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Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.
Art. 2d. The election shall be by ballot; and no officer can be elected without a majority of. all the votes given.
Art. 3d. It shall be the duty of the President to open and preside at all meetings of the Association, preserve order, propose all motions properly made and seconded, sign all orders upon the treasurer and such proceedings as are considered necessary, and give the casting vote in case of a tie.
Art. 4th. The Vice President shall preside in the absence of the President.
Art. 5th. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to keep correct minutes of the proceedings of the Association, sign all orders drawn upon the Treasurer and s ich proccedings as are deemed requisite, and file such papers as it may be necessary to preserve.
Art. 6th. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer, to collect and hold the funds of the Association, pay all orders signed by the President and Secretary, and render annually to the Association an account of her receipts and expenditures, and the state of the funds.
Association such papers as may be placed in box, and file such as the meeting may direct. Art. 10th. The duty of the Purchasing Committee shall be, to procure suitable books, &c. for the Association, and present their bills, properly signed, to the Treasurer for payment.
To many a splendid scene, and deed of fame.
Which hides the FUTURE from man's seeking eye?
No voice of heaven, nor earth, reveals the names
Of thousands, entering now the shades of death,
Washington, Dec. 25, 1832.
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.
Art. 7th. The Agent shall be authorized to subscribe for and receive such periodicals, &c. as the Association may direct, see that they he carefully filed for preservation, and draw upon It has been well and beautifully said the Treasurer to defray the expenses thereof. Art. 8th. The Librarian shall have charge of that there is no medicine for a wounded all books belonging to the Association, and af-heart, like the sweet influences of NaThe broad, still, beautiful expan-* ter each meeting, take care that they be placed ture. in the library, sion of a summer landscape-the stealArt. 9th. It shall be the duty of the Commit-ing in of the sunlight by glimpses among tee of Examination, to inspect and read to the the trees-the unexpected meeting with a favorite blossom, half hidden among the luxuriant verdure the sudden starting of a wild bird, almost from beneath your feet-the play of light and shade upon the surface of the gliding brook, and the ceaseless, glad, musical ripple of its waters-the gushing melody poured from a thousand throats, or the rapid and solitary warble, breaking out suddenly on the stillness, and withdrawn again almost as soon as heard-the soft, hymn-like murmer of the honey bees-and above all, the majesty of the blue, clear, bending sky!--from all these steals forth a spirit of calm enjoyment, that mingles silently with the darker thoughts of the heart, and removes their bitterness.
Article 1st. All applicants for membership shall be ballotted for, and those elected, who shall have a majority of the votes of the members present.
Art. 2d. The annual subscription shall be $1 50; to be paid at once, or in different payments, as the Association may deem expedient. Art. 3d. The stated meetings of the Association, for transacting business, shall be held on the last Tuesday in every month.-Those devo
ted to reading and recitation, shall be held
once in every week.
Art. 4th. No alterations or amendments shall be made to this Constitution, unless they be proposed at stated meetings, and receive the votes of two thirds of the members present at the succeeding one.
For the Genius of Universal-Emancipation.
Where is the PAST? With HIM who mark'd
Poor child of toil!
"If thou art worn and hard beset, With sorrows that though would'st forgetIf thou would'st read a lesson that will keep The heart from fainting, and the soul from sleep, Go to the woods and hills!-no tears Dim the sweet look that Nature wears." Yet there are moods of the soul, that even the ministering tenderness of nature cannot brighten. There are sorrows which she cannot soothe, and, too often,
Poor weary, weeping slave!-in patience wait-alas! darker passions, which all her sweet The Almighty God watcheth thy sighs-thy wrongs!
Another year begins its course sublime. Man's heart beats high with hope; & earthly bliss, And proud ambition, urge their vot'ries on
and balmy influences cannot hush into tranquillity. When the human heart is foul with avarice, and the unblest impulses of tyranny, the eloquence of her
Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum,
With a convulsive effort for
meek beauty is breathed in vain. The his cheek. most sublime and lovely scenes of nature the mastery, he subdued the workings have been made the theatre of wrong and of his features, and with a seemingly violence; and the stony heart of the op-am voice and countenance, approached pressor, though surrounded by the board his children. One by one he folded them evidences of omnipotent love, ha persist in his arms, and breathing over them a ed, unrelenting, in the selfishness ts prayer and a blessing, gave them up forown device. ever. Then once more he strove to nerve his heart for its severest trial.— There was one more parting ;—one more sad embrace to be given and returned.There stood the mother of his childrenhis own fond and gentle wife, who had been for so many years his heart's dearest blessing; and who, ere one short hour had passed, was to be to him as if the sea had swallowed her up in its waves, or the dark gloomy earth had hidden her beneath its bosom ! A thousand recollections and agonizing feelings came rush. ing at once upon his heart, and he stood gazing on her, seemingly bewildered and stupified, motionless as a statue, and with features to which the very intensity of his passion gave the immobility of marble; till suddenly flinging up his arms with a wild cry, he dropped at once senseless to the earth, with the blood gushing in torrents from his mouth and nostrils. And the miserable wife, amid the shricks of her despair, was hurried on board the vessel, and borne away from him, over the calm, sleeping, and beautiful sea, forever.*
There was all the gloriousness of summer beauty round the little bay, in whose sleeping waters rested a small vessel, almost freighted for her departure. A few human beings, only, were to be added to her cargo, and as her spiry masts caught the first rays of the beaming sunlight, the frequent hoarse and brief command, and|| the ready response of the seamen, told that they were about to weigh anchor and || depart. Among those who approached the shore, was a household group, a mother and her babes, the price of whose limbs lay heaped in the coffers of one who called himself a christian, and who were now about to be torn from the husband and the father forever. It was a christian land; and perchance, if the bustle of the departing vessel had not drowned its murmer, the voice of praise and prayer to the merciful and just God, might have been dimly heard floating off upon the still waters. But there was no one to save those unhappy beings from the grasp of unrighteous tyranny. The husband had been upon the beach since day-break, pacing the sands with a troubled step, or lying in moody anguish by the waters edge, covering his face from the breaking in of the glorious sunlight, and pleading at times with the omnipotent God, whom, slave as he was, he had learned to worship, for strength to subdue the passionate grief and indignation of his heart, and for humility patiently to ndure his many wrongs.
A little fond arm was twined about his neck, and the soft lip of a young child, was breathing loving, but half sorrowful kisses all over bis burning forehead.
Father! dear father! we are going! will you not come with us? look where my mother and my sisters and brothers are waiting for you.
With a shuddering and convulsive groan the unhappy man arose, and lifted the frighted child to his bosom.
Will you not go with us, father? repeated the boy, but the slave made him no answer, except by straining him to his bosom with a short bitter laugh, and imprinting one of his sobbing kisses upon
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation
No, no, pretty sugar plumbs! stay where you are!
You look very nice, you would taste very sweet,
To make you so sweet, and so nice for my mouth.
Round the cane in whose rich juice your sweet-
And I'm sure I want nobody beaten for me.
Thus said little Fanny, and skipped off to play, Leaving all her nice sugarplumbs just where they lay,
As merry as if they had gone in her mouth, And she had not cared for the slaves of the south.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.
God's works are very beautiful! The sky,
Of waters, flashing 'neath the sun's warm eye;
Of his poor victim brother! Wretched slave! Earth's fairest spot for thee, too often, is the grave.
From the Genius of Temperance.
E. M. C.
SLAVERY.-The subject of slavery begins to receive a share of the attention its great importance demands. There is evidently a waking up--an engagedness of feeling, which will grow more and more intense, until it may be said of our own country, as it has been of Englandr as soon as the slave touches it, his chains fall off."
Slavery has been allowed too long already. Its evils are constantly accumu lating-and the rod of Justice has been suspended over us long and fearfully.It is time to look to to it, and press the importance of "letting the oppressed go free." It is time the subject was agitated in every circle-in every paper-in every pulpit. The press should speak out--and do it now. We have not the power to control the slave-holding states through the medium of the ballot boxes; but we may demand, in the name of immutable justice, and in the name of humanity, that slavery be forever abolished. Nay, more. We may petition to have the foul stain wiped away, so far as our general government stands chargeable with it. The District of Columbia may be purged from its abominations--and should be at once; and the buildings and prison-houses of the United States be no longer used as a means of oppression--as depositaries of those whose only crime is a colored skin--as helps and securities for the man-stealer.
Let the people awake! Let those who can feel for their own rights and privileges---those who delight to dwell on the beauty and excellence of our government, and our free institutions--sympathize with the slave, and arouse to the important work of emancipation! To delay, is to sleep over injustice-to trifle over human suffering!
FOR PUBLISHING A MONTHLY PERIODICAL, AS THE ORGAN OF THE NEW ENGLAND ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY, ENTITLED THE ABOLITIONIST. Two millions of the American people, with one sixth part of the children born in the United States, are by the existing order of things, the subjects of a cruel and degrading despotTheir cries have ascended to heaven for a redress of their wrongs, and the Father of mercies has heard their prayer, and commissioned many of his servants to plead their cause. As the friends of the colored people, and the advocates of their rights and welfare, the New England Anti-Slavery Society proposes to issue a monthly publication of 24 pages, royal octavo, to be called the ABOLITIONIST. It will be exclusively devoted to subjects connected with the rights and happiness of the colored people, and will contain the most important intelligence, both foreign and domestic on these subjects. Its design will he to present to the community, the true character of Slavery and the American Slave Trade, to urge upon Patriots, Philanthropists, and Christians, the obligations they are under to their country, their fellow men, and their God, to break off every yoke and set the oppressed
The Abolitionist will be published in Boston, under the direction of the Board of Managers of the New England Anti-Slavery Society, on good paper and handsome type, and ornamented with a beautiful copperplate frontispiece, making an annual volume of 288 pages, for the year. The work will be forwarded to subscribers at $1 00 per annum, payable on delivery of the first number, which it is proposed to issue on the first of January, 1833.
which an Index will be furnished at the end of
Letters and communications (POST PAID) may be directed in the following manner:-To the Corresponding Secretary of the New England Anti-Slavery Society, Boston, Mass.
GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION. VOL. XIII.
This work will henceforth be issued monthly, It will b in the CITY OF WASHINGTON. neatly printed, on fine paper, and folded in the octavo form, each number making sixteen large pages. A title page, and index, will accompany each volume.
The price of subscription will be ONE DOLLAR per annum, always to be paid in advance. Subscribers who do not particularly specify the time they wish to receive the work, or notify the editor (through the medium of a postmaster, or in some other way,) of a desire to discontinue it before the expiration of the current succeeding one, and their bills will be forwardyear, will be considered as engaged for the next ed accordingly.
Any person, remitting Five Dollars to the Editor, in current money of the United States, will be entitled to Six Copies, for one year,
All letters, communications, papers, &c., intended for this office, must be addressed, as usual, to BENJAMIN LUNDY, Washington, D. C. and forwarded free of expence.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY BENJAMIN LUNDY, WASHINGTON, D.C. AT $1 PER ANNUM. "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happinss."-Declaration of Independence.
No. 3. VOL. III. THIRD SERIES.] JANUARY, 1833. [WHOLE NUMBER 279. Vol. XIII.
The Editor of the Genius of Universal Eman
eipation requests the proprietors of periodicals, with whom he exchanges, to direct, hereafter, to Washington, D. C. The office is now removed from Baltimore, located in this place.
ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT
That they are among the citizens of our common country, who from an early period have deprecated the existence of slavery therein. We believe the system to have originated in the violation of the fundamental principles of the Christian Religion, and that it equally militates with the well being of individuals, of communities, and nations.
We rejoice to witness the extension of just views on this subject throughout the civilized world, and that the amelioration of the condition of man, and his advancement in the scale of intellectual and accountable beings, is among the duties the performance of which is expected of every Government claiming an enlightened character.
We are not insensible to the supposed delica cy of the subject to which we refer, and the extreme sensibility of many of our fellow-citizens in relation to it. We hope our views will not be mistaken. Whilst we deem the existence of Slavery an evil of the greatest magnitude, we will not indulge the thought that it is an evil peculiarly chargeable upon our fellow-citizens amongst whom it more immediately exists, or that by them it is willingly entailed, with all its increasing power, upon our country. On the contrary, we are conscious that they, who have its evils daily before thein, cannot be insensible to their consequences, and that with them indeed must originate any suc cessful attempt to seek a remedy.
Petitions, urging this very important measure, have been placed in the hands of several delegates to Congress, within the present month. A distinguished member of the House of Representatives, from Pennsylvania, has presented the one from this District, which was signed by many of our most respectable citizens. One from Tennessee has also been presented. What will be done upon this subject is not yet known. That much will be effected, just now, can hardly be anticipated. Yet the friends of the cause should not, for a moment cease their importunities. The idea that the citizens of the several States have "no right to méddle with the matter," is fallacious in the extreme. To whom does the representative feel himself amenable, but to the power that elevated him to the station which he occupies? and We are aware of the many difficulties which must present themselves in the way of emanciseeing we have no votes to offer him, what cares. pation, but we would banish the thought that he for our wishes? Let us look at human nabecause the evil is so extensive and difficult of ture as it is. Were it proper to use the com- remedy, or because much time and patient perseverance will be required in applying that parison, we would say, the representative stands remedy, which if prudently administered, must in much the same relation to his constituents, be slow in its operation, that therefore the Phithat man does to his Maker. In either case, helanthropist and Statesman may turn from it in obeys the sovereign power, if he sin not! We repeat, what can we expect from our law-makers, if those from whom they derive their authority raise not their voice in our favor?
About eleven months since, while the editor of this work was absent, the following memorial was forwarded by an esteemed friend from New Bedford, Massachusetts. It was accompanied by a recommendatory circular letter, signed by William Roteh, J. Ricketson, S. Merihew, Abraham Shearman, James Arnold, and Samuel Rodman, Jr. men of the first standing in that section of country. The memorial is well written; and as it is equally well adapted to the present period, as when first issued, we here present it to our readers.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of
We believe that Slavery justly deserves the character of a national evil, and calls for national as well as individual efforts, for its removal.
The time having already arrived when the citizens of the District of Columbia, as well for their own benefit as for the honor and consistency of our Government, ask of you to take measures to eradicate the growing evil in that District,- -we therefore especially pray, that your honorable body will consider and give due weight to the Memorial of those citizens, and that in your wisdom you will use and apply all practicable measures whereby an evil so inconsistent with the benign influence of Christianity, and with every characteristic of a free government, shall at least be banished from the seat of Government of these United States.
STRIKING AT THE ROOT.
Some of the northern editors, of late, have undertaken to 'put the saddle on the right horse." They insist that the Anti-Tariff mania, the doctrines of nullification, &c. &c. are the
Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.
spontaneous productions of the hot bed of SLAVERY. When the smoke of the late party strife shall be faintly cleared away, it will be found that that was the fiery crater, from which the most of it arose.
We shall, however, keep our subject now. readers advised, from time to time, of future proceedings among the political authorities, &c. of that interesting country.
Owing to the length of the extract from Burnett's letter, describing a portion of the State of Caahuila and Texas, inserted in this number of the Genius, together with the press of other important matters, we again omit our remarks on Mexican Colonization, alluded to We have some interestin last month's paper.
True to his purpose, as a genuine advocate of slavery, the editor of the United States Telegraph," in this city, first takes up the cudgels to defend the slavite party from this new mode of attack. He avers that, the moment party lines are drawn, upon this principle, the Union is dissolved. For once we give credence to his clerical sagacity—he is a "true prophet."-Yeting items, relating to this particular subject, he would have been entitled to more credit, if which will be laid before our readers very soon. his prediction had been uttered before it was in the course of fulfilment! Those "party lines" have long been drawn; and the "Union" is upon the very eve of dissolution! If the slavite MINORITY cannot longer RULE, they are ripe for REBELLION AND SECESSION; and we might, consistently, add: RIPE FOR THEIR OWN DESTRUCTION!! We advise them to beware how they further irritate the Lion of Justice He is beginning to SHAKE HIS MANE?"
POLITICAL AFFAIRS IN MEXICO.
LETTER FROM CHARLES STEWART. The following letter was received at the office of the Genius of Universal Emancipation, about a year since, in the absence of the editor. We are greatly mortified at the circumstance of not being able to attend to it sooner. The former article which is referred to in this communication, was reviewed in our last February number.— The sentiments of the editor of this work, relative to African Colonization, have been two often expressed, to be misunderstood. Many of the members of the A. C. Society are genuine philanthropists at heart Some of them are blind
The accounts from this country, by the last ar-ed and deceived, as other reformers have been, rivals, are of the most cheering nature. It is now believed that all the differences, relating to political matters, are either settled, or in a proper train of adjustment.
by the God of popularity; but, like Sharp and Clarkson, and Wilberforce, and Brougham, and Buxton, and a host of other reformers, in England, they will ere long, open their eyes to the true state of things, if the humble and the honest persevere in their labors.
LONDON, 30th July, 1831. To the Editor of the Genius of Universal Emancipation.
It is stated that the chiefs of the contending parties have wholly abandoned hostile operations, and agreed that former disputes shall be "covered with the mantle of the nation"-that is, all commotion is hushed; no previous laws SIR-The question of the American Coloniare abrogated; no one to be executed for rezation Society, having been lately presented to bellion; nor yet are charges of high crime or my attention in this city, I have felt it my duty misdemeanor to be further pressed against those to publish the letter lately transmitted to you; who lately exercised the supreme authority. and I wish you to use it, as you may please, in But, at the same time, an arrangement is made, the righteous cause of "Universal Emancipation." by which Gen. Pedraza, of whom we made When I view the American Colonization Somention in our last, is to exercise the functions || ciety, under its aspect of a benignant effort, to of President of the Republic, until the expira- || add a new point, to the points previously existtion of the present Constitutional term; and then a new election will of course take place. It will be held in the ensuing spring.
Santa Anna is said to have retired to his farm, and resigned all authority into the hands of the civil officers. If this be true, it is the second time that he has acted the part of a Cincinnatus. One account states that he will probably be called to the Presidency, by the votes of the people. He may yet prove himself a second Washingtor.
The turn of affairs, as above mentioned, renders it unnecessary for us to dwell upon this
ing on the shores of Africa, whence genuine Christianity and civilization might radiate through that most wronged and bleeding land, I admire and love it; nor could I commend it, with its sister efforts, the blessed missionary gems of modern times, too highly. In this aspect, it is the handmaid of Emancipation-the friend of man-the servant of God!
But it has another and a totally different aspect. It looks abroad over its own country, and it finds a mass of its brethren, whom God has been pleased to clothe with a darker skin. It finds one portion of these, free-another enslaved! It finds a cruel prejudice, as dark and false as sin can make it, reigning with a most tyranous sway, against both. It finds this prejudice respecting the free, declaring without a blush :