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figures to which these narratives “ A small merchant vessel takes relate. Presently he desires to touch him, on the score of charity, to Goëta. this sacred land; he thinks he sees, Behold him so far on his way to the he does see, the Virgin beckon him : Holy Land: in Italy, toiling and beghe sets out. As his wound is not yet ging, he sees Rome, and creeps on to healed, he goes on horseback, carrying Venice. “ It is too late," a voice exwith him, on his saddle, his girdle, claims to him, “the pilgrim's boat is sandals, and all the insignia of a pil- gone.” “No matter,” replies Loyola; grim. On his way, he meets a Moor, * if vessels fail me, I will cross the sea with whom he disputes on the mystery on a plank.” With this hot deterof the Virgin. He is seized with a vio- mination, it was not difficult to reach lent temptation to kill the Moor; he Jerusalem; he reaches it, barefooted, abandons the reins to the instinct of on the 4th of September, 1523. Striphis horse. If he rejoin the unbeliever, ped of almost everything, he strips he will kill him; if not, he will forget himself yet closer to pay the tax to him. He thus begins by placing his the Saracens for the privilege to see conscience at the mercy of chance. again and again the holy sepulchre. At some distance, he dismisses his But at the moment when he grasps attendants, assumes the frock, and the limit of his wishes, a remoter barefooted, continues his route. At boundary rises to his view. He deManrèze, he secludes himself in the sired only to touch these stones : now hospital; he performs military watch that he possesses them, he wants before the altar of the Virgin, and something else. Above the stone of hangs up his sword against a pillar in the holy sepulchre, Christ appears to the chapel. He redoubles his mace- him in the air and signs to him to rations; his loins are girded with an draw nearer. To call, to convert the iron chain; his bread is mingled with nations of the east, is the fixed thought ashes; and the great Spanish lord that awakes within him. Henceforth begs from door to door in the streets he has a positive mission; from the of Manrèze. This does not satisfy moment when his imagination has the hunger of a heart eaten up by reached the desired end, another man asceticism. Loyola retires to a cavern, is formed within Loyola. The imawhere light only penetrates through a gination is quenched ; reflection encleft in the rock. He here


whole larges; mental zeal predominates over days, even weeks, without taking any the love of the cross. The ascetic, the nourishment: he is found in a fainting hermit, is transformed: the politician fit on the edge of a torrent. Despite all these penances, his mind is still “At the aspect of this deserted setroubled. Scruple, not doubt, be- pulchre, he understands that the calsieges it; he subtilizes with himself; culations of the intellect can alone the same internal conflict that Luther bring the world back to it. In this braved at the moment of renouncing new crusade it is not the sword, it is all, Loyola endures at the moment of the mind that will work the miracle. preserving all. The disease goes so It is fine to see the last of the crufar, that the idea of suicide pursues saders proclaim opposite to Calvary, him; in this internal conflict he that arms alone can no more do any. groans, shouts aloud, and rolls him- thing towards regaining believers; self on the ground. But his mind is from this day his plan is made, his not one of those that suffer them

system prepared, his determination selves to be overcome at the first fixed. He knows nothing; he can assault; Ignatius rises again; the scarcely write and read; in a few years vision of the Trinity, of the Virgin, he will know all that doctors can who calls him her son, saves him from teach. And now behold the soldier, despair. In this cave at Manrèze, the the amputated invalid, abandon his feeling of his strength is revealed to imaginary schemes, his asceticism, he does not yet know what he and

to take his place amongst children shall do, he knows only that he hath in the elementary schools of Barcelona to do something.

and Salamanca. The knight of Fera JULY-1845.



2 s

dinand's court, the anchorite of the inclined to maintain a kind of allied rocks of Manrèze, the free pilgrim of clanship under

different leaders, Mount Tabor, bends his apocalyptic which, although as yet the all-absorbspirit to grammar! What is this man, ing enthusiasm secures concord in to whom the heavens were opened, the main, and an agreement to differ doing? He learns conjugations; he in minor points, may hereafter be spells Latin. This wonderful mastery productive of division and consequent over himself, amidst divine illumina- weakness; but whatever fears human tions, already marks a new epoch. fallibility and human passions may

“ Yet the man of the desert still justify, there are two features in the reappears in the scholar. He cures, reformation movement on which we it is said, the dying ; he exorcises can dwell with undivided pleasurespirits ; he did not become a child the adoption by all parties of the Bible again so entirely but that the saint as the rule and umpire in all that reburst out at intervals. Besides, he lates to faith and morals, and the earprofesses some unknown sort of theo- nest desire, which has been far and logy that no one has taught him, and wide excited, to obtain Bibles, and that begins to give offence to the thus see and judge for themselves, in Inquisition. He is put in prison ; he how far the allegations against Rome emerges from it on condition of not are founded on, and separation from speaking again until he has studied her communion justified by, the aufour years in a regular theological thority of Scripture. Pastor Czersky college.

has already applied to Berlin for a “ This sentence decides him to go supply of Bibles for his people, and where knowledge attracted him, to for them the Lutheran Bible will sufthe university of Paris. Is it not time fice; but hundreds, perhaps I may for this mind, so slowly matured, to say thousands, of, as yet, unconvinced declare itself? Loyola is nearly thirty- Roman Catholics, are equally desirous five years of age; what does' he still of seeking counsel at God's word, wait for? This extraordinary scholar and when the Lutheran Bible is has for companions, in his college handed to them, they feel no confirooms at St. Barbe, two young men, dence in its genuineness; they have Francis Xavier, and Peter le Fèvre. been used to hear it denounced by One is a shepherd from the Alps, their priests as adulterated and hereready to swallow powerful language: tical, and they cannot bring themLoyola iş cautious with him, and does selves to read what they fear may not disclose his schemes to him until contain absolute error under the name after three years of reserve and cal- of truth. What a blessed gift to these culation; the other is a gentleman hungering souls would Bibles be infatuated with his youth and birth; which have received the approbation Loyola praises and flatters him--for of the Roman Catholic Church! him, he relapses into the Biscayan In Breslaw, Schneidmühl, and nobleman."

Leipsic, the

Catholic Apostolic

Churches are already organized, and We must give our readers an ex- the last remnant of their adherence to tract from the private letters from Rome annulled by the new pastors Germany, already referred to, and exercising the functions of baptizing which includes an interesting account and dispensing the Lord's Supper in of the origin of Jansenists :

both kinds. The formation of the

Breslaw congregation into a church, « Meantime we may take a rapid and the instalment of Ronge as its glance at what may be called the pastor, in which Czersky took a "march of disruption" from the Ro- brotherly part, took place on the 9th man hierarchy. We shall, however, of March; the services appeared have afterwards occasion to notice, deeply to impress a crowded and that, though united as one great and attentive auditory. Those who have daily-increasing army, in attacking as yet exercised the peculiar duties of Rome; it still seems for the present the pastorate, as Ronge, Czersky, THE AGED CHRISTIAN.

Kerbler, Eichhorn, and some others, are all ordained priests, and there are too many candidates of the same class seeking admission into the German Catholic Church, to leave room for anxiety as to how the wants of the already-formed congregations shall be met; but even should the wide-spreading contagion of reform happily include an ordained priest in every place where it gains a congregation, the question has still been deemed worthy discussion, how episcopal ordination (and many still cling to its traditional necessity) shall hereafter be obtained; and they have turned their eyes towards the Jansenite bishops in Flanders, as a source where such a spiritual desideratum might be sought. Perhaps it may not be here out of place to remind some readers that the Jansenists derive their name from the (in his day) much celebrated Cornelius Jansen, bishop of Upres, in the Netherlands, (obiit 1638,) whose work, entitled

Augustinus,” in which the Augustine doctrine of “free grace” was advocated as truly orthodox, having been condemned at the instigation of the Jesuits, and prohibited by a bull of Urban VIII. in 1643, gave rise to violent polemical disputes in France, which thence obtained the name of the Jansenite controversy, and in which, from the year 1661, Louis XIV. saw fit to mingle. Repeatedly condemned by papal bulls, and persecuted by government, Jansenism ceased to be openly professed in France in 1733, although its pure morality and consistent Scriptural doctrine secured it many secret

approvers among the more pious of the clergy, who, by the readiness with which, at the revolution, they took the oath to the constitution, proved they would sooner give up the Pope than their principles. But in the Netherlands alone There continued to exist an avowed and openly-recognized Jansenite establishment, which, in conformity with the resolutions passed in the Jansenite synod at Utrecht, in 1763, does not cut itself off from the Roman Catholic Church, nor refuse to acknowledge the spiritual supremacy of the Pope, but denies his infallibility, and rejecting the bull “ Unigenitus," (by which the Jansenites were, in 1713, condemned, and many of them driven to seek shelter in the Nether. lands,) and constantly appealing to the decisions of a general council, they hold fast the doctrine and strict morals of the Augustine school, main taining the spiritual worship of God to be the truest index of piety. The Jansenists (who prefer the appellation of Disciples of St. Augustine) have ever since the year 1623 possessed an Archbishop in Utrecht, bishops in Haarlem and Deventer, and a clergy, which, submitting themselves to the laws, and relinquishing all pretensions to external power or wealth, devote their whole energies to the fulfilment of their duties, and to the maintenance of a well-organized ecclesiastical constitution, whose legal existence and permanence, constantly declared apostate and schismatic by the Pope, they owe entirely to the protection of a Protestant government.

There is hardly a sight more lovely, (if so lovely,) than an aged Christian. We see the young sapling, just transplanted, brought into its new soil, full of bloom, and bud, and blossom, and all the promises of blessed fruit; but here we see the breadth of shade -we see the strength of branch-we see the might of its stem-we see it all-majestic--the glory of the forest!

And though it be shorn, and often brought low, and though there may be some deep indentations on its rind -more, perhaps, than we see in the young sapling, yet there is a majesty in it even as it falls; and still it reminds us of Him, who has his eye upon all his “trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he may be glorified.”

A. N.



A PROTESTANT ORPHAN SOCIETY, but realization of hope. The instiin connexion with the Irish work at tution has commenced, and some Kingscourt, has been commenced orphans are now in it. It is, “though under the management of the Rev. C. truly an Irish,” both a simple and Beresford, Bailieboro'; Rev. E. Ha- economical institution. We have not milton, Drumcondra; Rev. G. Hick- expended a penny on stone, lime, or son, Kingscourt; Rev. E. Nixon, Cas- timber. We have at once taken the tletown; Rev. R. Noble, Athboy; Rev. orphans, and placed them in suitable W. Pennefather, Mellifont; and Rev. houses; where nigh a school, they R. Winning, Kingscourt. The objects will receive suitable literary instructo be assisted are the Children of tion, and where their physical and Converts, who have been deprived of spiritual interests will not be neglecteither of their parents, and in conse- ed. According to our arrangements, quence are left without a home; and we will have each orphan lodged, fed, the plan adopted is the same as that clothed, and educated for less than acted upon by the Dublin Protestant £5 a year. We took our first selection Orphan Society. The children are from Clontibbert. I think five from placed in respectable Protestant fami- that parish are now under the care of lies, near a Scriptural school, and Mr. and Mrs. Nixon. Though I have under the immediate superintendence no funds in my hands for this charity, of some Evangelical clergyman and I felt happy to advance £1 to pay for his family. Each child is lodged, fed, the horse and car that brought them clothed, and educated for about £5 to Castletown. Two of these orphans per annum.

are the children of poor Conolly, of It is well known by those acquainted Clontibbert, whose wife and new-born with the state of the Kingscourt dis- babe fell victims to the infuriate

rage trict, that had such an institution of the Rev. Mr. Tierney, the parish existed since the commencement of priest, and one of the traversers with the Society's operations, several hun- O'Connell. dred children would have been edu- Conolly lives in a remote place, far cated as Protestants, who have been from any town; his wife was near her necessarily delivered up to the care of confinement; when she took ill, he ran Roman-Catholic relations.

for a woman whose profession was to Subscriptions and Donations will attend on such occasions, but on the be thankfully received by any of the previous Sabbath the Priest having above mentioned clergymen; by Miss cursed any one who would enter the Mason, Old Connaught, Bray, Secre- houses of our teachers, the woman tary to the Ladies? Auxiliary Irish refused to come ; the poor husband, Society; by any of the Ladies of the agitated and distressed, returned to Committee of that Society; or at the his forsaken wife, and found her in Irish Office, 16, Upper Sackville- great extremity; he alone was with street, Dublin.

her—the helpless babe was born; the The Editor of the Christian Guar- poor mother, from want of proper dian will be glad to receive and care, had no food for it; the wretched forward Contributions.

father dressed and fed it for three

days, when it breathed its last. “ It Kingscourt, 15th Nov.. 1844. died, for Adam sinned; it lived, for MY DEAR -

- In the P.S. of Jesus died.” In want of every comyour letter you ask, “ Have I any hope fort, in anguish of mind, and painful of the Orphan Institution?” I am suffering of body, the poor mother happy to say there is not only hope, continued to live but not to move ;

under these circumstances, the hus- rests in the Protestant buryingband made an exertion to get her into ground of his parish; there was the Monaghan Infirmary; he engaged opposition to his being interred there, a horse to remove her, but Sabbath but by the firmness of Archdeacon intervening, the Priest renewed his Russell, and the aid of the police, his denunciations against Conolly; the dust mingles with Protestants, and man declined giving the horse ; he our beautiful funeral service was read applied to others, they also refused; over his remains. his poor wife was daily declining, he In a letter I received after his funesaw there was no hope for her life if ral, from the archdeacon, he says he she remained at home; though a de- has opened a subscription to erect a licate man, he in the course of a day, small monument. I am not superby resting on the way, carried his stitious, nor do I think the present dying partner to the infirmary, a dis- the period when the Lord always retance of seven miles, but it was too wards the righteous and punishes the late; death was certain of its victim, wicked; still the following chain of and now poor Conolly, by the curse facts, known to many witnesses, and of the Priest, who by his holy calling especially noted by our teachers, are ought to ble lost his innocent babe, striking evidences, not only of an lost the wife of his affections, and overruling, but also of an interfering yesterday, left his motherless children and retributive Providence. I referin the asylum of our Orphan babes, red to a priest entering the cabin of which under God, you have been poor Conolly and burning the Irish mainly instrumental in forming - Bible; he was the curate of the pare Conolly, though very sincere and de- ish-his name was Theon. Just three voted, is only an ordinary teacher; but days after he had destroyed the word he is one of the thirteen heads of of God, and declared, with awful asfamilies who together came out of severations, that after his return from Popery, and for several years have the shore he would burn all the Irish borne the storm of the bitterest per- Scriptures in the possession of the secution; he is the man into whose teachers—he was a corpse. He went cabin the Priest entered and burnt to the shore, went in to bathe, and the Irish Bible, over which the aged was brought out of the water dead. woman, his mother, who could only It was supposed he died of apoplexy. speak Irish, made, in that tongue, For a short time, this awful occursuch a pathetic lamentation; this was rence produced a temporary quiet to translated and printed in the Annual our poor lives, but it was only for a Report for 1842—3. The other or- short period. Another curate, equally phans in your asylum, are the children hostile, came to the parish; he, too, of Stephen Keeglen, who, with your

threatened and denounced our teachlamented reader, Campbell, died on ers, and from the altar directed that his way returning from Mr. Penne- the congregation should hold no infather's Irish meeting in July last ; tercourse with Bible readers, and that he also was a Clontibbert man, he when they saw them, they should call also shared in the bitter persecution of after them, “Mad dog, mad dog!" Father Tierney, he also stood firm For several months, by many they and is one of the thirteen, who with were thus saluted, so that for a time their families came out entirely from they feared to leave their own doors; Popery. The last time I saw him but soon they were also freed from was at Fortlans Irish meeting; there this species of persecution. One both he and Campbell translated and evening, when the curate went home answered questions; poor fellow, he to the priest's house, the priest's caught cold on the journey, and died large dog attacked the horse furiously, twenty miles distant from his home; cut him in several places, and tore but his troubles are now all over, and the arm of the curate's coat. Next I trust he enjoys the blessedness of morning the dog was missing; he those who “die in the Lord,” for had run off mad, bitten several anithus he departed this life, and now mals about the priest's house, all of

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