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the vanities of life, and some who by the dying bed of Emma, those though thoughtful, yet, among all blessed truths which she had before their considerations of other things, learned from Katherine. Oh! who forgot the “ one thing needful.” shall say how far the influence of that Perhaps the last great day may reveal little tract may extend itself to future the fact, that some of those learned, years?
MASSACRE OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW.
tempest of the hisses, blasphemies,
and oaths of the murderers; of the In consequence of Sunday, the 24th breaking open of doors and windows, of August, being St. Bartholomew's of the firing of pistols and guns, of day, we think a few remarks on the the pitiable cries of the dying, of the massacre nominated from that day, lamentations of the women, whom may prove instructive to our readers. they dragged by the hair; of the It will prove not only that Romanism noise of carts, some loaded with the is essentially persecuting, but that booty of the houses they had pillaged, there is no reason for believing that it others with the dead bodies, which has in any degree been modified in they cast into the Seine, so that in this principle by the lapse of time.
confusion they could not hear each Mezarai, Fleuri, and Mosheim, other speak in the streets, or if they (Soames' edition), all give accounts of distinguished certain words, they were this dreadful massacre.
these furious expressions, ' kill, stab, If there is any event which more throw them out of the window. A than another awakens general re
dreadful and inevitable death preprobation, that event is the infamous sented itself in every shape : some massacre of St. Bartholomew. Ne- were shot on the roofs of houses, vertheless, as if to brave the universal others were cast out of the windows; judgment of mankind, within the last some were cast into the water and twenty years, the medals which were knocked on the head with blows of formerly coined at Rome to comme- iron bars or clubs ; some were killed morate that event, have been re-coined in their beds, some in the garrets, and circulated by the present Gre
others in cellars; wives in the arms
of their husbands, husbands on the To show how deep a malignity and
bosoms of their wives, sons at the feet how dark and vindictive a spirit has of their fathers. They neither spared been exhibited by Papal Rome, by re- the aged, nor women big with child, casting the medals of the massacre of nor even infants. It is related that a St. Bartholomew, we shall append to man was seen to stab one of them who these brief remarks, the narrative of played with the beard of its murderer, that murderous tragedy, as it has been and that a troop of little boys dragged preserved to the world, by the cele- another infant in its cradle into the brated French Roman Catholic his- river. The streets were paved with torian Mezarai.
the bodies of the dead or dying ; the “ The populace (at Paris) and the gateways were blocked up with them. most shameless being excited by the There were heaps of them in the smell of blood, sixty thousand men squares; the small streams were filled transported with this fury, and armed with blood, which flowed in great torin different
ways, ran about wherever rents into the river. Finally, to sum example, yengeance, rage, and the de- up in a few words what took place in sire of plunder, transported them. these three days; six hundred houses The air resounded with a horrible were repeatedly pillaged, and four
thousand persons were massacred with that love the truth. It is a sleeping all the disorder and inhumanity ima- tiger wherever truth prevails and ginable.”
keeps it in check, but give it the su(Similar massacres took place premacy, and all its ferocity will be throughout France, at Meaux, Troyes, kindled; its first onset will be death. Orleans, Nevers, La Charitè, Tou- Witness the massacres of tens of louse, Bourdeaux, and Lyons. The thousands in Belgium. Witness the following is the account of barbarities doings in Madeira, Tahiti, Ireland, in committed at Lyons.)
a word, wherever Popery has free “ They began with the prison of scope for developement. the Cordeliers, thence they ran to the Archbishop's prison, after that to the royal prison, which is called Rouan, and to other places in which the go- REPORT OF EVANGELICAL Soci. vernor had shut up from seven to ETY.—This very morning we have eight hundred persons, all of whom received the following letter from a they knocked on the head, cut in minister lately arrived in the Sainpieces, strangled or drowned; after- tonge:wards they spread through the town You see, then," says our friend, to despatch the rest in the houses, “that everything is to do here, and and to collect the spoil after the vic- that there is but one minister for tory. All these unhappy people were thirty communes, each of which needs dragged into the Rhone. It was a a minister. Let one of the members truly pitiable sight to behold this river of the committee come here, and he entirely tinged with blood, and in- will be frightened, as I am, at the fected with corruption, carrying upon
little that has been done, in compariits waters six or seven hundred dead son with what might, and therefore bodies, many of them tied together ought, to have been done. Oh, if to long poles; some with their heads, you were able to transport yourselves, some with their arms and legs cut off, and to place yourselves in the midst everywhere gashed with deep wounds, of our new brethren of B-, you and so disfigured as not to retain the would find yourselves in a country of human form. During two months friends, and you would be convinced this horrible and cruel tempest ran
that there is here a principle of life through France, in some places in a that we must not suffer to languish. greater degree and in others in a less If you could have been present with degree, and destroyed not less than me at the meeting held for religious twenty-five thousand persons. The instruction at F, and could have holy father (Pope Gregory XIII.), seen around a rustic table, in and all his court displayed a very half lighted by one candle, grey-headgreat rejoicing, and went in solemn ed old men, others in the prime of procession to St. Louis to return life, and youths, answering as little thanks to God for so happy a children to the questions I put to success.”
them on passages of the Scriptures, The Roman Catholic historian, and could have heard them reply, Fleuri, relates, that the Pope caused their eyes full of tears, and with the several medals to be struck in order accent of the most profound convicto perpetuate the recollection of this tion, ‘Yes, I now hope I have found event, wherein he himself is repre- in Christ peace for my soul,' you sented on the one side, and on the would have been convinced that this other side, an angel, carrying a cross
is not a human excitement, but that in one hand and a sword in the other, the Spirit has breathed on these exterminating the heretics.
country places. Make haste, make haste, then, to send us helpers. I
cannot believe that any member of POPERY, while subordinate, may be the Church of Christ will refuse you meek and passive; but give it power, the money necessary to carry out this. and it will extirpate and destroy all glorious work,"
Paris, June 19th, 1845. adulterated the Scriptural economy I HASTEN to draw the notice of of our salvation. the English public to a fact which “Since this light was shed abroad will, I have not the slightest doubt, in my soul, I felt that I was compelled interest all real Christians, while it to renounce errors which, till then, exemplifies, in the most striking man- I had confidently received as so many ner, the anxiety of such Roman Ca- truths. It grieved me much to give tholics as are deeply concerned for up several practices in which, althe welfare of their own souls. It is though unsatisfactory, I had still, in not only in Germany that Popery many cases, found a degree of consoloses ground; it is not only Italy, lation. It pained me to separate mywhose sons look forward towards the self from a few fellow-labourers, approaching era of religious and po- whose friendship was precious to me: litical freedom; thousands in France from you, my lord, whose authority, have been lately awakened to the although contrary to the declaration “truth as it is in Jesus;" and, whilst of Scripture, (1 Peter, v. 1-3,) had a proud ecclesiastical aristocracy wres- never been exercised over me but in a tles in vain against the Gospel, our
mild and paternal way, prelates hear with terror the inquiry, experience has convinced me that the uttered from their own camp, 'what Roman Church will not renounce the shall I do to be saved?'
errors and the faults which it now On the 19th of last month, the nourishes; it is impossible: nay, toAbbé Trivier, Vicar of the Church of day, as in former times, Rome is quite St. Michael, in the city of Dijon, sent ready to thunder its anathemas against in his resignation to the Bishop. M. any one who would be bold enough Trivier had been for a very long time to substitute for an erroneous system indeed the spiritual director of the the pure evangelical doctrines. Thus flock to which he ministered; equally I have been constrained, by the anxidistinguished by his ability, his ex- ety I entertain for my own salvation, emplary conduct, and his earnest to throw off the yoke of a religion piety, he had secured to himself the full of superstitions, and to cling exlove and the respect of his superiors clusively to the word of God. and his congregation. You may
then The step I have taken will not, I easily imagine with what surprise and fear, be considered under its proper terror the Bishop of Dijon perused light by the multitude, who never the following letter:
take the trouble of examining; but, ‘My Lord,—I have the honour to although flesh and blood make it beg of you to accept the resignation painful to my feelings, yet I feel hapof my duties as vicar in the parish of py in being able to confess the truth, St. Michael. I likewise inform you and I would offer up my sincere that from this day forward I shall thanksgivings to the Father, who has cease to fulfil them. Deep convic- delivered me from the tions alone have led me to take this ness, and translated me into the kingresolution, and I looked upon it as a dom of his dear Son (Coloss. i. 13.) serious, an important duty.
my satisfaction might be com“For a long time the prejudices plete, one wish more should be fuland the commentaries of the Roman filled. Will not my late fellowChurch were the only mediums labourers, as Lydia of old, (Acts xvi. through which I studied the Word 14,) receive in their hearts the appeal of God; but the Lord, in his mercy,
which the Lord addresses to us as having put it into my heart to become sinners? acquainted with the Gospel, by read- “A spiritual revival seems to maniing the Gospel itself, I separated it fest itself, and, if rightly directed in from the human tradition under which its origin, it would have for its unit had nearly disappeared: then, to
doubted result the leading of many to my great sorrow, I could not help Jesus, their only Saviour; but the noticing a most clear fact-how much anti-evangelical direction which the the Roman Church had altered and Roman Church has so long pursued,
power of dark
induces us justly to fear that she is more and more opposed to the truth. For, instead of endeavouring to satisfy the religious yearnings of bruised souls by the admonitions and advice of a seriously Christian doctrine, do we not see that Church striving to amuse them by a number of ceremonies unknown to our forefathers, and only capable of lulling sinners to sleep in a most awful and deceitful way.
“But if I feel deeply distressed when I see human doctrines proclaimed instead of the Gospel, I find, at the same time, a new incitement to perseverance in prayer; and I would supplicate the Father that it may please him in his great mercy to inspire all the pastors of the Roman Church with the resolution of teaching henceforth, nothing except the truth which has been brought to men by our Saviour, and which alone can free them from the bondage of sin. (John viii. 32—36.)
“May that truth, my lord, be abundantly manifested to your own conscience, through God's grace! Such will be always the sincere and very fervent wish of your very obedient and very devoted servant,
ment, the more it manifests itself. This is demonstrated by the whole history of the church in our country in particular, for some years past; languor seems to be yielding to a religious movement, with which God in his goodness has been pleased to favour us." After describing two meetings, one of which was obliged to be held in a barn, the other in the open air, on the previous Sabbath, but which, as well as a prayer-meeting held afterwards, were uninterrupted by any hostile manifestation, the writer concludes: servants of Jesus Christ; raise the banner of
your Master, and your faith shall render you victorious over the world!”
CIRCULAR FROM HIS
HOLINESS, POPE GREGORY XVI., DATED ROME, MAY 8TH, 1844.*
To all Patriarchs, Primates, Arch
bishops, and Bishops.
VENERABLE Brothers, health and greeting apostolical. Amongst the many attempts which the enemies of Catholicism, under whatever denomination they may appear, are daily making in our age to seduce the truly faithful, and deprive them of the holy instructions of the faith, (les saints enseignemens de la foi,)—the efforts of those Bible Societies are conspicuous, which, originally established in England, and propagated throughout the universe, labour every where to disseminate the books of the Holy Scriptures, translated into the vulgar tongue, consign them to the private
THE Anti-Romish Movement has extended to the frontiers of Switzerland. The secular priests of the diocese of Constance are nearly unanimous in recognizing the necessity of a reform of the Church, and assembled in chapter at Radelfzell, have declared that the causes of the present religious crisis must be sought in the retrograde movement which the Roman Catholic Church has for some years pursued. They therefore propose various reforms in the discipline and ceremonies of the Church, among which is the celebration of divine worship in the vulgar tongue. A CORRESPONDENT of the “ AntiJesuit,” writing from St. Croix, remarks“The more precautions are taken to suppress the religious senti
* We readily give insertion to this document, on account of its immense value, as connected with the controversy with the Church of Rome, which is daily assuming more importance, and exciting a greater interest among all classes in the Protestant world. The first translation of this epistle was into the French, and appeared in the Archives du Christionisme, Juin 8, 1844, Paris, under the title of Lettre Encyclique du Pape Gregorie XVI. It was subsequently translated into our language, and appeared in "The English Churchman," of June 20th, 1844, from whence we have taken it. EDIT.
interpretation of each, alike amongst Church preserves upon the authority Christians and amongst infidels, con- of the holy Fathers; in a word, to tinue what St. Jerome formerly com- cause them to reject even the authoplained of, pretending to popularize rity of the Church herself. This is the holy pages, and render them in- the reason why the Bible Societies telligible, without the aid of any inter- not to calumniate her (the preter, to persons of every condition, Church) and the august throne of
-to the most loquacious woman, to St. Peter, as if she had wished for the light-headed old man, (vieillard ages to deprive the faithful of the delirant,) to the worldly caviller, (ver- knowledge of the holy books, when beux sophiste,) to all, in short, and the most forcible evidence will prove even, by an absurdity as great as the immemorial and particular care unheard of, to the most hardened which the Sovereign Pontiffs, even infidels.
down down to the most modern times, You are but too well aware, my and in conjunction with their Catholic reverend brethren, to what the efforts Pastors, have taken to ground the of these Societies tend. You know people in the word of God, whether what is revealed in the Holy Scrip- written or delivered by tradition. tures, and what is the advice of St. In the first place, it is known that, Peter, the Prince of the Apostles. by the decrees of the holy Council of
After having quoted the Epistles of Trent, Bishops are enjoined to see St. Paul, “ They contain, (says he,) that the Holy Scriptures and divine many things hard to be understood, laws be more frequently taught in which they that are unlearned and their dioceses. It is known that, even unstable wrest, as they do also the exceeding the prescriptions of the other scriptures, unto their own de- Council of Lateran, (1215,) the Counstruction.” Then you know what he cil of Trent recommends that there adds: “Ye therefore, beloved, seeing should be in the several cathedral ye know these things before, beware churches and collegiates of the towns lest ye also, being led away with the and cantons, a stipend provided for a error of the wicked, fall from your Doctor of Divinity, and that none own steadfastness.” (2 Pet. iii. 16,17.) should be appointed to that office but
You see what was even in the a man fully competent to teach and earliest times of the Church the ap- expound the Holy Scriptures. It is propriate artifice of heretics; and how, known how frequently, in the Prodiscarding divine tradition and Catho- vincial Councils which followed, this lic enlightenment, they already strove prebendary, founded upon the decree either to materially interpolate the of the Council of Trent, was mensacred text, or to corrupt its true in- tioned; and how often the instructerpretation. You are also aware with tions which the canon intrusted with what caution and wisdom the words this office should deliver to the Clergy of the Lord ought to be translated and people, were taken into consiinto another tongue : and yet nothing deration. is more common than to see these The same disposition (to instruct versions multiplied, to admit, either the people in the word of God) was through imprudence or malice, the especially observable in the Council of grave errors of so many interpreters ; Rome in the year 1725, to which our errors which dissemble too frequently, predecessor, Benedict XIII., of happy by their multiplicity and variety, to memory, summoned not only all the the misery of souls. So far as these Prelates of the Romish Church, but Societies are concerned, it matters even a great number of Archbishops, little whether those who read the holy Bishops, and other Ordinaries immebooks, translated into vulgar lan- diately subject to the Holy See. The guage, fall into this or that error. same desire animated the Roman They only care audaciously to stimu- Pontiff of whom we have been speaklate all to a private interpretation of the ing, in the various edicts which he divine oracles, to inspire contempt for issued and addressed to all the Bishops divine traditions, which the Catholic of Italy and the neighbouring islands.