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been augmented four-fold; and that Upward of 100 associations in aid for the year 1843 was the largest of the Society have been established which the Society has ever received during the past year.

The total from voluntary contributions. But number at present is 1170. even at present the whole yearly income, including a third part of the Altered Relation of the Society to collections made triennially under the Colonial Clergy. sanction of the Royal Letter, cannot The relation of the Society to the be stated at a higher amount than Clergy who are wholly or in part 60,0001. The expenditure meanwhile supported from its funds has underis not less than 80,0001.; and this is gone a considerable change of late necessary to maintain the operations years. Since the erection of Bishopof the Society on the present scale ; rics in all the more important Colowhile adequately to supply even the nies, the Society has been relieved most urgent of the Church in the altogether from the responsibility of Colonies, a permanent income of assigning districts to the several Mis100,0001. is the least that can be re- sionaries. It now rests with the quired.

Bishop to whom they are commended, The attention of the Committee to station the Clergy, as well as to has for some time past been anxious- direct them in their spiritual office. ly directed to this subject. They The periodical Reports of the Clergy have found that the enlarged means are addressed to their own Diocesan, of the Society have hitherto been who communicates to the Society derived principally from Parochial such portions as he may consider Associations; and they feel assured useful to be made known to the great that, were this parochial organization body of the Church at home. Thus generally adopted, the most pressing the correspondence of the Society is wants of the Colonial Church might gradually assuming both a more simbe supplied, and many thousands of ple and a more regular character; our emigrant countrymen be supplied and may, in some sort, be regarded with the bread of life.

as a Report on the state and progress This plan of forming in every of the Colonial Church by the Bishops parish an Association in furtherance of the several dioceses. of the Society's designs has met with The supply of Missionaries, and of the full and cordial sanction of his candidates for Holy Orders, is no Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, longer principally from this country. who has brought it under the special The establishment of colleges of clasconsideration of the Bishops of his sical and theological education in all Province; and the Committee feel the provinces of British North Amewarranted, therefore, in pressing it rica, has, to a great degree, superearnestly, yet most respectfully, on seded the necessity of sending out the immediate consideration of the clergymen from England. Codring, Clergy generally.

ton, Windsor, Fredericton, Cobourg, The Committee, however, in the and Lennoxville, are now yearly sup. present state of the Church in the plying candidates for the ministry, Colonies, have deemed it advisable not less qualified by learning and deto recommend other supplemental votion than those educated at home, measures for its more effectual suc- and better trained for the work of an cour and relief.

evangelist in their own country, by One of these is a recurrence to the being hardened to its climate, and ancient practice of the Society, con- inured to the privations and hardtemplated in its charter, of deputing ships which belong to new settlecertain persons, by a formal instru- ments. ment, to enrol the names of New Subscribers; and it is believed that Summary of Clergy and Schoolmasters many, from among the nobility, gen

in the Colonial Dioceses. try, and wealthy merchants of Eng- Toronto, 88— Quebec, 51-Nova land, will be ready to give to the So- Scotia, 78—Newfoundland, 28-Jaciety a liberal and effectual support. maica, 12—Barbadoes, 14- Antigua, Indeed, the Committee have to ex- 4- British Guiana, 10—New Zealand, press their cordial thanks to many 3-Australia, 36-Tasmania, 9-Manoblemen and gentlemen for the part dras, 28-Calcutta, 12-Bombay, 3. they have already taken, and for If'to these be added one missionary promises of further assistance. at the Cape of Good Hope, and one

1845.

F

66

as

at the

Seychelles, the total will be 378. The Report states

'Of this number, 39 in Canada West are supported by the territorial revenue of the province; and 18 in Nova Scotia, by a Parliamentary grant, limited to the lives of the present missionaries. The total number of missionaries maintained in whole or in part by the Society is 321. In addition to the above list of clergy, the number of divinity students, catechists, and schoolmasters, maintained by the Society, is above 300.

* The best, if not the only records of the Colonial Church for some generations past are to be found in the journals and correspondence of the Society; and certainly those of more recent date will not suffer by comparison with the earlier volumes of the series. Never, it may be said, was the Society doing so much as at the present time; nor was there ever a period in which its exertions in behalf of the Church were more needed, or the promise of success greater,

The question for the members of our Church at large to determine is, not whether a society, however much to be venerated for its age, or esteemed for its work's sake, shall continue to flourish; but whether those branches of the true vine, which have been planted by the Church of England in every province of our colonial empire, shall be suffered to languish during their season of growth, for want of nourishment and succour.

'It has pleased the Almighty signally to bless the Society's missionary labours among the heathen during the course of the present year; and this increase, we trust, is only the first-fruits” of a plentiful harvest hereafter to be gathered in from among a peopleprovidentially brought within the reach of the ministrations of our Church. While such success should surely encourage us to make still greater exertions for the diffusion of Christianity in our Indian empire, we must never forget that the settlements of our countrymen in all parts of the world, replenished as they are continually by the accession of new emigrants, afford to our Church a wonderful and unprecedented opening, of which it will be indeed a shame and a sin if we fail to take advantage for the general spread of the Gospel.

'Not, therefore, in its own behalf, but for our brethren and companions' sake-for our fellow-countrymen of the same household of faith-the Society makes its appeal to the love and affection of English churchmen.

' For a century and a half the Society has held on its course stedfastly and without faltering, in the way of the Church of England : in the same course, with God's blessing, it will proceed; looking for the fruit of its to propagate, who will have all men to be saved, and to come to the knowledge of the truth,'

CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

NORTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW ZEALAND,

KAITAIA.

After a

The late war at Oruru. Of the war which took place between two numerous tribes at Oruru, about twenty miles from Kaitaia, a detailed account of some particulars connected with this distressing event and of the mitigating circumstances attending it, is contained in the following extracts from Letters received from Mr. W. G. Puckey and Mr. J. Matthews.

Mr. Puckey writes

‘Oruru, as all the old and wise men of these parts declare, belonged to Noble Panakareao by hereditary

right froin Poroa; by some of his distant relatives--the father of Pororua, and others—having no land on which to live, were permitted by Poroa to live at Oruru. course of years, for some unknown reason, Noble's relations wished to expel them from thence, and repeatedly drove them away; but as constantly did Pororua's relatives return. At last Poroa said, “ Well, let them remain; my sister is a wife to one of them :' and all acquiesced. In the meantime, European Settlers increased ; lands were purchased; and Pororua's relatives took the liberty of selling large portions at Oruru and Manganui, which secretly were like goads in Noble's heart; but still the

animosity slumbered, except in occasional grumblings.

'When his Excellency Governor Hobson came to Kaitaia, he acknowledged Noble's right to the purchased lands of Oruru and Manganui, and gave him 1001. and a horse for the whole. No doubt Noble was pretty well satisfied, and would have said no more on the subject, although he thought the sum too small; but Pororua also presented a claim to the Governor, who, hoping to conciliate both parties, and to do away with their ill feelings, made the same pre. sent to Pororua. This, I need not say, vexed Noble a great deal; but stilí they all lived at Oruru-not, indeed, in charity, although peace was creditably maintained.

At length the Land Commissioner for these parts arrived at Manganui, the land sold by Pororua, and whose right to sell, Noble disputed. The two Chiefs, Noble and Pororua, agreed to let the claims be examined in silence, neither of them saying any thing on the subject; but Pororua remembered not his promise, and stood forth as sole master of the lands which he had sold. And so the quarrel began. Noble refused to acknowledge Pororua's claim, and returned to Kaitaia ; and after the Commissioner had stayed a month at Manganui, hoping matters would be settled, he also came to these parts. While he was here, Noble agreed to compromise the matter with Pororua and sent messengers to that effect; but Pororua was very hostile, and shortly after began killing Noble's pigs at Oruru, to exasperate him. They then commenced building a Pa, and our natives, seeing them so engaged, did the same, and collected their forces. It is but justice to the Christian Natives to say that the war was against their inclinations, and that they followed their leader merely from a sense of duty to him.

'It was not to be expected that such a body of natives would quietly live together long when every thing was ready for war; and in fact, after a few depredations on each other, they began skirmishing, and the loss of two or three Chiefs grieved them sorely, and occasioned still more skirmishing, The number killed and wounded was not large : fifteen, I think, were killed; and both killed and wounded together, if I recollect rightly, did not amount

to more than forty. The natives assembled from all parts, and compelled both parties to leave the contested land without occupants for, I believe, four years. So the matter rests; but I hope peace will shortly be permanently established.

His Lordship the Bishop of New Zealand very kindly stayed a week in the camp, trying his best to effect a peace, and so did the Rev. H. Williams and other parties. Mr. J. Matthews and myself were continually backward and forward. It was very gratifying to our feelings to witness the respect and love, I may truly say, with which we were always received by both parties. The Natives seemed to feel that the Missionaries were their best and real friends. Two Europeans from these parts went for the purpose of seeing the battle ; but were received very roughly by the Natives, who plainly told them that they did not come to do any good, but merely to look on, and so bid them begone. The conflicting parties had prayers morning and evening; and the Lord's Day was always a day of rest, and observed as religiously as usual. Each party had Divine Service on that day. This shows that there is a real and great difference for the better.'

Mr. J. Matthews writes

* The late event, which has so much unsettled our tribes, was not unexpected by us, and we used every endeavour to keep our Natives in peace; but it appears to be a hard thing to remove the animosity from the human heart, when once fixed. As a body, our Natives are altogether opposed to war; but they say they cannot but obey their Chief, when he requests their assistance. I was much interested one moonlight night, when the war first broke out, in several Christian Teachers, who were conversing with me on the subject of Christian Natives going to assist their Chief. One of them pulled out his Prayer Book, and pointed to the 37th Article, which

It is lawful for Christian men, at the command of the Majistrate, to wear weapons, and serve in the wars.

I was at first rather put to a stand; but managed to explain matters. One of the Natives said, “I will not agree to that Article as being good. It was remarkable that this Christian Native opposed Noble in all his designs of reclaim

says that

ing his lands, and would not fight, dications of the triumphs of the Gosbut went unarmed into the camp, pel, notwithstanding the vigorous from time to time, to see his brethren. efforts made by the prince of darkThis man went with me into the ness to maintain his cruel dominion. hostile Pa, and was much respected by many, because they thought he “We have often been privileged, was consistent in not fighting. About in past years, to report, with St. a fortnight ago another Native opened Paul, a great door and effectual is his book, and shewed me the same opened unto us : we have now to conArticle with a pencil-mark against it. tinue his language, and there are The Article, however, was not trans- many adversaries. At the commencelated rightly, and has since been ment of the year, a band of muraltered. The Article, as it stands in derers from the Thames, attacking a the old Prayer Book, has the word defenceless Pa of the professing NaRangatira," instead of “Kaiwa- tives, succeeded in killing six and kawa." As every Kaiwakawa may carrying_away thirteen others as be a Rangatira, while every Rangatira slaves. This produced an exciteis not a Kaiwakawa (Magistrate), ment among the Natives around us the difference is very striking, and that caused

the wheels of our Missioshews what an important thing it is nary Chariot to drag heavily onward. to have the Bible and Prayer Book They were, however, persuaded not translated so as to give the true sense to seek for a payment” then; but of the original.'

to leave the matter in the hands of Government. Since that period,

three more Natives, connected with The ancient enmity between the Tauranga, have been murdered by Tribes of Tauranga and Rotorua the Rotorua Natives. which formerly caused fierce and “The baptisms, during the year, devastating wars, and which at one have been 154; viz. 93 adults and 61 time had the effect of breaking up infants.' many of the Stations in this district soon after their first establishment, • Our work is making progress. I has not wholly subsided. The smo- have baptized nearly 500 Natives in thered embers of deadly strife, which this district during the last seven have, during the last six years, been months; two-thirds of them being restrained from bursting out into a adults. Surely amidst this profesflame by the powerful influence of sion" there must be some princiChristianity, occasionally manifest ple; " and after every probable detheir existence, and prove that they duction for the chaff, may we not have not been entirely extinguished. reasonably hope that there is wheat The following Report and Journal here, which will be gathered into the of the Rev. A. N. Brown, (recently heavenly garner, sufficient to call appointed Archdeacon of the dis- forth the warmest feelings and the trict of Tauranga,) will present liveliest praise toward the Lord of several distressing proofs of this, in- the harvest ? terspersed with many gratifying in

TAURANGA.

6

THE IRISH SOCIETY.

success

The blessings which have already the Gospel, they were led to circulate accompanied

the means employed by portions of Holy Writ in the language the Irish Society, furnish an assurance of the natives; from that moment that they are well adapted to the ob- their prospects brightened, and great jects desired, and are mighty to pull

was the result of the exdown the strong holds of Romish periinent. So, in Ireland, a simi

The aim of the Society is to lar advantage has been obtained circulate the Scriptures in the Irish by the operations of the Irish Solanguage among the Irish-speaking ciety, for when the Bible Society Roman Catholic population.

was prevailed upon, about the year When the first missionaries to Ota- 1821, to print Bibles in the Irish heite were on the point of abandoning tongue, the Irish Society immediin despair their labours in preaching ately availed itself of the measure to

error.

66

employ an agency to circulate these blessing accompanying this employ. Irish Scriptures, and to teach the ment to the Roman Catholic teachers reading of them in the cabins of the themselves, a large proportion having Roman Catholic peasantry. Although left the Rómish church, being conof course obnoxious to the priest- vinced of its errors from the Scriphood, these teachers

were every

tures, which they have been engaged where acceptable to the people, and in reading themselves and teaching the cabins which they visited were others to read; and indeed the Rousually filled with hearers, and the man Catholic teachers (as pioneers) truth was soon apparent that the form a very important branch of the

entrance of the word giveth light.” Irish Society's machinery, as they Irish Bibles were in great demand; are received without suspicion by the and it is a well-established fact, that scholars, and conviction frequently they are so valued by the Irish pea- reaches both teacher and pupil withsant, that he will not part with an out controversy. At one of the periIrish Bible, though he will give up odical examinations, thirty-six teacha Saxon one. There is then this ers were admitted members of our deeply-rooted attachment of the Irish Protestant church, and received the to their native tongue to work upon, Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. At and God has so extensively blessed another examination held at Kingsthe circulation of his own Word to court, when 300 teachers and schothe adult Romish population, as fully lars attended, all of whom were forto justify a confident belief that a merly Roman Catholics, the greater great harvest is prepared amongst part partook of the Sacrament of the that people, and that labourers only Lord's Supper, more than 100 doing are wanted to gather it in. The ac- so for the first time. As another knowledgment of the work has been

proof of the extended blessing which so manifest, as to justify a loud call has been afforded to the Society's upon the Protestants of England to labours, a clergyman, on opening a aid this great cause, for certainly no new church at Dunurlin writes as missionary labours of late years can

follows -- I remember, seven years show so large a portion of this evi- ago, there was only one native parishdence of God's blessing resting upon ioner a Protestant, an old man eighty them.

years of age; at the opening of the By the last return, 12,000 adults church 230 children attended, 200 of and 5000 children were under the them belonging to converts from PoBible instruction before mentioned. pery, and a congregation of 500.' Tens of thousands have received and A strong testimony, exceedingly been taught to read the Scriptures : valuable as coming from an Irish of these, a considerable number have priest, is afforded as to the general renounced Romanism, some have result upon the Roman Catholic emigrated, many have died in the teachers employed by the Society. true faith, and from 3000 to 4000, When warning his flock against the known to have become converts danger of reading the Bible for them. through this instrumentality, now selves he told them, that 'out of thirform, or are joined to, Protestant teen Roman Catholics who had becongregations; and in addition to come teachers, eight had already these are a great number who, for joined the Protestant church, and the various reasons, have not left the Ro. rest would soon follow. One extraormish communion, but who yet cling dinary result which has accompanied to the reading and teaching of the this teaching in the Irish tongue is, Scriptures.

that a great desire has been maniThe agents of the Irish Society are fested to obtain English Bibles, so not exclusively Protestants. As the much so, that in one locality where teachers are restricted to simply read- twelve years before an English Bible ing and teaching the reading of the had been triumphantly burnt, 700 EngScriptures, Roman Catholics, compe- lish Testaments on one occasion were tent and willing to be so employed, sold in a very few hours ; and as a are engaged ; and pay is given to the further proof of the value of the Soteachers for those scholars only, who ciety, it may be stated, that the spirit are passed at a periodical examina- of inquiry has not been checked by tion conducted by clergymen ac- the agitation of repeal. The superquainted with the native language. intendent of the Kingscourt district

There are many instances of a writes:– Though political agitation

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