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Historical deduction of seats, from the stool to the Sofa.

A shool boy's ramble.--A walk in the country.The scene described.--Rural sounds as well as sights delightful.-Another walk.--Mistake concerning the charms of solitude corrected.--Colonnades commended.-Alcove, and the view from it. The wilderness.--The grove. The Thresher.The necessity and benefits of exercise. The works of nalure superior to, and in some instances inimi. table by, art.-The wearisomeness of what is commonly called a life of pleasure.-Change of scene sometimes expedient.--A common described, and the character of crazy Kate introduced.--Gipsies. The blessings of civilized life. That state most favourable to virtue.---The South Sea islanders compassionated, but chiefly Omai.His present state of mind supposed.--Civilized life friendly to virtue, but not great cities. Great cities, and London in particular, allowed their due praise, but censured.-Fete champetre.-The book concludes with a reflection on the fatal effects of dissipation and effeminacy upon cur public measures.

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SING the sofa. I, who lately sang Truth, Hope, and Charity,* and touch'd with awe The solemn chords, and with a trembling hand, Escap'd with pain from that advent'rous flight, Now seek repose upon an humbler theme ; The theme though humble, yet august and proud Th’occasion for the Fair commands the song.

Time was, when clothing sumptuous or for use,
Save their own painted skins, our sires had none.

black breeches were not; satin smooth,
Or velvet soft, or plush with shaggy pile :
The hardy chief upon the rugged rock
Wash'd by the sea, or on the grav’ly bank
Thrown up by wintry torrents roaring loud,

* See Poems, Vol. I.

Fearless of wrong, repos'd his weary strength. Those barb'rous ages past, succeeded next The birth-day of invention; weak at first, Dull in design, and clumsy to perform. Joint-stools were then created; on three legs Upborne they stood. Three legs upholding firm A massy slab, in fashion square or round. On such a stool immortal Alfred sat, And sway'd the sceptre of his infant realms : And such in ancient halls and mansions drear May still be seen ; but perforated sore, And drill'd in holes, the solid oak is found, - By worms voracious eating through and through.

At length a generation more refin'd Improv'd the simple plan ; made three legs four, Gave them a twisted form vermicular, And o'er the seat, with plenteous wadding stuff'd, Induc'd a splendid cover, green and blue, Yellow and red, of tap’stry richly wrought And woven close, or needle-work sublime. There might ye see the piony spread wide, The full-blown rose, the shepherd and his lass, Lap-dog and lambkin with black staring eyes, And parrots with twin cherries in their beak.

Now came the cane from India, smooth and bright With nature's varnish ; sever'd into stripes That interlac'd each other, these supplied Of texture firm a lattice-work, that brac'd The new machine, and it became a chair.

But restless was the chair ; the back erect
Distress'd the weary loins, that felt no ease ;
The slipp'ry seat betray'd the sliding part
That press'd it, and the feet hung dangling down,
Anxious in vain to find the distant floor.
These for the rich : the rest, whom fate had plac'd
In modest mediocrity, content
With base materials, sat on well-tann'd hides,
Obdurate and unyielding, glassy smooth,
With here and there a tuft of crimson yarn,
Or scarlet crewel, in the cushion fix'd ;
If cushion might be called, what harder seem'd
Than the firm oak of which the frame was form’d.
No want of timber then was felt or fear'd
In Albion's happy isle. The umber stood
Pond'rous and fix'd by its own massy weight.
But elbows still were wanting ; these, some say,
An alderman of Cripplegate contriv'd :
And some ascribe th' invention to a priest,
Burly and big, and studious of his ease.
But, rugle at first, and not with easy slope
Receding wide, they press'd against the ribs,
And bruis'd the side ; and, elevated high,
Taught the rais'd shoulders to invade the ears.
Long time elaps'd or e'er our rugged sires
Complain'd, though incommodiously pent in,
And ill at ease behind. The ladies first
Gan murmur, as became the softer sex.
Ingenious fancy, Dever better pleas'd,

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