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was exacted of the prelates and lay very useful book on the subject, and leaders, they required that when the to enable us at the same time to deoath on the holy sacrament was ad- duce from facts the true character of ministered, the host should be con- the Roman Catholic system. It is secrated by one of their own chaplains, an opposition to the authority both of the secret assurance being given to
and man. It is an opposition to the conspirators, that, as the validity the legitimate authority of man under and efficacy of the sacraments depend- the mere pretence of an especial aued entirely, according to the Romish thority from God. It is an artful doctrine, on the intention of the offi
system of contrariety to the written ciating priest, so the intention of the revelation of God's will
, masked by chaplain should be decidedly in their an equally artful endeavour to withfavour-the wafer would be no host, draw the written word from the sight and the oath a nullity! Such facts of men; and under the profession of must be deliberately weighed, before defending them from distracting and statesmen can at all know their real
overpowering light, to keep them in position in dealing with the adherents total darkness, to shut out meridian of Rome.
day by the deep-stained and storied Such, it appears, however, was the windows of tradition, to merge the general conduct of the hierarchy in simple, grand, and elevating truths of Ireland, down to the time of the Re- the Gospel message in the mere scenic formation. “Few generations," says
of a theatrical a learned historian, “ passed away, exhibition, frittering down the enerwithout the prelates adding some new gies of the mind from the sanative grievance to the accumulation of contemplation of great moral truths, national suffering; whilst for the tur- to the outside and beggarly service of bulence which they uniformly evinced, vestment and posture, and ascetic and they had as little aggression to plead bodily infliction. A calm and imparin excuse, as, perhaps, was ever expe- tial inspection of the system by the rienced by any community in so long written
word must end in this conclua lapse of years. The sovereign, be- sion. And history, honestly read, sides endowing them splendidly, had leads us to the conviction, that the placed them next to, and scarcely be- results are analogous to the moral low himself; and the aristocracy had aspect of the scheme. It is one of enriched them with many noble bene- the infrangible truths of God's writfactions, yet they were ever setting ten code of government, that, as a an example of that rapacious violence man sows, so shall he reap; and they which was the prevailing vice of the that sow to the flesh, shall of the flesh times, fermenting disaffection, braving reap corruption. If, therefore, men the executive government, stripping shall so pervert the message of sancthe law of its authority. One pur- tifying mercy, that it shall minister pose appears to have animated the not to the spirit but to the flesh, then order; that of drawing to itself the most unquestionably shall it become domestic government of the country, a carnal and a debasing influence on and of establishing this dominion up- human nature, on individuals and on the trampled rights and preten- communities. If the Romish perversions of all other classes of men.” sion of Christianity be an opposition
We will not now follow out the to the authority of God and man, it history of the Church as reformed in will ultimately develope itself in restIreland, its conflicts with the ever- less and seditious resistance both to restless struggles of the Romish divine and human law. This is, and clergy, and the melancholy proofs must be, the direct fruit of the system; which have for so long a time existed and what is the whole history of Ireof the degeneracy of the Protestant land but a proof of this? Even while Establishment through the selfish use her Sovereign were Romanists, and of its patronage by the successive the Romish Church exclusive and governors of the country. Sufficient dominant, the priest, in the lordly has been said to point attention to a exercise of his plastic power, and the people, the moulded creature of his tively, by the rule of his almighty hand, ignorant, and unsubmissive to Spirit, through the written word, anything but priestly domination, they will find the upshot to be wickwere alike rebels against the sovereign. edness, pollution, rebellion, and And ever since, so faras the repressed ruin. but tolerated Church has been able to But the tendencies of the Romish maintain an influence in the land, that system may be fairly tested, by a rebellion has continued skulking un- comparison of the physical and moral der the lawn of prelatic suavity, aspect of the three countries—Ireland, breaking forth into unbounded inso- England, and Scotland. The natural lence in the “rollicking” parish priest, resources of all three are in favour of and streaming forth among the misled Ireland : the mineral treasures, the multitude, in the blood of midnight climate, and the soil, have an aggreor mid-day murder.
gate superiority. Scotland is in all This is no exaggeration. It flows these respects the least abundantly inevitably from the system of contra- supplied ; and yet we find prosperity, riety to the sole divine rule of human activity, and moral and intellectual conduct. The people are trained worth, in proportion as we recede under a continual endeavour by the from Popery. The only anomaly in clergy to emancipate themselves from this statement, if it can fairly be the control of human government, called one, is, that in the north of and to show their contempt for it; Ireland the state of the people is and they are consequently without vastly superior to that of the south ; regard or reverence for it-prepared, but there the Scottish presbyterian at any time, for any required act of has been long settled; and that in disobedience. “ As with the priest, several manufacturing towns of Scotso with the people.” Nor need our land the dense population has been observation be limited to the sister sadly demoralized and degraded, but island. Over the whole continent, every such spot teems with emigrant where Romanism prevails, the loyalty thousands of Irish Roman Catholics. and morality of the people have no Wherever the victims of the system substantial principle. The French gather, there its resultant evils prove revolution was a full developement of manifest. Wherever a people under the results to be expected in a series the influence of Scriptural truth throw of years. The morals of the people off the incubus, they improve rapidly became grossly corrupt through the in the process of moralization. Is it abstraction of the divine rule of con- not strange then, that while the naduct; the multitude, untaught in the tions of the continent are heaving in renovating system of revealed truth, convulsive agony under a pressure became infidel to man—the priests, felt to be intolerable, and while all as the usurping substitute for God the history of our own country, and and, consequently, infidel to the un- of Ireland especially, shows forth the known God, whose real character of anti-social and anti-moral character holiness and mercy had been con- of Popery, a strange infatuation cealed from them; and at this mo- should be eddying so many of our ment, in
more towards its in Europe, instead of the existence of vortex, and so many of our clergy are a healthy and moralizing loyalty, the dallying and tampering with the government walks upon a scarcely fringes and furbelows of its robe? hidden volcano, and the ear already Under this strange influence, Rovibrates to the rumbling of the threat- manism has been again established ened explosion.
And in the end, amongst us. All the experience of doubtlessly, the nations will learn a bygone years has been in vain; “ fearful lesson: that if men will go on still wonder after the beast,” are still independently of God's infinitely wise led by the cunning of that Jesuit asand gracious plan, of governing the sociation to whom the beast has given human mind, its progress and its his power; and the result is, that we interests, individually and collec- have no longer a Protestant constitu
ST. PAUL'S MESSAGE TO ARCHIPPUS. A Sermon preached at Wel
lingborough, May 27, 1845, at the Visitation of the Venerable the Archdeacon of Northampton. By the Rev. D. B. BEVAN, M. A., Rector of Burton Latimer. Seeleys, London.
WHEN the Clergy meet at a Visitation, and are to be addressed from the pulpit by one of the brethren, a custom has obtained which serves very greatly to take off the edge of a ministration that ought properly to avail“ for doctrine, for reproof, and for instruction and correction in righteousness.” The most recently appointed incumbent, and generally one of the youngest men, is called upon to preach, in circumstances unavoidably calculated to unnerve him for so solemn a duty, and to melt down the energies of his faithfulness into the inanities of common-place thought. This arrangement savours of bad, and, we hope, of almost bygone times. We conceive, that if a bishop has'a strong sense of the vast importance of a clerical conclave, the momentous value of even one morning to some 50 or 60 ministers of Christ; if the shortness of life and of the ministry be rightly calculated, he would break through this shabby professional rule, and seek out the man best fitted in his turn to speak words of weighty monition, and of judicious and stimulating kindness. And if the clergy sufficiently regarded the solemnity of a ministry, which must be either " a savour of life unto life, or of death unto death,” they would not be satisfied in looking forward, in a critical spirit, to the debut of the young Vicar of A., or the new Rector of B.; but they would unite in entreating that they might hear some known and venerated voice, saying “ This is the
in it. Instead of this it is, with many
honourable exceptions, too often the case that a Visitation Sermon is juvenile and tame, uninfluential and profitless. It sometimes, however, happens that the lot falls upon a man, though young, of too much seriousness of mind to look away, at such a time, from “ the ministry he has received of the Lord,” of too great singleness of eye to occupy it with anything else, and too much straitforwardness to go anywhere but directly to the points prominently before him. And in such a case, it is strange and sad to see the conviction, strongly manifest upon some faces, that the wise arrangement of appointing a junior has failed—that the young man has stepped intrusively out of his place—that he has presumed to lecture his seniors, and that little or no thanks are due to him.
We are glad, therefore, that the recent Visitation Sermon of Mr. Bevan, of Burton Latimer, has appeared in print. He is evidently a man of the class alluded to; and if a production of the kind is likely to have incurred censure, it is well that we should see it, and judge whether there is any real ground for it ; whether he has outstepped the legitimate bounds of a concio ad clerum, and violated, either in matter or in spirit, the proprieties of his position.
The sermon is plain and unartificial. It aims at no flights of eloquence or niceties of composition ; but flows naturally from a serious though youthful mind. It might be thought that some of its statements
might have been a little diluted, or mix- tant of high doctrine, but who have ed up in a more bland and balmy vehi- really, at the same time, been ever cle, but it is a serious question after all, cavilled at for the needless rigidity of whether they would have been bettered; their habits, should protest against and whether the clergy are the men that over easy conformity to the prewho should seek for such vehicula. It vailing recreations of less religious is hardly likely, when physicians take society, which so frequently characmedicine, that they should condemn terizes the rubrical precisians of the themselves to the large dilution of day. It has been our lot to “ four draughts” per day, for the sake sprucely cassocked incumbents of of a few grains of active treatment. important parishes arguing across the Surely if the clergy could receive in dinner-table for the priestly power of this appointed half-hour the concen- renewing the soul of every infant trated essences of pastoral wisdom, brought to the font, and at the same in “thoughts that breathe and words time writing from the raceground that burn,” it would be for their their astonishment that any one profit. There is, however, nothing could object to such rational and improper or out of place in Mr. harmless amusements. Bevan's discourse. It savours more The grand question is (and we, the of a meditation on his own sense of reviewers, speak professionally), are duty, than an attempt to admonish we, or are we not, in earnest ? Is it others - a thinking over his own enough in fulfilling the ministry we ministry, rather than a meddling with have received of the Lord,” to go on theirs-and, evidently, anything in it the principle of the old proverb, “ letbordering on the severe,
a-be for let-a-be;" to merge in the really more of a correction honestly common places of a good-natured administered to himself, than to his neighbourly intercourse, all the conbrethren.
scientious differences of opinion which The two great features of the ser- exist? It is impossible! In promon, are the object of the ministry, portion as
those differences are and the conduct of the minister. As serious, they must mark and divide. to the first, let it be remembered, aye, A leading bookseller once said to a let it be a deeply cherished remem- clergyman, “I am often astonished brance, as long as the distressing at the keenness of your controversial fact exists, that there is a division divisions. Why, we often quarrel among the clergy—that there is an most heartily with each other, but we Evangelical, and that there is a always make it up again the Puseyite or Romanizing party—and monthly dinner.” Yes,” said the that often indeed has the Visitation clergyman, “naturally enough; your pulpit sounded forth the errors of the object is a mundane one, and the nonjurors or semi-Pelagian school; heart is readily healed by the energies and the body of pastors who receive of that very selfishness in which it the 39 Articles in their “plain, literal originated. Our differences are often and grammatical sense” have listened on vital points; and the warmth of and turned homeward in sorrow-but the strife is a measure of the awfulin silence. It must not then be won- ness of the subject, and of the deep dered at, if in these days of rising sincerity with which an opinion is and rampant Popery-of Jesuitical maintained.” In the main, this is assault both without and within our true : and, in the present instance, walls, men of what are called Evan- we see very little more than an honest gelical, but which we would call re- endeavour, on the part of the preaformation or Scriptural views, should cher, rightly to occupy his position, mark somewhat distinctively the and to preach the Gospel in its proground on which they stand. Vor portion, κατα την αναλογιαν της must it be thought strange, if TLOTEWS, to those to whom, by his they who have been too readily diocesan, he was appointed to preach charged with the neglect of moral it. There is an unequivocal simpliinstruction, as the criminal concomi- city and a considerable manliness in 66 'l'he
what he has done, and we think that surely, they are, however unangelic, the meed of approbation should not “ few and far between;" and we canbe withheld, coming as it does come
not doubt but that there are many in these pages, from one utterly un
who may differ in some respects from connected with the preacher.
Mr. Bevan, but who, on a deliberate It is here that some may take perusal of this little tract, will lay it offence — that some, sinking into down with a sigh, and say, lethargic indifference, may shrink man is evidently in earnest; and it from the sharp and rousing outcry of would have been well for me, for my younger energy. But at what do family and my parish, if a similar they cavil? Is it at the doctrine of seriousness had commenced and coneverlasting rewards and punish- tinued to characterise my professional ments? Is it at the value, the free course. Let him go forward honestly forgiveness, or the conversion of an striving, in a wicked world, to do immortal soul? Is it at the recog- what good he may, and in the meannition of “the moving of the Holy time, the precious balm’ of even a Ghost,” as a fitting motive to the junior's reproof shall not break my ministry? Is it the preference of head.” purity of doctrine and practice to a Time, time is flying. By and by, mere legitimacy of successional ordi- the delegated angel, bestriding the nation ? Is it because of the open earth and the sea, shall lift up his testimony for our reformation-doc- hand and swear, by Him that liveth trines against Romanizing encroach- for ever and ever, that there shall be ments? Is it because a young man, un- time no longer. Then the great deradeep sense of the importance of his Shepherd and Bishop of souls will mission, has unhesitatingly, in a test- meet and examine all his servants; ing crisis, avowed his honest renun- and the decision of that awful scene ciation of recreations which might be will not turn upon professional etisnares to him, as they certainly are to quette and eloquent blandishments, many, and compromise his ministry but upon the question, whether the among his parishioners, which in minister has hid God's righteous. many other instances they most un- ness within his heart; or kept back questionably do? Are there any so his truth from the great congregapertinacious and so testy, that in the tion.". It will be a mercy indeed in face of the solemn vows and interests that day “to be found faithful.” It of the sacred calling, they can make will be a mercy to have written, and no allowance for the honest warmth practically exemplified, this short, and sincerity of a seriously impressed simple, and correct address. mind? There may be some; but,
THE BISHOP OF WORCESTER'S CHARGE.
We have received, from an hitherto amongst the people, and will serve to unknown correspondent, in compara- show to the reckless clique of theolotively humble life, a letter on the sub- gical innovators that, wide spread in ject of Dr. Pepys' recent charge, as the less noticed ramifications of socireported in the newspapers. It is a ety-not merely among the aristocratcandid, and fair, and reasonable let- ical and flowering branches of the ter, accompanied with the name and tree, but in those equally wide spread station of the writer. We think it ing subterrene and radical fibres, right to give publicity to a communi- which constitute its stability in the cation coming from such a quarter; day of storm, and its nutriment and because we think it shows, with the moisture in a day of drought-there spread of general education, the is a sound and Scriptural theology, a growth of serious, intelligent thought living possession of the power of Pro