them close
In life's young year.

But o'er ye now the brightening sky
Is bending wi' a milder eye,
A safter breeze your buds will dry,
An' fan your bloom;
On them oppression's clouds still lie
In murky gloom.

Yet e'en for them a feeble light
Seems breaking o'er the horizon's night,
Distant and faint, yet palely bright,

Wi' hope's blest beam,

Telling that soon across their sight
"Twill brightly gleam.


JOSEPH H. BEAL has removed his store from

41 Fulton street, where he formerly kept, to 376 Pearl street, New York, where he intends to keep a general assortment of goods, the product of free labor; including Groceries, Dry Goods, Cotton Cloths, Shirting, and Paper made of linen rags, which he will sell, wholesale and retail, upon the best terms he can afford.

This establishment will probably be the most extensive of any of the kind in the United States; and the diligence, punctuality, and industry of the proprietor, who has engaged in the business from principle, will give satisfaction to all who have dealings with him. We hope this store will be extensively patronized.

Terms of Subscription


A. "Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.



took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered This work will henceforth be issued monthly, to him to keep, or the lost thing which he found." in the CITY OF WASHINGTON. It will be neatly Lev. vi. 4. And the New Testament says-printed on fine paper, and folded in the octavo "Therefore, if thou bring thy gift to the altar, form, each number making sixteen large pages. and there rememberest that thy brother hath A title page and index will accompany each ought against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift." Matt. v. 23, 24. If land should be restored, much more should the unoffending captive go free; for man is of more value than acres of land: he has that within him which is of more value than a thousand worlds.

For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.

An' so ye've sped your leaves at last!
I've aften pitied ye, when fast
The drivin' snaw has o'er ye past,
Puir bonnie thing!

Ye dared too soon the moody blast,

This damp, cauld spring.

The price of subscription will be ONE DOLLAR per annum, always to be paid in advance.

Subscribers who do not particularly specify the time they wish to receive the work, or notify the editor (through the medium of a post-master, or in some other way,) of a desire to discontinue it before the expiration of the current year, will be considered as engaged for the next succeeding one, and their bills will be forwarded accordingly. Any person remitting Five Dollars to the Editor, in current money of the United States, will be entitled to s x copies for one year.

All letters, communications, papers, &c. intended for this office, must be addressed, as usual, to BENJAMIN LUNDY, Washington, D. C.and forwarded free of expense.


"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."-Declaration of Independence. No. 12. VOL. III. THIRD SERIES.] OCTOBER, 1833.


The present number closes the thirteenth volume. There has been some delay in getting out two or three of the last numbers, the cause

of which when explained, will be sufficient, it is presumed, to satisfy all who are interested. The proprietor has been absent for about six months. He has been detained much longer from home than he expected, by circumstances over which he had no control. It will be seen by a letter on another page, that he had nearly fallen a martyr to his zeal in the cause of an injured people. The detention which his illness occasioned, left me in a state of uncertainty. No provision had been made for defraying the expense of the publication longer than three or four months; and very few remittances were made by subscribers. Under these circumstances I knew not how to act—no funds on hand—and “as for this Lundy," who had turned his back on Egyptian bondage, and led the way to the promised land of freedom, "we wot not what had become of him."

The information, however, recently received from him, enables us to determine upon our fu ture course. The paper will be continued as heretofore, upon the same plan—the same principles will be advocated, and the same doctrines promulgated. It will be issued regularly and punctually every month. The location, how. ever, will be changed from Washington, D. C. ́to Philadelphia. To give a little time to make the necessary arrangements, the first number of the next volume will be issued in the month of January, 1834. After which, subscribers may depend upon receiving their papers punctually

every month.

We think the reasons above assigned for the delay in sending out some of the late numbers will be deemed sufficient, and that our patrons will make due allowance for unavoidable contingencies.


A society has lately been organized in the city of New York, with the above title, of which Arthur Tappan is president, Elizur Wright, jr. corresponding secretary, and Charles W. Dennison, recording secretary. The meeting for forming the society was called at Clinton Hall, by public notice, in which those friendly to immediate emancipation were invited to attend. A tremendous excitement was got up by the inflammatory remarks of some of the New York editors, in which the views and objects of the


abolitionists were grossly misrepresented. The citizens, and especially "southern gentlemen," then in the city, were called upon to assemble at the time and place of meeting, to put down the abolitionists. In consequence of the excitement thus produced, they were not permitted to meet

at Clinton Hall. The abolitionists, however, met at another place, and transacted all their business peaceably, and adjourned without being molested. A mob collected at Clinton Hall, but not finding their prey, they were some time in finding out where the "FANATICS" were assembled. As soon as they discovered their place of meeting, they followed them more like maniacs than civilized men, uttering threats and denunciations as they went, against particular individuals whom they named. But they were again disappointed. The abolitionists had finished their business before they arrived.

These things happened" oh! tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askalon!" -these things happened in NEW YORK-a city adorned with numerous Christian churches, and where the society for educating ministers of the Christian religion annually assemble, and the site of all the principal benevolent associations of the day.

But do these practical heathens think to put down abolitionists by such means? No man

who deserves the name of a friend to universal

emancipation, will be deterred from performing his duty to his country and to his God, by the savage yells of an infuriated mob, or the silly ravings of unprincipled editors?—such means for putting them down will only stimulate them to renewed zeal in the righteous cause, and prove to all sober and discreet men, the necessity of rallying around the standard of freedom, and sustaining the principles set forth in the declaration of independence. The moral pollution of slavery has spread far and wide, and must be opposed by moral remedies, or a just God will call us to a terrible reckoning for our wicked


We have not room to say more at present, The subject will be resumed hereafter.


We have given part of the debate at a public meeting held in London, on the subject of Afri can colonization. As there has been a great deal of misrepresentation in some of our newspapers in regard to Garrison's remarks at that meeting, we have given his speech at length. Read

Fiat Justitia Ruat Celum.

it and judge for yourselves. We would be glad to republish the speech of O'Connel, on the same occasion, but cannot, at this time for want of room. The introduction of this debate, and the extracts we have made from the pamphlet of Elizur Wright, jr. on the "Sin of Slavery," have excluded our usual variety. But we intend to commence in earnest with the new year, and have made our arrangements for furnishing our readers with a faithful exposition of the state of the anti-slavery cause in our future numbers.


recruit my exhausted energies, worn by excessive fatigue and the wasting effects of cankering disease. Many a time I have been necessitated to sleep on the wet ground, in the open air, with no bedding but my thin cloak, while in this condition.

But time and paper would fail me to give thee an adequate idea of the difficult and dangerous vicissitudes through which I have passed. I am now at the former capital of Texas, in good health. The place is, in a direct line, about 400 miles west of the United States boundary; and (the way that I came) about 270 miles from the place at which I landed. From hence to the present seat of government of Coahuila and

A wide field is opened before us in which to labor. The enemies of human rights are vigi-Texas, the distance is not much under 300 lant and active. Every artifice which ingenuity can devise will be resorted to for the purpose of casting odium upon the friends of universal emancipation. Threats and denunciations will be fulminated against them. But no new thing has happened to us. Our lot is the lot of all the benefactors of the human race, from the Saviour to the least of his disciples. Their services have been rewarded by slander and persecution. But truth will eventually triumph over error and delusion. The light will yet shine out of darkness, and dispel the gloom that now prevails, and the thick darkness which now covers the land, in regard to the slavery of the African race.

The following letter from BENJAMIN LUNDY to the present editor of this paper, is the only account we have had from him for the last four months. It shows, in a forcible manner, his devotion to the cause in which he has been cngaged for eleven years, and the privations and sufferings he is willing to endure to promote it. St. Antonio de Bexar, (Texas,) 9th mo. 8th. 1833. Dear Friend-In the hope (and scarely even hoping it, either) that this may reach thee, I pen thee a few lines. It is the first opportunity that I could yet avail myself of since my embarkation at New Orleans.

miles. One hundred and sixty miles of the road passes through an uninhabited country. This part of the journey I cannot venture to perform alone; and have waited here more than two weeks for company. I expect to have some in a week or ten days, and then hope soon to know the result of my mission. The prospect before me is flattering; and I shall press on until I know fully what may be accomplished. The country quite answers my expectations—indeed far exceeds them in many particulars. How soon I shall now have it in my power to return home, it is impossible to say; but in all proba bility I shall be able to make much better speed when I get into the settled country beyond the Rio Grande. It is probable that I may return by way of Matamoras, and thence by sea.


A public meeting was held at Exeter Hall on Saturday, the 13th inst. for the purpose of exposing the real character and objects of the American Colonization Society, JAMES CROPPER, Esq. in the chair.

The chairman commenced the proceedings by stating that the object of the present meeting was, the exposition of the real character and design of the American Colonization Society, and Mr. Garrison, the representative of the New England Anti-Slavery Society, would address After a long and tedious passage, I reached the meeting, and furnish some information on Brazoria, in Austin's colony, in good health; but the subject. He (Mr. G.) was a man very highthere, as at Nashville, I found that awful scourge,ly recommended, and very highly esteemed by the cholera, raging violently, and was again immediately attacked by it myself. By the aid of Dr. Parrish's prescriptions, however, I held it in check, though I was sorely afflicted.

Many died while I was detained at Brazoria, which was several days, and more have since died, and fled. I understand, indeed, that the town is literally deserted by the inhabitants!|| The pestilence spared neither age, sex, nor condition-all were alike the objects of its fury, and undistinguishingly hurried to the grave! It was almost a miracle that I escaped. But although I got partially rid of it before I left that place, it attacked me several times since, and occasioned much suffering and detention. I travelled on foot and alone, often from ten to twenty-five miles, without a house, partly under the rays of a burning sun, and partly through drenching rains, with a knapsack weighing from twenty to twenty-five pounds; and it frequently compelled me to stop for a day or two, in order to

the respectable part of the community in his native country, and who had devoted his whole time to procuring the emancipation of the American slaves. It was probably well known that an agent of the American Colonization Society had been collecting money in this country under the assumed character, and with the expressed declaration that the great object of that society was the ultimate extinction of slavery in the United States, and the civilization of Africa.Notwithstanding that misrepresentation had been exposed, within a very short period a meeting had been held by Mr. Cresson, in which he (Mr. C.) had had the countenance of one of the blood royal; it therefore became necessary to adopt a more public means for, exposing the fallacy of that gentleman's statements. The American Colonization Society was avowedly established to colonize the free people of color in Africa, or any other place which congress might direct, and consequently the civilization of Africa was

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Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.

he (Mr. Garrison) had received from T. F. Buxton. It was as follows:


"Yours very faithfully,

"T. F. BUXTON." "54, Devonshire-street, July 12, 1833.

not the real object of the institution, neither was it the abolition of slavery. On the contrary, Mr. Randolph, in speaking at its first formation, said, "My dear Sir,-I must trouble you with a "So far from its being connected with the aboli- line to excuse my non-appearance at the meeting tion of slavery, it would be one of the greatest to-morrow. The fact is, critical as has been the securities to enable the master to keep in posses- state of our great question often before, perhaps sion his own property." Now, those who were never was it so critical as now. My mind is inacquainted with the nature of slavery, knew that tensely occupied, and every moment of my time it could only exist where men were scarce, and so full, that I should be sacrificing my duty to where land was plentiful. As the population of this paramount object if I allowed any thing any country multiplied, it would be utterly im- || else, however pressing and interesting, to divert possible to continue slavery. It was not neces- me from it at this the crisis of its fate. But you sary for him (Mr. C.) to state that in this coun- know my complete unity in the objects of your try, even if the law would allow it, slavery could meeting, to which I most cordially wish all sucnot exist. Many parishes in England were pay- cess. My views of the Colonization Society you ing considerable sums to send away the popula- are aware of. They do not fall far short of those tion. Now, if the people were not of saleable va- expressed by my friend Mr. Cropper, when he lue, but on the contrary, the country would give termed its objects diabolical. Nor will you sums of money to get quit of them, slavery could doubt my concurrence in the efforts of the New not exist in such a community as that. An in- England Anti-Slavery Society, or any Anticrease of population, or of any article of con- Slavery in the world. sumption, lessened its value, and an increase of 'Wishing you therefore, all success, and enslaves would lessen their value till they were treating you to tell your countrymen, on your worth nothing whatever. It was in the contem-return, that we in England are all for the Antiplation of that state of things that the slavehold- || Slavery, not for the Colonization people, I am, ers were alarmed. They saw the increase of the | my dear sir, with real esteem, American slave population-they saw that in South America that circumstance was producing the natural effect which the beneficent Creator intended it should; namely, the bringing of Mr. GARRISON then rose and said, that he had slavery to its natural death. It was to prevent long since sacrificed all his national, comthe fulfilment of that beneficent ordination of plexional, and local prejudices, upon the altar of Providence that the American Colonization So-Christian love, and breaking down the narrow ciety was formed; to use the language of its distinguished supporters, " it opened a drain to take off the excess beyond the means of profitable employment." What could that expression mean? It was quite true that the slave owners could not find a profitable employment for the slaves, but it was equally true that if they were increased a hundred fold, and their freedom were granted them, they would find profitable employment for themselves. It was known to most present that the laws against emancipation, the laws against every sort of instruction and improvement of the slave population, were far nore severe in the United States of America han in any other country whatever; and what steps had the Colonization Society taken in reference to that subject? None, none whatever! In Louisiana the punishment of death was annexed to any attempt to instruct or improve the slave population (hear, hear.) Was emancipation the ultimate object which the Society looked for? What was the effect which it had already produced? In the year 1790 there were 59,000 free blacks in America, and emancipation || was then going on with considerable rapidity, so that in 1810 they had increased to 186,000, and had they gone on in the same proportion for twenty years longer, they ought to have amounted to 584,000, but when the census of 1830 was made up, the number was only 319,000; so that, owing to some change of feeling in America, 265,000 were now left in slavery who would otherwise have been set free. The society had done every thing in its power to strengthen the prejudice entertained against the free colored population, (hear, hear.)

Mr. Thompson then introduced to the meeting Mr. W. L. Garrison, as the accredited agent of the New England Anti-Slavery Society.

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The chairman begged to read a letter, which ||


boundaries of a selfish patriotism, he had in-
scribed upon his banner this motto: "My coun-
try is the world-my countrymen are all man-
kind." (Applause.) It was true, in a geogra-
phical sense, he was in a foreign territory; still
it was a part of his country. He was in the
midst of strangers, but still surrounded by his
countrymen. (Applause.) There must be limits
to civil governments and national domains.-
There must be names to distinguish the natural
divisions of the earth, and the dwellers thereon.
There must be varieties in the form, color, sta-
ture, and condition of mankind. All these might
exist, not only without injury, but with the high-
est advantage. But whenever they were made
the boundaries of human disinterestedness, ho-
friendship, and love, they were as execrable
and destructive, as, otherwise, they were beauti·
ful and preservative. No where, he was sure,
would a more united response be given to these
sentiments, than in that hall, and by those who
were assembled on that occasion. (Hear.) What
exclamation had they put into the mouth of the
African captive, kneeling in his chains with his
face turned imploringly heavenward? It was
this-the most just, the most thrilling, the most
irresistible—“ Am I not a man and a brother?"
(Cheers.) Yes! though black as murky night,
though born on a distant shore, though degraded
and enslaved, though ranked among the beasts
of the field-still, "a man and a brother!"
(Cheers.) Noblest device of humanity! Wher-
ever, in all time, a human being pined in per-
sonal thraldom, the tones of that talismanic ap-
peal uttered by him would be borne very swiftly
by the winds of heaven over the whole earth,
able, the good, for his deliverance; for the
and stir up the humane, the brave, the honor-
strife of freedom was no longer local, but
blows were now struck for the redemption of
the world'. (App'ause.) And glorious was,

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