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lawful and innocent, if she thought it MAJOR-GENERAL MARSHALL. would give pain to pious but weakminded friends or acquaintance. Died on Wednesday, March 26, at When

every other means of useful- 9, Harley-place, Clifton, aged seventyness were cut off by her increasing three, Major-General Josiah Marshall

, infirmities, she was accustomed to late of the Hon. East-India Comdistribute books and tracts. But for pany's service. He had long been a the last two years, slight attacks of a faithful, bold, affectionate, and

decided paralytic character, added to her ad- servant of our Lord Jesus Christ, and vanced time of life, obliged her to a warm and liberal friend to our await God's good time in submission Evangelical Societies, and to every to his mysterious providence.

effort for doing good to his fellowThis is written confessedly by one

He was not ashamed of the extremely partial, and who has reason Gospel of Christ, but ever took a to be so, as under the deepest obliga- straightforward and open course in tions, but he has endeavoured to state confessing the truth as it is in Jesus, his recollections with that strict regard and supporting it with all his influto truth which would alone be ap- ence and means. The loss of such proved by the subject of these re- men at this time ought to be laid to marks, and is consistent with the heart. At the close of a long procharacter of her who, if her good tracted illness he was able to testify deeds have not been blazoned on that one cloud had never come across earth, will, through the mercy and his mind, and some of his late words merits of her Saviour-by whom she were, “ Christ has swallowed up death was so richly endowed-shine for in victory," and he should soon be in ever and ever in heaven.

the arms of his Saviour.


"There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the Lord

that shall stand.”

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lished usages are to be subverted, and

properly so, even in the face of high We have little space to revert to the authorities for their origin and contiall-engrossing subject of Maynooth. nuance. Why then, all at once, are we The nation is coming forward va- to be driven into the support of Mayliantly, and no arguments in favour nooth, because of the circumstances of the grant, that have been advanced under which the grant was originally in the House of Commons or else- made, and is subsequently continued. where, have shaken our conviction If indeed a compact could be proved, that the grant is as impolitic as it is Mr. Horsfall's observations, at the unchristian. If Popery is to be en- Liverpool meeting, in his admirable dowed, why not the Wesleyan colleges, speech (which is decidedly one of the for the benefit of two millions of me- most lucid, and convincing, and thodists throughout the kingdom? straight-forward documents which And far, far better endow and nation- has appeared on the subject), are most alize sound doctrinal truth than gross conclusive as to the non-obligatory and fundamental error. We have character of an illegal compact. scarcely patience with the importance But no one pretends to retain this attached to precedent. When it suits ground. Why then are we to be the Premier's purpose, long-estab: guided by precedent and usage, and not consider the measure solely on materiél for human aggrandizement the ground of its own merits? And and profit! Ought not England to has not a longer acquaintance with be giving in charity her millions, Popery, and above all the failure of where she is only giving her thouthe Emancipation measure, done much sands? “Will a man rob God?” to prove that, whatever plausible rea- Ah! what a daily practical robbery of sons might exist for the originating God is going forward through the this succour to Maynooth, the lapse land—"a withholding more than is of years has shewn the fallacy of the meet!” measure, and that now, in this age of reform, we may properly proceed to STATE OF THE COTTON MANUFACremove this anti-protestant blot.

TURES IN LANCASHIRE, &c. We cannot believe that the Premier will proceed in his efforts to carry the

(From the Morning Herald.) measure against the general and In January last our manufacturers earnest protest of the nation.

promised themselves a bountiful har

vest of profit and good trade, and SINCE writing the above, the second

their hopes have been fully realized; reading of the Maynooth Bill has

for it now may be said, without fear been carried after six nights' debate, of contradiction, that a more profitby a majority of 147. Considering

able and steady trade has never been the greater number of members who

done at any former period of the hisvoted on the second reading than the tory of cotton manufactures than has first, this does not indicate an advance been transacted during the present of feeling in the House in favour of the Bill. Never can we believe that hands, that very large profits have

year. It is generally admitted, on all the Premier will dare to set at nought been made, and many

fortunes accuthe overwhelming sense

of the nation mulated. I am not insensible to the against the measure. But no pains fact, that in some former years the must be spared, no efforts wanting profit on a piece of calico or a pound to avert the mischief. We must

of yarn was quite equal to the full pursue it to the House of Lords if

amount of the present price of the needful; and go further still, and

same material; but then the immense implore our beloved Queen by all facilities in producing increased quanthe solemn meaning of her corona- tities, the cheapness of the raw matetion oath, to withhold her consent.

rial, and the generally diminished And above all, in the peaceful confi

wages of the operatives, are more dence and assurance that the Lord is than sufficient to warrant me in sayKing, be the earth never so unquiet, ing that the aggregate amount of we must press to the mercy-seat, con

profit realized this year is larger than fessing our individual and national

in any former year. There is one sins and unworthinesses, but entreat

argument which may be used to ing the Lord, for His dear Son's

weaken this proposition. It has been sake, to be jealous for His land, and stated that the weekly consumption to pity His people.

of cotton does not far exceed that of 1843, and from the weekly reports of some of the Liverpool cotton brokers

this actually appears to be the fact. REAL PROPERTY.

Although these circulars may gene

rally be correct, they convey but a The two following articles are not very faint idea of the real state of the only interesting in themselves, but It appears by the returns given most peculiarly instructive in juxta- in those circulars, that the weekly position with what appears in this consumption for 1844 is but very number on the subject of benevolence. little more than 450 bags a-week over What ought not to be done for the the average consumption of 1843, or, Lord and his work of mercy through for the whole year, 25,000 bags. It out the world, out of such a yast is quite impossible for any person who has paid the least attention to building new mills, or adding to the state of our markets, and the in- their old ones, &c. Messrs. Kelly crease of mills and machinery, to and Gillmore are building a new mill, believe that the consumption of cot- which will employ nearly 500 hands. ton in 1844 is only 25,000 bales over Messrs. M'Connell and Co. are build. that of 1843. How, then, is it to be ing a new mill of large dimensions. shown that in 1844 the increase of The Beehive Mill, burned down some our trade is so much over 1843 as is years ago, is again at work. Messrs. generally believed to be the case? In Smith (silk), Lower Mosely, a new the first place, it may be observed, end. Goythom Mill, a very large that the size and weight of nearly all one, nearly doubled in size. Stirling bales imported is on the increase, and Beeton, a new mill. A new mill and as the number of packages only in Bridgewater-street, and a very is given, there is some deficiency in large addition to another. A new this respect; but this is only trifling mill near Regent-road, Salford. A as compared with the condition of new mill off Greengate, Salford. A holders in the country. No doubt mill in Medlock-street, standing for whatever exists but that the stock of


years, now at work, &c. cotton now in the hands of manufac- EccLEs.—In this village a very turers is very considerably lighter large new mill is built, and in the than at the same period last year. parish six others, some of which are of They have, therefore, been working large dimensions, are either at work up stocks on hand, which, to a very or in course of completion. considerable extent, accounts for the STOCKPORT.-Eskeriggs are now apparent trifling increase of consump- completing a factory in Heaton Lane, tion of 1844 over 1843. This must 75 yards long by 21 yards wide, be the case.

The enormous increase seven stories high, which is only one of the productive power, during the half the size it is to be when finished. past and present year, must have It includes a weaving-shed capable been supplied from one source or of holding 2500 looms. Orrell and other, and, as only 25,000 bales have Co. have added a new building capabeen taken for consumption in 1844 ble of holding 200 hands. Messrs. over 1843, the new mills and increas- R. and J. Gee, of Edgeley, have aded velocity of machinery must have ded a new shed for not less than been supplied from the stocks in the 1000 looms. J. Wilkinson and Sons hands of manufacturers. On this have added to their works in Heatonpoint there is considerable difference lane, 30 yards long by 12 wide, seven of opinion; and therefore the forth- stories high. To their works in Portcoming number of Burn's Commercial wood they have made similar addiGlance is looked forward to with tions. There are many other addigreat interest. To give some notion tions going forward in the town. of the increase of our productive ASHTON.—John Knott and Son a power, I shall enumerate, as far as I new mill of large dimensions. Messrs. can, the number of new mills and ad- Stanley and Chadwick started an old ditions to old ones that have been mill that had been standing for some completed during the present year, or time. Thornley and Cooke started now in course of completion. I may a mill which had been standing for a also add, that a very large number of long period. John Howard started mills which have been standing for a large mill that had been standing. years have been set at work, and are Mr. N. Howard, Mr. Samuel Hegnow in full operation. As it is im- ginbottom, and Mr. Abel Buckley possible to give the names of the have each made additions; others are whole of the firms who are building doing the same. new mills, or making additions, I DUKINFIELD AND STALYBRIDGE. shall only give a few of the principal Mr. Binns has built a new mill;

Hindley and Sutcliffe are also buildMANCHESTER.—There

33 ing a new mill of considerable size; firms in this town that are either Messrs. Wagstaff a new mill; Mr.



Peat and others are making large additions.

OLDHAM.-Here the progress of new mills and the enlargement of others is progressing with great rapidity. No fewer than six new mills have been built during the present year. To eight others additions have been made, and several old ones started which had been stopped for some time.

RochDALE AND HEYWOOD.In these places eight new mills have been built, or in course of building, many others which have been standing set to work, with full complements of hands; amongst others, John Bright and Co. have built a large mill in addition to the one now at work; Mr. I. Wilde has also added a new one to the number.

BURY.-Richard Hamer and Son have set to work a new mill, with 35-horse power engine; Richard Walker and Co. a new shed for 700 power-looms; Messrs. Openshaw and Co. a new shed, for 200 power-looms, also another in the same neighbourhaod, and a new woollen mill. Messrs. Grundy and Rothwell have built a new mill, six windows long and five stories high, also a new weaving-shed for 300 looms. They have started an old mill that had been standing for some time. This mill has also an additional end put to it. There are many other additions made to mills besides those named.

WIGAN DISTRICT.-This town and neighbourhood includes a very large manufacturing district, in which many new mills have been built and additions made. In the town of Wigan, a very large mill, 76 yards long and 27 wide, has been completed. A large mill has been started which had been standing for a long time. In Golburn, Leigh, Chowbent, Astley, Chatmoss, and indeed the whole district, new mills and additions are in progress.

Preston. Here the progress of new machinery is going on with great rapidity. Mr. Bashall has built a new mill 28 yards wide and 13 windows long, five stories high. Messrs. Leighs have built a mill 28 yards wide, and capable of working 20,000

spindles. The power required for this mill cannot be less than 80-horse. Mr. Paley is also building a new mill; Messrs. Horrocks and Miller a new weaving shed for 250 power-looms; Messrs. Catterall and Co. a new shed for 200 looms; Messrs. Ainsworth a new shed which is said to be the longest in Europe; it will hold 1600 looms, and occupy 800 hands, or nearly so; Mr. Threlfall a new shed for 300 looms; Mr. Goodier a new shed for 450 looms. In addition to those named there are several others adding to their establishments.

BLACKBURN.-In this town the new mills and additions to old ones are very great, and will add materially to the quantity produced. A new mill has been erected, which is the largest ever built in Blackburn at one time. In the immediate vicinity of this town a very large number of new mills and additions are going on.

In Bolton there is but little progress making, and Burnley is also somewhat stationary in this respect. In addition to those I have named in the various towns, there are numerous others built and building. Indeed there are few places in which considerable additions have not been made, the aggregate of which cannot be less within the last two years than an increase of from 77 to 10 per cent. upon the whole productive power of cotton machinery in this district. From the brief account of new buildings which I have here given, and which of course must fall far short of the actual number, the apparent increase of weekly consumption of cotton would be quite inadequate to supply their increased machinery. It will, therefore, follow that the stocks in the hands of spinners is much lighter now than at the same period last

year. REAL PROPERTY GREAT BRITAIN.-A return has been issued by order of the House of Commons, on the motion of Mr. Villiers, showing the total amount of the annual value of real property in each county of England, Wales, and Scotland, assessed to the property and income tax, for the year ending April, 1843.


In England and Wales the total value in Westminster, 2,176,5161. 8s. 7d.; of property so assessed was as fol- and in Middlesex, 5,579,8721. 145.3d. lows :-Annual value of lands, 40, Canals in Westminster, 75,7941. 167,0881. 5s. 7d.; houses, 35,556, 6s. 2d.; and other property, 57,4261. 3991. 178. 3}d.; tithes, 1,960,330l. 10s.5d. In Middlesex, canals, 78,4101. 18s. 10 d.; manors, 152,2161. lls. 1s. 10d.; railways, 960,443l. 185. 1d.; 3.d.; fines, 319,1401. 15s. 8 d.; and other property, 188,3081. 11s. 6d. quarries, 207,009l. 8s. 8£d.; mines, Thus the total annual value of real 1,903,7941. 5$. 104d.; iron works, property assessed in Westminster was, 412,0221. 85. 81d.; fisheries, 11,1041. in 1843, 2,329,1451. ls. 4d.; and in 14s. 3d.; canals, 1,229,2021. 6s. ld.; Middlesex, 7,222,8671. 18s. 6d. The railways, 2,417,6091. 188. ožd.; other above is in abstract of the chief porproperty not comprised in the fore- tions of a mass of figures, occupying going, 1,466,8151. 188. 13d. Thus five large folio pages, with seven cothe total annual value of real property

lumns on each page. assessed to the property and income tax in England and Wales, was 85,802,735l. 8s. 63d. In Scotland the total was 9,481,7621. 8. 9d., WE learn with surprise and regret composed of the following sums:- that Archdeacon Samuel Wilberforce Lands, 5,586,5271. 13s. 3d.; houses, is promoted to the Deanery of West2,919,3381. 15s. 9d.; no tithes or minster. We feel quite sure that the manors; fines, 901l. 16s. 2d.; quar- Premier has done this in entire ignories, 33,4741. Os. 10d.; mines, 177, rance of the Archdeacon's recent dis5921. 15s. 7d.; iron works, 147,4121. graceful conduct at York, when, in 16s. 10d.; fisheries, 47,8091. 195. 2d.; order to advance the interests of the canals, 77,8911. ls. id., railways, Society for propagating the Gospel, 181,3331. ls. 6d.; and other


he disparaged and misrepresented perty, 309,4801. 8s. 7d. The the Church Missionary Society by a grand total of the annual value of tissue of the most incorrect statements real property so assessed in Great which we do not see how he could do Britain, in 1843,

thus : otherwise than know to be such. We 95,284,4971. 17s. 6d.

The highest cannot but regard his appointment as annual value of land was in York- an offence to the Church, and very little shire, being 3,989,9361. 10s. 1d., and to its honour. We shall be glad to find the lowest in Cromarty, being 58561. that he is free from Tractarianism. 16s. 11d. The highest value of houses, He has, latterly, been more cautious on the other hand, was in Lancashire, than his brothers: but it is quite being 4,777,5361. 6s. 2d., or about compatible with the Jesuitism of one-eighth of the annual value of the Tractarianism to suspend and conhouses in the whole of England, ceal the mischief until an object of Wales, and Scotland. In London, ambition is realized. And certainly, the annual value of houses assessed after all the evidence of Tractarianism to the Property and Income-tax in which the Archdeacon has manifested, 1143, was 1,369,5151.; tithes, 32,7881. if he has now indeed entirely done 19s. 9d.; fines, 71641.; railways, with it for ever, it behoves him to say 42,661l.; other property, 234,1361. so, in no equivocal terms, and to 18s. 10d.; makingatotal of 1,686,2651, show to the Church that he is not 18s. 7d. The annual value of houses ashamed of the peculiar characterisin the Inns of Court was 107,5721.; tics of Protestantism.


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