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Fiat Justitia Ruat Cœlum.
members of the Colony have constituted Lewis their Agent to issue and sell certificates of stock for an Academy. So far as he acts in this capacity, he is certainly duly authorised: but he is not the Agent of the Wilberforce Colony-and as an act of justice to worthy colored people, who are whither the persecuted of their race may bend endeavoring to form a settlement in Canada, their steps, we request such papers as may have given Lewis's statement a place in their columns, to give this positive contradiction an insertion also.
We had intended further to notice the state of things at the Wilberforce Settlement, in this number of the Genius of Universal Emancipation. But we find a statement in the "Niagara Courier," of Lockport, N. Y., which will be sufficient to acquaint the public therewith; and though we might enter much more into a detail of facts and circumstances, we forbear at present. Arthur Tappan, of New York, asserts, that Israel Lewis has obtained upwards of fifteen hundred dollars, at difIf Lewis confines himself to the collection of funds ferent times, in that city, for the Colony, of which he has paid over to the treasurer short of one hun-able with a fraud-but he has no other authority to erect an Academy, he is certainly not charge
dred dollars, and refuses to account for more!
ED. G. U. E.
From the Niagara Courier.
TO THE PUBLIC.
to pass himself off as an agent of the Colony, than the vouchers which he improperly and illegally refused to give up, when he was superseded by a new agent. The public should note the distinction here pointed out.
A few weeks since, we inserted a notice from the Managers of the Wilberforce Colony of Colored In making this statement, we have no other People in Upper Canada, cautioning the public object in view, than to guard the benevolent against paying any money, intended for the use against imposition, and to aid a praiseworthy unof that settlement, to Israel Lewis, the former dertaking. We would insinuate no other charges Agent, as he has been removed, and another ap-against Lewis than those plainly noted above. He pointed in his place. Since the publication of this may be strictly honest--but at the same time it notice, we have seen a paragraph in the Utica must be stated, that he is wasteful and extravaElucidator, contradicting that statement, and re-gant in the extreme, and seems not to know the presenting Lewis as still the Agent of the Colony, and withal a much persecuted man. The tenor of the paragraph also inclines us to suspect that Lewis is still continuing to collect money ostensibly for the use of that interesting settlement.
In view of the facts above alluded to, we deemed it our duty to make inquiries respecting the whole subject, and we give below the result-premising that the statement rests on the authority of Austin Steward, a colored man of the first respectability, well known in Rochester, where he resided a number of years, as a man of integrity and property. He is President of theard of Managers of the Wilberforce Colony--and was so when Lewis was appointed agent.
value of money.
MEXICO. A late Tampico paper, received at New Orleans, contains the annunciation of the retirement of Gen. Santa Anna, who sat out the 21st of January from Victoria, (the city of the confederation,) for his estate, Manga Clave; having published a despatch the day before, in which, after strenuously recommending obedience and submission to the constitutional laws, he prosword for the plough, provided liberty marched mulgated his determination to exchange the firmly on in her course." This is the true course; and if Santa Anna 'adheres to it, he deserves well of his country and of posterity.
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GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION.
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It seems, from the information which we have obtained, that Lewis's management and neglect to account in detail for many collections, and his refusal to pay over money contributed for the use of the Colony, created much dissatisfaction, and would have caused his removal from the Agency the year previous to the time it actually took place, but for the interposition of Mr. Steward. Lewis then pledged himself to reform and to account honorably for all money received by him-and accordingly the disaffected members of the Colony agreed to overlook the errors which they supposed him to have committed. He received new vouchers, and again went on a mission. The result was the same. He did not account for the money he received, and the Colony came to the determination to dismiss him. He was dismissed, and the Rev. JAMES SHARPE, a man of sterling integrity and economical habits, appointed in his time they wish to receive the work, or notify the Subscribers who do not particularly specify the place. But Lewis refused to surrender the vouch-editor (through the medium of a post-master, or ers which had been given him on his promise of in some other way,) of a desire to discontinue it reformation—and with these, we suppose, he is before the expiration of the current year, will be practising his deceptions upon the benevolent. considered as engaged for the next succeeding one, But we state it as a fact, for the benefit of the and their bills will be forwarded accordingly. public, and to guard against their being cheated, that Israel Lewis is not now, and has not for a long time past, been an agent, in any shape, for the Wilberforce Colony of Upper Canada and request editors generally to make known this fact, that the public may not be imposed upon.
In making this statement, justice requires we should state another fact, which is, that a few
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[WHOLE NUMBER 282. VOL. XIII.
a large tract of land in Florida, for the purpose of cultivating the sugar-cane. Instead of employing slaves, as is usual for such labor, he has made an arrangement with several hundred German emigrants, who go on to Mr. Wirt's estate under the charge of Lieut. Goldsborough. This may be considered a good beginning, and may in time be the means of substituting free white labor where slaves only have hitherto been employed."
The editor of the Genius of Universal Eman cipation is again from home. He expects to be absent but a short time,-perhaps four or five months. Competent persons have been engaged to conduct the work; and arrangements have been made which, it is hoped, will ensure its regular publication, until his return. Matters of public importance, alone, could induce him to leave his post, at this interesting period; and he hopes to be able to satisfy his friends and patrons on that score. He will still write for the work, occasion-portant to our country. But far more important ally:--but it will be, mainly, under the charge of a few friends, who have given proofs of their capability to manage it well, and their devotedness to the important cause which it advocates.
THE REV. GEN. DUFF GREEN.
This religio political and military "fanatic," continues to pour forth the "vials" of his wrath and vituperation against the advocates of Universal Emancipation. During the discussion of the "Missouri Question," he signalized himself in the same way. The writer of this knows something of the guant wolf, who has, at various periods, arrayed himself in the Lamb's and Lion's skins ;and when leisure will permit, he shall be handled "without mittens." As respects the system of slavery, whoever may be its abettors, we adopt the Roman maxim-" Delenda est Carthago."
An experiment of this kind, will be vastly im
still, would be an arrangement to cultivate the cane, in that Territory, by free colored men. An attempt of this nature would, we have not a shadow of doubt, be worth more than all the foreign schemes and systems of operations yet devised. William Wirt has it now in his power to immortalize himself (as did Sir Joshua Steele) by a regulation for the employment of colored men, as well as whites. Will he not thus improve the opportunity to set one of the most noble examples that has ever yet been witnessed in our southern country, that of proving the safety and advantage of cultivating the cane in our southern States by
the labor of white and free colored men?
PROCEEDINGS IN ENGLAND.
We watch, with intense anxiety, the proceedings of the British Parliament, relative to the abolition of slavery in the West Indies. It is evident, that the great event is nearly unfolded. A little By the latest accounts from this interesting postponement may be expected, to enable the gocountry, we learn that Santa Anna has been cho-vernment, as well as the planters, to be fully presen President. He was the intimate friend of Guer-pared for it. Nothing very important has been rero. Neither have been considered as "white done in the matter, that we have yet heard of, since the publication of our last number. Several men" by their opponents. Their blood possessed interviews have taken place between the Minisa tinge of the native Mexican, of which they might well be proud;—and the haughty Dons, in the try and the "West India body," (the latter are the agents of the slave holders,) which resulted in hey-day of their power, looked upon them as their inferiors. The times have changed; and power the decided expression of a determination, on the is now in the hands of those who were once de- part of the government, to adopt speedy and effective measures for the total extinction of the horri. spised. If they use properly, (which it is hoped ble institution, and for the establishment of equathey will,) a wonderful revolution in American politics is at hand. All is now quiet there. Liberality among the people of the colonies, without disprinciples prevail; and the elements of political commotion are hushed. We shall, ere long, resume our notices of the regulations relative to
Mexican Colonization, &c.
CULTURE OF SUGAR-CANE BY FREE LABOR.
tinction of color.
Among the extracts from London periodicals, touching this important subject, we find the following in the newspapers of this country.
From the Morning Herald.
It is generally current in the city, that the West India deputation, at the recent interview with Lord Goderich, did not have any actual meaThe Long Island Inquirer states, on the authosure placed before them, but were required to furrity of a correspondent, "that Mr. Wirt, late Attor-nish their opinions upon certain subjects relative ney General of the United States, has purchased to the slaves, which they have since sent in. The
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cœlum.
intended plan of ministers is, however, rumored to be-1st. The immediate abolition of slavery in the colonics. 2nd. The compensation to the slave owner, at a fixed rate per head, for every slave. 3d. The raising of a loan for such compensation, to be paid off in thirty years. 4th. The manumitted slave to be compelled by the magistrates to work five days out of the seven, except when in crop time, when they would work for six days. 5th. Two days' amount of wages to be paid into the compensation fund, it being considered the remaining three or four days, as the case may be, as to in crop or not, would be sufficient for the support of the slave. It is said the West India body are anxious to learn the extent of the compensation, upon which their approval will mainly rest. We give the above without vouching for its correctness, merely stating it has been mentioned in respectable circles.
ful it might be for him to resist the requests, both
Mr. F. Buxton said, that in reference to the words "entire and immediate extinction of slaveThursday, March 7.-In the Lords, last night, ry," as used by him, he perhaps had expressed Lord Suffield presented some petitions for the abo-himself rather unguardedly, because one of the lition of negro slavery, observing that he should great objects he had in view was the safe and sapresent others in a few days, and that the aboli- tisfactory settlement of the question. With the tion was irresistable. promises given by the noble Lord he was perfectMr. F. Buxton corrected an erroneous impres-ly content, and should therefore withdraw his mosion of what had resulted from remarks of the Marquis of Chandos, on a previous night. Mr. Buxton said he had not withdrawn his notice respecting the abolition of negro slavery. The original notice was conditional, to depend on the It is understood that William Lloyd Garrison, proceedings of ministers. If they proposed no editor of the "Liberator," has been appointed by measure, he should not abandon his motion. He declared that no measure would be effective that the New England Anti-Slavery Society, to prodid not propose entire and immediate abolition of ceed to Europe, with the view of soliciting pecunegro slavery. He observed that it was rumoredniary aid in establishing a Manual Labour School there was an end of the negotiations between the for Coloured Youth, in this country. He will also ministers and the West India body; he trusted
SENTIMENTS OF THE COLORED PEOPLE.
such was not the fact he had some reason for endeavour to give correct information to our believing it was not; at the same time he implor-friends in England, respecting the various plans ed that body not to lose this opportunity of settling of operation among the advocates of emancipa. the question, feeling persuaded that servile war tion here. At a large and very respectable meetmust result from delay.
The following is the last notice of the subjecting of colored people in Philadelphia, on the 1st that we have received from the English papers. It is extracted from the proceedings of the House
of Lords, of the 19th ultimo.
On Mr. F. Buxton being called upon by the speaker,
inst. sundry resolutions were passed, expressive of the sense of those present, in relation to these objects, and also of the highly important movements of the English philanthropists and statesmen, at the present period. Our limits are too Lord Althorp said he had to request his honora contracted to insert the whole of the interesting ble friend not to bring forward the motion of proceedings of this meeting: but, to give our readwhich he had given notice, respecting colonial ers an idea of the general intelligence, the literary slavery, at the present moment. As ministers had intimated their intention of preparing some acquirement, the noble sentiments, and exalted measure on this subject, he thought that the Hon. views, that mingled with those proceedings, we member could not do any thing more advantage-copy the following speech, delivered by one of the ous to the question itself than to postpone his motion, until he heard what were the plans his majesty's ministers had in contemplation.
members. If we make a little allowance for the high strain of eulogy, as applied to some of the Mr. F. Buxton said that no gentleman was actors on the stage of philanthropy, it may safely more conscious than himself, that it would be farbe said that its eloquent display of learning, talent, better that this great question should be taken up and patriotism, would have done honour to the by the government than by any individual member of that house, and he was ready on the pre-most distinguished orator in the best days of sent moment to postpone his motion upon two Rome. Such are the people who are degraded by conditions,-1st, that ministers would be prepar- the tyranny of our laws! such are they, by nature ed with a plan for the entire and immediate extinction of slavery; and 2d, that they would name and education, whose cause we advocate. the day that they would introduce the plan to the MR. PRESIDENT, If there was ever a time, or house. It was indispensable that the question an occasion, when the highest, noblest and best should be settled in the present session, and by feelings of the human heart should be called into that house, or it would be settled in another place full life and vigor, it is at this time-it is on this in a far more disastrous way. Therefore, how-occasion. We come, Mr. President, to join in one ever obstinate he might appear, and however pain. sentiment, to pour forth in one common strain, the
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cœlum.
and we behold a picture indeed cheering. See the benevolence and the philanthropy, that have been there awakened. See, Sir, the mighty success that has followed the efforts of those whose sympathies are enlisted in our behalf. See, Sir, that firmament-I mean a moral, civil and politi. cal firmament-which, but as yesterday, present. ed the terrific and awful aspect of despair and de. solation-upon which there could not be descried one star of light, to cheer, to guide, or console the heart of the man of colour-now exhibiting a thousand, all verging to one point, and which
feelings and gratitude of our people. We are about to perform an act which opens one of the brightest epochs in the history of our character. We are about to present to the noble, fearless and unwearied combatants against tyranny and oppression, the pure and unmixed tribute of gratitude, from the altar of our hearts, and may I not say in the prayers and blessings of our people, upon the heads of a Clarkson, a Wilberforce, a Stuart, a Cropper, a Buxton, a Brougham, a Thompson, a Lushington, and others eminent for their good works, not forgetting, (though I mention him last, I do not mean him least,) an O'Con-will, at no distant period, form one bright and nell. On what page, Mr. President, in the history glorious Sun of Righteousness and Truth, whose of nations, can be found men more illustrious? beams will illumine the minds of our people, and Was there ever more virtue or honour embodied create within them a spirit and a desire which in more noble, more generous, more undaunted will be the sure and successful adversary of tyranmen? The eloquence of a Demosthenes, or a Ci-ny and its evil attendants. Are we not emboldencero, never can produce that harmony and sweet-ed, Mr. President, from the present blessed reality ness, which delights and gratifies the soul, like of things, to tear the veil from futurity, and behold the eloquence of those who plead the cause of with rapturous delight that ascension, which, suffering humanity. The exploits of an Alexander, although we may not be permitted to enjoy it,a Cæsar, or a Napoleon, are trivial, when brought although our vision may not behold that glorious to bear against the achievements of the living and blessed sight-although our bodies may then philanthropists of the day. So fearless are they, be mingled with the clod from which we sprang,Sir, in the prosecution of their work of benevolence and our souls, I hope, enjoying the sweet and everand humanity, and so hallowed are the purposes lasting light of Heaven-yet, Sir, assuredly, most of their hearts, that the threats of a Nero cannot assuredly, those who come after us, and of us, intimidate them; the riches of a Croesus cannot shall have the full enjoyment. affect the honour and integrity of such men; their deeds and their names are but one, for neither can recur to the mind without associating the other;-every act of their lives proves their virtue and philanthropy;-in fine, Sir, they are destined to receive the admiration of the world, so long as there are votaries to religion and virtue; for says
"They never fail, who die in a great cause, The block may soak their gore;
Their heads may sodden in the sun;
WHOLESALE FREE PRODUCE STORE.
We are gratified to learn that Joseph H. Beale, a Merchant, in New York, has opened a WHOLEWe have had some acquaintance with him, and SALE STORE, for the Productions of Free Labor. cheerfully recommend him to the patronage of our friends. He has long been engaged in foreign trade, upon an extensive scale, and has influential
Their limbs he strung to city gates, and castle walls; connexions abroad. He has recently imported a But still their spirit walks abroad!'—
But, Mr. President, shall we say nothing of those in our own country! Have we, Sir, no spotless flag of philanthropy, floating in the pure air of Heaven? Have we no Stars shining thereon, as brilliant as those across the mighty Atlantic?|| Can we register no names, as being synonymous with virtue and philanthropy? We can, Sir. Ours is the joy and the satisfaction to know, and to say, that there is amongst us a veteran, a pioneer in the glorious cause of Abolition. We have, Sir, the Clarkson of America-we have a Lundy. We have the fire and zeal of an O'Connell, in our worthy and beloved Garrison. We have the cool, deliberative, logical powers of a Wilberforce, as represented in a Buffum. And the aptness, wit and burning sarcasm of a Snelling, bear no bad resemblance to the bitter distillations of a Thompson. But, where, Sir, can be found an American Stuart? In whom may be found those virtues which live within and nourish the soul of that philanthropist? Why, Sir, the same virtuous light, the same holy spirit glows within and animates a man, who, like Stuart, (in regard to his piety,) possesses the faith of an Abraham, the meekness of a Moses, the patience of a Job, and the zeal of a Paul. He is no other than Simeon S. Jocelyn. We have others, who, like the rest, must forever be embedded in the warm affections of the heart of every man of colour, who is alive to his interest, a friend to his cause, and true to himself. Turn our attention to New England,
quantity of RICE, from the East Indies, some of which is for sale at the Retail Stores of Charles Collins, New York, and Zebulon Thomas, Philadelphia. He will deal, solely, in articles, the production of free labor, (both Groceries and Dry Goods,) as above mentioned; and full confidence may be placed in his intelligence, integrity, and attention to the business in which he is engaged. His establishment is located at No. 71, Fulton St. New York.
Attention is asked to the notice for a Meeting of a Convention, on our last page. Some of the newspapers have misrepresented its objects. It does not advocate the colonization of the colored people, as a body, any where.
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation. AN OLD TAR'S TESTIMONY. An old sailor, who is now one of our city watchmen, and who has travelled in many different countries, told the writer of this, that he found more true hospitality among the native inhabitants of Africa than he did in England, and some other civilized nations.
On one occasion, when he was cast helpless and penny less on the coast of Africa, an old Hottentot woinan took him to her hut, fed him, and
Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.
as long as he remained sick and unable to help
Philadelphia, April, 1833.
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.
which was about fifteen miles off, and nearly the same distance above the mouth of the Sandy. At the dawn of day they sought a refuge by wading into a marsh and concealing themselves during the day in the tall grass. The next night they recommenced their flight, and reached the Ohio about midnight: the moon rising enabled them to find a canoe, in which the little band of adventurers embarked, and soon found themselves in the wilderness on the opposite side of the river. He purposely let the canoe float down the water, thinking it would be less liable to lead to detection, than if fastened to the shore. Their pursuers, apprehending they had taken the direction of the Sandy, followed its course downwards to its (Concluded.) mouth; where, being unable to make any discoveThe next year was attended with another catas- ry, they were about to separate into different comtrophe, not less afflicting than any that have been panies to renew the pursuit. At this juncture told; the eldest boy that remained, had generally they accidentally discovered the canoe floating been detained from any intercourse with his con- down the river; upon intercepting it they disconexions since his brother was carried off; he now vered that it belonged to the crossing place above; disappeared. Nothing was ascertained by the pa- this circumstance at once disclosed suspicions farents, concerning his departure; they had not heardvorable to a direct pursuit. They accordingly set of any traders being in the neighborhood, or of any intercourse being had with any other distant settlement; and whether he had been clandestinely disposed of; whether lost in the woods and perished, or whether he had eloped under the forlorn hope of an escape, is equally uncertain, as no subsequent tidings ever come to relieve their distressing anxiety.
That portion of earthly happiness which is allowed to human nature, falls far short of mitigating all the evils that result from "man's inhumanity to man;" it is not sufficient to wipe away the tear of sorrow, or to gladden the bosom of distress; and I have ardently hoped, that there might be some secret sources of temporal bliss, that I knew nothing of,-some embalming cup of consolation, kept in store by a good Providence, and specially dispensed to the afflicted heart.
forward in that direction, crossed the river, and discovered by unequivocal signs that they were in the footsteps of the unhappy deserters.
Night came again to protract the scene of suspense, and afford to the fugitives some brighter gleamings of hope than they had hitherto realized. The difficulties of the way, and the toil they had to endure the two previous nights, made rest indispensable; and they accordingly lay by till the morning should renew their exertions. But their bright morning prospects were soon overcast by the events of the day; they had not travelled far before their pursuers came in sight:-all was now lost; they were bound hand to hand, and again compelled to turn their faces, towards the land of captivity.
At their return they found the western traders at the mouth of the Sandy. There a compromise was soon made, between them and Maria's master: she was put on one of their boats, and her little daughter was forcibly torn from her arms. Hitherto in all her afflictions, she had retained a degree of fortitude, and bore her misfortunes with resignation; but now, she condescended to entreat, she expostulated with extended hands; it was i vain!-the outpourings of conjugal and matern feeling were unheeded!-the beseechings of nature were unheard!-the vessel receded down the water, and Richard bade an earthly farewell to the wife of his bosom.) I have sought for some place of repose for my reader! I have endeavor ed to imagine some sunny spot of happiness that he might review with pleasure. Romance has joy and wo to diversify her page, and to relieve the anticipations of her votary;—the tragic muse has seasons for the well-timing of some favored event, to variegate her darkest scenes. But in reference to the picture before us, those bright presentations are too distant for the powers of vision, and the earnest of their certainty can only be verified in the constancy of hope, and the comforts of a good conscience.
After the last mentioned family incident, we find the two parents circumstanced nearly as they had been previous to that event, if we except the little mitigation, afforded by the softening hand of time, or the familiarizing power of habit. One day a party of traders came to the house of Maria's master, where were several of the neighboring inhabitants collected; and, as is usual in such meetings, their national dances were struck up, attended with songs and other revellings. Maria entertained suspicions that her master intended to sell her to the strangers: the fear of being entirely separated from her remaining connexions, resulted in the determination for making an escape. With her child in her arms, and under the covert of a dark stormy evening, she once more took her flight, and directed her way to her husband's cot. Her arrival, and the motive of her coming, rendered the situation of both trying in the extreme; her former elopement might have been palliated as the effusion of maternal affection towards her dying offspring; but now, no pretext could be satisfactorily given, and no favors expected. The critical decision was therefore to be made, whether to retract and submit to the tyrant's displeasure, or for both to risk all in the desperate hazard of an escape-this was resolved on. A small settlement of whites on the Sciota river, in the Ohio territory, was pitched upon as the place of retreat. They set forward with their two remaining chil. dren, a piece of venison, and a little dried corn, and directed their course through an unpeopled country to the nearest point of the Ohio river,
The painful emergencies of life enlist our affec tions in some proportion to the capacity the suf ferer has to endure, or to the power which ena bles him to overcome; thus when we recogniz man as the subject of those evils, we estimat him as endowed with a firmness and berdilood o make: with a kind of half sullen digity of mind which implics some indifference to the assaults fortune, and blunts the acuteness of sympatheti