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DWELLINGS FOR THE POOR.
In our advertising columns will be ever the number of the family, or the found the first public appeal for funds ages or sex of the children, all lived, in aid of that most important under- and cooked, and fed, dressed and untaking to which we have already once dressed, sickened, died, or recovered, or twice alluded, the establishment of in this one room, generally measuring healthy and economical DWELLINGS some eight or nine feet by ten or FOR THE POOR in this metropolis. eleven.
Such is the general feeling of the It was impossible to look at these necessity for some effort of this de- poor people without seeing at a glance scription that there have been two or what was their chief temporal want. three schemes of the kind within the There was no mistaking it. Facilities last five years.
The association, for washing and bathing will be great however, which now appeals to the boons, and we will not undervalue public for support has the honour to them. But when we see a man and be the first to commence an actual his wife, and six children, girls and building. This body—the Society boys of 16 and 18, all huddled together, for Improving the Condition of the night after night, in two or perhaps Labouring Classes—has obtained a three beds, placed side by side in one suitable site on Lord Calthorpe's small and ill-ventilated attic, can we estate, at the eastern end of Guildford- for a moment imagine that we have street, and has nearly completed, on done our duty by such a family when this spot, a range of buildings which we have brought into their neighis intended to accommodate twenty bourhood a cheap warm bath and a labouring men and their families, with place where they may wash their a separate house for thirty poor widows clothes ? or single females of mature age. The If we have the least regard, then, expectation the committee is, that for the morals, the health, or the good for the lodgings they will here be able conduct of the labouring classes, we to offer to the poor-well-drained, must make an effort in this direction. ventilated, and provided with all re- No other mode or plan for improving quisite conveniences—they will be their condition can be thoroughly efable to charge about one-half, or less fectual so long as this is overlooked ; than one-half, of the rents now exacted nor can any amount of money be so for the miserable garrets and cellars economically laid out in any other into which the labouring classes are way. We noted down, the other day, at present forced to cram themselves. the several rents paid by the lodgers
We have already stated our con- in one small house in the lane above viction, that no one of the various referred to. We found them to plans for ameliorating the condition amount, collectively, to rather more of the labouring classes is of equal than eighty pounds per annum. The importance with this. We very re- full value of the house to a yearly cently took a survey of several houses tenant might be about twenty-five in one of the lanes near Fleet-street, pounds. Add ten or fifteen for rates and which would obviously afford a and taxes, and it will be seen that the very favourable specimen of their fair value of each room was doubled. class. We found, in nearly, every
Extend this calculation over that instance, a whole family crowded, by enormous mass—the working classes day and by night, into a single room. of London-and imagine what the The reason was obvious and unan
aggregate sum extorted from them by swerable. A single room cost the lodging-house keepers must be. family 3s. 6d. or 4s., or even 4s. 6d. But it may be asked, How is this per week. Two rooms, at a cost of gigantic evil to be overcome? The 78. or 8s., would have made two large reply may be difficult; but assuredly à deduction from weekly wages of the Society above alluded to has taken only 18s., 20s., or 24s, Hence, what- the only feasible course. Legislation
cannot touch this kind of oppression; utility. Give him a laundry and a and mere talk, like that in which the warm bath; they will add to his comTimes delights, will effect nothing. fort, and promote his health and The first step to be taken is, practi- cleanliness. But when all this is cally to show how the poor might be done, you have still left him in his better lodged-on what terms-and “chair-lumbered closet, just eight with what return on the capital em- feet by nine," the best that his wages ployed. Let this problem be once will allow him to provide. Here he solved; let houses be actually erected is obliged to stow away his family, as and tenanted, and let the public have well as he may, himself, his wife, his a fair account of the experiment and girl of 16, his boys of 15 and 14—all its results, and we cannot doubt that reposing, night by night, in one narfrom among the enormous wealth of row attic! We give the most simple this metropolis thousands and tens of and ordinary outline; we describe thousands would be offered to carry merely what will occur this night in on such an operation on a larger and ten thousand cases. Easy would it still more effective scale.
be to add depth to the portraiture; Meanwhile, the Society, which has to speak of the mother in her confinecommenced this important work, calls ment, or of the infectious diseases for further aid. Even for this, its which are sure to find their
into first attempt, it needs larger funds such scenes as these; but we forbear. than have yet been provided. Strange, If we have not said enough to induce that in one town alone (Manchester) some of the wealthy to look backward not less than £28,000 should have at their shortcomings, and forward at been raised for the purpose of provid- their responsibilities, we shall despair ing play-grounds for the poor; and of touching their sympathies or their that in London and Birmingham consciences by any further details. £10,000 should have been subscribed We shall merely repeat-knowing to supply them with warm baths; and that many are accustomed to think of yet that not so much as five thousand these things-that, in our judgment, should have yet been given to provide there is scarcely any one way in which the poor with comfortable and whole- the temporal necessities and suffersome homes. We must insist upon ings of the poor can be so effectually it that this is a great mistake.
and permanently alleviated as by takthe poor man his “Victoria Park”. ing effectual measures for the improvewe decry it not, nor undervalue its ment of their dwellings.-Mor. Her.
GENESIS ii. 5, 6.
WHENCE come ye, clouds of darkest Why is man's path with thorns be
hue ? Ye shut out heaven from our view, The fading leaf, the grave, the dead, And cast a gloom around;
The sweat upon the brow; Alas! earth once had cloudless skies, These cloud the heart and dim the eye; Ye never wept o'er Paradise,
Whence all this toil and miseryBut this is cursed ground.
O man, why weepest thou ? Our home is thine, from sinful earth Lo! we depart—the God of love We clouds of darkness take our birth, Hath placed his bow of grace above; And in its doom we share;
Joy to thee, man forgiven! Think, when our falling drops ye see, Thy home, not ours, is in the skies; Creation's tears are shed o'er thee, We rise to fall, ye fall to riseNeed we the cause declare?
From earth, sin, death-to heaven!
ON PSALM xxxi. 7.
“ Thou hast known my soul in adversity.”
FATHER of mercies, 'tis not in the hour
When earthly joys shine brightest here below;
Thy covenanted love our spirits know.
Of our beloved ones beam fondly bright,
And life's horizon knows no gloom of night.
“ God of all consolation"-thou hast known
Our souls in darker sadder hours than these;
Tossed on the billows of life's raging seas
The tempest of our souls obeys thy will ;
The fearful storm is hushed with, Peace, be still !”
'Tis in the hour when gilded joys are fled,
And, 'reft of those we loved, the spirit grieves ;
Or flit beside our path like autumn leaves :
-our shield-our might;
Till life's dark day shall set in cloudless light.
PROTESTANT MINSTRELSY.-No. VII.
(For the Christian Guardian.)
“When all other fires of martyrdom are put out, these burn still.”-LEIGHTON.
APOSTATE Church! thy pleasant song
We know thy guile, we hear the chain
years, And temper'd well with blood and tears.
Thy lamb-like voice, so soft, so clear,
The grievous taunt, the word of scorn,
And is it that our souls are dead, Aye, from thy darkest convent cell, We wait not at thy doors for bread? Have soar'd, with God in heaven to And is it that our hearts are cold,
dwell. We will not touch thy cup of gold?
And blessed be the light that falls The chalice wrought by craftsmen wise, Through prison doors, and dungeonWith many an old and rare device;
walls! The ancient chalice, moulded well
And blessed be the heavenly sword In secret crypt and hidden cell ?
That cleaves the chain and snaps the
But we are not in bondage yet;
And, while the sun in heaven is set, An unknown tongue must ever be?
We know not wherefore we should
tread Gold from the temple would we take,
Where nets and snares by thee are Our Father's house a hovel make? Upon his altar quench the flame,
spread. And offer there the blind and lame?
We know not wherefore free-born feet It is not so; ye do us wrong,
Should haste thy chariot-wheels to But He hath made our purpose strong
meet: To dash to earth the golden bowl
Why free-born tongues should ask That dims the eye, and chills the soul.
Rent off in agonies of pain. No faithful martyr, angel meek, No saint, with torture-wasted cheek, If we have watched the morning gleam While we have heart, while we have Why heed we now a taper's beam? hand,
If we have tasted angel's bread Between our God and us may stand ! Why heed we where the husks are
shed: We know indeed that spirits high,
“Ελενη. Nurtured by thee, have sought the sky;
Review of Books. THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH. A Sermon preacht at Brighton, Dec.
10th, 1840. By JULIUS CHARLES HARE, Archdeacon of Lewes. Parker:
London. IS UNAUTHORIZED TEACHING ALWAYS SCHISMATICAL? A
Sermon preached before the University of Oxford, May 12th, 1844. By the Rev. J. GARBETT, Professor of Poetry, and Prebendary of Chichester,
Hatchards : London. THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH. By W. B. NOEL, M. A., Nisbet,
London. THE UNION OF ALL TRUE CHRISTIANS, POSSIBLE, DESIRA
BLE, AND NECESSARY. By A CLERGYMAN. Norwich: London,
Seeleys. WE hail with great satisfaction the by largely pursuing this subject, and discovery of materials, wherever they noticing such materials as they occur lie, for the increase and establishment
That they all may be one” of Christian Union : and we are per- was the Saviour's prayer; and that suaded that we cannot render our prayer will be answered. It must inreaders a more important benefit than deed be answered, ere the world will
arrive at its predicted destiny of bles- respect as well as in many others, sedness, or the Saviour at the fulness that they present the apparent uniof his glory amongst the sons of men. versality of that cementing and har
We are living in most singular monizing principle of which we speak. times, which are yet scarcely intelligi- Thus, if Christians and Churches are ble. “My soul, wait thou only upon manifesting an earnest desire forunity, God.” His purposes are ripening governments are doing the same. fast. Blessed indeed are they who Conciliation is the Premier's grand have a heart to long and pant for his policy; the polar star of his movekingdom! Never was there a time, ments. We cannot be present for a perhaps, when the Church of Christ night in the House of Commons, but was more suddenly and unexpectedly we see his ruling principle. We need drawn into a condition of hopeful- only turn to Ireland in proof of it. ness regarding her best and chiefest But is there any sympathy between beauty-her Christian Union. We such a spirit of union as that which may not see how it will be realized,
our government is manifesting, and but we see all parties fainting and that which the Churches of Christenalmost dying for want of it; recog; dom are panting after? None whatnizing its indisputable necessity, and ever. The Premier aims at conciliating imploring the Dove of Peace to come all parties around him, in an entire and settle our distractions. Late and reckless disregard of character events have driven the faithful, wher- and principle and consistency. He ever existing, into the lively convic- sends a message of peace to Ireland! tion, that they must draw nearer and Words of blessed, welcome sound! nearer together. We are frequently But what solid, legitimate peace will reminded of a singular occurrence he effect in the succouring and buildsome time ago in the south of Eng- ing up of Popery on the ruins of the land, when the water had overflown a Protestant Church? Sir Robert Peel considerable tract of low country, and cannot touch the real Church of there were seen animals of various de- Christ. Against her the gates of hell, scriptions, and bitter enemies to each whether applied openly or insidiously, other, swimming and escaping to one cannot prevail. The Church of common point of elevation where Christ will continue to flourish in Irethe waters could not reach them; land amidst all earthly treachery and and there, exulting in their safety, desertion; but as it regards the best they forgot their animosities. The and dearest instrumentality for the fox and the rabbit and the hare and upholding of that Church, the Prethe rat and the sheep were good mier has sapped it to the foundations, friends together. They were happy and very soon, we believe, the Church in one common safety; and dwelt of Ireland will be in ruins. together in one common harmony. Then what are we to make of this The waters of destruction drove them apparent spirit of union and conciliato it. We need not point out the tion existing in governments? Our applicableness of the illustration to view of it is this; that it is the counourselves. Is it presumptuous to terfeit of that which is progressing hope that our floods of trial and en- amongst the faithful in Christ: that dangerment are bringing the faithful it is the policy of the devil to mix up to their common hill of Hermon, the base and spurious coin with the where the dews of Heaven will fall genuine: that he trembles to see any alike on all, and be like the oil poured advance to the accomplishment of out on Aaron, casting its sweet and Christ's prayer for the unity of his blessed perfume all around. We Church; and therefore that he is inshall not quarrel with the means, with fusing a spurious unity to blend and whatever uprooting or inundations mislead the ignorant and thoughtless: they may be effected, which bring us 'messages of peace, where there can to such a consummation.
be no peace; to make efforts to amalhave said that the times are strangely gamate the most opposed and hetersingular. And so they are in this ogeneous materials, irrespective of all