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ment is designed for man.” “But paid to them is paid to themselves; that lady, Mr. Jones, may be doing when the fact is, it is paid to their what is necessary: it may be that equipage; and this swells them she takes exercise for her health.” enormously. Let them put off “If so," added he, “it is all right. their pomp and grandeur, and apShe is usefully employed too, if pear without their imposing appenshe is seeking health, that she dages, and they will be no more may perform her duty in her sta- noticed than the multitude. It is tion. I am not for confounding to the equipage that the honour is different orders in society. Every paid. Î remember that Bishop one has a duty in his station: and Hopkins mentions a tale from the were the great of our land to do east, respecting the heathens cartheir proper work, there is employ- rying their idols on an ass, and ment enough for them. I am sure falling down on the road and worthat God never designed that their shipping it. The ass, seeing this, dogs and horses should engross grew amazingly proud, thinking their attention, or that they should that he was worshipped, when in spend their time in idleness and fact it was the idol. This is exluxury. There is work enough actly the case with our great peofor them. They might contrive ple. and provide employment for the But more particulars I shall not unemployed, instruct and overlook now add; and the things which their tenants, and suggest plans of have been stated, have not been improvement to them. A great adduced for the purpose of exalting deal, if not the whole, of the mis- the man, but the grace of God in ery that prevails might be removed, him, and of setting forth the blessif the great people were to do the ing of God, which accompanied his duty of their station. There would labours. No one ever acknownot be then anything like the vice ledged more readily and more fully and ignorance which now exist." than he did, that he was what he

“But how can we expect them, was through grace only — yea, Mr. Jones, to put a stop to vice, through free, sovereign, and unwhen it often prevails most among

But when God themselves?

honours an instrument, we ought Very true,” he said, “it is so; also to honour him ; but still only and great is their guilt. They are as his instrument, made fit for his often the greatest sinners in the work, and blessed by him. There land. Their sins are enormous, is nothing but sin that is to be both of omission and commission. ascribed to man : all good, naThey awfully neglect the duties of tural and spiritual, is alone from their station, and seem to live to God, and to him all the glory and no other purpose than to gratify praise are due. their pride and sinful passions. Perfection we claim not for our There are no sinners like them. departed friend, nor for any saint They have an enormous load of that ever lived on earth, not exguilt to account for. Man was cepting those of holy writ. Perdesigned by God for work. • In fection is not the condition of man the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat in this world: he must leave the bread. They live either idly, or

earth before he attains it. But we to no good purpose; and they are, ascribe perfection to his spirit now. for the most part, filled with amaz- Emancipated from the flesh, freed ing pride, thinking that the respect from the clogs of mortality, he is

merited grace.


now, we doubt not, wholly perfect, immeasurably greater, to what is without spot or wrinkle, and alto- spiritual and heavenly. When gether in the image of his God, they see a Christian, a faithful singing the song of Moses and the servant of God, they regard him, Lamb, ascribing glory to Him who not only as one possessing human hath redeemed him by his blood, kindness, benevolence, and integand given him a crown of righte- rity, but as one bearing the high

Of this happy change relation of a son to God, and as we have no doubt; for he evidently one who is an heir to the inhe. bore, while on earth, the lineaments ritance of the saints in light, yea, of the divine image, though they though he were, in this world, the were, while he was here, imperfect: humblest and lowest of human but those who had spiritual eyes beings. But if he should be a could distinctly see them, though minister of the Gospel, through the world could not. He had also whom they had derived spiritual the lineaments of human imperfec- good, either the first impressions, tion and weakness, which all the or subsequent improvements, they saints, while upon earth have ever usually regard him with peculiar had, which Prophets and Apostles interest and esteem, and even with had : and these the world could veneration. And this was much see ; and on account of these the the case with our departed brother. world often imputes hypocrisy to He had been, through God's blessChristians. These the godly also ing, to many a father in Christ, and see, but they know how to account to many more he had long been a for them : and because they see sympathising friend, a kind adviser, also the divine lineaments, which an animating guide, and an inappear bright and glorious, though structive and comforting teacher. shaded and obscured by the body And hence the high respect, affecof sin, they lose sight in a great tion, and love with which he was measure of those of imperfection, regarded ; which to the world apand think much higher of their peared strange and unaccountable. fellow Christians than what the It will no doubt be gratifying to world can by any means understand many to know how our departed or comprehend. Hence is the great brother bore the labour and sorrow discrepancy between the estimate of old age. Activity tends much formed of the true Christian by the to enjoyment in this world. When natural and the spiritual man. the body fails, the mind is thrown

There is also this—the world can more on itself; and discontent and see and appreciate what is kind, impatience commonly attend old amiable, benevolent, charitable, and age; but the case was the reverse in a measure, what is moral; but with him. His content, patience, what is spiritual and divine, the gratitude, and resignation, increasworld is so far from rightly seeing ed with his increasing years. There and appreciating, that what it does a mellowness in his spirit see it dislikes and hates, and what which sometimes appeared very is of the greatest value it regards delightful, and a longing desire for as wholly worthless. On the con- the bliss of another world. We trary, the godly, though they do may see the state of his mind by not undervalue kindness, benevo- the following extracts made from lence, and morality, but regard his letters. Writing to an afflicted them as necessary and important, do friend, August 25, 1835, he says: yet attach a value and importance, Though absent from you, I am




often with you, and take no small “ That kind family (Ramsden’s) pleasure in the thought, that we have, with much pains, prevailed are both travelling in the way of on me at last to promise to visit eternal life, and enjoy the blessed Carlton this year, if life and health hope of being for ever where no

be spared. A man of my years evil of sin or of suffering can ever (85) cannot expect to dwell much come, and where holiness and joy longer on the earth. The hope of shall for ever abound. The ear- being for ever with the Lord in nest of such an inheritance yields glory, is now of far greater value at intervals no small enjoyment; than to possess and enjoy every what height of happiness and ful- earthly comfort to the full extent ness of joy and triumphs will the of my wishes. All things here possession of the inheritance itself below are but shadows, that appear afford to the

pure and perfect soul! but for a little while, and then We see yet but through a glass vanish away : but on God's right darkly; but the time will surely hand are rivers of pleasures for evercome, and that soon, when we

Were God to deny us all shall see Jesus in his kingdom; earthly gratifications, to inherit the then we shall be altogether like kingdom above will soon make him, when we shall see him as he amends for our momentary privais. Every believing view of him tions. God gives us a heart to now in this dim world, transforms say, “Thy will be done,' he deals the soul more or less into his like bountifully with us, and makes us

The delightful employ of rich indeed. Nature will have her the spiritual mind is to behold the tears when the flesh is crucified. Lamb of God, in whom all fulness This will be but for a few days; dwells, and all for us, and all freely, and the clouds will vanish when without money and without price. the Sun of righteousness breaks Now I turn to the little things of forth in its strength.” this dead earth, on which we dwell The next extracts exhibit the during the days of our pilgrimage, same strain. They are from a lettill we go to be the inhabitants of ter written May 11, 1837: the new heaven and the new earth, “ You know the cause of delay wherein dwelleth righteousness, in writing. I can liardly say that joy, and peace."

I have been afflicted; for I had no And, writing to the same from pain in body or mind. My strength Carnarvon, July 19, 1836, he for a time was gone, but is now makes these striking remarks: greatly renewed.

I have experi• Time-time is nothing. Sal- enced nothing but kindness from vation in and with God is all in God and man. I never enjoyed a all. I have had some sweet inter- more perfect peace of mind, than course with a few of my fellow- when I was expecting I had finishpilgrims in this journey. It is ed my course. This tranquillity very blessed when the soul soars was of God, which I desire to keep aloft and peeps into the palace always in thankful remembrance. above the skies, where we hope to The peace of God is precious! go and remain always.”

Our friends at C- -, happily How much like the language of enjoy this heavenly treasure, and a true pilgrim, and of a happy one are filled with joy at the thought too, is the language of the follow- that their departed friend (Mrs.R.) ing portion of a letter, written Feb. now inherits glory. Their joy swal23, 1837:

their sorrow. This is faith.

lows up

In pa

“ And faith can speak in a very “I can truly say, that I never powerful manner at times. There feel half so happy, as when I feel are some sentences in the English myself a pilgrim and a stranger, language, which none but faith can without a house or inheritance on utter distinctly; such as these- the earth. I would say to you, It is the Lord; let him do what while a prisoner of hope under seemeth him good. Not my God's protecting care, will, but thine, be done.' “The tience possess your soul.' All Lord gave, and the Lord hath clouds and shadows will soon flee taken away; blessed be the name away; and the Lamb of God will of the Lord.' • I have learned, in be our sun for an eternal day.-I whatever state I am, therewith to was highly favoured, in every way, be content.' • All is well.'

on my journey here. On the third * Though he slay me, yet will I day I arrived at Aberystwyth; I trust in him.'

Faith alone can supped, slept, and breakfasted at the speak this language distinctly. B-, and the good Mrs. E— was And even faith itself is at times a unwilling to take any of my money. little hoarse, and cannot articulate I meet with nothing but kindness plainly. On these occasions, a everywhere, at home and abroad. dose of bitters is given to faith to This is of God, and not accident. clear her voice; and if this fails, But where is gratitude? Bright she looks towards the Cross on and dark clouds quickly pass over Calvary, and the view of what has us, but a voice from the throne is been done there sets faith's tongue now crying, My salvation shall quite at liberty to speak plain.

be for ever. Now she mounts to the skies, and The date of the letter from which sings like a lark; but not very long the following extracts are made, is at a time, for she soon descends to Christmas day, 1838: the earth, and becomes as dull as “I must attempt a few lines, a clod. Such is a believer's life though but few, just to tell you on the earth—constant changes, whereabout I am, and to enquire light and darkness, joys and sor- how you go on.

We have a wise, rows, the triumph of faith, or the kind, and able guide to teach us groans of nature. While we look the way, and to carry us on in the on the things which are seen, all is way everlasting.

It manifestly sadness and sorrow; but when we appears that we have nothing to look on the things which are not seen do, but to set the Lord always and eternal, our dark clouds van

to hear his voice, ish, and our darkness is swallowed to believe his testimony, to lean by light. Our warfare may be on his arm, and to follow his steps. severe, but it must be short. We “ There is nothing in Scripture sow in tears, but shall reap in joy. so much insisted upon, as to 'trust The days of sufferings and weep- in the Lord. Nothing is so neings are few, but the days of hea- cessary, and nothing of such beven shall never see an end. In nefit. One would think that nothe hope of glory sing on your bed thing is more easy than to trust in of pain.'

God, who is so gracious, so loving, To the same effect isthe language and so faithful; yet through unbeof the following portion of a letter, lief we often find it difficult to say, sent from Aberystwyth, July 20, · All is well. However, I find no 1837:

such relief by anything, as by com

before us,

mitting myself into the hands of the blessed and all-sufficient Saviour, and as by believing that he has taken the charge of me, and that he will take care of me, and carry me safe through to the blessed rest that remaineth above."

A short portion of one more letter shall be given: its date is May 8, 1839:

"My days for writing and travelling are gone by, never to return. So hath God ordained; and it is well. Submission to his sovereign will is far better for us than the highest earthly enjoyment that can ever be: and what flesh dislikes most is generally fullest of benefits to the soul. Yes, the quiet submission of faith in the furnace, is a higher token of God's love and good will, than deliverance from all pain and sufferings.

You practise what I try to describe. I know a little about affliction, but you more. God takes the right way with us both; and it will be but a little while, till the Lord shall deliver us out of all our trouble. When that happy time arrives, what loud songs of praise shall we render to our great Deliverer!”

The last interview I had with him, about a month before he died, was unusually interesting. He conversed freely on various subjects, and with as much order and coherence as ever. He spoke of the religious aspect of things in the present day with no small measure of discrimination, alluded to the attempt, made in our Church, of reviving the doctrines and practices of Popery, and reprobated it in the strongest terms, as being highly injurious to the interests of the Church, and dishonest and traitorous on the part of its advocates. He also stated what his own experience was in his increasing bodily infirmities, referred to his


trials and temptations, and also to his hopes and comforts. The spiritual struggle he still felt, and at times severely. Though the body was weak, and feeble, and decaying, he

yet had to contend with the sin of his nature, not indeed in its carnal excitements, but in its deadening and harassing influence on the spirit. He was not without his occasional seasons of depression, nor wholly free, at all times, from fears and doubts, owing, as he thought, in a great measure, to his debilitated state, solitary life, and the loss of his sight, which deprived him of the advantages he derived from reading. Though he had some to read to him, yet this was no adequate supply. The loss of his sight was a great trial to him. His eyes had been gradually failing him for the last two or three years; but he did not lose his sight wholly, till within the last twelve months.

There were two things which he particularly specified, as evil suggestions, by which he was at times tried and disturbed. The first was—That he might after all be deceiving himself, inasmnch as it is said, that “the heart is deceitful above all things.” His relief from this temptation was, that he was made to know the deceitful. ness of his heart, and that if he had not been made to know this, self-deception must have inevitably been the case.

The other suggestion was—That his religion was all selfish, arising from dread and fear of punishment, and from a desire for his own happiness, and that there was no love of God in it, nor any real concern for his glory. This point was discussed at length. It was admitted that a regard for one's own happiness was a legitimate principle, sanctioned by the word of God, and that the

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