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the first principles of genuine unity hath light with darkness? what conand concord.

cord hath Christ with Belial?” BroAnd herein the spirit of infidelity therly love can have no firm basis, is at work. Men in power discrimi- but in sound, Christian, Scriptural nate not between truth and error. principle. The union with saints Legislation must avowedly stand must originate in union with Christ. aloof from all religious considerations. While, therefore, we stand aloof Popery must be treated and provided from an indiscriminating and unprinfor as innocuous, and they are sense- cipled spirit of conciliation, we thankless bigots who stand up too warmly fully hail every movement which for peculiar modes of faith. The Pre- seems to make for peace amongst the mier seems to think it of small mo- followers of Christ. We have already ment whether the consolations of reli- noticed the materials which are hapgion are administered to the dying pily furnishing amongst our dissentthrough the holy oil and the confes- ing brethren, and we will not be sion, &c., of the Popish priest, or in deprived of our readily cherished hope, the simple Scriptural application of that as a body, they are sincerely Gilead's balm and physician. And desirous of a better state of things. thus it would really seem as if we were We cannot but hope, that the Record hasteninginto the period of Infidel per- recently spoke too strongly, with resecution, which good Mr. Cecil fore- ference to the questionable spirit of sawwas at hand.

We quote from a the Dissenters on the Maynooth quesletter recently received from a friend. tion. Mr. Blackburn publicly stated, “He (Mr. Cecil,) said, The Church at the meeting in Dublin, that the senhad endured a Pagan and Papal perse- timents expressed by the speakers at cution. There yet remains for her an the Crosby-hall meeting in London, Infidel persecution-general, bitter, were only those of a small section of cementing, purifying. Do we not the Dissenters; and we have every see the approach of this persecution wish to accept this assurance. in the union between Popery and the And now let us turn to our own Infidel governments of Christian Church. It is cheering to discover states. Our rulers expect things in distinct and somewhat differing gradually to slide into a better state. sections of our Church a sympathy They look for a refinement of what is on this vital question. There is not essentially corrupt. They see not wanting a recognition of those fundacoming judgments on Antichrist. mental principles and conclusive arThe world is alive to self-interest and guments, which go at once to the very temporal profit, but is dead to God, root of the matter : and which, if and asleep as respects the signs of duly admitted cannot fail to effect a the times and the coming of the Son better understanding amongst Chrisof Man to judgment. May all our tians. circumstances as a nation and Church We begin with a very remarkable unite all amongst us who love the production, from the pen of the Lord Jesus as one. May the threat- Archdeacon of Lewes; the chief obening aspect of the political heaven ject of which is to show that unifordraw us all together, and cement an mity is not essential to unity. union which shall be completed in glory.”

“ The rock on which we are splitOur duty in this peculiar feature of ting now, as we have been again and these perilous times is evident. We again, ever since our Church asserted need, in prayer and holy watch- her national independence at the fulness, to be discerners of spirits, Reformation, is the notion that the and to bring into permanent use and only way of preserving the Unity of authority the standard of Scripture. the Church is by enforcing a rigid The spirit of union and conciliation Uniformity. This notion has been we would fondly cultivate, but it maintained with a singular consismust not be the latitudinarian, infidel tency and pertinacity by the chief spirit of the age. “What communion part of the persons who have been



2 z

day. *



called to exercise authority in our taking down of the fences which have Church during the last three centu- hitherto kept them out, so far as this ries; and the recent agitation has may be done without injury to truth shown how widely it is spread at this and order, is a requisite preparative

*' The wiser principle for this work. of the universal Church, the principle “ From the bottom of my heart which she has recognized specula- however would I deprecate any attively, and which she has in great tempt to put an end to our differences measure desired to realize practically, by establishing a stricter uniformity. is that exprest in the celebrated three- To what end indeed should we do so? fold maxim. In necessariis unitas, in Do not our churches themselves teach dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas : us a very different lesson, if we cast and this is in exact concordance with our eyes around us in any part of the the spirit of the Apostolic Epistles, land? What rich varieties of form, to which our rigid enforcement of and structure, and decoration, do we uniformity is utterly repugnant. * see in them! towers and spires,

* With my strong convictions pinnacles and parapets, from the on the subject (uniformity], it is not majestic, awe-inspiring minster and to be wondered at that the very first cathedral, down to the little homely announcement of this effort filled me mother of the village, which looks with dread, and that I exclaimed that, like a hen gathering her chickens unif it were persisted in, it would pro- der her wings. Yet amid this endless bably drive three-fourths of the Dio- variety what a sublime unity prevails! cese into the arms of Dissent: and And who would exchange this beausomewhat similar views, I found, tiful diversity, even if it were practiwere entertained by all the most cable, for twelve thousand Brummajudicious persons with whom I had

gem churches, that should all lift up the opportunity of conversing. Alas! their heads in regimental uniformity, our forebodings have been too rapidly fac-similes one of another ? Thus our and dismally justified. An angry, churches themselves admonish us, jealous spirit has been called up, that uniformity is not necessary to which it will not be easy to lay; and unity. Nay, even in the diversity of among the miserable effects of this

styles which we so often perceive in ill-fated measure, one is, that our rites the same church, we may trace a and ceremonies are become a matter higher unity, by which successive for ceaseless loquacious jangling with generations have been led to join in those who pour out their spleen and the same holy work. In the present ignorance and impertinence into the day many of these churches have sink of the daily press. They are the been greatly disfigured by the corsubject of idle disputatious talk at ruptions and the negligence of recent every breakfast-table, and in every ages; and these disfigurements it pothouse; dissenters laugh in scorn- behoves us to remove, not according ful triumph; and what can the dutiful to any one general sweeping plan, but son of the Church of England do, but by enquiring in each case what is mourn?”

requisite to fulfil the original idea.

In like manner may the abuses, which We cannot refrain from laying be- have crept in through neglect, or fore our readers the following striking whatsoever cause, into the celebration remarks :

of divine worship, be corrected in each

particular parish, mildly and gra“ If our dissenting brethren are dually and peacefully, under the to be reclaimed, it must be the work direction and guidance of the Bishop, of time, and can only be accomplisht according as occasion may require. by the preaching of the Gospel of And if some ritual differences still truth and peace, and by proving that continue, I know not why, provided the Spirit does indeed dwell in the they are admitted to be lawful, these Church, manifesting Himself by should excite any squabbles or animoworks of holiness and love. But the sities, (any more than such ordinary

facts, as that one church has a round this we shall chiefly confine our obe arch, another a pointed.”


We are induced to give copious The Archdeacon places the subject extracts, as we are satisfied our readers of authority in a valuable light : will duly appreciate their value. The

Archdeacon very properly brings us “The question of authority has at once to the Scriptures as the only indeed been brought forward into

safe guide: painful prominence, as often before on similar occasions : yet I know not “Nay, the purpose of the Apostolic what can well be more unwise. Au- Council at Jerusalem, which in this thority ought to act, not talk; to be as in other respects differed so widely felt rather than heard. When it from other Councils, was to put an begins to prate of its rights, this is end to dissension by sanctioning dithe crack which announces its fall. versity of practice: and though two All the generative powers of nature positive regulations were enacted, work silently and invisibly; yet how as expedient under the circumstanwonderful and mighty are there ces of the Church at Jerusalem, effects! And what is the power of it was soon felt that these regulaauthority in the Church ? Moral, tions also were merely local and not physical. It lies in the tacit,

temporary; wherefore the Church, in half unconscious recognition of the a wise exercise of her liberty, thought benefits which it produces, of the right to remit them. St. Paul too justice and wisdom with which it is had to struggle over and over against exercised. But when it meddles with one form or other of this delusion; petty things, laying stress upon trifles, and hence it is in his writings that we straining at gnats, and issuing man- best learn what are the true principles dates about the breadth of phylac- of unity, and how to discriminate teries, instinctive sense of propriety them from those rules of uniformity, and right revolts against it : and if it which men are ever setting up in their quotes texts to challenge obedience, stead. The former, it has often been its opponents will call to mind that

recognized, are proclaimed for all there are other texts, equally plain ages of the Church in those sublime and impressive, enjoining him that verses of the Epistle to the Ephesians, would be chief among the ministers which are the text of this Sermon; of the Gospel, to be the servant of all, and those verses are followed by an even as the

Son of Man came not to be enumeration of the different gifts and ministered to, but to minister.

offices bestowed on the various mem“This is the true foundation of the bers of Christ's body, which are to power of the Church: and when her

work effectually in union, so that the power rests on this foundation, no whole body shall be joined together, man can rob her of it. O that the and compacted by that which every spirit from which such power springs, joint supplieth. Again, what a lesson may be granted largely to the gover- full of heavenly wisdom does he give nors of our Church in this time of her to the Church in the fourteenth chapneed! O that they may be enricht ter of the Epistle to the Romans! a with true wisdom, that clear discern- lesson which the Church has grievously ment between the form which killeth

disregarded, and against which she and the spirit which giveth life, and has frequently sinned; nay, which that Jiving insight into the all-embra- has been shamefully evaded by percing fulness and all-reconciling free- sons bearing rule in the Church, undom of the Gospel, which were vouch- der the plea that it related merely to safed so abundantly to St. Paul!" those early ages, when Christians

were living in the midst of a heathen The Dedication to Archdeacon world; as if the principles urged Manners, which is longer than the through that whole chapter were not Sermon, is in our opinion the most of lasting obligation; as if its precepts valuable part of the pamphlet, and to were anything else than a setting forth of that gentleness and forhear- Most truly does the Archdeacon ance and love, which ought to guide observe, that the clamorous advocates the disciples of Christ in all their for uniformity are the least acquainted dealings with each other, so that no with the real nature of unity. one may destroy or hurt any of those for whom Christ died. Or shall we In the generality of cases I seem rather open the first Epistle to the to have observed, that the most clamCorinthians, in order to learn how orous and pertinacious sticklers for there are diversities of gifts, but the uniformity are those into whose hearts same Spirit, and differences of admin- the desire of unity has hardly gained istrations, but the same Lord, and an entrance, and whose religion vents diversities of operations, but the same itself for the most part in outward God working all in all? and how it is observances. Indeed how could it the will of God that the body should well be otherwise? They who have not be one member, but many, each seen the blessed vision of Unity, with performing its part in ministering to the prayer of the Saviour breathing the body, and to every other member through it as the spirit of its life, and of it? and how a far higher wisdom the smile of the Father beaming upon is manifested in the union of all these it, how can they turn from this, to diverse members into one body, than dote upon anything so shadowy, so if the body were all one member? I harsh, so empty as mere Uniformity? know not what words could prove or how can they care much about more convincingly than this whole Uniformity, except so far as it is inpassage, that uniformity is not the deed the expression of a living love essential form of unity, but that unity, for Unity, submitting its own heart according to the riches and fulness and mind to do as others do for the which God has been pleased to show sake of a more entire union and comforth in His world, manifests itself munion?” best in diversity."

The following reference to the Dr. Well does Hooker observe, as Pusey and the Prussian Church is quoted at p. 9, “ that the Unity of the Church of Christ consisteth in that Uniformity which all several


very persons thereunto belonging have, by to see your pious and learned friend reason of that one Lord whose ser- Dr. Pusey urging differences of ritual vants they all profess themselves, practice as arguments against a meathat one Faith which they all acknow- sure designed to prepare the way, ledge, that one Baptism wherewith under God's blessing, for a closer they are all initiated."

communion between our Church and

that of Prussia; for it has been con“ I have only been repeating again stantly held by the highest authoriand again what St. Paul says about ties, that, in things ceremonial, great the unity of the body. If a body diversities may warrantably prevail were to be made up of arms, or of between different Churches, and that legs, or of heads, or of any one mem- these diversities should be no hinber whatsoever, how inferior would it drance to communion between them, be in unity to the human form divine ! Within the pale of each national and how greatly is the unity of that Church on the other hand it is expeform raised above that of quadrupeds dient and desirable, for the sake of by the distinction between the arms order and discipline, that there should and the legs! Yet simple as these be a considerable similarity of practruths are, and plainly as they are tice; and a national Liturgy is such involved in that passage of St. Paul, an inestimable benefit in many ways, they are entirely lost sight of by that, to secure it, we should readily those who hunger and thirst after sacrifice whatever might be gained uniformity."

by a more definite expression of per

very valuable:

It was

sad a year ago

sonal and occasional feelings. What nant, in their hearts and minds. For I deprecate is the endeavour to estab- this is one of the miserable curses lish uniformity for its own sake, as if attacht to those who worship the idol uniformity in itself were a thing to be Uniformity, that, as their aim is bent sought and admired.”

upon the form, rather than upon the

power, of Unity, they grow to care We must quote largely from the sittle about the substance, provided excellent remarks on the Act of Uni- they can get the shadow; and thus formity :

they become little scrupulous about

truth, in others, and ultimately in “Alas, my friend! uniformity a themselves also.” means to unity! Is this the lesson “ It is one of the saddest spectawe learn from the history of the En- cles in the history of the world, a glish Church? Is this the effect spectacle at which angels may have which has been produced by our own wept, to see the unity of our Church Acts of Uniformity? those strange, shaken, her peace broken up for a anomalous Acts, which in their impe- whole century,—to see faithful, holy, rious character are almost peculiar to zealous men, holding the same faith, our Church, and which resulted from acknowledging the same Lord, bapher singular position, when she found tized by the same Spirit, earnestly herself in a manner identified with desiring to serve and approach the the government of the State, and en- same Eternal Father, divided for geabled to wield the authority of the nerations, and even stirred into fierce State in girding herself round with hostility against each other, by difpenal enactments. Was it not the ferences about a vestment or a posAct of Uniformity under Queen Eli- ture. These were not indeed the zabeth, that first gave birth to the sole grounds of disagreement; but Nonconformists, as a distinct, power- these, and such as these, were the ful, and formidable body within the chief grounds of contention: and had pale of our Church, gathering all those these been removed, as they easily varieties of feeling and opinion, which might have been, if a few more points could not reconcile themselves to its had been left to the discretion of the requisitions, into one mass, and set- minister, according to plans brought ting the Conformists and the Non- forward several times in the course conformists in definite array against of this and the following century, the each other? Many pleas may indeed breaches on matters of greater imbe urged in excuse of the statesmen portance would have been healed, and churchmen by whom that Act with God's blessing, by a spirit which was framed. The very existence of manifested such a desire for unity, the government seemed bound up and which would have been strengthwith the unity and vigour of the Re- ened by the might of our Lord's formed Church. The fallacy of that prayer that His disciples might pardelusion, which holds unity to be in- take in the perfect Unity of the Godseparable from uniformity, had not head.” then been so thoroughly exposed, as * A strange voice past through it has since been, by the teaching of England, a voice which spake of unity; philosophy, and the still more cogent but it was soon stifled by the tumullessons of history. The sanctity of tuous cries of opposite parties claman's individual conscience had never mouring in rivalry for uniformity. been rightly appreciated by the secu- And ere long all hope was blasted by lar wisdom of Rome; which then, as that second, most disastrous, most ever, sought mainly for outward sub- tyrannical and schismatical Act of mission, and which practically sanc- Uniformity; the authors of which, it tioned, if it did not encourage, the is plain, were not seeking unity, but notion, that men might justifiably

division. With evident design its profess many things by their words provisions were made so stringent, and their acts, to which they found the declaration required by it was nothing answerable, and much repug- worded with such exactive precision,

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