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Upward of 100 associations in aid of the Society have been established during the past year. The total number at present is 1170.
been augmented four-fold; and that for the year 1843 was the largest which the Society has ever received from voluntary contributions. But even at present the whole yearly income, including a third part of the collections made triennially under sanction of the Royal Letter, cannot be stated at a higher amount than 60,0001. The expenditure meanwhile is not less than 80,0001.; and this is necessary to maintain the operations of the Society on the present scale ; while adequately to supply even the most urgent of the Church in the Colonies, a permanent income of 100,0001. is the least that can be required.
The attention of the Committee has for some time past been anxiously directed to this subject. They have found that the enlarged means of the Society have hitherto been derived principally from Parochial Associations; and they feel assured that, were this parochial organization generally adopted, the most pressing wants of the Colonial Church might be supplied, and many thousands of our emigrant countrymen be supplied with the bread of life.
This plan of forming in every parish an Association in furtherance of the Society's designs has met with the full and cordial sanction of his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, who has brought it under the special consideration of the Bishops of his Province ; and the Committee feel warranted, therefore, in pressing it earnestly, yet most respectfully, on the immediate consideration of the Clergy generally.
The Committee, however, in the present state of the Church in the Colonies, have deemed it advisable to recommend other supplemental measures for its more effectual succour and relief.
One of these is a recurrence to the ancient practice of the Society, contemplated in its charter, of deputing certain persons, by a formal instrument, to enrol' the names of New Subscribers; and it is believed that many, from among the nobility, gentry, and wealthy merchants of EngTand, will be ready to give to the Society a liberal and effectual support. Indeed, the Committee have to express their cordial thanks to many noblemen and gentlemen for the part they have already taken, and for promises of further assistance,
Altered Relation of the Society to the Colonial Clergy.
The relation of the Society to the Clergy who are wholly or in part supported from its funds has undergone a considerable change of late years. Since the erection of Bishoprics in all the more important Colonies, the Society has been relieved altogether from the responsibility of assigning districts to the several Missionaries. It now rests with the Bishop to whom they are commended, to station the Clergy, as well as to direct them in their spiritual office. The periodical Reports of the Clergy are addressed to their own Diocesan, who communicates to the Society such portions as he may consider useful to be made known to the great body of the Church at home. Thus the correspondence of the Society is gradually assuming both a more simple and a more regular character; and may, in some sort, be regarded as a Report on the state and progress of the Colonial Church by the Bishops of the several dioceses.
The supply of Missionaries, and of candidates for Holy Orders, is no longer principally from this country. The establishment of colleges of clas-sical and theological education in all the provinces of British North America, has, to a great degree, superseded the necessity of sending out clergymen from England. Codring, ton, Windsor, Fredericton, Cobourg, and Lennoxville, are now yearly sup. plying candidates for the ministry, not less qualified by learning and devotion than those educated at home, and better trained for the work of an evangelist in their own country, by being hardened to its climate, and inured to the privations and hardships which belong to new settlements.
Summary of Clergy and Schoolmasters
in the Colonial Dioceses. Toronto, 88– Quebec, 51-Nova Scotia, 78—Newfoundland, 28-Jamaica, 12–Barbadoes, 14- Antigua, 4- British Guiana, 10—New Zealand, 3-Australia, 36–Tasmania, 9-Madras, 28-Calcutta, 12-Bombay, 3.
If to these be added one missionary at the Cape of Good Hope, and one
at the Seychelles, the total will be 'It has pleased the Almighty signal378. The Report states
ly to bless the Society's missionary Of this number, 39 in Canada labours among the heathen during West are supported by the territorial the course of the present year; and revenue of the province; and 18 in this increase, we trust, is only Nova Scotia, by, a Parliamentary the first-fruits” of a plentiful harvest grant, limited to the lives of the pre- hereafter to be gathered in from sent missionaries. The total number among a peopleprovidentially brought of missionaries maintained in whole within the reach of the ministrations or in part by the Society is 321. In of our Church. While such success addition to the above list of clergy, should surely encourage us to make the number of divinity students, ca- still greater exertions for the diffutechists, and schoolmasters, main- sion of Christianity in our Indian tained by the Society, is above 300. empire, we must never forget that the
The best, if not the only records settlements of our countrymen in all of the Colonial Church for some gene- parts of the world, replenished as rations past are to be found in the they are continually by the accession journals and correspondence of the of new emigrants, afford to our Church Society; and certainly those of more a wonderful and unprecedented openrecent date will not suffer by compa- ing, of which it will be indeed a rison with the earlier volumes of the shame and a sin if we fail to take series. Never, it may be said, was advantage for the general spread of the Society doing so much as at the the Gospel. present time; nor was there ever a 'Not, therefore, in its own behalf, period in which its exertions in behalf but for our brethren and companions' of the Church were more needed, or sake-for our fellow-countrymen of the promise of success greater, the same household of faith—the So
'The question for the members of ciety makes its appeal to the love and our Church at large to determine is, affection of English churchmen. not whether a society, however much 'For a century and a half the Soto be venerated for its age, or es- ciety has held on its course stedfastly teemed for its work's sake, shall con- and without faltering, in the way of tinue to flourish; but whether those the Church of England : in the same branches of the true vine, which have course, with God's blessing, it will been planted by the Church of Engi proceed; looking for the fruit of its
Him empire, shall be suffered to languish to propagate, who will have all men to during their season of growth, for be saved, and to come to the knowledge want of nourishment and succour. of the truth,'
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW ZEALAND.
The late war at Oruru. Of the war which took place between two numerous tribes at Oruru, about twenty miles from Kaitaia, a detailed account of some particulars connected with this distressing event and of the mitigating circumstances attending it, is contained in the following extracts from Letters received from Mr. W. G. Puckey and Mr. J. Matthews.
Mr. Puckey writes
‘Oruru, as all the old and wise men of these parts declare, belonged to Noble Panakareao by hereditary
right froin Poroa; by some of his distant relatives--the father of Pororua, and others-having no land on which to live, were permitted by Poroa to live at Oruru.
After a course of years, for some unknown reason, Noble's relations wished to expel them from thence, and repeatedly drove them away; but as constantly did Pororua's relatives return. At last Poroa said, “Well, let them remain; my sister is a wife to one of them :" and all acquiesced. In the meantime, European Settlers increased; lands were purchased; and Pororua's relatives took the liberty of selling large portions at Oruru and Manganui, which secretly were like goads in Noble's heart; but still the
animosity slumbered, except in oc- to more than forty. The natives casional grumblings.
assembled from all parts, and comWhen his Excellency Governor pelled both parties to leave the conHobson came to Kaitaia, he acknow- tested land without occupants for, I ledged Noble's right to the purchased believe, four years. So the matter lands of Oruru and Manganui, and rests; but I hope peace will shortly gave him 1001. and a horse for the be permanently established. whole. No doubt Noble was pretty His Lordship the Bishop of New well satisfied, and would have said no Zealand very kindly stayed a week more on the subject, although he in the camp, trying
his best to effect thought the sum too small; but Po- a peace, and so did the Rev. H. rorua also presented a claim to the Williams and other parties. Mr. J. Governor, who, hoping to conciliate Matthews and myself were continuboth parties, and to do away with ally backward and forward. It was their ill feelings, made the same pre. very gratifying to our feelings to witsent to Pororua. This, I need not say, ness the respect and love, I may vexed Noble a great deal; but stili truly say, with which we were always they all lived at Oruru-not, indeed, received by both parties. The Nain charity, although peace was cre
tives seemed to feel that the Misditably maintained.
sionaries were their best and real * At length the Land Commissioner friends. Two Europeans from these for these parts arrived at Manganui, parts went for the purpose of seeing the land sold by Pororua, and whose the battle ; but were received very right to sell, Noble disputed. The roughly by the Natives, who plainly two Chiefs, Noble and Pororua, agreed told them that they did not come to to let the claims be examined in si- do any good, but merely to look on, lence, neither of them saying any and só bid them begone. The conthing on the subject; but Pororua flicting parties had prayers morning remembered not his promise, and and evening; and the Lord's Day stood forth as sole master of the lands was always a day of rest, and obwhich he had sold. And so the served as religiously as usual. Each quarrel began. Noble refused to ac- party had Divine Service on that day, knowledge Pororua's claim, and re- This shows that there is a real and turned to Kaitaia ; and after the great difference for the better.' Commissioner had stayed a month at Mr. J. Matthews writes-Manganui, hoping matters would be 'The late event, which has so settled, he also came to these parts. much unsettled our tribes, was not While he was here, Noble agreed to unexpected by us, and we used compromise the matter with Pororua every endeavour to keep our Natives and sent messengers to that effect; in peace; but it appears to be a hard but Pororua was very hostile, and thing to remove the animosity from shortly after began killing Noble's the human heart, when once fixed. pigs at Oruru, to exasperate him. As a body, our Natives are altogether They then commenced building a Pa, opposed to war; but they say they and our natives, seeing them so en- cannot but obey their Chief, when gaged, did the same, and collected he requests their assistance. I was their forces. It is but justice to the much interested one moonlight night, Christian Natives to say that the war when the war first broke out, in was against their inclinations, and several Christian Teachers, who that they followed their leader mere- were conversing with me on the subly from a sense of duty to him. ject of Christian Natives going to
'It was not to be expected that assist their Chief. One of them such a body of natives would quietly pulled out his Prayer Book, and live together long when every thing pointed to the 37th Article, which was ready for war; and in fact, after says
It is lawful for Christian a few depredations on each other, men, at the command of the Majisthey began skirmishing, and the trate, to wear weapons, and serve in loss of two or three Chiefs grieved
the wars." I was at first rather put them sorely, and occasioned still to a stand ; but managed to explain more skirmishing. The number matters. One of the Natives said, killed and wounded was not large : “I will not agree to that Article as fifteen, I think, were killed; and being good. It was remarkable both killed and wounded together, if that this Christian Native opposed I recollect rightly, did not amount Noble in all his designs of reclaim
ing his lands, and would not fight, dications of the triumphs of the Gosbut went unarmed into the camp, pel, notwithstanding the vigorous from time to time, to see his brethren. efforts made by the prince of darkThis man went with me into the ness to maintain his cruel dominion. hostile Pa, and was much respected by many, because they thought he “We have often been privileged, was consistent in not fighting. About in past years, to report, with St. a fortnight ago another Native opened Paul, a great door and effectual is his book, and shewed me the same opened unto us : we have now to conArticle with a pencil-mark against it. tinue his language, and there are The Article, however, was not trans- many adversaries. At the commencelated rightly, and has since been ment of the year, a band of muraltered. The Article, as it stands in derers from the Thames, attacking a the old Prayer Book, has the word defenceless Pa of the professing Na“Rangatira," instead of “Kaiwa- tives, succeeded in killing six and kawa." As every Kaiwakawa may carrying_away thirteen others as be a Rangatira, while every Rangatira slaves. This produced an exciteis not a Kaiwakawa (Magistrate), ment among the Natives around us the difference is very striking, and that caused
the wheels of our Missioshews what an important thing it is nary Chariot to drag heavily onward. to have the Bible and Prayer Book They were, however, persuaded not translated so as to give the true sense to seek for a payment” then; but of the original.'
to leave the matter in the hands of Government. Since that period,
three more Natives, connected with The ancient enmity between the Tauranga, have been murdered by Tribes of Tauranga and Rotorua the Rotorua Natives. which formerly caused fierce and “The baptisms, during the year, devastating wars, and which at one have been 154; viz. 93 adults and 61 time had the effect of breaking up infants.' many of the Stations in this district soon after their first establishment, • Our work is making progress. I has not wholly subsided. The smo- have baptized nearly 500 Natives in thered embers of deadly strife, which this district during the last seven have, during the last six years, been months; two-thirds of them being restrained from bursting out into a adults. Surely amidst this profesflame by the powerful influence of sion" there must be some princiChristianity, occasionally manifest ple; " and after every probable detheir existence, and prove that they duction for the chaff, may we not have not been entirely extinguished. reasonably hope that there is wheat The following Report and Journal here, which will be gathered into the of the Rev. A. N. Brown, (recently heavenly garner, sufficient to call appointed Archdeacon of the dis- forth the warmest feelings and the trict of Tauranga,) will present liveliest praise toward the Lord of several distressing proofs of this, in- the harvest ? terspersed with many gratifying in
THE IRISH SOCIETY.
The blessings which have already the Gospel, they were led to circulate accompanied
the means employed by portions of Holy Writ in the language the Irish Society, furnish an assurance of the natives; from that moment that they are well adapted to the ob- their prospects brightened, and great jects desired, and are mighty to pull
was the result of the exdown the strong holds of Romish periinent. So, in Ireland, a simi
The aim of the Society is to lar advantage has been obtained circulate the Scriptures in the Irish by the operations of the Irish Solanguage among the Irish-speaking ciety, for when the Bible Society Roman Catholic population.
was prevailed upon, about the year When the first missionaries to Ota- 1821, to print Bibles in the Irish heite were on the point of abandoning tongue, the Irish Society immediin despair their labours in preaching ately availed itself of the measure to
employ an agency to circulate these blessing accompanying this employ. Irish Scriptures, and to teach the ment to the Roman Catholic teachers reading of them in the cabins of the themselves, a large proportion having Roman Catholic peasantry. Although left the Romish church, being conof course obnoxious to the priest- vinced of its errors from the Scriphood, these teachers were every tures, which they have been engaged where acceptable to the people, and in reading themselves and teaching the cabins which they visited were others to read ; and indeed the Rousually filled with hearers, and the man Catholic teachers (as pioneers) truth was soon apparent that the form a very important branch of the
entrance of the word giveth light." Irish Society's machinery, as they Irish Bibles were in great demand; are received without suspicion by the and it is a well-established fact, that scholars, and conviction frequently they are so valued by the Irish pea- reaches both teacher and pupil withsant, that he will not part with an out controversy. At one of the periIrish Bible, though he will give up odical examinations, thirty-six teacha Saxon one. There is then this ers were admitted members of our deeply-rooted attachment of the Irish Protestant church, and received the to their native tongue to work upon, Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. At and God has so extensively blessed another examination held at Kingsthe circulation of his own Word to court, when 300 teachers and schothe adult Romish population, as fully lars attended, all of whom were forto justify a confident belief that a merly Roman Catholics, the greater great harvest is prepared amongst part partook of the Sacrament of the that people, and that labourers only Lord's Supper, more than 100 doing are wanted to gather it in. The ac- so for the first time. As another knowledgment of the work has been
proof of the extended blessing which so manifest, as to justify a loud call has been afforded to the Society's upon the Protestants of England to labours, a clergyman, on opening a aid this great cause, for certainly no new church at Dunurlin writes as missionary labours of late years can follows --'I remember, seven years show so large a portion of this evi- ago, there was only one native parishdence of God's blessing resting upon ioner a Protestant, an old man eighty them.
years of age; at the opening of the By the last return, 12,000 adults church 230 children attended, 200 of and 5000 children were under the them belonging to converts from PoBible instruction before mentioned. pery, and a congregation of 500.' Tens of thousands have received and A strong testimony, exceedingly been taught to read the Scriptures : valuable as coming from an Irish of these, a considerable number have priest, is afforded as to the general renounced Romanism, some have result upon the Roman Catholic emigrated, many have died in the teachers employed by the Society. true faith, and from 3000 to 4000, When warning his flock against the known to have become converts danger of reading the Bible for them. through this instrumentality, now selves he told them, that 'out of thirform, or are joined to, Protestant teen Roman Catholics who had becongregations; and in addition to come teachers, eight had already these are a great number who, for joined the Protestant church, and the various reasons, have not left the Ro. rest would soon follow. One extraormish communion, but who yet cling dinary result which has accompanied to the reading and teaching of the this teaching in the Irish tongue is, Scriptures.
that a great desire has been maniThe agents of the Irish Society are fested to obtain English Bibles, so not exclusively Protestants. As the much so, that in one locality where teachers are restricted to simply read- twelve years before an English Bible ing and teaching the reading of the had been triumphantly burnt, 700 EngScriptures, Roman Catholics, compe- lish Testaments on one occasion were tent and willing to be so employed, sold in a very few hours; and as a are engaged ; and pay is given to the further proof of the value of the Soteachers for those scholars only, who ciety, it may be stated, that the spirit are passed at a periodical examina- of inquiry has not been checked by tion" conducted by clergymen ac- the agitation of repeal. The superquainted with the native language. intendent of the Kingscourt district
There are many instances of a writes:--Though political agitation