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mighty host perish by fire and sword in their original capture, by privations in their transit to the coast, and by horrible disease and death during the middle passage; and the remainder are sold, with their children, into all the misery and degredation of perpetual slavery.
In Brazil, there are at least 2,500,000
slaves; in the United States, 2,750,000; Spanish colonies, 800,000; French colonies, 250,000; Dutch, Danish, and Swedish colonies, 100,000; South American Republics, 400,000: Texas, 30,000:-Total, 6,830,000.
Philanthropists and fellow Christians! what a subject is this for reflection, exertion, humiliation, and prayer!
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS.
"There are many devices in a man's heart; nevertheless the counsel of the Lord that shall stand.'
We have read with deep regret, though, alas, without surprise, the sentiments expressed in the House of Lords, by Lord Aberdeen, in reply to the Marquis of Breadalbane, regarding Dr. Kalley. As usual, Popery is to be treated with the greatest respect and tenderest consideration, while it is taken for granted that Protestants have been unseemly and culpable in their conduct. It might be infered" (say his Lordship, alluding to the proceedings of the members of the Free Scotch Church in this country,) "that the language which they used, and the proceedings which they adopted, were not always so respectful towards the Roman Catholic religion as the professors of that faith had a right to expect. For his own part, he had yet to learn that the Portuguese government were bound to permit any very public exercise of Protestantism. If British subject wished to preach the doctrines of Protestantism, he might address his sermon to any denomination of Protestants he thought proper; but it did not appear to him, that the rights of our countrymen in the island of Madeira went any further. Dr. Kalley addressed the Portuguese residents of Madeira with great zeal, and with no small degree of success. peared to have been the author of large conversions, and it then became
an object of the Portuguese government to put a stop to these proceedings. He had every reason to believe that the proceedings adopted in Dr. Kalley's case where quite according to law." It is needless to offer any comment on such un-Protestant, unChristian, and unfeeling sentiments.
His Lordship refers to the treaty of Portugal, which allows the free exercise of religion in private houses, where there are no bells, &c. Does the treaty take cognizance of the individuals assembling in these private houses for worship? If a few Portuguese choose to attend, does Dr.Kalley violate the treaty in allowing them? Has Dr. Kalley offended beyond permitting them? The fact really is as Lord A. states:-Dr. K. has been blest, by whatever efforts he may have used, to the awakening of so many amongst the Portuguese, that the Popish Priests see their craft to be in danger, and interfere in self-defence. Sad that our Government should sympathize with them, and denounce Dr. Kalley.
But if they have no heart to uphold the existing interests of Protestantism, we cannot wonder that they should have none in its extension. The sentiments expressed by Lord Aberdeen are condemnatory altogether of exertions, on the part of Protestants, to ameliorate the condition of Roman Catholics. The latter may be compassing sea and land to
recover heretics, and to add the heathen to their church, and their instrumentality for effecting it must be strengthened and extended by our Protestant Government, while proselytism at the hands of Protestants is at once to be deprecated and proscribed, as an officious and illegal interference.
Since writing the above, we have seen a friend who has lately come from Madeira. He fully confirms the accuracy of our view of Dr. Kalley's
It appears that in that country, any one may be thrown into prison on the slightest grounds, kept there for twelve or fifteen months, and then liberated without any trial or evidence of crime! But amidst all, the word of the Lord has free course, and is glorified the good work of grace has been and is most extensive. Numbers have received the truth in the love of it. A fierce persecution, prompted by the Priests, is the consequence. The most dreadful outrages have been committed. And no wonder. If the work advances, Popery must fall, and there is nothing in the legitimate influence of priesthood that can prevent it. Nothing can exceed their ignorance and awful licentiousness. We would not offend the ears of our readers with details of horrible immoralities which prevail amongst the Priests. Oh that our Government should manifest such tenderness towards such a system, and have no heart to exult in the liberation of immortal beings from such an influence!
THE FRENCH IN TAHITI.
Her Majesty's Ship, Talbot, Papeiti Harbour, in the Island of Tahiti or Otaheite, Feb. 12, 1845.
We arrived here on the 10th inst., towed in by the Salamander: but before that vessel could come out for that purpose, her commander was obliged to ask permission of the French commodore. On our arrival here the first announcement we had from the French was, that unless we saluted the Protectorate and French flags, we could have no communica
tion whatever with the shore. course we objected to do so, and the consequence is, we have had a French guard-boat rowing round us ever since, with sometimes a midshipman, and sometimes only a petty officer in her, to prevent our holding communication with any person except of the Salamander. For the same reason, they refuse to acknowledge our Consul-General, who has been here for the last six months. The captain of the Talbot is so disgusted at being obliged to submit to such an indignity, that he sails to-morrow or the day after for the Sandwich Islands, leaving the Salamander here until he returns, when she will probably go to Valparaiso on her way to England, her boilers being nearly eaten through by corrosion. We take the ConsulGeneral back to the Sandwich Islands, his head quarters, and bring back the officers and crew of Her Majesty's ketch, Basilisk, which vessel has been condemned there as no longer sea-worthy.
Queen Pomare is at Raitia, an island about 120 miles from this. She protests against everything the French have done. There are about 2,000 natives in an entrenched camp near four miles from this town, out of which I imagine there are 700 or 800 fighting men, the remainder women and children. At the head of this party is an Englishman, who was gunner's mate of the Vindictive, from which ship he deserted about a year and a half ago. I am told he is a daring, clever fellow, and has mounted a cocked hat and epaulettes, and assumed the rank of General.
The French have here a large frigate, the Uranie, of 60 guns; the Meurthe, of 26 guns; and a steamer; besides several fortifications on shore commanding the harbour-rather too great a force for the Talbot and Salamander. I am told that most of the Queen's property in the island has been appropriated by the Governor and other officers of the French army and navy, and that many of them have got their wives out, and appear to be settling themselves down for life. They have attempted to hoist the Protectorate flag on several other
islands of Queen Pomare's dominions, but in most of them it has been pulled down, trampled under feet, and torn to pieces by the natives. I understand that hitherto, in the skirmishes that have taken place, the natives fought much better than the French, and if they were well organized would make excellent troops. Their greatest ambition is to be able to boast of having killed a "Franny" (Frenchman.)
I am in hopes by the time we return here (in April) something decisive will have arrived from Europe, either fight or no fight; for it really is very unpleasant for "the monarch of the seas" to be compelled to submit to such gross indignity as to have a petty officer rowing guard round the ship to keep the captain and officers on board.
IN referring to Maynooth, we shall content ourselves with giving some extracts from the Dublin Christian Examiner for July:
As to the additional enlightenment, and civilization, refinement of taste, and urbanity of manner which are to follow from this grant, we esteem them as worse than nothing, for they are only more potently mischievous accompaniments to the inculcation of the deadly doctrines of Romanism. So long as the Roman Catholic priest-we beg the patient attention of the advocates of the increased grant to Maynooth-so long as the Roman Catholic priest teaches for doctrines the soul-destroying errors of the Roman Catholic creed, we care not for his skill in the sciences, for his attainments in literature, for the polish of his manner, or the ease of his deportment; he is blinding the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious Gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. For if a Roman Catholic priest teaches and preaches faithfully what he is bound to do according to his creed, he must teach and preach to the great, utter, and final ruin of men's souls; for which there is no other salvation but that of faith in God's word of truth.
* * * * They would take the money. They are pretty sure they can shape the results. They know it was not advancement in literature that brought about, under God's providence, the Reformation. They know it was the Bible. And as long as the Roman Catholic priest is kept in the dark about the Bible-or as long as, though he should read, he believes he dares not understand it, but as permitted and instructed by what is called the Church-in the dark, in blackness of darkness must he remain, and he must rivet the same chains of darkness upon all he can influence.t ***But we can conceive no degree of ignorance on this subject so deplorable as the ignorance that should lead one to believe and profess that he looked for such an issue to this additional grant, as its leading to the abjuration of their creed by the Roman Catholic priests. Let those
We would beg the attention of our readers to the subjoined extract, the concluding paragraph of a sermon preached by the Rev. John Miley, D. D., in Marlborough-street Chapel, on the occasion, as the title runs, of a Pontifical High Mass, and Thanksgiving for the Liberation of Daniel O'Connell, Esquire, M.P., and the other Repeal Martyrs. This Doctor in Divinity, the Rev. John Miley, is reported of as eminently skilled in every department of science and literature, and is to be considered, evidently from his titles, as an extraordinary proficient in Roman Catholic Divinity. All that science, all that literature, all that Literæ humaniores and Litera sacræ have done towards his enlightenment, or his ability to enlighten others, may be fairly estimated from the following, which those who are familiar with God's revealed truth, would do well to compare it with as they read:
"Hail! Hail! then, all Holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, our Life!-our sweetness, and our Hope, to thee do we cry, poor banished sons of Eve!--to thee send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears; turn, then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy towards us, and after this our exile ended, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O most clement, most pious, most sweet Virgin Mary, Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ! Amen!"
And we are not to remonstrate against the multiplying of such teachers, and the extension of such doctrines as these!
who can so impose upon their senses, look to what has been going on in this country for some years past. Colleges for Jesuits, seminaries for Roman Catholics, monasteries, abbeys, nunneries-Roman Catholic institutions of all kinds have been now multiplied in every direction throughout the country. Some, many of them, are entirely new erections, and of the most solid and costly description. It would appear as if untold wealth were at their command. And yet we see no conversions within, or emanating from these institutions. No wonder, for conversion only can proceed from contact with the quickening word.' It is when the Son' makes free, that we can be free indeed.' ***** For Christ's Church militant here upon earth,' we enjoin upon her, in the name of our Father and God, increased watchfulness, increased prayer, increased supplication for the help and direction of the Holy Spirit, to lead into the light, and the love, and the doing' of the truth. We are surely fallen on perilous times. Every day seems fraught with its own danger. Murder is no longer committed under cover of the night; the assassin takes his equally cool and surer aim in the broad light of day. Our rulers seem infatuated. Crime in Ireland has become, in their eyes, a kind of postulate. Nothing can exceed their indifference; nor can the extent to which they seem to be ignorant, be paralleled, save by the extent to which they are deceived. While they are endowing Maynooth, and perpetuating its mischiefs, as far as they can; while they are hurrying on their as it has been, unhappily, too fitly called-' gigantic scheme of god
less education,' blood is flowing in rivers through the country, the blood of our Protestant gentry, and Protestants of every grade; families are left fatherless, sisters brotherless, wives are left widows, and parents childless-the circle that assembles in the morning knows not what gap may be made in it before the nightthere is no lack of magistracy, of military, of police, of yeomanry—but the executive is silent as the grave. A life is taken away, and a household bereaved of its head and protector. And when it is too late, a few pounds are offered, and a few policemen sent in search, and a few prisoners taken on suspicion-and there it ends-or there, rather, it is hoped it may end.
* * In the face of all derision and contempt, we say, and shall not cease to reiterate it-Give this nation the word of God! By societies, by committees, by schools, by institutions, by faithful and laborious teaching and preaching, circulate the truth of God. We call upon our Protestant brethren, ministers and laity, to combine for this great object, the EVANGELIZATION OF IRELAND. England will come over and help us. Scotland will come over and help us. "The weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds.' Whatever through God's Spirit, is done for God, shall bring down an abundant blessing. We have the promise of HIS presence, we have the promise of HIS help, we have the promise of HIS approval and acknowledgment. Them that honour me, I will honour, and they that despise me, shall be lightly esteemed.""
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c.
Received, a "Thirty Years' Subscriber." Letter to Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, which will be noticed.
Several other Communications received.
THE CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,
CHURCH OF ENGLAND MAGAZINE.
THE LATE REV. HENRY BLUNT.*
"A RIGHTEOUS man has perished"
young. There are instances of persons who were thoughtless, and even vicious in their youthful days, who have been subsequently converted, and have become useful members of society, and even ministers of the gospel of Christ. But more frequently it happens that those who are moral, studious, obedient, and amiable in their younger days, grow up to be lights of their generation. Thus, in Scripture, we read of Joseph and Samuel and Daniel and Josiah and Timothy and others and thus it was with my departed friend. He had not, indeed, the spiritual advantages which are possessed by many, nor was this early period of his life marked by distinguished piety— but he was always strictly moral, studious, and extremely amiable. He was a general favourite alike with his teachers and his companions, a guileless being every boy who knew him loved him. He was always of delicate frame, and rather feeble in person, but he exercised an extraordinary influence over other boys. The nascent talent, * From a Sermon by the Rev. F. Close, of Cheltenham. SEPTEMBER-1845.