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ters, to hold a truth, and at the same per se sinful;" and surely he would time to teach a countervailing error, consider a measure far more effecmust be a sin—the sin of hypocrisy, tually, teaching vital error-doctrine or of indifference, or of unwise and differing vitally from his own--to be unjustifiable compromise. Nor does

sinful per se.

His mind therefore it appear that the case is altered if the

has taken refuge, where only it had teaching is by means of an interme- the semblance of escape, in diate person. In this case, if in any, tial identity of the great substance of qui facit per alteram facit per se. It Romish and Reformation teachingis impossible to separate the prime in the comforting and quieting idea moving agent from the moral result.

hold many doctrines An erroneous teaching goes forth to in common with our Roman Catholic deceive mankind and defeat God's brethren." And here again, on the gracious purpose, which would not justificative ground of the Bishop's but for my instrumentality; a false original position, we once more join teacher of delusion, opposed to reve

issue with him. Could we agree with lation, acquires through my act him, we would go further than he increased facilities for practising his does; but believing the Romish sysnefarious calling ; error is declared, tem to be “ an apostacy,” a falling truth is repressed, and souls are per- away from the truth, “the believing verted. It is inconceivable to a well of,” and the propagation of, "a lie” in halanced mind that

any

circumstances the cause of God: we cannot cherish could induce a clear-sighted believer a charity so virtually licentious; we of a revealed truth to be thus in any

would rather maintain that,with respect way, however remotely, the propagator to every truth which we hold, the parof an opposing or adulterating error. allel dogma in the Romish scheme is Men may say, this is very rigid and not the truth-is not a truth—but is illiberal; but look at the elements un- a perversion, or a contradiction, or a der consideration, and their awful pollution, or an overlaying of the sanction. Give them their real weight; truth-so that the truth is not there. and it will surely be concluded that The union of moral truth and error is good men ought to come up to this like an union of two simple substanstandard; and that if they do not, it is ces in nature by chemical affinity. worth while enquiring what defective The sulphur combines with the iron, and perverting agencyis at work, which and makes sulphuret of iron, another can lead men

with comparative indif- substance of widely different qualities, ference to circulate on the one hand utterly different from the nature of the justification of the soul by faith iron, and unfit for the purposes to alone, and on the other its justifica- which iron is applied; and the iron tion by human merit. We know will not be iron again till the sulphur there are many ways of mystifying a has been thoroughly abstracted. question of this sort, and letting the We agree, then, here, in the main, inconsistency pass under the cloud of with our correspondent, while we sophistication; but the point is, what venture, respectfully, to differ from does a truly honest, straightforward the mitre. And we conceive, in order mind think of it-one who would not to fix our relative position towards lightly lend himself to his own decep- Rome, and our duty towards God and tion ?

our fellow-creatures in this awfully It is quite evident that the Bishop important matter, we must permit of Worcester has felt the practical ourselves to be brought up by right difficulty, as it is here put, to be a great reason and the paramount authority of one; because he has felt that as long revelation to this distinct position :as he were compelled to view the viz. we hold no truth in common with teaching of Rome and the Reforma- the Church of Rome. She holds no tion as essentially opposed to each truth; because every truth which she other, he could not take the position seems to hold is nullified and perhe has done. “Nothing," he says, verted, inasmuch as it is essentially “could induce me to vote forameasure combined with a fatal error. A man

may say with me, that twice two are four; we seem to agree; but if he hold also, that three and two are four, then his notion of the number four differs essentially from mine. There is an element in his notion of four which is at variance with mine-we do not holdour arithmeticaltables in common. In all the practical results of calculation we shall differ; I can have no safe or sound dealings with him till he shakes off the delusion that the elements of five are only equivalent to four. Then, only, will he hold the truth as to four: then, only, shall we be agreed; and hold the multiplication table in common.

This is an illustration, not an argument; but it carries the principle ; and will materially assist the developement of our objection to the Bishop's vindication of his vote for the education of Romish priests, on the ground that they and we hold and teach many truths in common. There is not a tenet of Christianity professed to be held by the Romanist, that is not so essentially combined with an unscriptural notion as to make it not the averment which it professes to be, but a widely different and dangerous one; so that the notion held by him is not held in common with us, but is exclusively and peculiarly his own. The Bishop says, we both believe in God the Father;" but be it remembered, that we do not believe in a mere name, but in a revealed character, and if the general views entertained of that character by Romanists are essentially inconsistent with the sublime notion of revelation, if their God and Father is a being who can sanction an adoration of demons and of images, and contentedly divide the honours of worship with creatures and figments, if He is not in their estimation the "jealous God” of the decalogue, then, even on the subject of this elementary truth, we have no doctrine in common.

Their rock is not as our rock, themselves being judges. In the same way the professed tenets of a Trinity in Unity is vitiated by the assumption of a woman to the throne of divine honours. The introduction of the genetrix Dei as a prominent object of worship — introduces a

fourth element into the great mystery of the Godhead; and the habit of the Popish mind toward the object of worship, differs essentially from that of the Protestant. The cherubic emblem of Ezekiel presents to the Protestant an adequate intimation of the Triune God manifested through the incarnation ; but it would not fully meet the Romanist's practical notions. He would be conscious of defects. He would be feeling after some presentation of the additional idea of the “Queen of Heaven," who fills so large a portion of his confidence and his devotions. We hold not the same notion of a Trinity with those who recognize a fourth element of Divine power and glory, however casuistically modified and subordinated. It is impracticable in the scope of these pages to follow out this idea in detail. But it might be very clearly shown, that the doctrine of a gracious salvation through an atonement, is essentially vitiated by the recognized means of fastings, penances, and payments, on the part of the congregation, and of indulgences, dispensations, and pardons, on the part of the priest; that the true doctrine of mediation is lost in the second-class mediation of hosts of canonized intercessors; that the one propitiation, by a sacrifice once offered, is merged and buried in the daily sacrifice of a daily created Christ, for the quick and dead; that the belief of Christ's appointment of two sacraments is swamped in the assertion that he appointed seven; that the divine inspiration of canonical Scripture cannot be held as we hold it, when the same inspiration is claimed for other writings containing palpable error; and that a system of revealed truth is diluted and lost when held together with an undefined and yet undeveloped depositum somewhere or other in the heart of the clergy, an “ unwritten law in the Church," as Dr. Phillimore calls it, which may be brought out piecemeal as convenience serves.

Now we submit this view of Romish error most seriously to the consideration of the Bishop, and all others who wish to entertain largely charitable views of the abettors of the

Romish system; for we believe this to through mercy, eliminate the associbe the gravamen of their sin, that ated poison. Pascal is an instance of they have poisoned the stream at the this; but this does not at all affect fountain. They seem to hold Scrip- the systematic teaching. “There is tural truths. They hold none. The death in the pot.” The mixture must voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands be condemned as poison; and no are the hands of Esau. They sign, mitigated notion of the virus must be swear to, and repeat the Triune Creed, entertained, because it is just possible but they also sign, swear to, and that some minds are so constituted as repeat twelve other articles, which are to separate that which is healthy from taken along with it, as of equal autho- that which is deleterious. Men may rity with the previous articles, and in this way be saved within the sysessentially modifying them, as truly tem, but the mixture is poisonous, and really as a will with a codicil to and they who put forth a hand to aid it, which can only be admitted to it, are participators in the adminismake such bequests as flow out of tration of death. the fair interpretation both of the pre- And thus we are brought, finally, vious and the subsequent documents. to the Bishop's posing question, Then, as it is evident that every state- which, certainly to a Bishop, as a ment of the previous part of the creed legislator for a population of mixed is modified, altered, and vitiated by creeds, one which must call up the subsequent statements, it must be most serious, extensive, and not easily admitted, that we hold none of the answered enquiries. “It is,” he says, previous truth in common with the "a question between teaching ChristiRomanists; because they do not hold anity as professed by Roman Catholics, them at all as they stand, but as they and teaching no religion at all.” We are modified, coloured, and trans- have no wish to cut a knot, rudely formed by that which follows.

and summarily, which we cannot unLet this view be entertained, and tie, but we do deliberately, in our we see not how an accurate mind, position, accept the atter horn of the thinking rightly over the whole mat- dilemma. The Romish system is not ter, can properly entertain any other, a Christianity, but an apostacy" and then, surely, all charity towards from it, and we say at once, that the the Romish system must cease. If responsibility attached to religious we are satisfied that the combined teaching is so awful, and the guilt of result of professed Scriptural truth teaching error so great, that it is held with and modified by adulte- clearly the duty of believers of the rating error, is not truth but false- truth, to teach nothing, if they may hood; then it is quite evident, that to not teach truth. There is no other further the promulgation of that false- way of keeping their hands clean. hood is sinful; and that it is sinful, There is no other way of using proin the very worst form of such sin, to fitably the actual state of things to support a scheme for training more further the cause of truth. Mere effectually the teachers of the system. statesmen may do what they like, and It is applying fresh power at the cen- Christian men and Christian Bishops tre of the system. It is strengthening may go the length of tolerating all and quickening the energies of the erroneous religious opinions, and reheart.

fusing to mulct men in any way in It behoves us, however, to state, their civil privileges on that account. before we altogether turn away from But a stand must be made on the this very momentous subject, that we extreme verge of truth. We cannot do not deny, that through the extra

We cannot deceive ordinary mercy of God, men may men's souls and keep them in error catch at and lay hold, even in the pre- by a compromise. Their interest is cincts of the Romish community, and directly concerned in the manifest under the upas tree of Trentine teach- horror with which Protestants should ing, of some portions of saving truth. shrink from any participation in the The alembic of their mind may, teaching of idolatrous delusion. Let

OCTOBER—1845.

go further.

30

men carry out their view one step path of light that leads to heaven, by further, and look again :-Mahom- taking part in teaching them to be medanism is a modification of Christi- Roman Catholics. anity-would they teach that? And With such views we must, of in what is the false prophet at Rome course, deeply regret, not only the less criminal than he of Mecca? direct vote of Dr. Pepys for the MayVital disease calls for desperate re- nooth measure, but the general want medy. It is no concern of the Chris- of bold, prominent, uncompromising tian what religion a people will have, protestation by the Right Reverend if they will not receive the truth. the Bench against it. It was as if Let the way be unrestrained for them a standard bearer fainted.” We canto maintain their own superstitions. not forget that there was an English Let the true Church provide her Archbishop, in Reformation times, agents to offer the truth to their at- who was once led to put his hand to tention, and then with the Gospel a measure of conciliatory compromise standard in our hand, we may say, with Rome; but when the day of safely and wisely, “ we demur to any

calm and serious investigation came participation whatever in the teaching to him, on the verge of eternity, and a compound of truth and error. he read alike the mercy, the integrity, While the means of teaching truth and the Scriptural truth of the Church are provided for them, we say fear- of Rome, by the blazing faggot of his lessly, it is better for the people, as martyrdom, he thrust that hand first yet, to be anything at all, than that into the fire, saying "Oh! this unwe should neutralize the testimony to worthy hand !” saving truth, and mystify the narrow

FROM THE GERMAN OF RUCKERT.

(For the Christian Guardian.)

The sky is a huge letter, on a ground
Of azure written, held in God's right hand,
Which to this hour undimm'd its hue retains,
And will retain it, till the world shall end.
In this majestic letter is contained
Mysterous writing from the mouth of God:
But th' round, splendid seal thereof-the sun--
Will not permit the letter to unfold:
Now, when night from this letter takes the seal,
Then the eye, in a thousand characters,
Reads nought but one stupendous hieroglyph-
That * God is love, and love can ne'er deceive!”
Nought but this sentence, yet so great its depth,
That human mind can ne'er interpret it.

M. N.

467

more.

the case.

A VISIT TO THE UNION HOUSE.

(For the Christian Guardian.) We readily insert the following letter, flower-pots were bright red, which not because we have changed our cast quite a sunny glow over the opinion of the Poor Laws, which we little garden. We were first shown have from the very first reprobated into the governor's room; and upon as cruel, unchristian, and unconsti- our observing to him how much we tutional, but because we are glad to had been struck with the garden, he be able to exhibit a sperimen, for the replied, “it gives the inmates a taste encouragement of others, of what for cultivating their little gardens at may be done under humane and home; and when they see how much Christian direction. We know there can be done in small

space,

it encouare exceptions to the general rule, rages them to try to raise a few floyand we could name some (one, at ers and vegetables for themselves, least,) ourselves. But they are not and the colour of the flower-pots is to such as the existing laws, in their show them how much brighter and strict letter, admit. We believe that more cheerful cleanliness is, than the where the Poor Law system works dirty and disorderly way they are satisfactorily, it is only by a deter- usually accustomed to at home. We mined resistance on the part of hu- then enquired about separating the mane guardians to its objectionable husbands and wives. It appeared to provisions. Happily, the Govern- us hard, that a couple, after having ment are yielding to the pressure of lived the best part of their lives toirresistible influence, and the vaunt gether, should in old age be deprived of infallibility, which has so often of that comfort. He laughed, and and so ridiculously issued from So- said, “Oh, I assure you that is not merset House, is heard no

The law provides out of There is scarcely an objectionable the house for any respectable couple feature in the Poor Laws which the who bear a good character. I have Home Secretary is not gradually, been here ten years, and have not though we fear reluctantly, compelled yet met with an instance where there to amend; so that we live in hope to was the smallest desire expressed to see the day when our nation will be together; on the contrary, the recease to treat poverty as a crime, and, quest generally is, Pray never let me in the haste to check the disorderly, see my wife again, or, I trust I shall oppress the virtuous.

be kept from my husband; miscon

duct in one or both being the usual “We had so constantly heard com- cause of their state of destitution. plaints from the poor in every town we Drinking is the scourge of the lower visited, of the cruelty of the laws re- orders; and really I think, if anyspecting the Union Houses, and ex- thing, the women are worse in this pressed the horror of being obliged to respect than the men. They have no become their inmates, that we wish- domestic comforts to lose; strife and ed to see one and judge for our- contention, poverty, and every evil selves of the truth of these statements: which sin brings with it, is all they and being at Cheltenham for a short have known at home.' We said we time, we took the opportunity of going thought they must be very comfortoverthe Union House there, andour vi- able in such an establishment. He sit afforded us very great pleasure. We answered, “ Yes, to the aged, the sick, were struck, on entering the garden, and the children, we do endeavour to with the air of cheerfulness and the give every possible comfort; their attention to taste in the distribution circumstances require it: but to the of the flowers; and there was evi- strong and healthy, we should be dently the desire to render every guilty of a sin, to encourage them in thing both useful and agreeable-a idleness. Man must gain his bread thing too often lost sight of. The by the sweat of his brow, and there

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