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pays Romanists and Protestants. the Nebuchadnezzars, the AntiochusEngland has begun the work of en- es, and the Heathen emperors-will dowing Popery. All this only con- claim"divine honours to himself exclufirms our conviction that the views of sively, consecrated an image of himprophecy are correct which lead to self. I doubt not,' adds Bishop the conclusion, that the nations of Horseley, but this monster will be Europe are rapidly preparing for the made an instrument of that pruning final judgment. The time is prob- which the vine must undergo.' “The ably not far distant, when, after a Church of God,' remarks the same temporary prosperity on the part learned prelate, mighty in the Scripof Rome, the Church will be des- tures, * The Church of God on troyed by the power of infidelity, earth will, according to prophecy, be amidst wars, insurrections, political greatly reduced in its apparent numearthquakes, revolutions, and trou- bers in the time of Antichrist, by the bles, such as the world never saw. open desertion of the powers of the England, highly-favoured but apos- world. The desertion will begin in a tate England, will come in for her full professed indifference to any particushare of the cup of divine wrath: and lar form of Christianity, under the her guilty statesmen will perceive, pretence of universal toleration; which when it is too late, what is clearly toleration will proceed from no true taught in the Bible, that God invari- spirit of charity and forbearance, but ably punishes guilty and apostate from a design to undermine Christinations. The spirit of latitudinarian- anity, by multiplying and encouraging ism, which is so manifestly creeping sectaries. The pretended toleration into our government, is pointing fear- will go far beyond a just toleration, fully at this crisis. Happy they, even as it regards the different sects who have oil in their lamps when the of Christians. For governments will Bridegroom cometh!

pretend an indifference to all, and We met lately with a most striking will give a protection or preference to passage in Bishop Horseley's Letter

All establishments will be laid in the British Magazine for 1834, aside. From the toleration of the which bears with a singular interest most pestilent heresies, they will proon this important subject. It is im- ceed to the toleration of Mahomedpossible not to recognize the appli- anism, Atheism, and at last, to a cation of his predictions to the times positive persecution of the truths of which are now developing.

Christianity. In these times the tem“ 2nd Thessalonians, ii. 3-11. ple of God will be reduced almost to Upon this, and parallel passages, the Holy Place; that is, to the small Bishop Horsley, that painful student number of real Christians, who worof prophecy, remarks, that “The “Son ship the Father in spirit and in truth, of Perdition is to rise out of an apos- and regulate their doctrine, and their tacy-a falling away,” not a construc- worship, and their whole conduct, tive apostacy: never understood to

strictly by the Word of God. The be such by those to whom the guilt merely nominal Christians will all has been imputed, but an open, un- desert the profession of the truth, disguised apostacy.

The Son of when the powers of the world desert Perdition, who shall be neither a Pro- it. And this tragical event I take to testant nor a Papist, neither Chris- be typified by the order to St. John tian, Jew, nor Heathen; who shall to measure the temple and the altar, worship neither God, angel, nor saint; and leave the outer court (national who will neither supplicate the invisi- churches) to be trodden under foot of ble Majesty of Heaven, nor fall down the Gentiles. The property of the before an idol. He will magnify Church will be pillaged: the public HIMSELF against every thing that is worship insulted and vilified, by these called God, and worshipped; and, deserters of the faith they once prowith a bold flight of impiety, very far fessed, who are not called apostates, above his precursors and types in because they never were in earnest in times of Paganism—the Sennacheribs, their profession. Their profession

none.

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was nothing more than a compliance upheld the conservatism of our counwith fashion and public authority; in try: but now, alas! the Conservative, principle they were always what they in the wonted application of the term, will nowappeartobe-Gentiles. When is defunct. Whigs and Tories, Conthis general desertion of the faith takes servatives and Radicals, are no more; place, then will commence the sack- and all the various parties which we cloth ministry of the witnesses. There have heretofore recognized are merged will be nothing of splendour in the in Protestants and Non-protestants. external ministry of the Church, as it As we value, then, our social and will then be; it will have no support civil as well as religious privileges, from governments, no honours, no (for they are inseparably connected immunities, no authority, but that together,) we must lose sight of every which no earthly power can take consideration but that of Protestantaway, and which they derived from ism. The electors of Great Britain Him who commissioned them to be have a serious and responsible trust His witnesses."

confided to them. Is the question anxiously asked, “ What is to become of us, if we endanger the overthrow

of the present ministry?” The anTHE APPROACHING ELECTIONS. swer is easy. We must, at all events, - It is never for the Christian to sit do our duty, and leave the event in down in despair, and say it is of no the hands of God. But can we place use to arrest impending mischief, or that confidence in the present minispromote a desired good. Not even try which we have been wont to do? the highest sense of God's sovereign In what important sense are they a decrees, nor the strongest conviction Conservative ministry? Are they of prophetical prediction to be un- not most extensively doing the work avoidably fulfilled, must influence our of the Whigs, and are not the Whigs path of duty. It is Mahomedanism, themselves (Lord Melbourne and and not Christianity, that teaches a others) confessing that they are doing dull and spiritless fatality. The ser- that work far more effectually than vants of Christ must have his honour the Whigs could themselves? Where, at heart, and to the very last improve then, is the difference? or rather, may their opportunities for the advance- we ask, is it not better, far better, to ment of truth and the resistance of have a ministry whose designs and

For if God in his mysterious intentions are candid and evident, wisdom ordains that his enemies than one which under, the colours of should momentarily triumph, still the Conservatism, is insidiously and faithful will gain immensely by their treacherously destructive of our dearloyal attachment to their master's in- est interests. terests, and by their efforts in his There is no time to lose in prepacause put themselves in the best posi- rations for the ensuing election. The tion for his day of vengeance. What, real sentiments of existing members then, is to be done at the next elec- must be ascertained. Safe and trust. tions? We must all be up and doing worthy candidates must be had in without delay in preparation for them. readiness. There never was a period We must have our eye on representa- when Christians were more urgently tives who will fearlessly protect and called upon to enter in every possible advance the Protestant interests of way, in the spirit of meekness and our nation. We have gloried in the humility, upon the duty enjoined by name of Conservatives, and we have the Apostle, “earnestly contending clung with warm attachment to the for the faith once delivered unto the ministers and the members who have saints.”

error.

It is requested that Advertisements intended for inscrtion in the wrapper of the

Christian Guardian, be sent to Messrs. Seeleys' not later than the 20th of the month preceding.

THE CHRISTIAN GUARDIAN,

AYD

CHURCH OF ENGLAND MAGAZINE.

OCTOBER, 1845.

BARON AUGUSTUS DE STAEL.

Baron Augustus de Stael-Holstein in Switzerland, in her mansion was born in Paris in 1790, amidst

at Coppet. Henceforth, young the storms of the Revolution. He de Stael could not hope for any was the grandson of Necker, the employment under the government celebrated minister of finances of of the Emperor, and followed some Louis XVI. He was son of the time after his mother into her exile. illustrious Madame de Stael, who He was fifteen years old. This figures in the first rank in the temporal disgrace became a blessing French literature of our times. to him ; for his religious education The whole family were Protestant; was entrusted to the care of the but true piety did not prevail venerable pastor Cellerier. M. among them. Necker was more Cellerier brought to this task all occupied with politics than reli- the intelligence and love of an gion. Madame de Stael lived in eminent servant of Christ.

He the circle of infidel philosophers, did not see immediately the fruit and adopted almost all their opi- of his labour; the young man gave nions. Young de Stael was sent no proof of real conversion ; but to the colleges of Paris prepara probably the seeds of faith were tory to entering the Polytechnic then deposited in his heart. The School. In all this there was good seed remains sometimes bunothing calculated to produce re- ried for years in the heart; it ligious impressions ; but the dis

seems to our feeble view to be lost; pensations of Providence soon gave but afterwards under the rays of the a seriousness to his character and Sun of Righteousness, it springs made him more accessible to the up and bears much fruit. M. de instructions of the Divine Word. Stael preserved till death a lively

Madame de Stael drew upon gratitude for the instructions of herself, by her independence of M. Cellerier; he said that the spirit, the resentment of Napoleon, time he had passed with him was and received, in 1805, orders to the most quiet

and happy of his life. quit France. She sought refuge But new misfortunes afflicted his OCTOBER—1845.

31

family. Napoleon persecuted Ma- He turned his attention to the redame de Stael with a severity un- ligion of the Gospel and to eternity. becoming his genius; he did not But he had great obstacles to allow any one to go and see her in overcome. His friends, the learned, her residence at Coppet, and if any the rich, the noble, who constituted courageous friend dared to break his relatives, lacked, in general, this order, he was immediately religious faith, and even affected to disgraced. Madame de Stael sent despise Christian doctrines. The her son to Paris to solicit some al. “mental philosophy" which M. de leviation of her sad condition. The Stael had studied and adopted, interview took place at Fontaine- misled his mind by its specious bleau. Napoleon granted an au- maxims on the perfections of God, dience to the young man, and was the immortality of the soul, and struck with his presence of mind, the moral law. Lastly, political his noble firmness, and the devot- affairs occupied his attention, and edness with which M. de Stael left him little leisure for the quiet vindicated his family. But this meditations of the closet. Still, a conversation produced no result. voice within told M. de Stael that The Emperor refused to make the there was something more importleast concession; and M. de Stael ant than earthly friendships, better to escape an insupportable tyranny, than philosophy, more lasting than took refuge with his mother in political interests. He took the Sweden, and then in England. He Bible, and studied its contents with had formed the design of going to humble, serious, persevering attenthe United States, when the great tion, and was thus led into the way events of 1814 opened again to of truth. him the doors of France.

The formation of the Bible SoAll seemed then to go well with ciety of Paris, in 1818, became also this family. The persecutions of a source of spiritual blessings to Napoleon became a title to honour M. de Stael. He admired this simand prosperity for Madame de Stael, ple and grand work, so benevolent under the new dynasty. Her no- in its principle, so powerful in its ble son had before him the most effects; and gave it his full appro. brilliant prospect.

But in the bation. Having been appointed month of July, 1817, while worldly Secretary of the Society, he was honours and pleasures surrounded several times designated to draw this domestic circle, Madame de up the annual report; and this Stael died. She was still far from duty led him to reflect still more being old; she could, to human deeply upon the Divine Revelations. appearance, have reaped still in the He felt, by his own experience, field of glory and of fortune, but in that man is a poor, fallen, selfish, a moment all was severed by the miserable creature, and that he cold hand of death. This loss was must seek all his strength and his a severe but salutary warning for

peace in God.

I feel too much M. de Stael. He recognized the that is selfish in me,” he wrote to vanity of earthly goods, that the a friend, while composing one of fondest human ties may be sunder- his reports; “ my ideas are slow; ed, and felt the need of seeking my mind seems like a stone which consolations above the sphere of I cannot lift. May God give me perishable objects.

grace to be faithful to his Word in From this moment dates the these inward trials, which, without commencement of his religious life. affecting the body, without touch

ance.

ing at all what appertains to the Methodists. Several faithful pasworld, are at times very difficult!" tors were imprisoned, or banished

During these struggles, to which from the Canton, and social reli. God only and his own conscience gious meetings were not allowed were witnesses, M. de Stael em. to be held. It was a shame to ployed a part of his time in aiding Protestantism, and a violation of philanthropic works, such as the

the simplest precepts of the Bible. Savings' Bank, the Society for the M. de Stael took his pen to defend Encouragement of Schools, the the oppressed, and to force the opSociety of Christian Morals, &c. pressors to blush for their intoler. He brought to all these institu

His writings on this subtions a correct understanding, an ject were read with avidity. They upright conscience, a persevering increased the courage of the persecharity. He rendered great ser- cuted, and the Vaudese magistrates vice for the abolition of the Slave recognized the necessity of mitigatTrave. France had not wholly ing the law in its applications, renounced, in 1815, this infamous The pious writer explained the traffic. Several slave-ships went meaning of “Methodist,” given só from the port of Nantz every year. gratuitously to the friends of the M. de Stael made a journey to this Gospel. A methodist,” he said, city, and collected the iron chains, with much shrewdness, “is a man collars, hand-cuffs, &c., with which who has more religion than he who the slaves are loaded in the pas

calls him so. There is no one, in sage from Africa to the colo- this sense, who may not be a menies. He brought to Paris all thodist in the view of another more these horrible instruments of tor- unbelieving than himself." ture. In a public meeting of the M. de Stael visited England with Society of Christian Morals, after the Duc de Broglie, his brother-indepicting forcibly the atrocities law. He had already spent some which accompany the Slave Trade, years in this country, but he viewed he exhibited before his audience all it now in a new light, and sought these infernal instruments, and the company of pious persons. He pointed out their cruel use. A was received with lively interest in shudder of indignation ran through the most respectable families of the assembly. M. de Stael went Great Britain. He became acinto the parlours of the great, to quainted with the celebrated Wilthe halls of legislation, and even to berforce, and found in him an exthe palaces of the king, to explain cellent model of Christian love. the horrid instruments of the Slave M. de Stael remarks that he speTrade. Public opinion was strong- cially learnt in Scotland what are ly roused, and it is no exaggeration the advantages of a religious eduto say, that the new laws against cation and of family worship. His this traffic are owing principally to Christian feelings were strengththe generous efforts of M. de Stael. ened and his views enlarged in this

M. de Stael was called to render journey. When he returned to another service to the friends of France, he was more decided than Evangelical truth. At the period ever to confess openly Jesus Christ when a religious revival appeared before men. He no longer dreaded in the Canton of Vaud, the gov- the disdain of pleasure. In the ernment of this country made à midst of persons of the first ránk law imposing severe penalties upon in the state, he avowed his faith, those who were styled Momiers or gave reasons for his hope in the

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