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members to the Mission ranks, and it may be hoped that the work, though so seriously obstructed by that loss, will gradually advance both in extent and spirituality, to the praise and honour of Jehovah's name, and to the satisfaction and encouragement of those engaged in this most important object. From the numerous reports that have been received, the following passages have been selected. That which relates to the Jews residing in Barbadoes, will be read with interest by the friends of Israel.
"I have no doubt you will be interested to hear something about the Jews in Barbadoes. They are not numerous, scarcely a hundred, including the children. We have frequently conversed with them on religious subjects, such as the prophecies, which relate to their present dispersion and future glory; also concerning the Messiah they still expect. This is a very tender point to introduce into conversation with a Jew. In speaking upon it, some of them have been affected to tears, and judging from the questions they ask, and
the interest they take in spiritual things, it would almost seem that some of them are not far from the kingdom of God. Several have been to our chapel on Sunday evenings at public service. In February last, they opened a Sunday-school in their synagogue, which is kept during the hours of Divine Service in the Christian churches. There are seventeen Hebrew children attending it, and there is nothing taught but Bible knowledge in the English language. This school is open once in three months for the inspection of Chris. tians. We have had an invitation to visit it, but being otherwise engaged at the time, we could not avail ourselves of it. They keep their feasts with intense devotion, tenaciously clinging to all the peculiarities of Judaism. We do not exhort them at once to renounce them, but merely to embrace the Christian faith with all their hearts. Does it not appear that there is a shaking among the dry bones? May the Spirit of Life enter into them."
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.
"There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the Lord that shall stand."
A Bill has been brought into the House of Lords with every prospect of passing, for the admission of the Jewish people to the highest municipal offices in this country. doubtless this is only a stepping-stone to other concessions and immunities. Thus, as the constitution of our country ceased to be essentially Protestant on the passing of the bill for Catholic Emancipation; it will thereby cease to be essentially Christian by the introduction of those who reject and denounce Christ as an impostor. What blessing from on high can we expect on such unhallowed measures of unchristian expediency?
Of the same character is the Premier's intended augmentation of the
grant to Maynooth. We are thankful to be able to lay before our readers the following statement regarding the pretensions of this grant, as well as the form of petition which may be acceptable to those who have not already petitioned. We feel confident that the Government, even according to their own views of policy, are wrong. It is not for want of money that Maynooth is so palpably deficient in education. With the money they possess, it might surely rise in secular knowledge to the level of a good national school or commercial academy. More money is not wanting to insure that a priest should not be more illiterate than a common school-boy when he leaves the college.
believe that there are few who are not satisfied that it would be far better that Maynooth did not exist. The priests in Ireland who have been educated abroad, are of a very different order. But more money will not mend the Maynooth education. It might be vastly better with its present resources. There is an object in its present system. More money will not overturn that object. More money will subserve the interests of Popery in other ways. So much for the policy of Government. Then if we take the religious view of the question, we tremble to think what must be the result. In the face of all the allowed failure of the Emancipation measure, we identify ourselves with the Man of Sin more closely. We fly directly in the face of the command to come out of Babylon, and we succour and sustain the most inveterate and formidable influence which opposes light, and thwarts the progress of Scriptural truth throughout the world.
We cannot but expect that God will be avenged if we thus take part with His enemies.
If Maynooth would be bettered by more support, let the Papists themselves give it. They have wealth enough for the purpose, as all their doings elsewhere plainly shew.
"1. In 1793 Declarations from all the Roman Catholic Bishops, and also from the great body of the Papists of Ireland, were widely circulated through the land, professing Loyalty to the King, Affection for England, and Attachment to British connexion.* Soon after this, two
*The Roman Catholic historian, Plowden, asserts, as matter of fact, that the Roman Catholic Bishops never issued a Manifesto of Loyalty, except, when they had some political end to compass, or when they wished to cover some secret treason against England, which was_not ripe for explosion.' What then are Protestants to think of the Pope's letter to the
Roman Catholic Bishops (Drs. Troy and O'Reilly,) memorialized the British Government on the hardship and danger of obliging the Irish Priests to obtain their education abroad, and thus obtained permission to establish a college in Ireland.-In 1795 the Act, by which the Maynooth Seminary was founded, passed the Irish Parliament, and the preamble of that Act distinctly states the cause which rendered it needful, thus:-'Whereas, by the laws now in force in this kingdom, it is not lawful to endow any College or Seminary for the education exclusively of persons professing the Roman Catholic religion; and it is now become expedient that a Seminary should be established for that purpose, &c.'-It may be observed also, that the first clause in this Act names Trustees, and provides that the said Trustees shall have full power and authority to receive subscriptions and donations, to enable them to establish and endow an academy!!-The only clause which speaks of a public grant is the tenth, which enacts that a sum or sums of money, not exceeding £8000, shall and may be issued by the Treasury towards establishing the said Academy.' (See The Record, for Feb. 10, 13, 20, 1845.)-Such are the facts connected with the foundation of the College of Maynooth!
"2.-The Roman Catholic Bishops who memorialized Government on the necessity and expediency of establishing in Ireland, a College for the education of the Irish Priests, were themselves, at the very time they presented this memorial, in confidential communication with a body of Papists then sitting in Dublin, under the name of "The Roman Catholic Committee," or as it is now called "The Catholic Association."+-The conIrish Roman Catholic Bishops recently issued, enjoining obedience to civil governors ?
Sir William Petty, (Irish Secretary,) in 1672, writes as follows: 'There are in Ireland two governments-the external and ostensible government, which is the English, and the internal and mystical government, which consists of twenty Popish gentlemen of good parts and ambitious designs-who are in close corres
nexion of these Romish Bishops with this Association of Treason (then occupied in devising some plan of Clerical Education for Ireland) was a fact wholly unknown to Government; but, from documents which have since been brought to light, it appears that the same individual who wrote the public Declarations of professed loyalty from the Roman Catholics, was also, at the time, recording, in his own private Journals, the sentiments and designs of the Roman Catholic Committee,' of which he was a member; and in these Journals he states, that the Committee were all sincere Republicans, that their objects were to subvert the Tyranny of England, to establish the Independence of Ireland, and to form a free republic!!' -Indeed, the same Journals inform us, that every member of this Committee, was, at that time, engaged in High Treason; and that (with the exception of one, who with consummate art escaped detection,) all of them either mounted the scaffold, or committed suicide, or were banished, or fled from the country!
"3. Thus then, it appears, that it was upon the strongest profession of Loyalty from the Roman Catholics, and in utter ignorance of the treason organizing among them, that Government, in 1795, legalized the Establishment of Maynooth, hoping thereby to secure to England the affection of the Irish Priesthood.-But the result was far otherwise; for, through the agency of that very Committee, with which the Bishops, who memorialized Government, had associated themselves, the Rebellion of 1798 was concocted, and arrangements made with Republican France for the Invasion of Ireland! This was the first fruits of that "liberal policy" which paved the way for the establishment of the Popish College of Maynooth; and what has Ireland reaped since pondence with the Priests, draw the funds necessary for their purpose, through the hands of the Priests, and by their help, wield and govern the whole Roman Catholic body of Ireland.'-This internal government can be traced all through Irish history; and the observation of Sir W. Petty is applicable to the present state of Ireland, as it was in 1762.
that event? alas! the curse of God has rested upon that unhappy Institution; and, at the present hour, Doctrines are there taught most cruel, treasonable, and immoral; and Heresies are there fostered most blasphemous and deadly :- yea, Popish Priests have been sent forth from that School as from a National Pesthouse, to join in every species of popular agitation, and to thwart, by every possible device, the labours of the Clergy of the Established Church -in a word, instead of being tranquillized, Ireland has become more excited than ever; and her Priesthood, educated at Maynooth, instead of becoming more tolerant, are filled with sentiments of hatred towards England, far more deadly than that of their predecessors trained in Foreign Schools. - These are indisputable Facts. Mr. Inglis, a decided "Liberal," who visited Ireland in 1833, thus expresses himself:- I entertain no doubt that the disorders which originate in hatred of Protestantism have been increased by the Maynooth Education of the Roman Catholic Priesthood. It is the Maynooth Priest who is the Agitating Priest: and, if the foreign-educated Priest be a more liberal-minded man, less a zealot, and less a hater of Protestantism than is consistent with the present spirit of Catholicism in Ireland, straightway an Assistant, red-hot from Maynooth, is appointed to the parish. In no Country in Europe-no, not even in Spain—is the spirit of Popery so intensely Anti-Protestant as in Ireland!!'
4.-But it may still be said by some, 'the Grant to Maynooth rests on a National Compact!" If such a compact does exist, where then is it to be found?-The Charter proves such a compact to be an absolute Fiction; and the Act of Union be
*Sir Arthur Wellesley, Irish Secretary, (now Duke of Wellington,) in the debate of April 29, 1808, asserted, that, 'the fact was, that, when the Maynooth Institution was first established, it was not intended that it should be maintained by the public purse. The memorial presented previously to the foundation of that Establishment, prayed for a charter, in order that their funds might be better secured.'-It
tween Great Britain and Ireland gives no pledge whatever to the Romish Church, while, with the Protestant Episcopal Church, it enters upon a covenant most solemn and explicit. The Act of Union runs thus :-That it be the fifth Article of Union that the Churches of England and Ireland, as now by Law established, be united into one Protestant Episcopal Church, to be called the United Church of England and Ireland;' and that the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Government of the said United Church, shall be and shall remain in full force for ever, as the same are now by Law established for the Church of England; and that the continuance and preservation of the said United Church, as the Established Church of England and Ireland,' shall be deemed and taken to be an essential and fundamental part of the Union, &c.'* (See Martyn's Ireland before and after the Union with Great Britain, No. VII.)-Thus peremptory is the Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland, as it regards the Protestant Episcopal Church, while every other institution, and every other practice, according to the provisions of the 8th Article of Union, is left 'subject to such alterations and regulations from time to time as circumstances may appear to the Parliament of the United Kingdom to require.'+
may be observed also, that the Grants to Maynooth have often been to a smaller amount than the first. Thus in 1800 only £4,093 was given, and in 1801 only £5,820.
*It is painful to reflect how deplorably the national compact with the Established Church was violated, when ten Protestant Bishoprics were taken away from Ireland, and the incomes of the Irish clergy diminished £25 per cent.
† Sir Robert Inglis, in the debate of June 23, 1840, on the Maynooth Grant, observed: 'I was content, in former years, to vote for this grant, though with great repugnance, as a legacy from the Parliament of Ireland.-There were about thirty-six votes for charities which the Irish Parliament regularly maintained.So long as these votes remained unaltered, I felt that I ought not to resist the vote for this College. But now that Parliament has broken through this ruletaking away Grants to Protestant Institutions, which stood on the same footingI feel that every case must stand on its
-Hence then, it is as clear as evidence can make it, that every idea of a grant to Maynooth, on the ground of "National Compact," is utterly at an end.
'British Protestants !-The Facts of revolving time proclaim still louder and louder that, let the Papists disguise their sentiments as they may, nothing but Absolute Sovereignty and the utter Annihilation of all Protestant Churches will ever satisfy them!— Let Protestants therefore, of every denomination, bear in mind, that apathy, at the present crisis, may prove fearfully disastrous to the Church of God. -It is well known, that a wish has been cherished among men of influence in our land, that the Romish Priests in Ireland should be paid from the Revenues of the State.'-The proposal therefore, at this time made, to increase the Grant to Maynooth, will serve to test the public feeling on this important point; and if the present measure be allowed to pass without some strong expression of National Alarm, the way will be immediately prepared for the still greater measure of adopting Popery as a Religion countenanced by the State! Thus will Protestantism and Popery be brought to stand upon one common level, and a death-struggle may be expected to ensue, which will involve the whole of Christendom in one scene of bitter desolation.-Let British Protestants then awake to a sense of their dangers and their duties, and, casting away all minor differences, let them unite, as one man, in declaring their sentiments, with feelings of respect, to that Legislative Branch of the British Constitution from which the project comes-animated by the bright examples of illustrious names to unceasing efforts against Popish superstition and sceptical indifference!!
"It is suggested that separate Petitions against the Grant to Maynooth, be sent to the House of Commons from Parishes, where the minister and chief inhabitants are united in that sentiment: if otherwise, from Districts.— Any form of petition may be adopted
own merits, and that the argument from precedent, and the idea of a legacy from a deceased Parliament, is gone.'
which may express the wishes of the parties interested: the subjoined one has been given, as affording hints for consideration.-When signed, petitions can be sent through the PostOffice, free, to any Member of Parliament, if left open at the ends and the word "Petition" be written on the cover; or if forwarded to "The Committee of the Protestant Association, London," such Committee would no doubt gladly place them in the hands of some Protestant Member for presentation. Any letters sent to Members requesting them to support the prayer of the petition, must be forwarded separately.
"That your Petitioners, receiving the written Word of God as the only true standard of faith and morals, are convinced, by its testimony, that the peculiar tenets of the Church of Rome are idolatrous and utterly incapable of being reconciled with the genuine doctrines of the Gospel.
"That your Petitioners deeply lament that a College for the instruction of a Popish Priesthood has been established and is now supported at Maynooth, in Ireland, by Grants from the Public Treasury; believing, as they do, that such a measure is calculated to bring down the Divine Judgments upon the nation.
"That your Petitioners beg to remind your Honourable House, that neither in the Act or Charter which passed in 1795, for the purpose of tolerating or legalizing a College, for the education of the Romish Priesthood in Ireland, nor yet in the Act of Union between Great Britain and Ireland, are they able to recognize any stipulation, or any compact what
ever, as the ground of affording permanent support to such an institution; inasmuch as the first Grant voted to the said College, out of the Public Treasury in 1795, was only a donation towards the Esthblishment of the said Academy,' and the subsequent Grants, varying in amount, have been, from time to time, resting on no one pledge or compact more solemn or obligatory than the Grants in former days made from the Public Treasury, in aid of the Protestant Institutions of Ireland: which Grants, it is to be lamented, have been wholly withdrawn.
"And your Petitioners would further remind your Honourable House, that it has been proved, by the most satisfactory evidence, as well as by the uniform testimony of actual experience, that the objects originally contemplated by those statesmen who sanctioned the Establishment of the College of Maynoth, have been, in no respect realized; while, on the other hand, that Institution has proved the chief source of seditious turbulence, as well as of superstitious delusion and religious discord in Ireland.
"Your Petitioners therefore, on every Ground of Principle, Policy, and Consistency, humbly pray your Honourable House to withdraw every kind of public support from the Popish College of Maynooth.
And your Petitioners will ever pray," &c.
We rejoice to see symptoms of a general awakening throughout the country of right Protestant feeling against the Maynooth grant. Liverpool is acting nobly. One thousand letters were despatched by one post from that town to Lord Sandon on the subject; and the Rev H. M'Neile has challenged his Lordship to shew where there exists any obligatory pledge to continue the grant. Petitions are preparing in all directions, and we most heartily rejoice to see the Dissenters coming forward in concert with Churchmen against this fearful measure.
The truth cannot be denied of the statement which has repeatedly been made, that Sir R. Peel is extensively