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nate in a defective motive, a nar- crisis of powerful temptation, when row jealousy of the expansive the near and dazzling prospect of yearning of created mind, it be- some fancied good fills the mind, came an unbearable restraint. And

and the present, though criminal, sin was the inevitable result. They indulgence appears for the time, doubted the kindness of the law, and however falsely, the greater remuthey then broke it. They suspected neration—this mere secular motive the motive of the restriction, and of barter between God and man they overleaped the bounds. And will fail altogether. And therefore this is the germ and origin of all it is that history presents so many human transgression since the cases, and that secret history, if child's implicit repose upon a fa- developed, would present so many ther's tenderness has been dissi- more, of men who have reached to pated. It exists not in the natu- a high grade of professional sancral mind. The false assertion of tity, and attainment in the school Satan is the groundwork of all of religious and ascetic discipline, man's feelings towards his Maker; but who have been suddenly crossed and it is aggravated by the expe- by a suitable influence and then rience of the providential and cor- all the power of motives drawn rective evils which fallen man has from a remunerating bargain with thus necessarily entailed upon him- God, has withered to a powerless self. The state of mind is well de- shred, and the high-odoured saint scribed in the parable of our Lord, has become

become a prostrated and when he to whom one talent was en- defiled sinner. And

go
when

you trusted, says, “I knew thee thatthou may through all the ranks and art an hard man, reaping where thou grades of life, and you find very hast not sown, and gathering where generally at work an insufficient thou hast not strawed;" and with and unsanctifying religion, which such a conviction what is the con- does not tell to the real rescue of duct? a reckless renunciation of the heart, because it has its origin all attempt at duty, usefulness, or in this false notion, that God's profit. “I hid thy talent in the reluctant and averted mind may be earth : lo, there thou hast that is purchased and brought back by thine." The natural spring of meritorious observances; and you the heart to obedience is destroyed. will find that most men are living It is possible, it is very probable, at a distance from divine influence, that the narrow and sordid notion because they have not sufficient may enter such a mind, of purchas- trust in God's benevolence and ing merit with such a governor by love, to believe that he will give it strict observance, by painful self- to those who ask it. In fact, look denial, by voluntary inflictions and fairly and fully into man's state of macerations, and by the laborious practical alienation from God; attendance on frequent acts of out- guage the depth of his most influward worship: but all this is but a ential moral motives; ascertain strange and perverted idea of the what is specifically wanting to fathomless benevolence of Him who make his actions really what they opens

his hand and fills all things should be; lay bare the vital deliving with plenteousness." It is fect, the failing point in his obedia low and mercenary motive alto- ence, in all the wide range of his gether, which ill supplies the place relative and religious duties, and of a true affection. It is also sadly you will at length discover that the irregular in its working; and in a great and universal want, which, if supplied, would restore harmony all the angelic host of heaven may and perfection to the whole is, wonder. They may see in this Trust in the love of God-implicit mysterious course of renovation, a faith.

developement of that love, infinitely And this brings us to the main beyond all their previous conceppoint of the whole matter. If man tions, in order to win the fallen is to be brought back to areal, cheer-' creature's confidence again; but ful, and hearty obedience, and if most assuredly it must be seen that God is to be honoured by the com- all obedience is worthless, all serplete restoration of his fallen and vice defiled with that which is little alienated creature; the direct and better than insult, which does not effectual mode, the only one which start from a renewed conviction of appears to contain the true princi- the love which was previously ple of restoration, is to renew the doubted and denied: and never power of faith-of implicit trust will any man be a subject of the in a father's love. We must take restorative process till the unbelief “a fresh departure" for the voyage he has felt be done away, and he of life. We must return to the has received a practical, implicit tree of knowledge in Eden. We reliance on the loving-kindness of must renew the lost principle. We the Lord. It is in this respect must have begun again within us especially, that God is a jealous that assurance which originally God, and will not give his glory to dwelt in man's new-created mind, another. The smile of divine fathat God is perfect goodness vour is evidently impossible till the in all his ways, and believe that restoration of filial confidence seany other notion whatsoever is cures the divine honour. dangerous to man, and dishonour- But if a justification by implicit able to his Maker. This is neces- faith in divine goodness is essential sary for the honour of God.

The to vindicate God's honour, it is principles of his government are equally so to secure the safety of immutable. He must ever govern

fallen man. When he doubted, he in a perfect world by love. It is disobeyed. His active transgresthe principle both of authority on sion flowed directly out of his his part, and of obedience on ours. blindness to the divine character. If it has been violated, and a crea- How can he ever commence again ture has been in any way led crim- a course of obedience till he has reinally to entertain a doubt of that turned to the point at which he love, the honor of the divine go- went astray, till he recovers the vernment will and must require, motive which was the true spring that the very first step of restora- of all cordial service? The most tion must be a renewal of the drop- splendid ostensible virtues, the ped principle, a wiping off the most rigid self-denial, the largest stain that suspicion has cast upon benevolence, and the most condivine excellence. God will not summate devotion (if these were accept service and fealty from him really possible without the grand who doubts his Maker's benevo- central motive) must all be imperlence. That was the point of fect and unacceptable, if they failure. That is then the neces- wanted that essential characteristic sary preliminary. God in his mer- of a right-minded creature, and of cy may take the most extraordinary a loyal and honouring service, and steps to restore that confidence. fealty, the belief of the goodness of He may hold out proofs at which the Lord. They would be sins, not virtues; for they would be the confidence of his creature, He offerings to Moloch or to Mammon would not be a God to him till he -but not to a God of love; and has it unqualified and unrestrained. the worship and service of count- He sends forth, therefore, his own less ages would still be vitiated by Son, incarnate, made of a woman, this radical and dishonouring de- made under the law. He lays on fect of a cherished mistrust.

him, by the incarnation by the We are now, then, prepared to generative association of Him with understand the essential feature of human flesh and soul, in the conthe salvation proposed to us in the demnation of a violated law-he Gospel, namely, a Justification by lays on him the iniquity of us all; Faith. It is that God has been and makes him an offering for sin, pleased to adopt a most wondrous makes him, who knew no sin, to measure for winning back the be sin for us, that we might be the averted heart to confidence. He righteousness of God in him; and propounds the fact of that love then sends forth the ministry of which we have doubted, which is reconciliation, to declare that “God of the very essence of his nature, was in Christ, reconciling the and without which there would be world unto himself, not imputing no God-by means of an event to men their trespasses:" and acalmost incredible, if it were not tually beseeching man, alienated, sustained by evidence as ample as perverted, mistrusting man, who, the event is unparalleled and extra- through a wretched doubtfulness, ordinary. *God so loved the has kept aloof in selfishness and world, that he gave his only be misery, to look on this mysterious gotten Son, that whosoever beliey- cross, this most wondrous proof of eth on him should not perish, but the divine benevolence, to believe have everlasting life." On what it, and be reconciled to God. Say does the salvation turn? on the that the mystery has really entered belief of that love with which God into a man's mind—that he has loved the world, and which is to be believed the love that God hath to seen in the death of his Son; on us-believed it on the evidence of the restoration of confidence in that the cross of Christ what has ocwondrous affection, the fathomless curred in such a heart? The vicbenevolence of a good Creator to tory is won: the rebellious strughis creatures. All the riches of gle is at an end—the delusion and paradise in their primal freshness power of Satan's lie have vanished. failed to maintain this belief against The creature is restored to his prothe insinuating temptations of the per position. He has again the fallen spirit.

But when man is same reposing reliance on the infilying in his guilt and pollution- nite good which fills and warms when he is lingering in a world of the heart of every morally perfect sin and suffering, on the verge of

creature. He is accepted, justified, the dark grave and a darker futu. acquitted. The sin which flowed rity, then the love that wreathed from mistrust is no more imputed an Eden in flowers, and enriched it to him, for God has crushed, withwith every tree that was fair to the ered, annihilated in the heart the sight and good for food, comes evil itself; redeeming love has done forward to sheathe the bolt of a what creature love failed to accomdeserved vengeance, and to quench plish, because there was yet behind its fires in atoning blood. God in the deep-seated purposes of diwill have the heart, the affection, vine goodness, the possibility of SEPTEMBER--1845.

30

this astounding manifestation of phantly the sin and folly of the benevolence by the atonement, and doubt. This is the only essence it was evidently the eternal purpose of Justification by Faith. It will of God which he purposed in him- be found to breathe through the self, that in the fulness of time and whole of the inspired recordin the extremity of man's ruin, through the whole aspect of reshould be thus made known to demption—through his messageand principalities and powers in the its working; and no man will be heavenly places, by the rescue and found to have partaken of the restoration of the guilty and lost, slightest measure of renewed and the manifold wisdom of God. In- real holiness, who has not first exfinite, inconceivable love comes ercised the renewed principle of an abroad with an overwhelming de- ample and unhesitating trust. . monstration, before which the pow- Such a gift—and it must be a gift; ers of a finite resistance fail man; such a gift—the gift of a reposing looks at the suffering Saviour; be- faith, is an end of the quarrel, an lieves God to be the benevolent end of the alienation. It is the Being that he really is; God's lifting up the soul again into the ways and his government are vin- right state, the state from which it dicated; the designs of a fallen had fallen. It is the placing it in spirit are baffled and confounded; circumstances in which God can the pardoned creature renews at look again upon the heart with once his confidence, his covenant, approval, because the creature reand his loyalty; and enters upon a stored to his right senses looks on new life, the effective agency of a the government of God, and its new principle, the power of a “ faith principles, with approval, and exwhich worketh by love." Oh, the ercises again the grand characterglorious efficiency, dignity, and istic of duty-resting in his love. abounding liberality of such a And this is the grand scheme on scheme of mighty mercy. The in- which the theological witlings of finite breadth of this unfolding of modern heresy lavish their sneers. divine compassion and benevolence They see no wisdom, no beauty, is worthy of “the High and Lofty no fitness in an arrangement which One that inhabiteth eternity.' to sober reason stands forth on There is a measureless profluence investigation as the only possible and profusion in it only to be paral- remedy for the fall. It is too evileled by the illimitable notion of dent, that, contracted in their views space and time.

It is the love of by innate unbelief, they understand the Omnipotent, the Omnipresent, neither the evil under which they and the Eternal!

suffer, nor the remedial dispensaWe have now some faint notion tion proposed to them; and, perof the rationale, or reasonableness severing in that false view of the of the mode of salvation by faith. divine character which Satan has It is the most effective means to infused, they meet the proposals of restore man and to honour God; divine benevolence with the misnay, we cannot conceive of any trust that his falsehood has engenother way by which either point dered. What they need is a spicould be attained. There was no ritual comprehension of the atoneother way to restore a mistrusting ment. With all their wordy writrebel, but by renewing his confi- ings in reviews and pamphlets and dence; or of honouring a mistrust- lengthy octavos, they want the ed God, but by proving trium- root of the matter. Their religion

is the spirit of bondage; their eyes opened upon the measureless temper is enmity to the riches of goodness of God, they will then divine liberality, hidden under the readily put away from them, with weighty and oppressive covering of abhorrence and bitter tears, the self-righteous formalities; and the revilings with which they have so violence of their language against perseveringly assailed the most asthe rationale of sinner's accept- tounding demonstration that has ance with God, is only a develope- ever been made of divine love in ment of the original mistrust. They the restoration of a sinner to a state need to be converted, and to re- of acceptance by the gracious receive the kingdom of God as a newal of a proper trust in his Maklittle child; and if ever they shall, er's love and mercy. through divine mercy, have their

LATIMER.

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

FROM THE AUTHOR OF “CHRISTIAN RETIREMENT.”

NO. XI.

MY DEAR FRIEND,-
*** Whilst tion. If there be

any

difference, reading Dr. Buchanan's account of however small, between us and Juggernaut, we cannot but feel a others, we must give God the glow of gratitude to Almighty God glory. I often feel much confor casting our lot in such a land as founded and cast down, when I this; and earnestly pray, that the compare my heart with my privi. labours of the Bible Society may be leges, and find how very little blessed, in sending the Word of progress I have made since I first Truth among these poor deluded knew the Lord. Every year, the Indians, and that this modern Lord as it were comes seeking fruit. Dagon may fall before the Ark of Alas! how barren have I been ! the Lord.

The hidden evils of the heart are Satan appears to have erected known only to God and our own his throne in India, but I trust this conscience. I cannot tell the exnoble institution will be made the perience of others, but I have often instrument of destroying his king- cause to cry out—" wretched dom, and, through the blessing of man that I am !” My only comGod, be the honoured means of fort is, that Jesus is a Saviour, and extending the Redeemer's kingdom I humbly trust my Saviour—I have over this dark and cruel part of the

no righteousness but in him-my habitable globe. But whilst we holiest duty is so defiled with sin, contemplate distant regions, and

that it could not meet with any lament the wickedness of others, thing but rejection, if not covered let us not forget, my dear friend,

with the robe of Jesu's righteousthat we have hearts deceitful above ness, and washed in his most preall things, and desperately wicked,

cious blood. To him I would prone to depart from God, and to continually look. But oftentimes, neglect Christ and his great salva. the fiery darts of Satan terrify my

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