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same.

subject, we shall find all most clear his sins and trespasses, in such and decisive. And our reformers things as he hath offended. And thought it the more necessary that this justification or righteousness, it should be so, because the cor

which we

so receive of God's ruption of this doctrine forms one mercy and Christ's merits, emof the most delusive and awful braced by faith, is taken, accepted, errors of Popery. Let us turn to the and allowed of God, for our perfect Articles. w The eleventh teaches and full justification. For the us, that we are accounted righteous more full understanding hereof, it before God, only for the merit of our is our parts and duties ever to Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by remember the great mercy of God; faith, and not for our own works or how that, all the world being deservings. The twelfth declares, wrapped in sin by the breaking that good works, which are the of the law, God sent his only fruits of faith, and follow after jus- Son, our Saviour Christ, into this tification, cannot put away our

world, to fulfil the law for us, and, sins, and endure the severity of by shedding of his most precious God's judgment; whilst the thir- blood, to make a sacrifice and satisteenth speaks of works done before faction, or, as it may be called, the grace of Christ, and the inspi- amends to his Father for our sins, ration of his Spirit, as not pleasant to assuage his wrath and indignato God, forasmuch as they spring tion conceived against us for the not of faith in Jesus Christ, neither

This is that justification do they make men meet to receive or righteousness which St. Paul grace, yea, rather, for that they are speaketh of, when he saith—No not done as God hath willed and

man is justified by the works of the commanded them to be done, we law, but freely by faith in Jesus doubt not but they have the nature Christ. And of the justice and of sin.

mercy of God knit together, speakHere we see but one way in eth St. Paul in the third chapter which the sinner may be justified to the Romans: All have sinned and accepted of God: whilst those and come short of the glory of very things which are so often

often God; being justified freely by his regarded with complacency as vir- grace through the redemption that tues, are stated to be but sins. is in Jesus Christ, whom God hath

Let us now hear the Third set forth to be a propitiation Homily. ? Because all men be through faith in his blood. And sinners and offenders against God, in the tenth chapter: Christ is and breakers of his law and com- the end of the law for righteousness mandments; therefore can no man to every one that believeth. And by his own acts, works and deeds, in the eighth chapter : For what seem they never so good, be justi- the law could not do, in that it was fied and made righteous before weak through the flesh, God sendGod: but every man of necessity ing his own Son in the likeness of is constrained to seek for another sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned righteousness or justification, to sin in the flesh, that the righteousbe received at God's own hands; ness of the law might be fulfilled in that is to say, the forgiveness of us, who walk not after the flesh,

but after the Spirit. In these forew Art. 11. * Art. 12.

said places, the apostle toucheth 9 Art. 13.

specially three things, which must * Hom. üi. pt. l.

go together in our justification.

our

Upon God's part, his great mercy to express the weakness of man, and grace: upon Christ's part, and the goodness of God; the justice; that is, the satisfaction of great infirmity of ourselves, and God's justice, or the price of our the might and power of God; the redemption, by the offering of his imperfectness of our own works, body, and shedding of his blood, and the most abundant grace with fulfilling of the law perfectly of Saviour Christ: and, and thoroughly: and upon our therefore, wholly to ascribe the part, true and lively faith in the merit and deserving of our jusmerits of Jesus Christ, which yettification unto Christ only, and is not ours but by God's working his most precious blood-shedin us : so that, in our justification, ding. This faith the holy Scripis not only God's mercy

and
grace,

ture teacheth us: this is the strong but also his justice, which the rock and foundation of the Chrisapostle calleth the justice of God, tian religion: this doctrine all old and it consisteth in paying our and ancient authors of Christ's ransom, and fulfilling of the law : church do approve: this doctrine and so the grace of God doth not advanceth and setteth forth the shut out the justice of God in our true glory of Christ, and beateth justification, but only shutteth out down the vain glory of man: this, the justice of man; that is to say, the whosoever denieth, is not to be justice of our works, as to be merits accounted for a Christian man, nor of deserving our justification. And for a setter-forth of Christ's glory; therefore St. Paul declareth here but for an adversary to Christ and nothing upon the behalf of man, his Gospel, and for a setter forth of concerning his justification, but men's vain-glory." only a true and lively faith, which Such is the Scriptural language nevertheless is the gift of God, and of the Church of England; and not man's only work, without God. equally clear and decisive are all a Nevertheless, this sentence that who have faithfully set forth her we be justified by faith only, is not doctrines. so meant, that the said justifying For instance, the judicious Hookfaith is alone in man, without true er writes, “ That justification repentance, hope, charity, dread through works and inherent grace and the fear of God, at any time is the mystery of the man of sin, and season. Nor when we say,

and that in teaching it the Church that we be justified freely, do we of Rome doth pervert the truth of mean that we should, or might Christ. I cannot stand now to afterward be idle, and that nothing unrip this building, and to sift it should be required on our part piece by piece: only I will set a afterward: neither do we mean frame of apostolical erection by it so to be justified without good in few words, that it may befal works, that we should do no works Babylon, in presence of that which at all. But this saying, that we God hath builded, as it happened be justified by faith only, freely, unto Dagon before the ark. Doubtand without works, is spoken for less, saith the apostle, I have countto take away clearly all merit of ed all things lost, and I do judge our works, as being unable to de- them to be dung, that I may win serve our justification at God's Christ; and be found in Him, not hands, and thereby most plainly having mine own righteousness,

b

a Hom. iii. pt. 2.

b Hooker on Justification, Ser, ü. sec. 5. but that which is through the faith for ever pardons all our sins, and of Christ, the righteousness which accounts us pure, holy, and withis of God through faith. Christ out the slightest spot or stain of hath merited righteousness for as guilt, solely on account of the many as are found in him. In him perfect righteousness, and meriGod findeth us, if we be faithful: torious obedience of Jesus Christ: for by faith we are incorporated reckoned ours by grace, and reinto him. Then, although in our- ceived to be ours by faith. selves we be altogether sinful and Now, beloved, what effect have unrighteous, yet, even the man these things, not merely upon your which in himself is impious, full of judgment and understanding?-no, iniquity, full of sin; him being that is not the question; but what found in Christ through faith, and effect have they upon your heart having his sin in hatred through and life? Do you really feel the repentance; him God beholdeth transforming power, and healing, with a gracious eye, putteth away

and life, and vigour, of a saving his sin by not imputing it, taketh faith in Jesus Christ? Has that quite away the punishment due led you in spirit to renounce all thereunto by pardoning it; and dependence upon your own imperaccepteth him in Jesus Christ, as fect and worthless righteousness, perfectly righteous as if he had and brought you as a sinner, as a fulfilled all that is commanded him ruined sinner, for pardon, and in the law. Shall I say more per- righteousness, and wisdom, to Jefectly righteous than if himself had sus Christ falone? fulfilled the whole law? I must The holy law of God requires, not take heed what I say: but the only unfailing obedience in external apostle saith, God made him which

things, but it searches the heart, it knew no sin, to be sin for us: that demands the most spotless purity we might be made the righteous within, and it denounces eternal ness of God in him. Such are we death on the very least transgresin the sight of God the Father, as sion: Cursed is every one that conis the very Son of God himself. tinueth not in all things that are Let it be counted folly, or frenzy, written in the book of the law to or fury, or whatsoever, it is our do them. It makes no discovery comfort and our wisdom: we care of comfort to the ruined sinner: it for no knowledge in the world but admits of no repentance, it knows this, that man hath sinned and nothing of mercy, it holds out no God hath suffered: that God hath made himself the sin of man, and · Being justified, all our iniquities are that men are made the righteous- covered: God beholdeth us in the rightness of God.

eousness which is imputed, and not in Such is the doctrine of a ccloud

the sins which we have committed.of witnessess: all looking unto

Hooker, Serm. vi. 23.

fHe cannot love the Lord Jesus with Jesus the Author and Finisher of

his heart, which lendeth one ear to his And such is the doc

apostles, and another to false apostles: trine set forth in the word of God,

which can brook to see a mingle-mangle All teaching us that Justification of religion and superstition, ministers is an act wherein the d severest jus- and massing-priests, light and darkness, tice and the most unbounded mer. truth and error, traditions and Scriptures. cy meet: wherein Almighty God

No-we have no Lord but Jesus; no

doctrine but his Gospel ; no teachers but c Hebxii, 1, a Ps. lxxxv. 10,

his Apostles.Hooker, Ser, v. 7.

our faith.

He says

hope of pardon. & Pardon, and roused you from sin, and from unmercy, and repentance, are bless- belief, and from carnal indifference, ings and graces of the Gospel. and from self-righteousness, and They are bestowed upon us only in brought you to the cross of Christ, the name and for the sake of Jesus and applied the blood of Jesus to Christ. Only when we renounce the healing of your soul? No all for Christ, when we cast our- mere talk about the matter, no selves upon him for life and salva- hearsay knowledge of it will stand tion, when our affections are fixed the day of trial. Oh, do you know, upon him, and we feel him to be to the peace and strength of your the desire, the delight, the joy, and soul, that the j blood of Jesus the glory of our souls. And then, Christ cleanseth from all sin? Have can the believer live in sin? Can you discovered that there is that in he live in forgetfulness of spiritual Jesus that can satisfy for all your things? Can he live to the world, sins, and fully deliver you from sin and to pleasure, and to self? Ah, and guilt, that he can change your no!—his desire is not only to be unholy nature, and make you hapjustified by Jesus Christ, but to be

py for ever?

Oh, has this work sanctified by the Spirit of holiness. been done? Can you, amidst all He resigns himself to Christ, and the strugglings of remaining corthe fervent struggle of his soul is ruptions and the short-coming of to walk worthy of Christ in holi- imperfections, still turn your eyes ness and newness of life.

for pardon and help, to Jesus with the apostle, ' I am dead to the Christ? Can you still renounce law: to every hope and expecta- all the holiness at which, as a betion of being saved by it. And to liever in Christ you aim, and dewhat end? To live in sin? To clare *I am crucified with Christ: live in conformity to the ways and nevertheless I live; yet not I, but pleasures of the world? To live Christ liveth in me: and the life to self and its gratifications? Ah, which I now live in the flesh, I no, I am dead to the law, that I live by the faith of the Son of God, might live unto God.

who loved me and gave himself for O, sweet and blessed Saviour me? Jesus! Too long have I been my Ah, happy and blessed soul! own! I have lived to myself, I Christ is your desire, and Christ have seen nothing lovely in vital will be your complete salvation. godliness, nor form nor comeliness Keep close to Christ: let him be in thee! But here I am as a poor, your all in all. Oh, watch against lost, and guilty, and unworthy carnal security and spiritual sloth! creature! O take me, pardon me, Be sober, be vigilant. And rerule me, do all thy pleasure with member, to your endless comfort,

I am a grievous sinner, that he who is justified through but thou art a glorious Saviour. faith in the perfect righteousness I am utterly unworthy of mercy, of Jesus Christ, is one whom grace or life, or love, but all thy gifts are makes free, prepares for glory, and free. I therefore cast myself on conducts to heaven.

He is a new Thee, in Thee I live and hope. Oh, creature in Christ; his sins are for has God the Holy Spirit so opened ever washed away: he has peace your eyes to the excellency and with God: he is a stranger upon glory of Jesus Christ? Has he earth: he is dead to the world: his

my soul!

i Gal. ii. 19.

i John i. 10.

Gal. ii. 20.

$ Acts y. 31, h Col. i. 10.

MAY-1845.

2 D

chief business is with things beyond the charge of angels; he is the the grave: his treasure is in hea- child of God: he is the heir of ven: he shall never perish: he is glory.

THE SPIRIT OF BENEVOLENCE.

one

THERE is no department of Chris- selves individually; for no tian duty less adequately under- must venture, in the contemplation stood, in its principles and propor- of charity as a whole, in the largetions, than that of benevolence: ness and abundance which it may and yet there is no duty more fully present, to attach to himself a developed, or more intelligibly feeling of self-complacency and characterized in holy writ, none satisfaction. We must all stand that is spoken of as more indispen- alone in the judgment-day, and sable to Christian integrity, or as each give up our accounts sepaof more serious consequences in its rately for ourselves; and so now we failure.

must not be content to say what And if ignorances have to be great things are doing for this or feared and deprecated, as well as that charitable object, but rather sins and negligences; and if a look to ourselves, and ask what we talent hid uselessly in a napkin are doing to promote it. will lead to condemnation, as well Now there are three great conas a talent altogether abused, it siderations on which charity should surely becomes all who name the be based: name of Christ to be actuated by a The calls for its exercise. holy jealousy of themselves, and to The opportunities and facilities pray with anxious sincerity," what for acting upon those calls. I know not teach thou me, and Our ability to do so. lead me in the way everlasting." The calls will present themselves

Now as it regards practical be- to our minds just as we are healthnevolence, the great fault is that it fully and duly influenced by certain is too rarely conducted on princi- fundamental principles of true reple: that is, there is too little ligion. In rectifying the disorders reference to the motive which into which the fall has thrown our prompts, or the scale or system nature, and to make “all new, which ought to regulate. We see the grace of God has primarily and a great deal done in the cause of pre-eminently to bring men out of charity, and the sum total may the narrow limits of their own petty present a gratifying aspect; but if selfishness, and to expand their we come to analyse the various views, their feelings, and their aim, motives that have been at work, by bringing them under the influand could trace the streams which ence of the love of Christ and the have come along their respective glory of Christ, and a generous courses, and formed the grand sympathy for all the family of man. whole, we should see much that is It is the first effect of the Gospel, defective and inconsistent and in- where it is brought home to the adequate. And yet this analysis sinner's heart in the demonstration must take place, and these streams of the Spirit and of power, to libermust be traced as it respects our.

alize that heart; and he may well

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