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discovers it. The influence of the “ Enquirer” is powerful in Virginia; and if it proves faithful to the cause of Emancipation, its aid will be highly valuable and efficient. In a late number of this paper, we find the following appropriate and significant caution to the Nullifiers of South Carolina.

Whether those mad

caps will listen to the admonition, remains to be seen.

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those who can follow it up and bear it
through to its consummation. It shall
have all my prayers, and these are the only
weapons of an old man. But in the
meantime, are you right in abandoning
this property, and your country with it?
I think not. My opinion has ever been
that, until more can be done for them,
we should endeavour, with those whom
fortune has thrown on our hands, to feed
and clothe them well, protect them from
ill usage, require such reasonable labor
only as is performed voluntarily by free-
men, and be led by no repugnancies to
abdicate them, and our duties to them.
The laws do not permit us to turn them
loose, if that were for their good; and to
commute them for other property, is to
commit them to those whose usage of
them we cannot control. I hope then,
my dear sir, you will reconcile yourself
to your country and its unfortunate con-
dition; that you will not lessen its stock
of sound disposition by withdrawing
your portion from the mass; that, on the
contrary, you will come forward in the
public councils, insinuate and inculcate
it, softly but steadily, through the me-
dium of writing and conversation, asso-
ciate others in your labors, and when the
phalanx is formed, bring on and press
the proposition perseveringly, until its
accomplishment. IT IS AN ENCOURAGING||bours.—Greensboro', (N. C.) Patriot,

Quick Time!-It seems that the Legislature of South Carolina is to call the Convention during the last week-that the members of the Convention are to be elected on the 12th and 13th November-the Convention to meet on the 19th, and the Legislature to meet again on

the 26th, to consummate Nullification. Thus
"the issue with the General Government" is to



be made up, as the Governor says, before the meeting of Congress"-This is quick work for carrying through such an extreme measure, by the agency of a single State out of 24, and where the population of that single State is so much divided-as the last elections prove, in the ratio 25,913 to 17,159--not quite 9,000 majority! Is there not need of a little more delib eration, in such a great emergency?"

GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.We have received the prospectus of the thirteenth volume of this work, which we shall take the earliest opportunity of laying before our readers. It gives us much pleasure to learn that, after a tour through the S. W. States, Texas, &c. Mr. Lundy returns to his labors as editor of almost the only fearless press in the fidence in his prospect of ultimate success.— May heaven smile upon his indefatigable la

United States, with renewed and increased con

Thankee, for the compliment, friend Swaim. Not quite so fast, however, in giving undue praise. A couple of "chaps" the one, a North We have proof of this in the his- Carolinian, the other a "Yankee,” (can'st tory of the endeavors of the British par- guess who they were?) performed, each, a brief liament to suppress that very trade, which apprenticeship with me, at different periods, a brought this evil on us; and you will be few years since, in this business of directing a supported by the religious precept 'be 'fearless Press." They were fine lads. Stripnot wearied in well doing.' That your lings, as they were, they had clear heads, stout success may be as speedy and complete, hearts, and brawney arms. In assisting to wield as it will be of honorable and immortal the mental lever, particularly of that appropriate consolation to yourself, I shall as fervent-machine for tyrant scourging, their fears seldom ly and sincerely pray, as I assure you of my great friendship and respect.


"RICHMOND ENQUIRER, "vs. NULLIFICATION. The time was, when the editor of the "Rich

mond Enquirer" could brand as "fanatics"


appeared to disturb them. These philanthropic ex-
"apprentices" of mine are now full grown men.
Each stands at the helm-editorial of a "fearless"
Press of his own. And they are severally en-
titled to great praise, for the abilities with which
they perform the duties of the station. It is to
be hoped that they will hold on to both the men-
tal and mechanical “levers” of that potent en-
gine, until the crimsoned escutcheon of their
native country's fame shall rival the whiteness
of the editorial quill, and the gorgon monster
of Despotism shall be "pressed” to the dust!
A list of anti-slavery periodicals is omit-

every one that lifted up his voice in favor of the
abolition of slavery. Latterly, the course of
this gentleman has been quite different. He has
even publicly advocated the same thing which
he so unceremoniously condemned when pro-
posed by others. For this he is entitled to great
credit; as it reflects the highest honor upon a
man, to retract an important error, when heted for want of room.

Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.


To bind the chains that round both limb and spirit clung.

Then shall their children learn to speak thy


With the full heart of gratitude, and know What thou hast done for them; and while they frame

That history for their infants' ears, may grow, Perchance in their own hearts the likeness strong,

Of thy bright virtues; so thou still shalt be Even in thy sepulchre their friend and long Shall those who love mankind remember thee, Thou noble friend of those who pined in slavery.

From the Memoir of John Frederic Oberlin. "No sooner did they," (himself and wife) learn that there were pious Christians who left their country on this errand, || (the sending forth messengers to the wretched slaves,) than by common consent, they parted with all their plate, to contribute the proceeds of the sale to so noble an undertaking, regretting that they were not able to send more. His imagination having been powerfully impressed with the description of the unhappy condition of the negro slaves employed in the cultivation of sugar and coffee, Oberlin resolved never again to taste either; and he adhered to this resolution, although he had great difficulty in bringing his stomach, accustomed to the use of these articles from infancy, to sub-contrary, we lie under an invincible necessity mit to these privations."

-For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.

Friend of the Afric! friend of the oppressed!
Thou who wer't cradled in a far off clime,
Where bigotry and tyranny unblest,

With gory hands defaced the page of time;
Wer't thou forth-driven by their stern control,
An infant fugitive, across the deep,
To teach in after years thy pitying soul,

Oe'r all the Afric's causeless wrongs to weep, Where slavery's bitter tears the flag of freedom steep?

And thou did'st nobly plead for them; thy heart,
Thrilling to all the holy sympathies,
Of natural brotherhood, wept, to see the mart

Of commerce, with its human merchandize
So crowded and polluted;—and thy_voice
With the clear trumpet-tones of God's own

Rang through the guilty crowd, until no choice

Was left them but to tremble as they heard, Or bind with treble steel the feelings thou hadst


The ears of princes heard thee; and the wise,
Touched by the mastery of thy earnestness,
Bade their trained spirits for a while to rise
From their profound research, and learn to

Thy generous efforts, and with kindred zeal,
Led on by thee in duty's path to move;
And kindled by thy sacred ardour, feel,

Like thee, that overflowing gush of love,
That lifts man's selfish heart, all narrow thoughts


The fetters of the slave are still unbroken,

But there will come, perchance ere long, a
When by their lips who wronged him shall be

The fiat of his freedom;-and the ray
Of intellectual light shall radiance pour,
On minds o'er which the gloom of darkness

In treble folds impervious before,

By tyrant hands around them rudely flung,

E. M. C.

For the Genius of Universal Emancipation. The following lines were suggested by a paragraph from a southern newspaper, couched

in these words:

"Necessity, it has been argued, imperiously dictates abolition and deportation. On the

to keep them here, and to hold them in subjec-
tion; a necessity imposed upon us by Providence.
For I firmly believe it was a dispensation of
Providence which sent them hither; it is a dis-
pensation of Providence that here they shall
remain; and Providence in its own good time,
will dispose of them and us according to its

Oh blasphemy! to charge the Holy God
With man's iniquity! What! hath He laid
Upon the creatures whom his potent arm
Hath fashioned for his glory, the stern need
Of disobedience to his own commands?
of mocking him, insulting him,

And with an unabashed, rebellious brow,
The vile man-stealer on his murderous way,
Dividing his known will? Hath he sent forth
Bidding him drench with blood the ravaged

Light up for midnight torches, peaceful huts,
And when the shrieking habitants rush forth,
Fling back the aged, and the helpless babe
Into the flames, and hewing to the earth
All who may dare to struggle for their lives,
Bear off the residue to sell for gold?
For Christians' gold! Hath he commanded this?
Hath he commanded man to persecute
And wrong his brother, lacerate his flesh
With the inhuman scourge, and chain his mind
Forever in its darkness? No! 'Twas man's
Insatiate graspings after wealth, his vile
Ungoverned avarice, his selfishness,

And flinty hearted luxury, that wrenched his

From the Christian Reformer, for December, 1830. OUTLINES OF A PLAN FOR THE ABOLITION OF NEGRO SLAVERY.

I am for a total abolition of slavery in welfare of the slave will allow. our colonies, at the earliest period the

We can make pecuniary compensation for pecuniary injury received by this measure, should any accrue from it, and as a nation we are bound to do it, if not by the strict claims of justice, (though it

Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.

5. Education for freedom. (There is reason to fear that in many cases oral instruction is all the young slaves receive.)

appears to me that we are,) yet by a wise and equitable policy. But we have no right, with a view to protection from such pecuniary injury, to protract the system of slavery. The slave has a right to 6. The complete liberty of all now freedom; and it ought not to be withheld under seven years of age, when they atfrom any one, except so far as is neces-tain the age of twenty-one. sary for the welfare of the slave population generally.

The abolition of slavery is required|| for the welfare of the planter himself.I shall never forget the noble earnestness with which a planter, (who has resided much in the West Indies,) lately said to me, "The slave system of our colonies is baneful to master as well as to slave." Many of similar sentiments, and of like earnestness with himself, that the slave system should be terminated, will be found among his fellow planters.

But, in the general order of divine Providence, the greatest evils are most commonly eradicated by degrees; and I believe that the past evils of the slave system would be fearfully augmented by an immediate general emancipation. Nevertheless, with the great bulk of my countrymen, I shall rejoice, most thankfully, when the decree of man has gone forth, by which the complete annihilation of that system will be made part of the law of the land; to be carried into full effect as soon as the welfare of the slave population will permit.

7. All henceforth born in marriage, (or whose parents will maintain them) to be free from their birth: but their education made an essential condition for their freedom.

8. Provision for the aged and infirm. Such requirements faithfully carried into effect, would probably bring about the annihilation of the slave system, as speedily as the well-being of the slave population in general would allow.


The following is extracted from an article which appeared in a paper, published, at Edgefield, S. C. (the residence of the Hon. George M'Duffie,) in the month of January last. To use a hackneyed phrase, this is "going the whole hog," decidedly. The man should have credit, at least, for his candor ! Yet a more corrupt creature, perhaps, never existed. How dare he lisp the terms, "Christians and Patri|| ots?"

"Certain measures, for the removal of this class of population [the free colored people] beyond her limits, are now under discussion in the Legislature With a view to the effectual accom- of Virginia; and in the speeches of some plishment of this work of wisdom, jus- of the members, and even in the editotice, and benevolence, some things will, Irial columns of the Richmond Enquirer, hope, be speedily required by the law of and Lynchburgh Jeffersonian, the necesGreat Britain, and made the law of our sity is strongly urged of making prompt colonies, as a condition of the continu-provision for the gradual abolition of ance of protecting duties of their pro-slavery within the State. The recomduce. If so sanctioned, and faithfully and promptly carried into effect by the resident planters, the emancipation of the slaves will be going on with accelerating rapidity, without evil to any.

mendation of this new system of policy, so contrary to the true interests of that State and of all the Southern States, springs either from the feverish alarm which has been occasioned by the Southampton massacre, or from very unsound views of policy and morality. Slave-hold

1. The devotement of one working day every week absolutely to the slave; that he may have the sabbath for rest anders must be vigilant and alert, if they religion; together with the encouragement of all practicable means of religious improvement.

would preserve their peculiar property. We think, there is too much disposition even among ourselves to blink this 2. The maintenance inviolate of do- question of slavery, and that our advermestic ties, both conjugal and parental.saries acquire strength from our squeam. 3. The legal right of the slave to pur-ishness or our fears. If we have a right chase single days, at a fixed moderate to our slaves, and are determined to main price. tain it, let us say so like men. Northern philanthropists openly denounce slavery as inconsistent with the rights of man and the political institutions of the

4. The full reception of slave evidence, where the obligation of an oath is understood.


Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.

country, and some Southern masters seem to cower under this denunciation, and in apologetical whine they admit that slavery is an evil, but insist that it was entailed upon us without our consent, and that it is ineradicable without producing greater evils. This is not the manner or the spirit in which the question should be met. We should say boldly, as we may say with perfect truth, that slavery, so far from being an evil, is one of the most useful of our civil institutions


GOD-that it has existed in all ages, and rarely if ever in a shape more benignant to the subjects of it than it now assumes in the Southern States-that without it,


there could be no successful prosecution of agriculture in the maratime portion of the Southern country, and the culture of tobacco, rice, cotton and sugar must be abandoned as unprofitable-that it duces the happiest influence upon the intelligence, the spirit of liberty, and the morals of the white population-and finally, that it is exclusively a matter for the municipal regulation of the respective States, in which no interference of the General Government will be permitted.For ourselves we have neither scruple nor apprehension on this subject, and we are prepared to maintain these opinions in any way that becomes Christians and Patriots.”


"Narrative of the Life of Thomas Cooper, p.p. J. T. Hopper, 386, Pearl street, New York-an interesting little pamphlet, with engravings.

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'Essay on Moral and Religious Education in Domestic Life: By the author of Resignation, &c." This is a valuable work, from the pen of a distinguished female writer, of the City of Washington. It is worthy of patronage.

"The Common School Arithmetic, by P. E. Bates, Botham," p. p. H. Benton, Hartford, Connecticut. We are indebted to the politeness of the author for a copy of this work, but have not yet had leisure to examine it fully. From a cursory perusal, we think it a handsome acquisition to our stock of School books. We shall, probably, notice this work further at another time.

EDITORIAL CHANGE.-C. W. Dennison, former editor of the " World," has closed his labors in that paper, with a view to connect himself with a forthcoming publication in the city of New York, which is to take a decided stand against intemperance, Lottery Gambling, promote Magdalen reform, and the entire and immediate emancipation of the Slaves.

A temperance society has been formed by the free blacks, and other persons of color, in Frankfort, Ky. It consists of 94 members.


In the Maryland House of Delegates, on the 16th inst. we learn that it was, "on notion of Mr. Johnson,"

"Ordered, that the Committee on the colored population, be instructed to inquire into the propriety and practicability of designating some future day, beyond which all slaves who may be born in this State after that period, shall be free at a given age, and upon condition not to be permitted to remain in this State; but shall be removed to Africa or some other place of safety beyond the limits of the United States, as may be provided for by law, and make report to this House."

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A REAL VIRGINIA SLAVITE ! Professor Thomas R. Dew, of William and Mary College, Virginia, has recently issued a pamphlet of 133 pages, entitled a "Review of the Debate in the Virginia Legislature, of 1931 and 1832." It is, rather, an Essay on the present American System of Slavery. The author possesses the singular merit of marching boldly up to his object, and advocating slavery like a man. He indulges in no "snivelling"-he 'goes the whole hog!" Unfortunately, however, like other theorists, of corrupt and despotic principles, he bases his arguments on false premises and perjured testimony. He has probably read the " West Indian Reporter,” and accepts the lies uttered by one of Sir Joshua Steele's discarded overseers as true history !!We cannot, at this moment, further notice this extraordinary production; but, it shall, speedily, receive due attention.



Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.

Ladies' Repository.

Philanthropic and Literary.



"The hours have lain to rest The pale dead year."

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ference of females; we certainly have a right to expect more of our southern neighbours, than the Roman woman had of an enemy-it is well known that the petitions poured into parliament, by the females of Great Britain, have been attended with the most happy results; the voice of the nation is raised, and will not be silenced, until slavery is entirely abolished in all her colonies; until every British subject can, in verity, call himself a freeman,-and shall we, citizens of this enlightened republic, females of a city famed as the abode of charity and benevolence, and more particularly the professed followers of the immaculate Jesus, who enjoined, that whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even so unto themshall we refuse to stand forth first in this country, to intercede for the removal of this foul

stain from our national escutcheon? we ask not our enemies to withhold the arm of retributive justice; we ask those who are vested with the government of the nation, to release a portion of the citizens of these U. States, from the most disgraceful thraldom ever tolerated; their, and our

Another year has descended to the dark chambers of the grave, and the flowers which garlanded its young brow with beauty and fragrance, lie withered upon its sepulchre. Another year has departed, and still the heavy clank of the fetter and the wail of the oppressed in our land go up, with their tale of man's iniquity to heaven. Thousands, and tens of thousands, have awakened into being beneath the broad shadow of the eagle wing of liberty, to feel only the stern vigour of the most vile bondage.-vital interests demand it. The great political im. So too have crumbled with the dust, thousands of human hearts, round which the hands of freemen had bound the life-wearing cords of merciless tyranny. Death has broken the scourge and loosened the fetter, the grave has rescued them from further wrong

"But what beyond that gulf may be What portion in eternity,

For those who live to curse their breath, And die without a hope in death, I know not, and I dare not think."But well may they, who, in the midst of light have heaped thick darkness upon their souls, shudder to think that those souls are immortal as their own, and the forms which their vile chains have crushed, those of their brethren.

THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Although the following Address was written and published more than two years since, it is equally applicable at the present period.

portance of the question in agitation, requires obtain the end proposed, independent of our that we should be unremitted in our exertions to moral obligations, and our imperative duty as Christians-morality, reason, justice impel us onward-we hold the memorializing of Congress, to be the undeniable right of every citizen of this republic; and as the female portion of the community feel in common with the men, deem such a measure, not only expedient, but very necessary, in order to effect the entire emancipation of our oppressed brethren in the South-it is our imperative, incumbent duty to plead for the oppressed; and by every means in our power, endeavor to ameliorate their unhap py condition. It has been suggested by some, that the mode contemplated is unfeminine; that females are not entitled to a vote, and therefore need not trouble themselves about it; but with due deference to the opinion of others, we must assert that while the female heart is susceptible of feeling, while a principle reigns there, enabling them to discern between right and wrong, betwern justice and oppression, it is within their province to exercise the talents they possess, in whatever manner they may think the most feasible, and must continue, until the breast of every female cease-to feel for the afflicted, shall become callous to the deep

To the Females convened at Philadelphia, 11th mo 12th, 1831, to take into consideration the propriety of their memorializing Congress on behalf of the Slaves in the District of Co-heart-rending anguish of a brother, a sister, lumbia.

until she shall turn a deaf ear to the plaint of woe; but we stop, such a state of things surely never can arrive; then it must remain, that it is within the circle of female activity to pursue the course she may consider proper. Is there one here who would assert, that the memorialising of Congress, and our state legislature, belongs exclusively to men? that it is inconsistent with female delicacy, at variance with the female character, thus publicly to plead for the oppressed, thus to demand a redress of grievan ces, afflicting in the extreme? if so, let her look to the south; let her mark the tears, silent

The novelty of the occasion, on which we have convened, is surpassed only, by the vast importance of the object, to which we earnestly solicit your unbiassed attention. True, the step we are about to take, is unprecedented in this country; the female citizens of a monarchial government are far ahead of us, in this respect; yet we need not despair of success, or want a precedent, if we look back to Rome;|| the manner in which that mighty empire was saved by female influence, is so well known, that it need not be repeated here; they deemed it no departure from true dignity, to supplicately coursing their way down the furrowed cheek for the safety of themselves, their relatives, of the father (the man lost in the parent) who their city-the language of Veturia was not, is suddenly deprived of all he holds most dear; my son, spare my family, my friends, but sheath forever separated from those, whose participa thy vengeful sword, spare the citizens of Rome, tion in suffering, made affliction less poignant; (his enemies;) we learn their prayers and en- and if ever a ray of comfort gleamed across his treaties prevailed, and the mistress of the world mind, that ray was brightened for their sake, was saved from destruction, by the timely inter-perhaps scarcely awakened from a dream of

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